The New Leadership Challenge Creating the Future of Nursing 5th Edition By by Sheila C. Grossman -Test Bank

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The New Leadership Challenge Creating the Future of Nursing 5th Edition By by Sheila C. Grossman -Test Bank

Chapter 6: Leadership as an Integral Component of Each Nurse’s Professional Role

 

Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

 

____    1.   A nurse manager uses transformational leadership and maximizes staff participation in unit decisions. What is the vision of the nurse manager for staff members?

1. To enroll in a continuing education or graduate program to meet goals
2. To focus on maintaining cost-effectiveness for the unit goals
3. To work cohesively and collaboratively for meeting goals
4. To empower nurses to pursue their own personal goals

 

 

____    2.   One nurse manager in an acute care center has the lowest absenteeism rate among all staff members in the institution. After speaking with the manager, the human resource officer learns that there is a movie and pizza outing planned each month for those with perfect attendance. Which type of leadership reflects this philosophy?

1. Principle-centered leadership
2. Transformational leadership
3. Transactional leadership
4. Functional leadership

 

 

____    3.   Which principle will a transformational nurse leader follow?

1. The bottom line is to empower staff to reach for maximum organizational financial success.
2. Leaders and followers raise one another to higher levels of motivation and morality.
3. The focus of the job is strictly to prevent employee dissatisfaction and decreased morale.
4. Management skills will empower employees more than leadership skills.

 

 

____    4.   Which attribute would greatly enable a nurse to become a successful leader?

1. Knowing leadership theory
2. Being a “friend” to all followers
3. Graduating from a prestigious university
4. Having interactions with a variety of people

 

 

____    5.   Which outcome is priority for a transformational leader?

1. Increased moral
2. 100% completion of isolated task
3. Mutual involvement
4. High patient satisfaction

 

 

____    6.   Which action will the nurse take to implement principle-centered leadership?

1. Develop competence.
2. Be faithful to vows.
3. Exercise timidity.
4. Use critical thinking.

 

 

____    7.   Which statement by a nurse indicates a strong, transformational leader?

1. “I have seniority.”
2. “I paid my dues.”
3. “I encourage the heart.”
4. “I work very hard at my career.”

 

 

____    8.   Which practice should a transformational nurse leader include according to Maslow?

1. Be ready to react.
2. Perform favors for selected individuals.
3. Celebrate followers’ accomplishments.
4. Do not challenge the status quo.

 

 

____    9.   Which behavior indicates the nurse leader is “encouraging the heart”?

1. Empathizing with followers
2. Developing strong friendly relationships with followers
3. Caring deeply about the vision with followers
4. Having the ability to change the vision of followers

 

 

____  10.   Which major action will a nurse take when using Covey’s (1991) Principle-Centered Leadership Model?

1. Maintain a professional image.
2. Keep promises.
3. Be aggressive to achieve goals.
4. Strive to be “number one.”

 

 

____  11.   A nurse leader is teaching the staff about emotional competence. Which information should the nurse include in the teaching session about emotional competence?

1. It is similar to intelligence quotient.
2. It is the ability to sympathize with patients and families.
3. It is the ability to respond to others and manage own feelings.
4. It is similar to therapeutic communication.

 

 

____  12.   How can nurse leaders best produce environments that are conducive to using emotional competence?

1. Offer baccalaureate and graduate courses at the health-care agency.
2. Increase staff nurses’ self-awareness.
3. Improve professional commitment of nurses to higher education.
4. Encourage all staff nurses to join the American Nurses Association.

 

 

____  13.   Which nurse is best to be a leader?

1. Dean
2. Nurse manager
3. Committee chair
4. Every individual nurse

 

 

____  14.   Which statement best reflects a nurse leader who is credible?

1. “I have never told a lie in my life.”
2. “I don’t have time to mentor you.”
3. “I did not evaluate that situation correctly.”
4. “I think we should focus on the past.”

 

 

____  15.   It is more and more apparent that nurses need to acquire leadership skills in a manner similar to how they learn:

1. Clinical skills.
2. Communication when they are young.
3. Psychological relatedness.
4. Empathy skills.

 

 

____  16.   A nurse leader/manager sponsors staff recognition days, celebrates staff-of-the-month days, and publishes accomplishments of staff members. Which primary component is the nurse leader/manager trying to foster in the staff members?

1. Knowledge
2. Self-evaluation
3. Emotional competence
4. Empathy

 

 

____  17.   A nurse leader allows two staff members to implement a practice change on a single wing in the unit. Which practice did the nurse leader perform?

1. Enabled others to act
2. Modelled the way
3. Challenged the process
4. Inspired a shared vision

 

 

____  18.   Which key motivational factor should the nurse leader focus on to influence nurse retention and recruitment?

1. Nurse competency
2. Nurse knowledge
3. Nurse caring
4. Nurse salary

 

 

____  19.   A nurse is strengthening emotional competence. Which area is the nurse working on to improve?

1. Self-management
2. Research projects
3. Humor
4. Cognitive abilities

 

 

____  20.   Which is a characteristic of a nurse using principle-centered leadership?

1. Leading a disequilibrium life
2. Viewing life as hard
3. Being antagonistic
4. Having a service orientation

 

 

____  21.   Which traits are reflective of a transformational nurse leader?

1. Honest, charismatic, passionate
2. Sympathetic, commanding, pessimistic
3. Collaborative, competitive, goal-directed for self-achievement
4. Unilateral decision maker, solely interested in the bottom line, caring

 

 

____  22.   Which statement indicates a nurse leader is reinventing?

1. “I will fit in to provide research-based nursing practice.”
2. “I will strengthen the role I learned in school.”
3. “I will become a nurse navigator to help patients through the maze of health care.”
4. “I will be the best clinician on the unit to improve patient care quality.”

 

 

Multiple Response

Identify one or more choices that best complete the statement or answer the question.

 

____  23.   Which skills are necessary for a nurse to be a good leader and manager? Select all that apply.

1. Networking
2. Troubleshooting
3. Risk management
4. Self-building
5. Inward focus

 

 

____  24.   A nurse is a staff member in a healthy work environment (HWE). Which characteristics will this type of environment support? Select all that apply.

1. Minimal communication
2. Intuition-based practice
3. Potential for professional advancement
4. Atmosphere of empowerment for all members
5. Interdisciplinary collaboration

 

 

____  25.   A nurse leader is talking about self-esteem. Which concepts should the nurse include? Select all that apply.

1. Mastery
2. Independence
3. Free from harm
4. Freedom to act
5. Belonging to a group

 

Chapter 6: Leadership as an Integral Component of Each Nurse’s Professional Role

Answer Section

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

  1. ANS:  3

Page: 110-111

Objective: 2. Compare and contrast the leader–follower relationship in a transformational environment and a transactional environment.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Transformational Leadership

Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Application [Applying]

Concept: Management: Collaboration: Communication: Nursing: Nursing Roles

  Feedback
1 Incorrect because there is no definitive assumption that this will cause increased enrollment in graduate school.
2 Incorrect because transactional leadership focuses on cost-effectiveness.
3 Correct because this will foster more staff collaboration.
4 Incorrect because this is not necessarily going to empower the staff for their own goals.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Collaboration: Communication: Nursing: Nursing Roles

 

  1. ANS:  3

Page: 110

Objective: 2. Compare and contrast the leader–follower relationship in a transformational environment and a transactional environment.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Transactional Leadership

Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Analysis [Analyzing]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Economics

  Feedback
1 Incorrect because this is not principle-centered leadership.
2 Incorrect because this is not transformational leadership.
3 Correct because this is transactional leadership.
4 Incorrect because this is not functional leadership.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Economics

 

  1. ANS:  2

Page: 110

Objective: 1. Identify characteristics of transformational and transactional leaders.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Transformational Leadership

Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Application [Applying]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Collaboration: Communication

  Feedback
1 Incorrect because transformational leaders are not intensely focused on the bottom line of finance.
2 Correct because to be transformational, one believes leaders and followers raise one another to higher levels of motivation and morality.
3 Incorrect because prevention of employee dissatisfaction is not a big focus of transformational leadership.
4 Incorrect because management skills do not empower people more than leadership skills.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Collaboration: Communication

 

  1. ANS:  4

Page: 109

Objective: 1. Identify characteristics of transformational and transactional leaders.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Introduction

Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Analysis [Analyzing]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Collaboration: Communication

  Feedback
1 Incorrect because knowing leadership theory does not equal being a leader.
2 Incorrect because a leader cannot be a friend to all followers.
3 Incorrect because graduating from a prestigious school does not necessarily make a leader.
4 Correct because these experiences would increase leadership ability.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Collaboration: Communication

 

  1. ANS:  3

Page: 112

Objective: 3. Explain how transformational and innovative leadership generates growth in individuals, organizations, and groups.

Difficulty: Difficult

Heading: Transformational Leadership

Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Analysis [Analyzing]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Collaboration: Communication

  Feedback
1 Incorrect because mutual involvement is of greater significance than any isolated task accomplishment.
2 Incorrect because mutual involvement is of greater significance than any isolated task accomplishment.
3 Correct because mutual involvement is the priority.
4 Incorrect because mutual involvement is of greater significance than any isolated task accomplishment.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Collaboration: Communication

 

  1. ANS:  2

Page: 117

Objective: 4. Describe how the six characteristics of principle-centered leadership can contribute to an individual’s personal and professional growth as a leader.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Leadership as an Integral Component of Each Nurse’s Role

Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Application [Applying]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Collaboration: Evidence-Based Practice

  Feedback
1 Incorrect because developing virtues is principle-centered leadership.
2 Correct because being faithful to vows is principle-centered leadership.
3 Incorrect because exercising courage is principle-centered leadership.
4 Incorrect because using critical thinking is not a component of principle-centered leadership.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Collaboration: Evidence-Based Practice

 

  1. ANS:  3

Page: 115

Objective: 1. Identify characteristics of transformational and transactional leaders.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Self-Esteem and Leadership Image

Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Application [Applying]

Concept: Management: Collaboration: Communication: Nursing: Nursing Roles

  Feedback
1 Incorrect because this is not a statement a strong, transformational leader will say.
2 Incorrect because this is not a statement a strong, transformational leader will say.
3 Correct because a strong, transformational leader encourages the heart.
4 Incorrect because this is not a statement a strong, transformational leader will say.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Collaboration: Communication: Nursing: Nursing Roles

 

  1. ANS:  3

Page: 115

Objective: 5. Describe how Maslow’s hierarchy of needs relates to leadership development.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Self-Esteem and Leadership Image

Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Application [Applying]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Collaboration: Communication

  Feedback
1 Incorrect because being reactive will not help anyone realize a vision.
2 Incorrect because the practice of doing favors for some is not recommended.
3 Correct because this is one of the concepts of the theory.
4 Incorrect because transformational leaders will challenge the status quo.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Collaboration: Communication

 

  1. ANS:  3

Page: 115

Objective: 1. Identify characteristics of transformational and transactional leaders.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Self-Esteem and Leadership Image

Integrated Processes: Caring

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Application [Applying]

Concept: Management: Collaboration: Communication: Nursing: Nursing Roles

  Feedback
1 Incorrect because this does not mean empathizing with followers.
2 Incorrect because this does not mean developing strong friendly relationships with followers.
3 Correct because this means caring deeply about the vision and working hard to accomplish it.
4 Incorrect because this does not mean changing the vision of followers.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Collaboration: Communication: Nursing: Nursing Roles

 

  1. ANS:  2

Page: 117

Objective: 4. Describe how the six characteristics of principle-centered leadership can contribute to an individual’s personal and professional growth as a leader.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Leadership as an Integral Component of Each Nurse’s Role

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process: Implementation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Application [Applying]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Collaboration

  Feedback
1 Incorrect because a professional image is not the major point of Covey’s model.
2 Correct because keeping promises is a major point of Covey’s model.
3 Incorrect because being aggressive is not a major point of Covey’s model.
4 Incorrect because being “number one” is not part of Covey’s model.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Collaboration

 

  1. ANS:  3

Page: 113

Objective: 6. Explain how leadership ability is enhanced by emotional competence.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Emotional Competence

Integrated Processes: Teaching and Learning

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Application [Applying]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Collaboration: Communication

  Feedback
1 Incorrect because it is not similar to intelligence quotient.
2 Incorrect because it does not involve any sympathy.
3 Correct because emotional intelligence is being able to respond to others and manage own feelings.
4 Incorrect because it is not similar to therapeutic communication.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Collaboration: Communication

 

  1. ANS:  2

Page: 113

Objective: 6. Explain how leadership ability is enhanced by emotional competence.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Emotional Competence

Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Analysis [Analyzing]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Communication: Collaboration

  Feedback
1 Incorrect because offering courses does not affect emotional competence.
2 Correct because self-awareness is a large part of emotional competence.
3 Incorrect because being committed to higher education does not increase emotional competence.
4 Incorrect because being a member of the American Nurses Association does not affect emotional competence.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Communication: Collaboration

 

  1. ANS:  4

Page: 105

Objective: 7. Explain how leadership is an integral component of being a nurse professional.

Difficulty: Easy

Heading: Introduction

Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Comprehension [Understanding]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Quality Improvement

  Feedback
1 Incorrect because a title or position does not necessarily equal a leader.
2 Incorrect because a title or position does not necessarily equal a leader.
3 Incorrect because a title or position does not necessarily equal a leader.
4 Correct because every individual nurse can be a leader.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Quality Improvement

 

  1. ANS:  3

Page: 117

Objective: 7. Explain how leadership is an integral component of being a nurse professional.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Leadership as an Integral Component of Each Nurse’s Role

Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Analysis [Analyzing]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Communication

  Feedback
1 Incorrect because credible leaders are honest.
2 Incorrect because credible leaders take time for their followers and listen.
3 Correct because credible leaders admit mistakes.
4 Incorrect because credible leaders are forward looking.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Communication

 

  1. ANS:  1

Page: 116

Objective: 7. Explain how leadership is an integral component of being a nurse professional.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Would-Be Leaders Become Leaders

Integrated Processes: Teaching and Learning

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Analysis [Analyzing]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Quality Improvement: Health-Care System

  Feedback
1 Correct because leadership skills are just as important to know as clinical skills.
2 Incorrect because communication when one is young does not correlate with how one acquires leadership skills.
3 Incorrect because psychological relatedness does not correlate with how one acquires leadership skills.
4 Incorrect because empathy skills do not correlate with how one acquires leadership skills.

 

 

PTS:   1

CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Quality Improvement: Health-Care System

 

  1. ANS:  3

Page: 113-114

Objective: 6. Explain how leadership ability is enhanced by emotional competence.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Emotional Competence

Integrated Processes: Caring

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Analysis [Analyzing]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Collaboration: Communication

  Feedback
1 Incorrect because this does not foster knowledge.
2 Incorrect because this does not foster self-evaluation.
3 Correct because this will foster emotional competence.
4 Incorrect because this will not foster empathy.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Collaboration: Communication

 

  1. ANS:  1

Page: 115

Objective: 3. Explain how transformational and innovative leadership generates growth in individuals, organizations, and groups.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Self-Esteem and Leadership Image

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process: Implementation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Analysis [Analyzing]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Communication: Health-Care System: Quality Improvement

  Feedback
1 Correct because the nurse leader enabled the two staff members to implement their vision.
2 Incorrect because the two staff members modelled the way.
3 Incorrect because the two staff members challenged the process.
4 Incorrect because the two staff members inspired a shared vision.

 

 

PTS:   1

CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Communication: Health-Care System: Quality Improvement

 

  1. ANS:  3

Page: 109

Objective: 3. Explain how transformational and innovative leadership generates growth in individuals, organizations, and groups.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Confidence, Speaking with Authority, and Other Qualities of Leadership

Integrated Processes: Caring

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Application [Applying]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Health-Care System: Evidence-Based Practice

 

  Feedback
1 Incorrect because nurse caring is the key motivational factor.
2 Incorrect because nurse caring is the key motivational factor.
3 Correct because nurse caring is the key motivational factor.
4 Incorrect because nurse caring is the key motivational factor.

 

 

PTS:   1

CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Health-Care System: Evidence-Based Practice

 

  1. ANS:  1

Page: 113

Objective: 6. Explain how leadership ability is enhanced by emotional competence.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Emotional Competence

Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Application [Applying]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles

  Feedback
1 Correct because self-management is a component of emotional competence.
2 Incorrect because research projects are not components of emotional competence.
3 Incorrect because humor is not a component of emotional competence.
4 Incorrect because cognitive abilities are components of intelligence quotient.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles

 

  1. ANS:  4

Page: 117

Objective: 4. Describe how the six characteristics of principle-centered leadership can contribute to an individual’s personal and professional growth as a leader.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Leadership as an Integral Component of Each Nurse’s Role

Integrated Processes: Caring

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Application [Applying]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Collaboration: Evidence-Based Practice

  Feedback
1 Incorrect because leading a balanced life is principle-centered leadership.
2 Incorrect because viewing life as an adventure is principle-centered leadership.
3 Incorrect because being synergistic is principle-centered leadership.
4 Correct because service orientation is principle-centered leadership.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Collaboration: Evidence-Based Practice

 

  1. ANS:  1

Page: 112

Objective: 1. Identify characteristics of transformational and transactional leaders.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Transformational Leadership

Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Application [Applying]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Collaboration: Evidence-Based Practice

  Feedback
1 Correct because these traits reflect a transformational leader.
2 Incorrect because these traits do not reflect a transformational leader.
3 Incorrect because these traits, except for being collaborative, do not reflect a transformational leader.
4 Incorrect because these traits, except for caring, do not reflect a transformational leader.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Collaboration: Evidence-Based Practice

 

  1. ANS:  3

Page: 116

Objective: 7. Explain how leadership is an integral component of being a nurse professional.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Would-Be Leaders Become Leaders

Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Analysis [Analyzing]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Evidence-Based Practice: Health-Care System

  Feedback
1 Incorrect because fitting in is not reinventing.
2 Incorrect because accepting the roles we were brought up to play is not reinventing.
3 Correct because this indicates the nurse has used reinventing.
4 Incorrect because accepting the roles we were brought up to play is not reinventing.

 

 

PTS:   1

CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Evidence-Based Practice: Health-Care System

 

MULTIPLE RESPONSE

 

  1. ANS:  1, 2, 3

Page: 106

Objective: 1. Identify characteristics of transformational and transactional leaders.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Introduction

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process: Implementation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Application [Applying]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Collaboration: Communication

  Feedback
1. Correct because this skill is leadership and management focused.
2. Correct because this skill is leadership and management focused.
3. Correct because this skill is leadership and management focused.
4. Incorrect because this skill is not leadership and management focused; team building is leadership and management focused.
5. Incorrect because this skill is not leadership and management focused.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Collaboration: Communication

 

  1. ANS:  3, 4, 5

Page: 106-107

Objective: 2. Compare and contrast the leader–follower relationship in a transformational environment and a transactional environment.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Competence Propels Nurses to Lead

Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Application [Applying]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Collaboration: Communication: Health-Care System

  Feedback
1. Incorrect because effective communication is a trait of HWE.
2. Incorrect because evidence-based practice is a trait of HWE.
3. Correct because potential for professional advancement is a trait of HWE.
4. Correct because an atmosphere of empowerment for all members is a trait of HWE.
5. Correct because interdisciplinary collaboration is a trait of HWE.

 

 

PTS:   1

CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Collaboration: Communication: Health-Care System

 

  1. ANS:  1, 2, 4

Page: 114

Objective: 5. Describe how Maslow’s hierarchy of needs relates to leadership development.

Difficulty: Difficult

Heading: Self-Esteem and Leadership Image

Integrated Processes: Teaching and Learning

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Cognitive Level: Analysis [Analyzing]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Collaboration: Communication: Self

  Feedback
1. Correct because mastery is a component of self-esteem.
2. Correct because independence is a component of self-esteem.
3. Incorrect because free from harm is not a component of self-esteem.
4. Correct because freedom to act is a component of self-esteem.
5. Incorrect because belonging to a group is not a component of self-esteem.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Collaboration: Communication: Self

 

 

Chapter 7: Vision and Creativity

 

Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

 

____    1.   Which one is the most significant contribution a nurse leader can make to a group or organization?

1. Formulating a lockstep long-term plan for the organization
2. Mandating overtime for all registered nurses until goals are met
3. Defining and sharing a vision
4. Hiring only licensed professionals

 

 

____    2.   Martin Luther King, Jr.’s “I Have a Dream” speech is an excellent example of which concept?

1. A leader energizing people toward action
2. One person revolting against society
3. A leader propelling his own agenda
4. One person’s dream changing health-care policy

 

 

____    3.   How should a nurse best describe vision?

1. Organization’s short-term objectives
2. Summary of how an organization evolved to its current state
3. Image of where an organization wants to be in the future
4. Plan to reach organizational goals

 

 

____    4.   What is a successful leader able to do?

1. Accept the status quo if it is working.
2. Make a difference no matter what it takes.
3. Be reactive to change.
4. Focus entirely on work.

 

 

____    5.   A nurse leader creates many rules and regulations for the unit. What type of climate will this create?

1. One that produces change and growth
2. One that is proactive in making a difference
3. One that fosters the status quo
4. One that stimulates provocative discussions

 

 

____    6.   Which speech techniques can assist nurses in articulating their vision(s)?

1. Visual aids and background music
2. Role-playing and charades
3. Acting and singing
4. Repetition and rhythm

 

 

____    7.   What is the most likely outcome when a nurse leader uses creativity?

1. Thinks in a more focused manner
2. Repeats exactly, step-by-step, the plan
3. Uses strategies that have proved effective in the past
4. Reframes how work is perceived

 

 

____    8.   Which is the most effective method of increasing creativity in nurses?

1. Changing conditions in the work setting
2. Providing stress-reduction exercises to employees
3. Offering financial incentives to employees
4. Scheduling creativity workshops for greater attendance

 

 

____    9.   Which describes a nurse who has right-brain thinking?

1. Logical
2. Organized
3. Creative
4. Concrete

 

 

____  10.   Which is an important characteristic of a creative nurse?

1. Avoiding competitors
2. Being a risk taker
3. Following a specific plan
4. Being reactive to challenges

 

 

____  11.   A nurse develops both a personal vision and a professional vision. What are the primary reasons for these visions?

1. Have a purpose in life and accomplish work ideas.
2. Accrue wealth for personal gain and success in one’s profession.
3. Be successful at career and meet the organization’s mission.
4. Use one’s family values and education for own goals.

 

 

____  12.   Which activity indicates a nurse is using reflective techniques?

1. Thinking about an action in a single way
2. Rushing into a situation
3. Asking a peer for feedback
4. Basing a decision on one piece of data

 

 

____  13.   A nurse is using Tanner’s (2006) Clinical Judgment Model to determine the actual vision. Which stage is the nurse in according to the model?

1. Reflecting
2. Interpreting
3. Noticing
4. Responding

 

 

____  14.   A nurse is described as “thinking outside of the box.” Which characteristic does this nurse have?

1. Is a linear thinker
2. Follows directions effectively
3. Thinks there is a single right answer for each problem
4. Has the ability to envision an idea that is new and different

 

 

____  15.   How does mindful awareness enhance reflective practice for a nurse?

1. Increased neural circuits
2. Underdeveloped prefrontal cortex
3. Overdeveloped occipital area
4. Decreased neuroplasticity

 

 

____  16.   A successful nurse leader must be comfortable with disorder and chaos. How should the nurse interpret this statement?

1. Life should be predictable and part of a large planned schemata.
2. Change will occur no matter what we do to maintain the existing order.
3. Nurses are able to successfully prevent chaos in their workplaces.
4. People intuitively perform worse if an unexpected situation arises.

 

 

____  17.   A nursing unit in the midst of change experiences an unexpected event. How should the nurse leader interpret this event?

1. It can offer challenges for staff to build their problem-solving skills.
2. It can allow staff practice time with patients to manage their fears.
3. It can cause staff to make physicians fix the problems.
4. It can show staff that the change is a mistake.

 

 

____  18.   A nurse is using the Leadership Diamond Model developed by Koestenbaum (2002) to gain leadership skills. In which areas will the nurse focus?

1. Salesmanship, collaboration, vision, and empathy
2. Creativity, passion, determination, and sacrifice
3. Independence, hope, faith, and empowerment
4. Time, democracy, motivation, and teamwork

 

 

____  19.   A nurse leader is using Zaleznik’s (1989) principles to influence other nurses. Which action will the nurse take?

1. Help the staff realize how the proposed change will advance their interest.
2. Let administration tell staff about the changes.
3. Use a lockstep plan to engage logical thinking nurses to embrace the change.
4. Inspire staff to have passion rather than the nurse leader.

 

 

____  20.   Which information from a nurse demonstrates a creative outlook about work?

1. Work is an expression of thoughts.
2. Work comes from the inside out.
3. Work is repetitious.
4. Work is similar to each person.

 

 

____  21.   Zaleznik (1989) suggested that effective nurse leaders desiring to influence staff nurses should use which primary principle?

1. The staff can make a positive change that will improve conditions for a group/organization, not just for themselves.
2. The staff can make a profit that solely benefits the leader.
3. The staff can make a difference in their leadership style and widen the number of people they lead.
4. The staff can gain more notoriety and, possibly, worldly acclaim.

 

 

____  22.   A nurse is deliberately creating conflicts to spark new ideas. According to McCall (1989) which method is the nurse demonstrating?

1. Credibility
2. Crafty
3. Feisty
4. Flexibility

 

 

____  23.   Which technique should the nurse use to learn difficult concepts that will develop both the right and left brain?

1. Using formulas
2. Memorizing facts using flash cards
3. Mindmapping
4. Rewriting the terms involved with the concept repeatedly

 

 

Multiple Response

Identify one or more choices that best complete the statement or answer the question.

 

____  24.   A nurse is using Cohen’s (2004) 10 essential principles to develop and carry out a vision. Which principles will the nurse use? Select all that apply.

1. Keep it complex.
2. Take the indirect route.
3. Exploit successes.
4. Commit fully to a goal.
5. Do the unexpected.

 

 

____  25.   A nurse is creative. Which characteristics does the nurse demonstrate? Select all that apply.

1. Thinks originally
2. Is closed to new ideas
3. Provides alternatives
4. Is willing to dream
5. Draws on the left brain

 

Chapter 7: Vision and Creativity

Answer Section

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

  1. ANS:  3

Page: 123-124

Objective: 1. Define the concept of vision as it relates to leadership.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Introduction

Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Analysis [Analyzing]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Communication: Collaboration

 

  Feedback
1 Incorrect because a lockstep plan minimizes creativity and vision.
2 Incorrect because mandating anything is not a significant contribution.
3 Correct because sharing a vision is a significant contribution.
4 Incorrect because hiring only licensed professionals is not a significant contribution.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Communication: Collaboration

 

  1. ANS:  1

Page: 129

Objective: 5. Identify characteristics of nursing and non-nursing leaders who are viewed as visionary.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Actualizing a Vision

Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Analysis [Analyzing]

Concept: Management: Communication: Ethics: Diversity

  Feedback
1 Correct because the “Dream” speech definitely energizes people toward action.
2 Incorrect because the “Dream” speech is not just one person revolting against society.
3 Incorrect because King was not propelling his own agenda but that of the people.
4 Incorrect because the “Dream” speech is not just one person’s dream.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Communication: Ethics: Diversity

 

  1. ANS:  3

Page: 124

Objective: 2. Describe how a nurse leader, followers, or a group as a whole can identify, articulate, and communicate a vision.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: The Concept of Vision

Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Application [Applying]

Concept: Management: Health-Care System: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Communication

  Feedback
1 Incorrect because an organization’s short-term goals are not examples of a vision.
2 Incorrect because a vision is not a summary of how an organization evolved; this is the organization’s history.
3 Correct because this is a vision.
4 Incorrect because an organization’s plan does not equal a vision.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Health-Care System: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Communication

 

  1. ANS:  2

Page: 130

Objective: 2. Describe how a nurse leader, followers, or a group as a whole can identify, articulate, and communicate a vision.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Actualizing a Vision

Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Application [Applying]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Communication

  Feedback
1 Incorrect because leaders do not accept the status quo even if it is working.
2 Correct because leaders make a difference no matter what it takes.
3 Incorrect because leaders are proactive not reactive.
4 Incorrect because successful leaders enjoy a balanced life.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Communication

 

  1. ANS:  3

Page: 131-132

Objective: 1. Define the concept of vision as it relates to leadership.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: What Happens If There Is No Vision

Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Analysis [Analyzing]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Health-Care System

 

  Feedback
1 Incorrect because change and growth cannot emerge with this approach.
2 Incorrect because one cannot be proactive with this type of approach.
3 Correct because this is exactly the type of thinking that fosters the status quo.
4 Incorrect because no provocative discussions could take place with this type of approach.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Health-Care System

 

  1. ANS:  4

Page: 135

Objective: 3. Identify strategies that would be effective in making one’s personal vision become a reality.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Strategies to Assist People With Vision Development

Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Application [Applying]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Communication

  Feedback
1 Incorrect because these techniques will not best articulate a vision.
2 Incorrect because charades will not articulate a vision.
3 Incorrect because neither of these skills will help articulate a vision.
4 Correct because repetition and rhythm will help articulate a vision.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Communication

 

  1. ANS:  4

Page: 136

Objective: 7. Project potential outcomes of using creativity as a nurse leader or follower.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Creativity

Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Analysis [Analyzing]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Communication: Collaboration: Health-Care System

  Feedback
1 Incorrect because creativity will not increase if one thinks in a more focused manner.
2 Incorrect because a step-by-step process will not increase creativity skills.
3 Incorrect because it will not help to use past strategies to be more creative.
4 Correct because by being creative reframing can occur.

 

 

PTS:   1

CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Communication: Collaboration: Health-Care System

 

  1. ANS:  1

Page: 136

Objective: 6. Describe characteristics of creative persons, processes, and environments.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Using Creativity to Maximize Vision Accomplishment

Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Application [Applying]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Health-Care System

  Feedback
1 Correct because changing conditions in the work setting is more effective than influencing people to think in a more creative fashion.
2 Incorrect because providing stress-reduction exercises to employees does not necessarily cause increased creativity.
3 Incorrect because financial incentives do not necessarily cause increased creativity.
4 Incorrect because scheduling creativity workshops does not necessarily cause increased creativity.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Health-Care System

 

  1. ANS:  3

Page: 140 and 141

Objective: 6. Describe characteristics of creative persons, processes, and environments.

Difficulty: Easy

Heading: Using Creativity to Maximize Vision Accomplishment

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process: Evaluation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Application [Applying]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Cognition: Evidence-Based Practice

  Feedback
1 Incorrect because left-brain thinking is logical.
2 Incorrect because left-brain thinking is organized.
3 Correct because right-brain thinking is creative.
4 Incorrect because left-brain thinking is concrete.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Cognition: Evidence-Based Practice

 

  1. ANS:  2

Page: 140

Objective: 6. Describe characteristics of creative persons, processes, and environments.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Using Creativity to Maximize Vision Accomplishment

Integrated Processes: Caring

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Application [Applying]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles

  Feedback
1 Incorrect because creative nurses are always networking, even with competitors.
2 Correct because being a risk taker is a characteristic of a creative nurse.
3 Incorrect because following a specific plan is not creative.
4 Incorrect because creative nurses are not reactive to challenges.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles

 

  1. ANS:  1

Page: 125

Objective: 4. Formulate a personal vision for the profession or one’s particular area of practice.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Developing Professional and Personal Visions

Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Application [Applying]

Concept: Management: Health-Care System: Nursing: Nursing Roles

  Feedback
1 Correct because a personal vision gives one a purpose in life, and a professional vision helps one accomplish work ideas and the mission of an organization, group, or profession.
2 Incorrect because having visions does not necessarily generate wealth.
3 Incorrect because this only refers to a professional vision.
4 Incorrect because this only refers to a personal vision.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Health-Care System: Nursing: Nursing Roles

 

  1. ANS:  3

Page: 125-126

Objective: 5. Identify characteristics of nursing and non-nursing leaders who are viewed as visionary.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Developing a Vision

Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Application [Applying]

Concept: Management: Cognition: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Communication: Collaboration

  Feedback
1 Incorrect because asking a peer for feedback indicates reflective technique.
2 Incorrect because asking a peer for feedback indicates reflective technique.
3 Correct because asking a peer for feedback indicates reflective technique.
4 Incorrect because asking a peer for feedback indicates reflective technique.

 

 

PTS:   1

CON:  Management: Cognition: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Communication: Collaboration

 

  1. ANS:  2

Page: 125-126

Objective: 2. Describe how a nurse leader, followers, or a group as a whole can identify, articulate, and communicate a vision.

Difficulty: Difficult

Heading: Developing a Vision

Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Analysis [Analyzing]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles

  Feedback
1 Incorrect because reflecting is associated with thinking about what went right and what went wrong with plans for improvement.
2 Correct because interpreting is associated with determining the actual vision.
3 Incorrect because noticing is associated with the nurse assessing the situation, gathering data, and identifying patterns.
4 Incorrect because responding is associated with implementing the vision.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles

 

  1. ANS:  4

Page: 136

Objective: 6. Describe characteristics of creative persons, processes, and environments.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Creativity

Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Analysis [Analyzing]

Concept: Management: Communication: Cognition: Nursing: Nursing Roles

  Feedback
1 Incorrect because thinking outside of the box means one is not a linear thinker.
2 Incorrect because thinking outside of the box means being creative and finding a solution to a problem.
3 Incorrect because thinking outside the box means there is more than one right answer.
4 Correct because this is successful thinking out of the box.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Communication: Cognition: Nursing: Nursing Roles

 

  1. ANS:  1

Page: 139

Objective: 8. Identify how the new science of leadership fosters creativity in order to improve leadership and followership.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Using Creativity to Maximize Vision Accomplishment

Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Application [Applying]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Cognition

  Feedback
1 Correct because increased neural circuits are a result of reflective thinking and mindful awareness.
2 Incorrect because the prefrontal cortex is developed.
3 Incorrect because the prefrontal cortex is affected, not the occipital area.
4 Incorrect because neuroplasticity will increase.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Cognition

 

  1. ANS:  2

Page: 144

Objective: 8. Identify how the new science of leadership fosters creativity in order to improve leadership and followership.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Conclusion

Integrated Processes: Teaching and Learning

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Analysis [Analyzing]

Concept: Management: Health-Care System: Nursing: Nursing Roles

  Feedback
1 Incorrect because life is not predictable.
2 Correct because change will occur no matter what we do.
3 Incorrect because it is impossible to prevent chaos to some degree.
4 Incorrect because people perform better with unexpected crises.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Health-Care System: Nursing: Nursing Roles

 

  1. ANS:  1

Page: 136

Objective: 8. Identify how the new science of leadership fosters creativity in order to improve leadership and followership.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Creativity

Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Analysis [Analyzing]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Collaboration: Communication

  Feedback
1 Correct because these unexpected happenings serve to improve staff skills in problem-solving.
2 Incorrect because staff do not need “practice” time to help their patients but rather more experience to increase their skills with communication.
3 Incorrect because nurses should work on their problems, not pass them on to physicians to correct.
4 Incorrect because “surprises” should not be viewed as negative happenings.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Collaboration: Communication

 

  1. ANS:  4

Page: 133

Objective: 3. Identify strategies that would be effective in making one’s personal vision become a reality.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Strategies to Assist People With Vision Development

Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Application [Applying]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles

  Feedback
1 Incorrect because empathy and collaboration are not components of the Leadership Diamond Model.
2 Incorrect because none of these are components of the Leadership Diamond Model.
3 Incorrect because none of these are components of the Leadership Diamond Model.
4 Correct because these are the elements of this model and they all strongly relate to a positive leadership environment.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles

 

  1. ANS:  1

Page: 132

Objective: 2. Describe how a nurse leader, followers, or a group as a whole can identify, articulate, and communicate a vision.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Who Should Participate in Vision Development?

Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Application [Applying]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Collaboration: Communication

  Feedback
1 Correct because Zaleznik (1989) says one of the ways to influence others is to help them realize that the proposed change will advance their interests.
2 Incorrect because the nurse leader should engage everyone in making that vision a reality rather than waiting for administration to solve the problem.
3 Incorrect because a lockstep plan dampens creativity.
4 Incorrect because both staff and leader must have passion.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Collaboration: Communication

 

  1. ANS:  2

Page: 143

Objective: 9. Examine how the incorporation of vision and creativity into one’s professional role can help vitalize and energize a nurse.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: The Significance of Creativity

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process: Evaluation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Analysis [Analyzing]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Collaboration: Health-Care System

  Feedback
1 Incorrect because work is an expression of the soul, inner being.
2 Correct because work comes from the inside out.
3 Incorrect because work is energizing, challenging, rewarding, and growth producing.
4 Incorrect because work is unique to the individual.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Collaboration: Health-Care System

 

  1. ANS:  1

Page: 132

Objective: 2. Describe how a nurse leader, followers, or a group as a whole can identify, articulate, and communicate a vision.

Difficulty: Difficult

Heading: Who Should Participate in Vision Development?

Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Application [Applying]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Communication: Collaboration

  Feedback
1 Correct because leaders need to influence the staff to want to succeed for the group/organization, not just for self-recognition and promotion.
2 Incorrect because leaders need to influence the staff to want to succeed for the group/organization, not just for self-recognition and promotion.
3 Incorrect because leaders need to influence the staff to want to succeed for the group/organization, not just for self-recognition and promotion.
4 Incorrect because leaders need to influence the staff to want to succeed for the group/organization, not just for self-recognition and promotion.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Communication: Collaboration

 

  1. ANS:  3

Page: 144

Objective: 3. Identify strategies that would be effective in making one’s personal vision become a reality.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: The Significance of Creativity

Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Application [Applying]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Communication: Collaboration

  Feedback
1 Incorrect because credibility is not a component.
2 Incorrect because crafty uses political astuteness and know-how to increase a power base.
3 Correct because feisty leaders can deliberately create conflicts to spark new ideas.
4 Incorrect because flexibility is not a component.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Communication: Collaboration

 

  1. ANS:  3

Page: 140

Objective: 6. Describe characteristics of creative persons, processes, and environments.

Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Using Creativity to Maximize Vision Accomplishment

Integrated Processes: Teaching and Learning

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Application [Applying]

Concept: Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Cognition

  Feedback
1 Incorrect because using formulas does not involve both sides of the brain.
2 Incorrect because memorizing facts is correlated with using one’s left brain.
3 Correct because both sides of the brain are used with mindmapping.
4 Incorrect because the left brain is predominantly used when repeatedly rewriting terms in the process of learning.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Nursing: Nursing Roles: Cognition

 

MULTIPLE RESPONSE

 

  1. ANS:  2, 3, 4, 5

Page: 133-134

Objective: 3. Identify strategies that would be effective in making one’s personal vision become a reality.

Difficulty: Difficult

Heading: Strategies to Assist People With Vision Development

Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Application [Applying]

Concept: Management: Communication: Collaboration: Nursing: Nursing Roles

  Feedback
1. Incorrect because the principle is keep it simple.
2. Correct because the principle is take the indirect route.
3. Correct because the principle is to exploit successes.
4. Correct because the principle is to commit fully to a goal.
5. Correct because the principle is to do the unexpected.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Communication: Collaboration: Nursing: Nursing Roles

 

  1. ANS:  1, 3, 4

Page: 140

Objective: 6. Describe characteristics of creative persons, processes, and environments. Difficulty: Moderate

Heading: Using Creativity to Maximize Vision Accomplishment

Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Cognitive Level: Application [Applying]

Concept: Management: Communication: Collaboration: Nursing: Nursing Roles

  Feedback
1. Correct because thinking originally is creative.
2. Incorrect because being open to new ideas is creative.
3. Correct because providing alternatives is creative.
4. Correct because being willing to dream is creative.
5. Incorrect because creativity draws on the right brain.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Management: Communication: Collaboration: Nursing: Nursing Roles

 

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