Test Bank Of Government in America People, Politics, and Policy 2016 Presidential Election 17th Ed By George C. Edwards

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Test Bank Of Government in America People, Politics, and Policy 2016 Presidential Election 17th Ed By George C. Edwards

 

3

 

Federalism

 

 

p Multiple-Choice Questions

 

 

  1. Although federalism is not unique to the United States, it is not a common method of governing. Only __________ of the 190 or so nations of the world have federal systems like that of the United States.

 

  1. five
  2. 11

c.. 22

  1. 50

Consider This: While federalism is increasingly popular as a form of government, at the current rate of adoption it will not be until the year 2400 that we could expect 50 federal systems.

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.2.1

Topic: Defining Federalism

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Characterize the type of nation typically associated with federalism.

Page Reference: 60

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Prior to the ratification of the Constitution, the United States was governed by the Articles of __________.

 

  1. Confederation
  2. Declaration
  3. Federalism

Consider This: The first government of the United States granted supremacy to the individual states, rather than the national government.

  1. Independence

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.1.2

Topic: Defining Federalism

Learning Objective: LO 3.1: Define federalism and contrast it with alternative ways of organizing a nation.

Page Reference: 60

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. In a(n) __________ system, local and regional governments derive authority from the national government.

 

  1. unitary
  2. bicameral
  3. confederate

Consider this: In a confederate system, the national government derives its authority from the sovereign states.

  1. federal

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.1.3

Topic: Defining Federalism

Learning Objective: LO 3.1: Define federalism and contrast it with alternative ways of organizing a nation.

Page Reference: 59

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. What are the two types of federal powers derived from Article I, section 8 of the U.S. Constitution?

 

  1. enumerated; implied
  2. enumerated; suggested

Consider This: While individuals have frequented suggested new rights to the Supreme Court, the Court has never formally adopted a suggested right – instead preferring to carve out new rights from constitutional sources.

  1. disguised; explicit
  2. suggested; explicit

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.3.4

Topic: The Constitutional Basis of Federalism

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Outline the constitutional basis for the division of power between national and state governments, the establishment of national supremacy, and states’ obligations to each other.

Page Reference: 65

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

  1. Article VI of the U.S. Constitution establishes that federal law is __________ in conflicts between federal and state law.

 

  1. illustrative
  2. dissuasive
  3. secondary

Consider This: During the Obama presidency, we’ve witnessed an increase in conflicts between the national and state governments with the national government typically prevailing.

  1. supreme

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.3.5

Topic: The Constitutional Basis of Federalism

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Outline the constitutional basis for the division of power between national and state governments, the establishment of national supremacy, and states’ obligations to each other.

Page Reference: 62

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. The __________ Amendment says that those powers not given to the federal government and not prohibited to the states by the Constitution are reserved for the states and the people.

 

  1. Eighth
  2. Tenth
  3. Eleventh
  4. Fourteenth

Consider This: The Fourteenth Amendment extends these rights to all Americans rather than defining rights reserved to the people or to the states.

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.3.6

Topic: The Constitutional Basis of Federalism

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Outline the constitutional basis for the division of power between national and state governments, the establishment of national supremacy, and states’ obligations to each other.

Page Reference: 63

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. In __________, powers are shared by the federal and state governments in a marble-cake fashion.

 

  1. cooperative federalism
  2. constitutional government

Consider This: While some constitutions require sharing power amongst the different layers of government, some, like Germany for example, concentrate power primarily at the national level.

  1. a federal government system
  2. unified government

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.4.7

Topic: Intergovernmental Relations

Learning Objective: LO 3.4: Characterize the shift from dual to cooperative federalism and the role of fiscal federalism in intergovernmental relations today.

Page Reference: 80

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. Which clause in the Constitution ensures that judicial decrees and contracts made in one state will be binding and enforceable in another?

 

  1. commerce
  2. full faith and credit
  3. due process
  4. equal protection

Consider This: Equal protection guarantees similar treatment regardless of state of residence but does not require states to maintain identical laws or recognize the laws of other states.

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.3.8

Topic: The Constitutional Basis of Federalism

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Outline the constitutional basis for the division of power between national and state governments, the establishment of national supremacy, and states’ obligations to each other.

Page Reference: 67

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. A __________ grant is given to a state by the federal government with only general spending guidelines.

 

  1. block
  2. business
  3. commerce

Consider This: While many grants stimulate, or produce commerce some do more practical things like restructure debt or modify already existing programs.

  1. credit

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.4.9

Topic: Intergovernmental Relations

Learning Objective: LO 3.4: Characterize the shift from dual to cooperative federalism and the role of fiscal federalism in intergovernmental relations today.

Page Reference: 72

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. In the 1994 elections, the Republican Party advocated for a(n) __________ of national government authority to state governments.

 

  1. excavation
  2. devolution
  3. evolution

Consider This: Rather than being a new proposal for restructuring the relationship between the states and national government, the 1994 Republicans were arguing for a return to the relationship that existed prior to cooperative federalism and the New Deal.

  1. redevelopment

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.4.10

Topic: Intergovernmental Relations

Learning Objective: LO 3.4: Characterize the shift from dual to cooperative federalism and the role of fiscal federalism in intergovernmental relations today.

Page Reference: 71

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. Which of the following was the earliest major Supreme Court decision to define the relationship between the federal and state governments?

 

  1. Marbury v. Madison
  2. Dred Scott v. Sanford

Consider This: The Dred Scott decision redefined the relationship between free states and slave states but had relatively little impact on the relationship between the states and national government.

  1. Fletcher v. Peck
  2. McCulloch v. Maryland

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.3.11

Topic: The Constitutional Basis of Federalism

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Outline the constitutional basis for the division of power between national and state governments, the establishment of national supremacy, and states’ obligations to each other.

Page Reference: 64-65

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. Education and transportation policies are primarily state responsibilities. However, under __________ the federal government has also been making policy in these areas.

 

  1. cooperative federalism
  2. constitutional government
  3. a federal government system
  4. unified government

Consider This: While unified government is frequently credited with expanding the role of the national government, the reality is that growth varies from administration-to-administration and depending on party in charge does not always impact education and/or transportation.

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.4.12

Topic: Intergovernmental Relations

Learning Objective: LO 3.4: Characterize the shift from dual to cooperative federalism and the role of fiscal federalism in intergovernmental relations today.

Page Reference: 70

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. In Gibbons v. Ogden, the Supreme Court held that Congress has broad authority to regulate __________.

 

  1. interstate commerce
  2. education

Consider This: It was not until the 1940s that the Supreme Court actively recognized that the national government had a role to play in public education.

  1. interest rates
  2. religion

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.3.13

Topic: The Constitutional Basis of Federalism

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Outline the constitutional basis for the division of power between national and state governments, the establishment of national supremacy, and states’ obligations to each other.

Page Reference: 66

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. The Constitution says that states are required to return a person charged with a crime in another state to that state for trial or imprisonment, a practice called __________.

 

 

 

  1. voir dire

Consider This: The term voir dire refers to the ability of an individual to question witnesses at a trial.

  1. sequestration
  2. change of venue
  3. extradition

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.3.14

Topic: The Constitutional Basis of Federalism

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Outline the constitutional basis for the division of power between national and state governments, the establishment of national supremacy, and states’ obligations to each other.

Page Reference: 68

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. Which amendment prohibits federal and state courts and federal administrative agencies from hearing cases in which a private party names a state as a defendant without the state’s consent?

 

  1. Third
  2. Sixth

Consider This: The Sixth Amendment establish the rights individuals experience in the court system but fails to place a prohibition on a court hearing a case involving a state without the consent of that state.

  1. Eleventh
  2. Twelfth

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.3.15

Topic: The Constitutional Basis of Federalism

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Outline the constitutional basis for the division of power between national and state governments, the establishment of national supremacy, and states’ obligations to each other.

Page Reference: 64

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. The Framers adopted a federal system of government partly because they feared __________.

 

  1. centralizing power in the federal government
  2. limiting the national government

Consider This: The United States rebelled from Great Britain, a country with a strong and heavily centralized national government and the debate over the merits of strong central government facilitated many early disagreements involving politics and the role of government.

  1. regulating interstate commerce
  2. challenging the power of the states

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.6.16

Topic: Understanding Federalism

Learning Objective: LO 3.6: Assess the impact of federalism on democratic government and the scope of government.

Page Reference: 78

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which clause of the U.S. Constitution did the Supreme Court interpret in McCulloch v. Maryland as allowing Congress to create a national bank?

 

  1. commerce

Consider This: While many have argued that the Court could have relied on commerce powers in McCulloch, the Court ultimately chose to use look elsewhere to justify the power.

  1. necessary and proper
  2. due process
  3. equal protection

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.3.17

Topic: The Constitutional Basis of Federalism

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Outline the constitutional basis for the division of power between national and state governments, the establishment of national supremacy, and states’ obligations to each other.

Page Reference: 65

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. __________ grants typically allocate federal dollars based on population.

 

  1. Block

Consider This: While some block grants are dependent on population, many are dependent on goods, services, crops, or products provided regardless of population served.

  1. Formula
  2. Commerce
  3. Diversified

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.4.18

Topic: Intergovernmental Relations

Learning Objective: LO 3.4: Characterize the shift from dual to cooperative federalism and the role of fiscal federalism in intergovernmental relations today.

Page Reference: 73

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. __________ helped establish the preeminence of the federal government over the states.

 

  1. The Revolutionary War

Consider This: After the Revolutionary War, most politicians and citizens favored strong state government over national government power.

  1. The Civil War
  2. World War I
  3. The Vietnam War

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.3.19

Topic: The Constitutional Basis of Federalism

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Outline the constitutional basis for the division of power between national and state governments, the establishment of national supremacy, and states’ obligations to each other.

Page Reference: 83

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Before the ratification of the Constitution, the United States was organized as a(n) __________.

 

  1. confederation
  2. direct democracy
  3. oligarchy – Consider This: An oligarchy is a form of government wherein a small group of people have control of country.
  4. conglomeration

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.1.20

Topic: Defining Federalism

Learning Objective: LO 3.1: Define federalism and contrast it with alternative ways of organizing a nation.

Page Reference: 60

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. What model of federalism is sometimes described metaphorically as a marble cake?

 

  1. cooperative federalism
  2. dual federalism

Consider This: Dual federalism involves the strict separation of powers and is typically associated with layer cake.

  1. progressive federalism
  2. new federalism

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.4.21

Topic: Intergovernmental Relations

Learning Objective: LO 3.4: Characterize the shift from dual to cooperative federalism and the role of fiscal federalism in intergovernmental relations today.

Page Reference: 68

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. Which type of federalism is characterized by a system of state and national governments with separate but distinct authority?

 

  1. combined
  2. cooperative

Consider This: Cooperative federalism is generally associated with overlapping powers and authority rather than a separation of both.

  1. dual
  2. progressive

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.4.22

Topic: Intergovernmental Relations

Learning Objective: LO 3.4: Characterize the shift from dual to cooperative federalism and the role of fiscal federalism in intergovernmental relations today.

Page Reference: 68

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which of the following is an example of fiscal federalism?

 

  1. a blue-ribbon task force on education
  2. gas mileage requirements
  3. grants-in-aid
  4. minimum wage legislation

Consider This: While minimum wage laws are fiscal by definition, they require no distribution or allocation of funds from the national government to the states.

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.4.23

Topic: Intergovernmental Relations

Learning Objective: LO 3.4: Characterize the shift from dual to cooperative federalism and the role of fiscal federalism in intergovernmental relations today.

Page Reference: 68

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

  1. What is a mandate?

 

  1. an order from the federal government requiring the states to take a certain action
  2. an order from a state government requiring a federal action
  3. an order from the federal government prohibiting the states to take a certain action

Consider This: Mandates involve or require a positive government action such as spending or creating a program.

  1. an order from a state government prohibiting a federal action

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.4.24

Topic: Intergovernmental Relations

Learning Objective: LO 3.4: Characterize the shift from dual to cooperative federalism and the role of fiscal federalism in intergovernmental relations today.

Page Reference: 74

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Of the following, which is a power denied to states by the Constitution?

 

  1. establishment of criminal laws
  2. the power to enter into treaties
  3. imposing taxes

Consider This: Prior to the Sixteenth Amendment, a vast majority of taxing power belong to the state governments.

  1. supervision of contracts between individuals

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.3.25

Topic: The Constitutional Basis of Federalism

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Outline the constitutional basis for the division of power between national and state governments, the establishment of national supremacy, and states’ obligations to each other.

Page Reference: 62

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. The preemption of state and local laws by federal laws is based on which clause of the U.S. Constitution?

 

  1. supremacy
  2. due process
  3. equal protection
  4. full faith and credit

Consider This: Full faith and credit applies to states respecting the laws of other states but does not include a language establishing preemption of state laws.

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.3.26

Topic: The Constitutional Basis of Federalism

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Outline the constitutional basis for the division of power between national and state governments, the establishment of national supremacy, and states’ obligations to each other.

Page Reference: 62

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. The Constitution denies the states the power to __________.

 

  1. coin money
  2. create courts
  3. establish schools

Consider This: Education was never seriously debated by the framers since public education at the time was virtually non-existent.

  1. operate prisons

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.3.27

Topic: The Constitutional Basis of Federalism

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Outline the constitutional basis for the division of power between national and state governments, the establishment of national supremacy, and states’ obligations to each other.

Page Reference: 62

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which of the following is an example of a formula grant?

 

  1. Medicaid
  2. the Clean Air Act

Consider This: While the Clean Air Act does provide some funding, a formula grant specifically allocates for an established program at rates established by the federal government.

  1. military funding
  2. congressional salaries

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.4.28

Topic: Intergovernmental Relations

Learning Objective: LO 3.4: Characterize the shift from dual to cooperative federalism and the role of fiscal federalism in intergovernmental relations today.

Page Reference: 73

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which of the following grants minimizes the paperwork that must be filled out and the strings attached to using the grant?

 

  1. block grants
  2. business grants
  3. categorical grants

Consider This: Because of the broad nation of a categorical grant, it has a high level of paperwork since agencies must justify and explain where the money is going.

  1. programmatic requests

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.4.29

Topic: Intergovernmental Relations

Learning Objective: LO 3.4: Characterize the shift from dual to cooperative federalism and the role of fiscal federalism in intergovernmental relations today.

Page Reference: 73

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which of the following best exemplifies devolution?

 

  1. New Deal legislation
  2. No Child Left Behind Act

Consider This: The No Child Left Behind Act removed power from the states and increased the role of the national government in regulating public K-12.

  1. welfare policy
  2. Troubled Asset Recovery Program

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.4.30

Topic: Intergovernmental Relations

Learning Objective: LO 3.4: Characterize the shift from dual to cooperative federalism and the role of fiscal federalism in intergovernmental relations today.

Page Reference: 71

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Many local school districts complained that the No Child Left Behind Act did not provide enough funding to implement the law. If this is the case, the law is was a(n) __________.

 

  1. block grant

Consider This: While a block grant can potentially be underfunded, in most instances we would not consider a block grant to be a mandate.

  1. unfunded mandate
  2. categorical grant
  3. programmatic request

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.4.31

Topic: Intergovernmental Relations

Learning Objective: LO 3.4: Characterize the shift from dual to cooperative federalism and the role of fiscal federalism in intergovernmental relations today.

Page Reference: 75

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. 32. Which of the following is a confederation?

 

  1. the United States
  2. the United Nations
  3. Great Britain

Consider This: While Great Britain has several components, namely Wales, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales; those components receive powers from the national parliament as opposed to giving the national parliament its powers as it would in a confederation.

  1. China

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.1.32

Topic: Defining Federalism

Learning Objective: LO 3.1: Define federalism and contrast it with alternative ways of organizing a nation.

Page Reference: 60

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. The Constitution is more specific about the __________ states do not have than about those they possess.

 

  1. grants
  2. entitlements

Consider This: Entitlements date back to the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the Constitution was more concerned with concrete rules and functions.

  1. powers
  2. authorities

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.3.33

Topic: The Constitutional Basis of Federalism

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Outline the constitutional basis for the division of power between national and state governments, the establishment of national supremacy, and states’ obligations to each other.

Page Reference: 61

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. 34. Which of the following is a shared power between states and the federal government?

 

  1. controlling money supply

Consider This: While states possess the power to borrow, collect and spend money, thy lack the authority to actually print money.

  1. raising and maintaining an army
  2. establishing a post office
  3. the power to tax

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.3.34

Topic: The Constitutional Basis of Federalism

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Outline the constitutional basis for the division of power between national and state governments, the establishment of national supremacy, and states’ obligations to each other.

Page Reference: 62

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. 35. The power of both the state and federal governments to influence education policy is an example of __________ federalism.

 

  1. layer-cake

Consider This: In dual or layer cake federalism there is little overlap in policy areas handled by the states and national government, this is in stark contrast to cooperative federalism.

  1. marble-cake
  2. pineapple-upside-down-cake
  3. cupcake

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.4.35

Topic: Intergovernmental Relations

Learning Objective: LO 3.4: Characterize the shift from dual to cooperative federalism and the role of fiscal federalism in intergovernmental relations today.

Page Reference: 68

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. 36. Which of the following cases involved the commerce clause?

 

  1. Gibbons v. Ogden
  2. Roe v. Wade
  3. Brown v. Board of Education

Consider This: Brown v. Education involved civil rights in public education, as opposed to issues of banking and finance typically associated with the commerce clause.

  1. Marbury v. Madison

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.3.36

Topic: The Constitutional Basis of Federalism

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Outline the constitutional basis for the division of power between national and state governments, the establishment of national supremacy, and states’ obligations to each other.

Page Reference: 65

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. In United States v. Lopez, the U.S. Supreme Court scrutinized the use of which of the following powers as related to the possession of firearms in public schools?

 

  1. educational
  2. national defense
  3. taxing

Consider This: The Court in Lopez evaluated the impact of firearms in public school in relationship to the impact on the national economy but did not include discussion of taxation.

  1. commerce

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.3.37

Topic: The Constitutional Basis of Federalism

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Outline the constitutional basis for the division of power between national and state governments, the establishment of national supremacy, and states’ obligations to each other.

Page Reference: 67

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. 38. Which of the following is an implied power of the federal government?

 

  1. admitting new states
  2. establishing a national bank
  3. declaring war

Consider This: Implied powers are powers not explicitly granted in the Constitution, the power to declare war is plainly vested to the Congress.

  1. establishing federal courts

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.3.38

Topic: The Constitutional Basis of Federalism

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Outline the constitutional basis for the division of power between national and state governments, the establishment of national supremacy, and states’ obligations to each other.

Page Reference: 65

 

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. 39. Which of the following is the best definition of federalism?

 

  1. A constitutional arrangement by which two or more levels of government share formal authority over the same area and people.
  2. A constitutional arrangement concentrating power in a central government.

Consider This: While the current configuration of American government might lead us to believe that federalism concentrated power in the hands of the national government, the formal definition requires only different levels of government.

  1. A loose association of states constitutionally created by a strong central government.
  2. A loose association of states with mutually recognized compacts but no central government.

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.1.39

Topic: Defining Federalism

Learning Objective: LO 3.1: Define federalism and contrast it with alternative ways of organizing a nation.

Page Reference: 59

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

                                  

  1. 40. Which is an example of a federal mandate?

 

  1. The Supreme Court upholds a federal law requiring all citizens to wear a seatbelt while operating a motor vehicle.
  2. Congress passes a law requiring all states to adopt a sex offender registry system.
  3. The Environmental Protection Agency sends money to Louisiana to help with cleanup from the gulf oil spill.
  4. The Nevada legislature passes a law requiring all public school teachers to spend 20 hours per week preparing students for the state achievement test.

Consider This: While this is an example of a mandate, since it originates from the state of Nevada it cannot be considered a federal mandate.

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.4.40

Topic: Intergovernmental Relations

Learning Objective: LO 3.4: Characterize the shift from dual to cooperative federalism and the role of fiscal federalism in intergovernmental relations today.

Page Reference: 74

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

 

 

  1. 41. Proponents of devolution argue that the authority of __________.

 

  1. the military should be expanded
  2. state governments should be expanded
  3. the federal government should be expanded

Consider This: Devolution typically exists as an alternative to continued expansion of federal power.

  1. Congress should be expanded

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.4.41

Topic: Intergovernmental Relations

Learning Objective: LO 3.4: Characterize the shift from dual to cooperative federalism and the role of fiscal federalism in intergovernmental relations today.

Page Reference: 71

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. 42. Which of the following is an example of a categorical grant?

 

  1. Funds provided by Congress to the states for education in general.
  2. Funds provided by Congress to the states for substance abuse prevention. Consider This: A categorical grant requires specific and detailed spending provisions as opposed to a block grant that is more general in nature.
  3. Funds provided by Congress to the states for transportation infrastructure.
  4. Funds provided by Congress to the states to enhance science instruction in a low-income area.

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.4.42

Topic: Intergovernmental Relations

Learning Objective: LO 3.4: Characterize the shift from dual to cooperative federalism and the role of fiscal federalism in intergovernmental relations today.

Page Reference: 72-73

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. 43. The power to regulate immigration is best described as a(n) __________ power.

 

  1. federal
  2. state

Consider This: While states can take minor steps in promoting immigration, formally, the Constitution does not provide immigration and naturalization powers to the states.

  1. implied
  2. reserved

 

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.3.43

Topic: The Constitutional Basis of Federalism

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Outline the constitutional basis for the division of power between national and state governments, the establishment of national supremacy, and states’ obligations to each other.

Page Reference: 71

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. 44. The goal of the privileges and immunities clause is to keep states from discriminating against which of the following?

 

  1. the poor
  2. the federal government
  3. minority citizens

Consider This: Minority protections are generally guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment, privileges and immunities protects the rights and liberties of all citizens.

  1. citizens of other states

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.3.44

Topic: The Constitutional Basis of Federalism

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Outline the constitutional basis for the division of power between national and state governments, the establishment of national supremacy, and states’ obligations to each other.

Page Reference: 67

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. An advantage of federalism is that it allows states to __________.

 

  1. restrict civil rights for members of disliked groups
  2. be policy innovators
  3. have uniform policies

Consider This: By definition, federalism allows states to pursue their own policies in areas where power is delegated or reserved for the states.

  1. be supreme over the national government

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.5.45

Topic: Diversity in Policy

Learning Objective: LO 3.5: Explain the consequences of federalism for diversity in public policies among the states.

Page Reference: 76

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. A disadvantage of federalism is that __________.

 

  1. the quality of policies can vary from state to state.
  2. states can figure out which policies work best for them

Consider This: While states can identify, and implement policies that work best for them, there is no guarantee that every policy will be successful.

  1. citizens can choose to live in those areas that have the policies they prefer
  2. the state governments can nullify laws passed by Congress

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.5.46

Topic: Diversity in Policy

Learning Objective: LO 3.5: Explain the consequences of federalism for diversity in public policies among the states.

Page Reference: 79-80

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which of the following best describes the death penalty in the United States?

 

  1. All death penalty cases are handled by the federal government.

Consider This: While the federal government can impose the death penalty for federal crimes, states also have the power to execute individuals for state level crimes.

  1. Some states allow the death penalty and others do not.
  2. All states allow the death penalty.
  3. In 2013, the Supreme Court ruled that all death penalty statutes are unconstitutional.

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.5.47

Topic: Diversity in Policy

Learning Objective: LO 3.5: Explain the consequences of federalism for diversity in public policies among the states.

Page Reference: 77

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which of the following is a reason why the Framers created a federal system?

 

  1. The Framers wanted to ensure that there was a centralized policymaking system.
  2. The Framers believed that federalism best ensured economic equality.
  3. The Framers could not conceive of the federal government providing most of the services to states and localities.
  4. The Framers wanted to re-create the successes they experienced under the Articles of Confederation.

Consider This: The failures of the confederation government required replacement with a different system rather than revisions, per nearly all the framers.

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.6.48

Topic: Understanding Federalism

Learning Objective: LO 3.6: Assess the impact of federalism on democratic government and the scope of government.

Page Reference: 78

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. Federalism generally allows citizens significantly more opportunities to __________.

 

  1. invest in the stock market

Consider This: While many democracies are capitalist in nature, not all are, and there is no inherent relationship between federalism and access to markets.

  1. become a civil engineer
  2. find gainful employment
  3. participate in politics

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.6.49

Topic: Understanding Federalism

Learning Objective: LO 3.6: Assess the impact of federalism on democratic government and the scope of government.

Page Reference: 79

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. How does federalism contribute to democracy?

 

  1. It increases citizens’ access to government.
  2. It increases the gross domestic product.
  3. It lowers voter turnout.

Consider This: Federalism typically increases voter turnout and participatory levels in government.

  1. It lowers overall tax rates.

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q3.6.50

Topic: Understanding Federalism

Learning Objective: LO 3.6: Assess the impact of federalism on democratic government and the scope of government.

Page Reference: 79

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

 

11

 

Congress

 

 

p Multiple-Choice Questions

 

 

  1. Each state has __________ senators, each of whom serves a __________-year term.

 

  1. two; four
  2. two; six
  3. four; two – Consider This: House members have a two year term of office.
  4. four; four

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.1.1

Topic: The Representatives and Senators; How Congress Is Organized To Make Policy

Learning Objective: LO 11.1: Characterize the backgrounds of members of Congress and assess their impact on the ability of members of Congress to represent average Americans; LO 11.3: Compare and contrast the House and Senate, and describe the roles of congressional leaders, committees, caucuses, and staff.

Page Reference: 311

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. The Constitutional Convention decided on what form of legislature?

 

  1. bicameral
  2. direct
  3. unified
  4. unicameral – Consider This: A unicameral legislature means a one house or branch legislature. We have more than one branch of our legislature.

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.3.2

Topic: How Congress Is Organized To Make Policy

Learning Objective: LO 11.3: Compare and contrast the House and Senate, and describe the roles of congressional leaders, committees, caucuses, and staff.

Page Reference 319

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. In the House of Representatives, who is second in authority to the Speaker of the House?

 

  1. majority leader
  2. majority whip – Consider This: The majority whip is third in command in the House, not the second.
  3. minority leader
  4. president pro tempore

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.3.3

Topic: How Congress Is Organized To Make Policy

Learning Objective: LO 11.3: Compare and contrast the House and Senate, and describe the roles of congressional leaders, committees, caucuses, and staff.

Page Reference: 320

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. Members of Congress are generally __________ than the general population.

 

  1. less partisan – Consider This: Congress is highly partisan and becoming more so.
  2. less well paid
  3. happier
  4. wealthier

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.1.4

Topic: The Representatives and Senators

Learning Objective: LO 11.1: Characterize the backgrounds of members of Congress and assess their impact on the ability of members of Congress to represent average Americans.

Page Reference: 312

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. __________ is a good example of congressional casework.

 

  1. Analysis of an incumbent’s policy positions prior to a debate
  2. Analysis of water quality within a district – Consider This: This is something that would be done by a federal agency, not a member of Congress.
  3. Helping a constituent with the Veterans Administration
  4. Giving political speeches at a political party

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.2.5

Topic: Congressional Elections

Learning Objective: LO 11.2: Identify the principal factors influencing the outcomes in congressional elections.

Page Reference: 315

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. The pork barrel may aid the district of a member of Congress by __________.

 

  1. diverting unallocated funds to another government agency
  2. increasing jobs and revenue with federally funded projects
  3. increasing revenue through private market investment – Consider This: The government normally does not make investments in the private market. That is done by banks and other financial institutions.
  4. taxing corporations less so they provide health insurance for employees

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.2.6

Topic: Congressional Elections

Learning Objective: LO 11.2: Identify the principal factors influencing the outcomes in congressional elections.

Page Reference: 315

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. The English politician and philosopher Edmund Burke advocated the concept of legislators as __________ who use their best judgment to make policy in the interests of the people.

 

  1. delegates – Consider This: A delegate is a member of Congress who bases their decision on public opinion or what they think the people want.
  2. trustees
  3. partisans
  4. politicos

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.4.7

Topic: The Congressional Process and Decision Making

Learning Objective: LO 11.4: Outline the path of bills to passage and explain the influences on congressional decision making.

Page Reference: 334

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

 

 

  1. Whips serve what function?

 

  1. to act as official spokespersons for their chambers – Consider This: The spokesperson of the House is the Speaker and the spokesperson for Senate is the majority leader.
  2. to help the Speaker schedule proposed legislation for debate
  3. to meet with members of the executive cabinet
  4. to persuade party members to support the party’s priorities

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.3.8

Topic: How Congress Is Organized To Make Policy

Learning Objective: LO 11.3: Compare and contrast the House and Senate, and describe the roles of congressional leaders, committees, caucuses, and staff.

Page Reference: 321

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. A filibuster can be ended through __________; it requires the approval of __________ senators.

 

  1. abrogation; fifty-one
  2. censure; fifty-five – Consider This: To censure means to officially rebuke a member of Congress for their behavior and that only takes a simple majority.
  3. cloture; sixty
  4. discharge; sixty-seven

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.3.9

Topic: How Congress Is Organized To Make Policy

Learning Objective: LO 11.3: Compare and contrast the House and Senate, and describe the roles of congressional leaders, committees, caucuses, and staff.

Page Reference: 329

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which of the following is an advantage congressional incumbents possess in seeking reelection over challengers?

 

  1. outsider status
  2. financial support from the federal government campaign fund – Consider This:

We currently do not have federal funding for congressional campaigns.

  1. progressive taxes
  2. the franking privilege

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.2.10

Topic: Congressional Elections

Learning Objective: LO 11.2: Identify the principal factors influencing the outcomes in congressional elections.

Page Reference: 317

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Members of the House are apportioned to states based on __________. They serve __________-year terms.

 

  1. equal representation by state; four – Consider This: Each state has a different number of House members.
  2. equal representation by state; six
  3. population; two
  4. population; four

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.2.11

Topic: Congressional Elections; How Congress Is Organized To Make Policy

Learning Objective: LO 11.2: Identify the principal factors influencing the outcomes in congressional elections; LO 11.3: Compare and contrast the House and Senate, and describe the roles of congressional leaders, committees, caucuses, and staff.

Page Reference: 311

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. Which incumbency advantage involves efforts to highlight an incumbent’s service to individuals and to the district?

 

  1. visibility
  2. credit claiming
  3. lobbying
  4. position taking – Consider This: All candidates highlight their positions on the issues and this does not involve service to the district or individuals.

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.2.12

Topic: Congressional Elections

Learning Objective: LO 11.2: Identify the principal factors influencing the outcomes in congressional elections.

Page Reference: 315

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. The __________ makes economic projections about the performance of the economy, the costs of proposed policies, and the economic effects of taxing and spending alternatives.

 

  1. Congressional Budget Office
  2. Congressional Research Service
  3. House Ways and Means Committee – Consider This: This is the House committee responsible for evaluating tax legislation.
  4. Senate Banking Committee

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.3.13

Topic: How Congress Is Organized To Make Policy

Learning Objective: LO 11.3: Compare and contrast the House and Senate, and describe the roles of congressional leaders, committees, caucuses, and staff.

Page Reference: 325

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. Over the past three decades, the distance between the political parties in Congress has been growing steadily. As the parties have pulled apart ideologically, they also have become more __________ internally.

 

  1. libertarian
  2. diverse – Consider This: The differences within in the parties has become smaller not larger so they have become less diverse.
  3. collegial
  4. homogeneous

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.4.14

Topic: The Congressional Process and Decision Making

Learning Objective: LO 11.4: Outline the path of bills to passage and explain the influences on congressional decision making.

Page Reference: 333

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. A __________ is a group of members of Congress who share some interest or characteristic; its goal is to promote the interests around which it is formed.

 

  1. caucus
  2. colloquium
  3. committee – Consider This: A congressional committee’s job is to process legislation.
  4. conference

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.3.15

Topic: How Congress Is Organized To Make Policy

Learning Objective: LO 11.3: Compare and contrast the House and Senate, and describe the roles of congressional leaders, committees, caucuses, and staff.

Page Reference: 339

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. __________ committees exist in both the House and Senate, may be temporary or permanent, and usually have a specific focus.

 

  1. Ways and means
  2. Caucus – Consider This: This is the meeting a member of Congress of the same party that select party leaders.
  3. Select
  4. Steering

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.3.16

Topic: How Congress Is Organized To Make Policy

Learning Objective: LO 11.3: Compare and contrast the House and Senate, and describe the roles of congressional leaders, committees, caucuses, and staff.

Page Reference: 322

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Party leaders from the two chambers of Congress sometimes use __________ legislation that addresses numerous and perhaps unrelated issues to create winning coalitions and force members to support the entire bill to obtain the individual parts.

 

  1. ad hoc
  2. conference – Consider This: The term conference refers to temporary committees that resolve differences in bills between the two branches.
  3. orthodox
  4. omnibus

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.4.17

Topic: The Congressional Process and Decision Making

Learning Objective: LO 11.4: Outline the path of bills to passage and explain the influences on congressional decision making.

Page Reference: 331

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. The vice president of the United States is the ceremonial leader of the Senate, but he or she has little real leadership responsibilities. The leader of the Senate responsible for the brunt of the work of the majority party is the __________.

 

  1. majority leader
  2. Senate chairperson
  3. president of the Senate – Consider This: The president of the Senate is the vice-president and he plays no formal role in Senate activities.
  4. Speaker

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.3.18

Topic: How Congress Is Organized To Make Policy

Learning Objective: LO 11.3: Compare and contrast the House and Senate, and describe the roles of congressional leaders, committees, caucuses, and staff.

Page Reference: 335

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Most of the work of Congress goes on in __________.

 

  1. recess – Consider This: The term recess means that Congress is not working and is taking a break.
  2. committees
  3. conferences
  4. hearings

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.3.19

Topic: How Congress Is Organized To Make Policy

Learning Objective: LO 11.3: Compare and contrast the House and Senate, and describe the roles of congressional leaders, committees, caucuses, and staff.

Page Reference: 322

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. To increase turnover in the membership of Congress, some reformers have proposed __________ for representatives and senators.

 

  1. term limits
  2. credit claiming
  3. franking privileges – Consider This: Franking is the privilege of members of Congress to send mail at government expense. This has nothing to do with member turnover.
  4. incumbency

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.2.20

Topic: Congressional Elections

Learning Objective: LO 11.2: Identify the principal factors influencing the outcomes in congressional elections.

Page Reference: 315

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

  1. Of the following groups, which is most underrepresented in Congress?

 

  1. African Americans
  2. whites – Consider This: Whites are over represented in Congress.
  3. Hispanics
  4. women.

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.1.21

Topic: The Representatives and Senators

Learning Objective: LO 11.1: Characterize the backgrounds of members of Congress and assess their impact on the ability of members of Congress to represent average Americans.

Page Reference: 313

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. What is the vice president’s only constitutionally defined job?

 

  1. to look after the “Good and the Welfare of We the People”
  2. to represent the president at official state functions
  3. to preside over the Electoral College – Consider This: The Electoral College does not have a presiding officer as the electors do not meet in the same location to vote.
  4. to serve as president of the Senate

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.3.22

Topic: How Congress Is Organized To Make Policy

Learning Objective: LO 11.3: Compare and contrast the House and Senate, and describe the roles of congressional leaders, committees, caucuses, and staff.

Page Reference: 320

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. What is substantive representation?

 

  1. representing groups that provide subsistence for their campaign coffers and not for their policy preferences
  2. representing the interests of groups of which they themselves are not members
  3. representing people and interests that they like personally by voting for legislation that benefits those people
  4. representing constituents by mirroring their personal, politically relevant characteristics – Consider This: Congress does not mirror most citizens as they are less diverse demographically than the general population.

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.1.23

Topic: The Representatives and Senators

Learning Objective: LO 11.1: Characterize the backgrounds of members of Congress and assess their impact on the ability of members of Congress to represent average Americans.

Page Reference: 312

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. The __________ is the only House official mandated by the Constitution.

 

  1. majority leader – Consider This: This position is not mandated by the Constitution and is an elected position within each branch of Congress.
  2. majority whip
  3. Sergeant-at-Arms
  4. Speaker of the House

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.3.24

Topic: How Congress Is Organized To Make Policy

Learning Objective: LO 11.3: Compare and contrast the House and Senate, and describe the roles of congressional leaders, committees, caucuses, and staff.

Page Reference: 320

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. In the House of Representatives, a bill goes to the Rules Committee __________.

 

  1. after it goes to a conference committee
  2. after it is approved by its full committee
  3. after it is debated in the full House
  4. before it is amended or rewritten in its full committee – Consider This: Subcommittee consideration is what precedes full committee consideration.

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.4.25

Topic: The Congressional Process and Decision Making

Learning Objective: LO 11.4: Outline the path of bills to passage and explain the influences on congressional decision making.

Page Reference: 326

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. One thing that helps incumbents win reelection is __________, which might include federal spending projects benefitting state and local governments, businesses, colleges, and other institutions in a congressional district.

 

  1. apportionment
  2. casework
  3. the pork barrel
  4. logrolling – Consider This: This is when members of Congress help each other by voting for each other’s legislation. This has nothing to do with re-election.

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.2.26

Topic: Congressional Elections

Learning Objective: LO 11.2: Identify the principal factors influencing the outcomes in congressional elections.

Page Reference: 338

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. __________ is defined as the activities of members of Congress that help individual constituents, particularly by cutting through bureaucratic red tape.

 

  1. Gains from trade
  2. Casework
  3. Logrolling
  4. The pork barrel – Consider This: These are spending projects that create jobs and thus help members of Congress get re-elected. This has nothing to do with cutting re-tape.

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.2.27

Topic: Congressional Elections

Learning Objective: LO 11.2: Identify the principal factors influencing the outcomes in congressional elections.

Page Reference: 338

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. A committee created to reconcile differences in versions of a bill passed by the House and Senate is called a(n) __________ committee.

 

  1. arbitration
  2. conference
  3. standing
  4. appropriations – Consider This: This committee processes spending legislation and does not involve reconciling House and Senate bill differences.

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.3.28

Topic: How Congress Is Organized To Make Policy

Learning Objective: LO 11.3: Compare and contrast the House and Senate, and describe the roles of congressional leaders, committees, caucuses, and staff.

Page Reference: 326, 322

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

  1. Congress missed the fact that various agencies with responsibility for supervising the banking industry were negligent in identifying looming financial problems that led to the recession of 2008–2009. This suggests a failure of __________.

 

  1. the seniority system
  2. jurisdiction fragmentation
  3. oversight
  4. the informal organization of Congress – Consider This: Supervision of federal agencies has nothing to do with the organization of Congress.

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.3.29

Topic: How Congress Is Organized To Make Policy

Learning Objective: LO 11.3: Compare and contrast the House and Senate, and describe the roles of congressional leaders, committees, caucuses, and staff.

Page Reference: 328

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. Because Congress is __________, it is fairly open to interest group influence.

 

  1. professionalized – Consider This: If it was more professionalized that would make Congress less susceptible to interest group influence.
  2. complex
  3. decentralized
  4. hierarchical

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.3.30

Topic: How Congress Is Organized To Make Policy

Learning Objective: LO 11.3: Compare and contrast the House and Senate, and describe the roles of congressional leaders, committees, caucuses, and staff.

Page Reference: 336

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. When is lobbying more likely to be successful?

 

  1. when lobbying against change
  2. when lobbying for an environmental group – Consider This: Lobbying by environmental interest groups tends to be less successful than other groups like labor and industry.
  3. immediately before an election
  4. immediately after an election

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.4.31

Topic: The Congressional Process and Decision Making

Learning Objective: LO 11.4: Outline the path of bills to passage and explain the influences on congressional decision making.

Page Reference: 368

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. Whose job is it to convey the party’s position to rank-and-file congresspersons, keep vote counts, pressure waverers, and report the views and complaints of the House to the party leadership?

 

  1. committee chairperson
  2. majority leader
  3. whip
  4. Speaker of the House – Consider This: The Speaker of the House is the leader of the House and the presiding officer. They have others do the floor work.

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.3.32

Topic: How Congress Is Organized To Make Policy

Learning Objective: LO 11.3: Compare and contrast the House and Senate, and describe the roles of congressional leaders, committees, caucuses, and staff.

Page Reference: 321

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which statement about incumbency is most accurate?

 

  1. Incumbents have a significant reelection advantage.
  2. Incumbents are prohibited from accepting campaign contributions from interest group members. – Consider This: This is just the opposite. They are more likely to receive campaign contributions.
  3. Incumbents only leave office when pressured by party leadership.
  4. Incumbents only leave office when they are involved in a scandal.

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.2.33

Topic: Congressional Elections

Learning Objective: LO 11.2: Identify the principal factors influencing the outcomes in congressional elections.

Page Reference: 313

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Why might incumbents want to deemphasize their policy positions during a reelection campaign?

 

  1. Voters do not like feeling patronized by discussing policies they are already fully aware of.
  2. Stressing policy positions can make enemies as well as friends.
  3. Stressing policy positions makes voters more uncertain about where the candidate stands on important issues.
  4. Having clear policy positions makes it harder to attract campaign contributions from interest groups. – Consider This: Actually have clear policy positions if they match that of an interest group makes it easier to attract money from the group.

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.2.34

Topic: Congressional Elections

Learning Objective: LO 11.2: Identify the principal factors influencing the outcomes in congressional elections.

Page Reference: 315

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. Which example best demonstrates a legislator acting as a trustee of his or her constituency?

 

  1. A legislator uses his or her best judgment.
  2. A legislator does whatever is best for his or her reelection.
  3. A legislator follows the public opinion of his or her constituency. – Consider This: This would be what a delegate does.
  4. A legislator does what is in the best interest of his or her party.

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.4.35

Topic: The Congressional Process and Decision Making

Learning Objective: LO 11.4: Outline the path of bills to passage and explain the influences on congressional decision making.

Page Reference: 334

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. In the 2011–2012 election cycle, how much money did the average winning House candidate spend?

 

  1. $1.6 million
  2. $23 million
  3. $200 million
  4. $1 billion – Consider This: This is closer to the amount that is spent by all candidates in any given election cycle.

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.2.36

Topic: Congressional Elections

Learning Objective: LO 11.2: Identify the principal factors influencing the outcomes in congressional elections.

Page Reference: 316

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. How are Senate committee chairs generally selected?

 

  1. by voters – Consider This: Chair positions are leadership positions in Congress and are thus selected according to congressional procedures not by the voters.
  2. according to seniority
  3. according to age
  4. according to tact and decorum

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.3.37

Topic: How Congress Is Organized To Make Policy

Learning Objective: LO 11.3: Compare and contrast the House and Senate, and describe the roles of congressional leaders, committees, caucuses, and staff.

Page Reference: 323

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. The Constitution specifies that members of the House must be at least __________ years old and American citizens for at least __________ years.

 

  1. 25; 7
  2. 25; 10
  3. 30; 9
  4. 35; 14 – Consider This: This would be the Constitutional requirements to be President, not House members.

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.1.38

Topic: The Representatives and Senators

Learning Objective: LO 11.1: Characterize the backgrounds of members of Congress and assess their impact on the ability of members of Congress to represent average Americans.

Page Reference: 311

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. What best represents the trend of party polarization over the last three decades?

 

  1. The parties have become less polarized because more and more voters are opting to become independents.
  2. Both Republicans and Democrats have become more liberal. – Consider This: Republicans have become more conservative and Democrats more liberal.
  3. While members of Congress have not become more extreme, ordinary citizens have.
  4. Each congressional party has become more homogeneous, and the distance between parties has increased.

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.4.39

Topic: The Congressional Process and Decision Making

Learning Objective: LO 11.4: Outline the path of bills to passage and explain the influences on congressional decision making.

Page Reference: 333

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. Why did the government shut down in 2013?

 

  1. Congressional Democrats and Republicans could not agree on a budget.
  2. The government shut down because each party wanted to take credit for addressing the ensuing crisis.
  3. The government shut down in order to save money. – Consider This: The government never shuts down to save money. It just borrows more or raises taxes to continue to operate.
  4. Members of Congress forgot to pass the budget.

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q11.0.40

Topic: Introduction

Learning Objective: Introduction

Page Reference: 333

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

 

 

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