Medical Language for Modern Health 3rd Edition by David Allan -Test Bank

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Medical Language for Modern Health 3rd Edition by David Allan -Test Bank

Chapter004

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Which of the following words means pertaining to the whole?
    A. Cellular
    B. Molecular
    C. Holistic
    D. Tissue
    E. Zygotic

 

  1. Union of a sperm and an egg is known as:
    A. blastocyst
    B. fertilization
    C. holistic
    D. implantation
    E. secretion

 

  1. Which of the following words means an increase in size of a structure?
    A. Hypertrophy
    B. Homeostasis
    C. Holistic
    D. Hypogastric
    E. Hormone

 

  1. Which word with a prefix, root, and suffix means to bring together into a harmonious function?
    A. Catabolism
    B. Coordinate
    C. Integrate
    D. Segregate
    E. Secrete

 

 

  1. Histology refers to study of the structure and function of:
    A. an organelle
    B. a cell
    C. tissues
    D. reproduction
    E. a system

 

  1. The brain, nerves, and sense organs are part of the ___________________ system.
    A. digestive
    B. muscular
    C. nervous
    D. respiratory
    E. reproductive

 

  1. Which of the following words means study of the cell?
    A. Cytology
    B. Embryology
    C. Histology
    D. Dermatology
    E. Epidemiology

 

  1. Which of the following words, meaning part of a cell having specialized functions, is correctly spelled?
    A. Orginell
    B. Organel
    C. Organelle
    D. Orgunele
    E. Oragnelle

 

 

  1. Which term means a condition involving the nervous system?
    A. In vitro fertilization
    B. Parkinson disease
    C. Metabolism
    D. Epigastrium
    E. Abdominopelvic

 

  1. The word for a crescent-shaped cartilaginous structure in the knee is ______________, and its plural is ______________.
    A. meniscus, menisci
    B. meniscus, meniscuses
    C. menisgus, meninges
    D. miniscus, miniscae
    E. miniskus, miniski

 

  1. When cell becomes cellular, it functions as a(n):
    A. adjective
    B. adverb
    C. plural
    D. verb
    E. noun

 

  1. Which word means pertaining to the physical and chemical processes occurring in cells?
    A. Hormonal
    B. Metabolic
    C. Systemic
    D. Holistic
    E. Steroidal

 

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. The powerhouses of the cells are the _______________?

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. The word element that means condition is:
    A. -cyte
    B. -stasis
    C. -ium
    D. -ior
    E. -ism

 

  1. A group of specialized cells that manufacture unique materials around them is a(n):
    A. organelle
    B. graft
    C. joint
    D. cavity
    E. tissue

 

  1. Which word refers to a condition involving blood poisoning?
    A. Septicemia
    B. Hypertrophy
    C. Tracheostomy
    D. Parkinson disease
    E. Arthroscopy

 

 

  1. A thin layer of tissue covering a structure or cavity is a(n):
    A. hormone
    B. membrane
    C. steroid
    D. endoplasmic reticulum
    E. electrolyte

 

 

  1. Which word means within the cell?
    A. Cellular
    B. Extracellular
    C. Intracellular
    D. Superior
    E. Anterior

 

  1. Which of the following words means a bone-producing cell?
    A. Fibroblast
    B. Osteoblast
    C. Osteoclast
    D. Osteocyte
    E. Periosteum

 

  1. Which of the following words has a root meaning bone?
    A. Collagen
    B. Ligament
    C. Osteocyte
    D. Ostomy
    E. Synovial

 

 

  1. LUQ is an abbreviation referring to:
    A. the lower urinary tract
    B. the finding of liquid in the umbilicus
    C. the thoracic cavity
    D. an abdominal quadrant
    E. the quality of respiration in the lungs

 

 

  1. A tracheostomy is an opening into the _______________, used to treat________________.
    A. windpipe; breathing difficulties
    B. trachea; problems with urination
    C. knee; joint mobility
    D. circulatory system; septicemia
    E. thoracic cavity; heart attack

 

  1. A synonym for coronal is:
    A. inferior
    B. superior
    C. sagittal
    D. frontal
    E. lateral

 

  1. The opposite of distal is:
    A. proximal
    B. neutral
    C. epithelial
    D. caudal
    E. frontal

 

 

  1. Which of the following words means pertaining to or nearer to the tail?
    A. Cephalic
    B. Superior
    C. Caudal
    D. Coronal
    E. Prone

 

 

  1. A transplantation of living tissue is a(n):
    A. diaphragm
    B. ostomy
    C. graft
    D. quadrant
    E. transverse plane

 

  1. Read this selection: Each nucleus contains a nucleolus, a small dense body composed of RNA and protein. It manufactures ribosomes that migrate through the nuclear membrane pores into the cytoplasm. Which of the following statements best describes the ribosomes?
    A. Ribosomes are a type of nucleolus.
    B. Ribosomes function inside the nucleus.
    C. Ribosomes are mainly RNA and protein.
    D. Ribosomes function in the cytoplasm.
    E. Ribosomes are much larger than the pores in the nuclear membrane.

 

  1. The term for lying flat on the belly is _____________ and its Latin meaning is ______________.
    A. transverse; crosswise
    B. supine; bend backward
    C. prone; bending forward
    D. sagittal; bending forward
    E. ventral; prone

 

 

  1. Posterior means _________________ and is opposite to ____________________.
    A. situated behind; anterior
    B. situated below; superior
    C. situated away from the center; proximal
    D. ventral; supine
    E. nearer the head; caudal

 

 

  1. Which of the following words has a prefix meaning below?
    A. Distal
    B. Proximal
    C. Epigastric
    D. Hypogastric
    E. Hypertrophy

 

  1. Which of the following words means a band of fibrous connective tissue connecting bones to other bones?
    A. Epithelium
    B. Ligament
    C. Tendon
    D. Periosteum
    E. Collagen

 

  1. Which of the following words means pertaining to or nearer the head?
    A. Cephalic
    B. Dorsal
    C. Inferior
    D. Frontal
    E. Proximal

 

 

  1. The RUQ is located _________________ to the RLQ.
    A. anterior
    B. posterior
    C. inferior
    D. distal
    E. superior

 

 

  1. The diaphragm separates the _______________ and _________________ cavities.
    A. abdominal; pelvic
    B. abdominal; thoracic
    C. thoracic; spinal
    D. cranial; spinal
    E. cranial; thoracic

 

  1. Read this selection: When all anatomic descriptions are used, it is assumed that the body is in the anatomical position. The body is standing erect with the feet flat on the floor, face and eyes are facing forward, and arms are at the sides with the palms facing forward. Which best describes the anatomical position?
    A. Right and left are reversed.
    B. Toes and palms are anterior.
    C. Toes and palms are posterior.
    D. The head is inferior to the abdomen.
    E. The transverse plane divides the body into right and left portions.

 

  1. The brain is located in the:
    A. cranial cavity
    B. spinal cavity
    C. pleural cavity
    D. pelvic cavity
    E. nasal cavity

 

 

  1. The frontal plane divides the body into _________________ and _________________ portions.
    A. right; left
    B. anterior; posterior
    C. superior; inferior
    D. distal; proximal
    E. cephalic; caudal

 

 

  1. A synonym for transverse plane is:
    A. frontal plane
    B. horizontal plane
    C. sagittal plane
    D. coronal plane
    E. distal plane

 

  1. Which word with a prefix, root, and suffix refers to above the stomach?
    A. Epigastric
    B. Epithelium
    C. Epidermis
    D. Hypodermic
    E. Hypogastric

 

  1. The source of hereditary characteristics is:
    A. ribonucleic acid (RNA)
    B. deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
    C. lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD)
    D. nicotinic acid dinucleotide (NAD)
    E. dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)

 

 

  1. Which of the following words has a prefix meaning around?
    A. Transverse
    B. Endoplasmic
    C. Anterior
    D. Epigastric
    E. Periosteum

 

 

  1. The integumentary system is composed of the:
    A. bones, ligaments, and cartilages
    B. muscles
    C. heart and blood vessels
    D. skin, hair, nails, and sweat glands
    E. kidneys, ureters, and urinary bladder

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT part of the digestive system?
    A. Gallbladder
    B. Lymph nodes
    C. Esophagus
    D. Liver
    E. Salivary glands

 

  1. The cardiovascular system is composed of the:
    A. bones, ligaments, and cartilages
    B. muscles
    C. heart and blood vessels
    D. skin, hair, nails, and sweat glands
    E. kidneys, ureters, and urinary bladder

 

 

  1. The nasal cavity, trachea, bronchi, and lungs are parts of the __________________ system.
    A. respiratory
    B. reproductive
    C. musculoskeletal
    D. endocrine
    E. urinary

 

 

  1. A synonym for posterior is:
    A. distal
    B. dorsal
    C. inferior
    D. superior
    E. ventral

 

  1. Telling a patient to assume the prone position is the same as saying:
    A. “Stand up and face me.”
    B. “Stand up with your arms over your head.”
    C. “Lie down on your side.”
    D. “Lie down on your belly.”
    E. “Lie down on your back.”

 

  1. The center of the abdomen is the:
    A. epigastric region
    B. hypogastric region
    C. umbilical region
    D. right upper quadrant
    E. left lower quadrant

 

 

  1. Which of the following terms means a procedure involving the windpipe?
    A. Arthroscopy
    B. In vitro fertilization
    C. Transplantation
    D. Tracheostomy
    E. Sutured

 

 

  1. 50.The source of hereditary characteristics is abbreviated _______________ and is packed in densely coiled bodies called_____________________.
    A. ANA; nuclei
    B. DNA; membranes
    C. RNA; ribosomes
    D. CNA; nucleoli
    E. DNA; chromosomes

 

  1. A class of food substances made of amino acids is termed:
    A. carbohydrates
    B. proteins
    C. starches.
    D. lipids
    E. salts

 

  1. Anabolism results from ____________________ of complex substances in the cell from _______________________.
    A. breakdown; protein
    B. movement; inside the nucleus
    C. build up; simpler substances
    D. breakdown; inside organelles
    E. buildup; mitochondria

 

 

  1. Several tissues work together to carry out specific functions in a(n):
    A. cell
    B. organ
    C. organelle
    D. nucleolus
    E. reticulum

 

 

  1. Which of the following words means pertaining to the urine?
    A. Ureter
    B. Urethra
    C. Urinary
    D. Urology
    E. Urination

 

  1. Which of the following words, meaning a combination of carbohydrate and protein, is correctly spelled?
    A. Glycoprotein
    B. Glucoprotein
    C. Glucoproteinous
    D. Glikoproteinous
    E. Gelycoprotein

 

  1. Tissue that binds, supports, protects, and fills spaces is known as_______________ tissue.
    A. epithelial
    B. muscle
    C. nervous
    D. connective
    E. endocrine

 

 

  1. A synonym for kneecap is:
    A. femur
    B. tibia
    C. cartilage
    D. quadriceps
    E. patella

 

 

  1. Nervous tissue is found in:
    A. the brain and spinal cord
    B. cartilage and fat
    C. ribosomes and muscles
    D. organelles and skin
    E. the skin and fibroblasts

 

  1. Which term with a root and suffix refers to a specialist who studies tissue?
    A. Cytologist
    B. Dermatologist
    C. Histologist
    D. Orthopedic surgeon
    E. Physical therapist

 

  1. Medial in the term medial ligament stands for:
    A. side
    B. upper
    C. lower
    D. distant
    E. middle

 

 

  1. Digestion occurs in the:
    A. lymph vessels and nodes
    B. bones and cartilage
    C. prostate and bulbourethral glands
    D. stomach and small and large intestines
    E. stomach and thymus

 

 

  1. The correct order for the organs of the urinary system is:
    A. kidneys, urethra, ureters, and bladder
    B. bladder, ureters, kidneys, and urethra
    C. urethra, kidneys, ureters, and bladder
    D. kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra
    E. kidneys, bladder, ureters, and urethra

 

  1. The anterior cruciate ligament is located in the:
    A. arm
    B. shoulder
    C. hip
    D. foot
    E. knee

 

  1. __________________ transmits impulses for coordination and sensory perception.
    A. Muscle
    B. Nervous tissue
    C. Connective tissue
    D. Epithelial tissue
    E. The thymus

 

 

  1. Which of the following words has a suffix meaning pertaining to?
    A. Cavity
    B. Diaphragm
    C. Integration
    D. Osteocyte
    E. Umbilical

 

 

  1. The thymus and spleen are located in the_____________________ system.
    A. digestive
    B. endocrine
    C. lymphatic
    D. reproductive
    E. urinary

 

  1. Which of the following words means pertaining to the back?
    A. Dorsal
    B. Prone
    C. Ventral
    D. Inferior
    E. Superior

 

  1. The suffix in the word homeostasis stands for:
    A. blood
    B. standing or control
    C. pertaining to
    D. a new opening
    E. an action

 

 

  1. The female reproductive system contains the:
    A. testes and prostate
    B. scrotum and ovaries
    C. uterus and seminal vesicles
    D. uterine tubes and vagina
    E. vagina and urethra

 

 

  1. Which of the following words means pertaining to the heart and blood vessels?
    A. Cardiovascular
    B. Muscular
    C. Lymphatic
    D. Nervous
    E. Respiratory

 

  1. Suffixes meaning pertaining to are found in the words:
    A. cephalic and coronal
    B. supine and ventral
    C. sagittal and transverse
    D. cavity and abdominopelvic
    E. homeostasis and inferior

 

  1. The word for a thin layer of tissue covering a structure is ______________, and its adjective form is ______________.
    A. reticulum; reticular
    B. steroid; steroidal
    C. membrane; membranous
    D. membrane; membranic
    E. endoplasm; endoplasmic

 

 

  1. Zygote is from a Greek word meaning:
    A. cavity
    B. storeroom
    C. tissue
    D. young one
    E. yolk

 

 

  1. The organelle responsible for the manufacture of protein is the:
    A. nucleus
    B. nucleolus
    C. mitochondria
    D. ribosome
    E. endoplasmic reticulum

 

  1. The tissues involved in movement and the bones and ligaments are in the _______________ system.
    A. respiratory
    B. reproductive
    C. musculoskeletal
    D. cardiovascular
    E. integumentary

 

  1. Which of the following two word elements are opposite in meaning?
    A. -ic and -al
    B. – ism and -ary
    C. epi- and hypo-
    D. -al and -ior
    E. hypo- and -ic

 

 

  1. When standing in front of a patient in the anatomical position, it is possible to see:
    A. both hands and both feet
    B. the small of the back
    C. the dorsal part of the knees
    D. only the right ear
    E. only the left arm

 

 

  1. An example of a membrane is the __________________ that covers a _____________.
    A. nucleolus; cell
    B. meniscus; joint
    C. periosteum; bone
    D. vasa deferentia; prostate gland
    E. collagen; osteocyte

 

  1. A(n) _____________________ is a type of ligament.
    A. epithelium
    B. periosteum
    C. meniscus
    D. tendon
    E. fibroblast

 

  1. Which of the following pairs of words have a root meaning four?
    A. Bisect and biopsy
    B. Quadrant and quadriceps
    C. Tricycle and trigeminal
    D. Monocyte and monocle
    E. Pentagram and pentagon

 

 

  1. Which of the following terms includes a word that specifies the position relative to a plane in the body?
    A. Anterior cruciate ligament
    B. Synovial membrane
    C. Patellar tendon
    D. Quadriceps muscle
    E. Hypertrophy of the prostate

 

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. The toes are ______________ to the knee.

 

  1. This forms the tip of your nose, the shape of your ear, and the larynx ________________.

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Which of the following medical terms is NOT an anatomical plane?
    A. Transverse
    B. Lateral
    C. Sagittal
    D. Supine
    E. Coronal

 

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. The surgeon needs to put a patient in the ________________ position to remove a lesion on the back.

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Which term is spelled correctly?
    A. Sinoveal
    B. Synoveal
    C. Synovial
    D. Sinnovial
    E. Syneveal

 

 

  1. Which is NOT a body cavity?
    A. Thoracic
    B. Cranial
    C. Abdominal
    D. Pelvic
    E. Epigastric

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. Posterior is the opposite of ______________________.

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. The body is standing erect with feet flat on the floor, face and eyes facing forward, and arms at the sides with the palms facing forward. This position is considered:
    A. Supine
    B. Prone
    C. Sagittal
    D. Anatomical
    E. Transverse

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. The function is the birth process. The correct body system is _____________________.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Which of the following words means pertaining to the whole?
    A.Cellular
    B. Molecular
    C. Holistic
    D. Tissue
    E. Zygotic

Your whole body includes the thoughts, emotions, and perceptions that affect your health, disease, and recovery. This concept of treating the body as a whole is called holistic.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-03
Lesson Objective: 4.1.4

  1. Union of a sperm and an egg is known as:
    A.blastocyst
    B. fertilization
    C. holistic
    D. implantation
    E. secretion

The egg and sperm combine to form the zygote in a process called fertilization.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-01
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Lesson Objective: 4.1.1
Lesson Objective: 4.1.4

 

  1. Which of the following words means an increase in size of a structure?
    A.Hypertrophy
    B. Homeostasis
    C. Holistic
    D. Hypogastric
    E. Hormone

An increase in size, but not in number, of an individual tissue element is hypertrophy.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-03
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Learning Outcome: 04-08
Lesson Objective: 4.1.4

  1. Which word with a prefix, root, and suffix means to bring together into a harmonious function?
    A.Catabolism
    B. Coordinate
    C. Integrate
    D. Segregate
    E. Secrete

To coordinate is to bring together into a harmonious function.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-03
Lesson Objective: 4.1.1

 

  1. Histology refers to study of the structure and function of:
    A.an organelle
    B. a cell
    C. tissues
    D. reproduction
    E. a system

Histology is the study of the structure and function of tissues.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-01
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Lesson Objective: 4.1.1
Lesson Objective: 4.1.2

  1. The brain, nerves, and sense organs are part of the ___________________ system.
    A.digestive
    B. muscular
    C. nervous
    D. respiratory
    E. reproductive

The major organs of the nervous system are the brain, spinal cord, nerves, and sense organs.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-01
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-03
Lesson Objective: 4.1.2
Lesson Objective: 4.1.3
Lesson Objective: 4.1.4

 

  1. Which of the following words means study of the cell?
    A.Cytology
    B. Embryology
    C. Histology
    D. Dermatology
    E. Epidemiology

Cytology is the study of structure and function of the cell.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Lesson Objective: 4.1.1
Lesson Objective: 4.1.2

  1. Which of the following words, meaning part of a cell having specialized functions, is correctly spelled?
    A.Orginell
    B. Organel
    C. Organelle
    D. Orgunele
    E. Oragnelle

The correct spelling is organelle.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Lesson Objective: 4.1.1

 

  1. Which term means a condition involving the nervous system?
    A.In vitro fertilization
    B. Parkinson disease
    C. Metabolism
    D. Epigastrium
    E. Abdominopelvic

Parkinson disease is a neurological disorder characterized by muscular rigidity, tremors and a masklike facial expression.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-01
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-03
Lesson Objective: 4.1.3

  1. The word for a crescent-shaped cartilaginous structure in the knee is ______________, and its plural is ______________.
    A.meniscus, menisci
    B. meniscus, meniscuses
    C. menisgus, meninges
    D. miniscus, miniscae
    E. miniskus, miniski

A meniscus (plural = menisci) is a disc of connective tissue cartilage between the bones of a joint; for example, the meniscus in the knee joint is made of cartilage, a flexible, rubbery matrix, and functions as a shock absorber.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-01
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-03
Lesson Objective: 4.1.3

 

  1. When cell becomes cellular, it functions as a(n):
    A.adjective
    B. adverb
    C. plural
    D. verb
    E. noun

The word cellular is an adjective.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-03
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Learning Outcome: 04-08
Lesson Objective: 4.1.2
Lesson Objective: 4.1.4

  1. Which word means pertaining to the physical and chemical processes occurring in cells?
    A.Hormonal
    B. Metabolic
    C. Systemic
    D. Holistic
    E. Steroidal

Metabolism is the sum of the physical and chemical processes in a cell. Metabolic is the adjective form.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Learning Outcome: 04-08
Lesson Objective: 4.1.1

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. The powerhouses of the cells are the _______________?
    mitochondria

Mitochondria are the powerhouses of the cells.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 1-3 minutes
Learning Outcome: 04-01
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Lesson Objective: 4.1.1

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. The word element that means condition is:
    A.-cyte
    B. -stasis
    C. -ium
    D. -ior
    E. -ism

-ism means condition of.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-03
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Learning Outcome: 04-08
Lesson Objective: 4.1.4

 

  1. A group of specialized cells that manufacture unique materials around them is a(n):
    A.organelle
    B. graft
    C. joint
    D. cavity
    E. tissue

Different tissues are made of similar cells with unique materials around them that are manufactured by the cells.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Lesson Objective: 4.1.1

  1. Which word refers to a condition involving blood poisoning?
    A.Septicemia
    B. Hypertrophy
    C. Tracheostomy
    D. Parkinson disease
    E. Arthroscopy

Septicemia is a condition in which microorganisms circulate in and infect the blood (blood poisoning).

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-03
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Learning Outcome: 04-08
Lesson Objective: 4.1.4

 

  1. A thin layer of tissue covering a structure or cavity is a(n):
    A.hormone
    B. membrane
    C. steroid
    D. endoplasmic reticulum
    E. electrolyte

A membrane is the thin layer of tissue covering a structure or cavity.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-01
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Learning Outcome: 04-08
Lesson Objective: 4.1.2
Lesson Objective: 4.1.4

  1. Which word means within the cell?
    A.Cellular
    B. Extracellular
    C. Intracellular
    D. Superior
    E. Anterior

The prefix intra- means within; intracellular means within the cell.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Lesson Objective: 4.1.1

 

  1. Which of the following words means a bone-producing cell?
    A.Fibroblast
    B. Osteoblast
    C. Osteoclast
    D. Osteocyte
    E. Periosteum

-blast is from the Greek to sprout or bud (form); osteo- means bone.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-03
Lesson Objective: 4.1.1

  1. Which of the following words has a root meaning bone?
    A.Collagen
    B. Ligament
    C. Osteocyte
    D. Ostomy
    E. Synovial

Osteo- means bone; -cyte means cell. Osteocytes are former osteoblasts that maintain the bone matrix.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Lesson Objective: 4.1.2

 

  1. LUQ is an abbreviation referring to:
    A.the lower urinary tract
    B. the finding of liquid in the umbilicus
    C. the thoracic cavity
    D. an abdominal quadrant
    E. the quality of respiration in the lungs

The abdomen can be divided into four quadrants with the umbilicus at the center. LUQ is an acronym for left upper quadrant.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-05
Learning Outcome: 04-06
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Lesson Objective: 4.2.1
Lesson Objective: 4.2.4

  1. A tracheostomy is an opening into the _______________, used to treat________________.
    A.windpipe; breathing difficulties
    B. trachea; problems with urination
    C. knee; joint mobility
    D. circulatory system; septicemia
    E. thoracic cavity; heart attack

The trachea is the windpipe. An -ostomy is a new opening. A tracheostomy is an incision into the windpipe, usually so that a tube can be inserted to assist breathing.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-03
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Learning Outcome: 04-08
Lesson Objective: 4.1.3
Lesson Objective: 4.1.4

 

  1. A synonym for coronal is:
    A.inferior
    B. superior
    C. sagittal
    D. frontal
    E. lateral

The frontal plane is also known as the coronal plane. When discussing imaging sections, the term coronal is typically used in medicine.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-04
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Learning Outcome: 04-08
Lesson Objective: 4.2.1
Lesson Objective: 4.2.2

  1. The opposite of distal is:
    A.proximal
    B. neutral
    C. epithelial
    D. caudal
    E. frontal

Proximal, meaning close, distal, meaning far away, are opposites.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-04
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Learning Outcome: 04-08
Lesson Objective: 4.2.1
Lesson Objective: 4.2.2

 

  1. Which of the following words means pertaining to or nearer to the tail?
    A.Cephalic
    B. Superior
    C. Caudal
    D. Coronal
    E. Prone

Caudal means toward the tail, whereas cephalic means toward the head.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-04
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Learning Outcome: 04-08
Lesson Objective: 4.2.1
Lesson Objective: 4.2.2

  1. A transplantation of living tissue is a(n):
    A.diaphragm
    B. ostomy
    C. graft
    D. quadrant
    E. transverse plane

A graft is transplantation of living tissue, from the French word meaning to transplant.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-03
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Learning Outcome: 04-08
Lesson Objective: 4.1.2

 

  1. Read this selection: Each nucleus contains a nucleolus, a small dense body composed of RNA and protein. It manufactures ribosomes that migrate through the nuclear membrane pores into the cytoplasm. Which of the following statements best describes the ribosomes?
    A.Ribosomes are a type of nucleolus.
    B. Ribosomes function inside the nucleus.
    C. Ribosomes are mainly RNA and protein.
    D. Ribosomes function in the cytoplasm.
    E. Ribosomes are much larger than the pores in the nuclear membrane.

Ribosomes function in the cytoplasm (cytosol) of the cell and work in conjunction with the endoplasmic reticulum. Ribosomes synthesize proteins by translating RNA nucleoside codes and using amino acids in the cytosol as building blocks.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-01
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Lesson Objective: 4.1.1

  1. The term for lying flat on the belly is _____________ and its Latin meaning is ______________.
    A.transverse; crosswise
    B. supine; bend backward
    C. prone; bending forward
    D. sagittal; bending forward
    E. ventral; prone

The term prone is lying face down, or flat on the belly.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-04
Lesson Objective: 4.2.1

 

  1. Posterior means _________________ and is opposite to ____________________.
    A.situated behind; anterior
    B. situated below; superior
    C. situated away from the center; proximal
    D. ventral; supine
    E. nearer the head; caudal

The term posterior means the back surface of the body, situated behind, and is the opposite of anterior, meaning the front surface of body, situated in front.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-04
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Learning Outcome: 04-08
Lesson Objective: 4.2.1
Lesson Objective: 4.2.2

  1. Which of the following words has a prefix meaning below?
    A.Distal
    B. Proximal
    C. Epigastric
    D. Hypogastric
    E. Hypertrophy

Hypo- is the prefix meaning below or less than normal.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-04
Learning Outcome: 04-06
Lesson Objective: 4.2.1
Lesson Objective: 4.2.3

 

  1. Which of the following words means a band of fibrous connective tissue connecting bones to other bones?
    A.Epithelium
    B. Ligament
    C. Tendon
    D. Periosteum
    E. Collagen

Ligaments connect bone to bone; tendons connect muscle to bone. Both are types of connective tissue.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-01
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Lesson Objective: 4.1.1
Lesson Objective: 4.1.2

  1. Which of the following words means pertaining to or nearer the head?
    A.Cephalic
    B. Dorsal
    C. Inferior
    D. Frontal
    E. Proximal

Cephalic means pertaining to or near the head.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-04
Lesson Objective: 4.2.1
Lesson Objective: 4.2.2

 

  1. The RUQ is located _________________ to the RLQ.
    A.anterior
    B. posterior
    C. inferior
    D. distal
    E. superior

Upper is superior to lower, situated above. “U” in RUQ means upper.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-04
Learning Outcome: 04-05
Lesson Objective: 4.2.1
Lesson Objective: 4.2.2
Lesson Objective: 4.2.3

  1. The diaphragm separates the _______________ and _________________ cavities.
    A.abdominal; pelvic
    B. abdominal; thoracic
    C. thoracic; spinal
    D. cranial; spinal
    E. cranial; thoracic

The abdominal cavity is separated from the thoracic cavity by the diaphragm.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-04
Learning Outcome: 04-05
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Learning Outcome: 04-08
Lesson Objective: 4.2.1
Lesson Objective: 4.2.2
Lesson Objective: 4.2.3

 

  1. Read this selection: When all anatomic descriptions are used, it is assumed that the body is in the anatomical position. The body is standing erect with the feet flat on the floor, face and eyes are facing forward, and arms are at the sides with the palms facing forward. Which best describes the anatomical position?
    A.Right and left are reversed.
    B. Toes and palms are anterior.
    C. Toes and palms are posterior.
    D. The head is inferior to the abdomen.
    E. The transverse plane divides the body into right and left portions.

Toes and palms face forward, or anterior, in the anatomic position.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-04
Lesson Objective: 4.2.1
Lesson Objective: 4.2.2

  1. The brain is located in the:
    A.cranial cavity
    B. spinal cavity
    C. pleural cavity
    D. pelvic cavity
    E. nasal cavity

The cranial cavity, a space inside the skull, contains the brain.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-05
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Learning Outcome: 04-08
Lesson Objective: 4.2.3

 

  1. The frontal plane divides the body into _________________ and _________________ portions.
    A.right; left
    B. anterior; posterior
    C. superior; inferior
    D. distal; proximal
    E. cephalic; caudal

The frontal, or coronal plane, is a vertical plan that divides the body into front (anterior) and back (posterior) portions.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-04
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Learning Outcome: 04-08
Lesson Objective: 4.2.1
Lesson Objective: 4.2.2

  1. A synonym for transverse plane is:
    A.frontal plane
    B. horizontal plane
    C. sagittal plane
    D. coronal plane
    E. distal plane

Horizontal and transverse are synonymous words for the same plane.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-04
Lesson Objective: 4.2.1
Lesson Objective: 4.2.2

 

  1. Which word with a prefix, root, and suffix refers to above the stomach?
    A.Epigastric
    B. Epithelium
    C. Epidermis
    D. Hypodermic
    E. Hypogastric

Epi- means above, and gastr- is the root word for stomach. The epigastric region is the region above the stomach.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-03
Learning Outcome: 04-05
Learning Outcome: 04-06
Lesson Objective: 4.2.1
Lesson Objective: 4.2.3
Lesson Objective: 4.2.4

  1. The source of hereditary characteristics is:
    A.ribonucleic acid (RNA)
    B. deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
    C. lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD)
    D. nicotinic acid dinucleotide (NAD)
    E. dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is found in chromosomes and is the source of hereditary characteristics.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Learning Outcome: 04-08
Lesson Objective: 4.1.1

 

  1. Which of the following words has a prefix meaning around?
    A.Transverse
    B. Endoplasmic
    C. Anterior
    D. Epigastric
    E. Periosteum

Peri- is the prefix meaning around; -osteum refers to the bone. The periosteum is a membrane surrounding the bone.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-03
Lesson Objective: 4.1.2
Lesson Objective: 4.1.4

  1. The integumentary system is composed of the:
    A.bones, ligaments, and cartilages
    B. muscles
    C. heart and blood vessels
    D. skin, hair, nails, and sweat glands
    E. kidneys, ureters, and urinary bladder

The integumentary system is made up of skin, hair, nails, and sweat glands.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-01
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-03
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Learning Outcome: 04-08
Lesson Objective: 4.1.3
Lesson Objective: 4.1.4

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT part of the digestive system?
    A.Gallbladder
    B. Lymph nodes
    C. Esophagus
    D. Liver
    E. Salivary glands

The digestive system consists of the mouth, tongue, teeth, salivary glands, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and small and large intestines. The lymphatic system contains the lymph nodes.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-01
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-03
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Lesson Objective: 4.1.3
Lesson Objective: 4.1.4

  1. The cardiovascular system is composed of the:
    A.bones, ligaments, and cartilages
    B. muscles
    C. heart and blood vessels
    D. skin, hair, nails, and sweat glands
    E. kidneys, ureters, and urinary bladder

The cardiovascular system consists of heart and blood vessels.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-01
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-03
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Lesson Objective: 4.1.3
Lesson Objective: 4.1.4

 

  1. The nasal cavity, trachea, bronchi, and lungs are parts of the __________________ system.
    A.respiratory
    B. reproductive
    C. musculoskeletal
    D. endocrine
    E. urinary

The respiratory system consists of the nasal cavity, trachea, bronchi, and lungs.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-01
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-03
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Lesson Objective: 4.1.3
Lesson Objective: 4.1.4

  1. A synonym for posterior is:
    A.distal
    B. dorsal
    C. inferior
    D. superior
    E. ventral

Dorsal is synonymous with posterior.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-04
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Learning Outcome: 04-08
Lesson Objective: 4.2.1
Lesson Objective: 4.2.2

 

  1. Telling a patient to assume the prone position is the same as saying:
    A.”Stand up and face me.”
    B. “Stand up with your arms over your head.”
    C. “Lie down on your side.”
    D. “Lie down on your belly.”
    E. “Lie down on your back.”

A patient who is prone is lying face down or flat on his/her belly, supine is the opposite and is laying on his/her back.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-04
Lesson Objective: 4.2.2

  1. The center of the abdomen is the:
    A.epigastric region
    B. hypogastric region
    C. umbilical region
    D. right upper quadrant
    E. left lower quadrant

The abdomen can be divided into four quadrants with the umbilicus at the center.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-04
Learning Outcome: 04-05
Learning Outcome: 04-06
Lesson Objective: 4.2.2
Lesson Objective: 4.2.3
Lesson Objective: 4.2.4

 

  1. Which of the following terms means a procedure involving the windpipe?
    A.Arthroscopy
    B. In vitro fertilization
    C. Transplantation
    D. Tracheostomy
    E. Sutured

The trachea is the windpipe. An –ostomy is a new opening. A tracheostomy is an incision into the windpipe, usually so that a tube can be inserted to assist in breathing.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-01
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-03
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Learning Outcome: 04-08
Lesson Objective: 4.1.2
Lesson Objective: 4.1.4

  1. 50.The source of hereditary characteristics is abbreviated _______________ and is packed in densely coiled bodies called_____________________.
    A.ANA; nuclei
    B. DNA; membranes
    C. RNA; ribosomes
    D. CNA; nucleoli
    E. DNA; chromosomes

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is the source of hereditary characteristics found in chromosomes. Chromosomes are densely coiled bodies of DNA.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Lesson Objective: 4.1.4

 

  1. A class of food substances made of amino acids is termed:
    A.carbohydrates
    B. proteins
    C. starches.
    D. lipids
    E. salts

Proteins are food substances made of amino acids.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-01
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-03
Lesson Objective: 4.1.1

  1. Anabolism results from ____________________ of complex substances in the cell from _______________________.
    A.breakdown; protein
    B. movement; inside the nucleus
    C. build up; simpler substances
    D. breakdown; inside organelles
    E. buildup; mitochondria

Anabolism is constructive metabolism, the buildup from simple substances to complex substances needed in the cell.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-03
Lesson Objective: 4.1.1
Lesson Objective: 4.1.4

 

  1. Several tissues work together to carry out specific functions in a(n):
    A.cell
    B. organ
    C. organelle
    D. nucleolus
    E. reticulum

Several tissues working together to carry out specific functions is the classic definition of an organ.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-01
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-03
Lesson Objective: 4.1.3

  1. Which of the following words means pertaining to the urine?
    A.Ureter
    B. Urethra
    C. Urinary
    D. Urology
    E. Urination

Urinary is the word that means pertaining to the urine.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Lesson Objective: 4.1.3

 

  1. Which of the following words, meaning a combination of carbohydrate and protein, is correctly spelled?
    A.Glycoprotein
    B. Glucoprotein
    C. Glucoproteinous
    D. Glikoproteinous
    E. Gelycoprotein

The word glycoprotein means a combination of carbohydrate and protein, it is the only correctly spelled term in the selections.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Lesson Objective: 4.1.1
Lesson Objective: 4.1.4

  1. Tissue that binds, supports, protects, and fills spaces is known as_______________ tissue.
    A.epithelial
    B. muscle
    C. nervous
    D. connective
    E. endocrine

Connective tissue binds, supports, protects, fills space, and stores fat.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Lesson Objective: 4.1.2

 

  1. A synonym for kneecap is:
    A.femur
    B. tibia
    C. cartilage
    D. quadriceps
    E. patella

The patella, Latin for small plate, is a thin, circular bone in front of the knee joint that is embedded in the patellar tendon. It is also called the kneecap.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-01
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-03
Lesson Objective: 4.1.2
Lesson Objective: 4.1.3

  1. Nervous tissue is found in:
    A.the brain and spinal cord
    B. cartilage and fat
    C. ribosomes and muscles
    D. organelles and skin
    E. the skin and fibroblasts

The nervous system is comprised of the brain, spinal cord, nerves, and sense organs and detects changes, receives and interprets sensory information, and stimulates muscles and glands.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-01
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-03
Lesson Objective: 4.1.2
Lesson Objective: 4.1.3

 

  1. Which term with a root and suffix refers to a specialist who studies tissue?
    A.Cytologist
    B. Dermatologist
    C. Histologist
    D. Orthopedic surgeon
    E. Physical therapist

Hist/o- means tissue, and –logist means one who studies. A histologist is one who studies structure and function of cells, tissues, and organs.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Learning Outcome: 04-08
Lesson Objective: 4.1.4

  1. Medial in the term medial ligament stands for:
    A.side
    B. upper
    C. lower
    D. distant
    E. middle

Medial, derived from Latin for middle, means nearer to the middle of the body.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-04
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Learning Outcome: 04-08
Lesson Objective: 4.2.2

 

  1. Digestion occurs in the:
    A.lymph vessels and nodes
    B. bones and cartilage
    C. prostate and bulbourethral glands
    D. stomach and small and large intestines
    E. stomach and thymus

The digestive system is comprised of the mouth, tongue, teeth, salivary glands, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and small and large intestines and receives, breaks down, and absorbs food, in addition to eliminating unabsorbed material. The only answer with two digestive organs is stomach and small and large intestines.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-03
Lesson Objective: 4.1.3
Lesson Objective: 4.1.4

  1. The correct order for the organs of the urinary system is:
    A.kidneys, urethra, ureters, and bladder
    B. bladder, ureters, kidneys, and urethra
    C. urethra, kidneys, ureters, and bladder
    D. kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra
    E. kidneys, bladder, ureters, and urethra

The collection and elimination of urine occurs in the following order within the urinary system: kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-03
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Lesson Objective: 4.1.3

 

  1. The anterior cruciate ligament is located in the:
    A.arm
    B. shoulder
    C. hip
    D. foot
    E. knee

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a band of connective tissue located in the knee that connects the femur to tibia.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-03
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Learning Outcome: 04-08
Lesson Objective: 4.1.2

  1. __________________ transmits impulses for coordination and sensory perception.
    A.Muscle
    B. Nervous tissue
    C. Connective tissue
    D. Epithelial tissue
    E. The thymus

Nervous tissue transmits impulses for coordination, sensory reception, and motor actions.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-03
Lesson Objective: 4.1.2

 

  1. Which of the following words has a suffix meaning pertaining to?
    A.Cavity
    B. Diaphragm
    C. Integration
    D. Osteocyte
    E. Umbilical

-al is a suffix meaning pertaining to – umbilical is the only term listed that has –al as a prefix.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Lesson Objective: 4.1.4
Lesson Objective: 4.2.4

  1. The thymus and spleen are located in the_____________________ system.
    A.digestive
    B. endocrine
    C. lymphatic
    D. reproductive
    E. urinary

The lymphatic system consists of lymph vessels, lymph nodes, thymus, and spleen. The function of this system is to return tissue fluid to the blood, carry certain absorbed food molecules, and defend the body against infection.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-03
Lesson Objective: 4.1.3

 

  1. Which of the following words means pertaining to the back?
    A.Dorsal
    B. Prone
    C. Ventral
    D. Inferior
    E. Superior

Dorsal means pertaining to the back or situated behind.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-04
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Learning Outcome: 04-08
Lesson Objective: 4.2.2

  1. The suffix in the word homeostasis stands for:
    A.blood
    B. standing or control
    C. pertaining to
    D. a new opening
    E. an action

-stasis means stand still or control, and home/o- means the same. Homeostasis is stability or equilibrium of a system or the body’s internal environment.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-01
Learning Outcome: 04-03
Lesson Objective: 4.1.1

 

  1. The female reproductive system contains the:
    A.testes and prostate
    B. scrotum and ovaries
    C. uterus and seminal vesicles
    D. uterine tubes and vagina
    E. vagina and urethra

The organs of the female reproductive system are the ovaries, uterine (fallopian) tubes, uterus, vagina, and vulva. The urethra is part of the urinary system.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-01
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Learning Outcome: 04-08
Lesson Objective: 4.1.3

  1. Which of the following words means pertaining to the heart and blood vessels?
    A.Cardiovascular
    B. Muscular
    C. Lymphatic
    D. Nervous
    E. Respiratory

Cardiovascular refers to the heart and blood vessels. The function of the cardiovascular system is to move blood and transport substances throughout the body.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-01
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-03
Lesson Objective: 4.1.3

 

  1. Suffixes meaning pertaining to are found in the words:
    A.cephalic and coronal
    B. supine and ventral
    C. sagittal and transverse
    D. cavity and abdominopelvic
    E. homeostasis and inferior

-ic and –al are suffixes that mean pertaining to.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-04
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Learning Outcome: 04-08
Lesson Objective: 4.2.2

  1. The word for a thin layer of tissue covering a structure is ______________, and its adjective form is ______________.
    A.reticulum; reticular
    B. steroid; steroidal
    C. membrane; membranous
    D. membrane; membranic
    E. endoplasm; endoplasmic

A membrane is a thin layer of tissue covering a structure or cavity, derived from the Latin term for parchment; the adjective form is membranous.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Lesson Objective: 4.1.2

 

  1. Zygote is from a Greek word meaning:
    A.cavity
    B. storeroom
    C. tissue
    D. young one
    E. yolk

Zygote is from a Greek word meaning yolk. The zygote is the cell resulting from the union of the sperm and egg.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Lesson Objective: 4.1.2
Lesson Objective: 4.1.3

  1. The organelle responsible for the manufacture of protein is the:
    A.nucleus
    B. nucleolus
    C. mitochondria
    D. ribosome
    E. endoplasmic reticulum

Ribosomes function in the cytoplasm (cytosol) of the cell and work in conjunction with the endoplasmic reticulum. Ribosomes synthesize (manufacture) proteins by translating RNA nucleoside codes and using amino acids in the cytosol as building blocks.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Lesson Objective: 4.1.1

 

  1. The tissues involved in movement and the bones and ligaments are in the _______________ system.
    A.respiratory
    B. reproductive
    C. musculoskeletal
    D. cardiovascular
    E. integumentary

Muscular and skeletal systems can be considered one organ system, the musculoskeletal system. Muscles cause movements, maintain posture, and produce body heat.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-01
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-03
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Learning Outcome: 04-08
Lesson Objective: 4.1.3
Lesson Objective: 4.1.4

  1. Which of the following two word elements are opposite in meaning?
    A.-ic and -al
    B. – ism and -ary
    C. epi- and hypo-
    D. -al and -ior
    E. hypo- and -ic

Epi- is the prefix meaning above; hypo- is the prefix meaning below or below normal; therefore, these terms may be opposite in meaning, as when used to describe body regions.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-04
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Learning Outcome: 04-08
Lesson Objective: 4.2.2

 

  1. When standing in front of a patient in the anatomical position, it is possible to see:
    A.both hands and both feet
    B. the small of the back
    C. the dorsal part of the knees
    D. only the right ear
    E. only the left arm

When a patient is in an anatomical position, his or her body is standing erect with feet flat on the floor, face and eyes facing forward, and arms at the sides with the palms facing forward.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-04
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Learning Outcome: 04-08
Lesson Objective: 4.2.1
Lesson Objective: 4.2.2

  1. An example of a membrane is the __________________ that covers a _____________.
    A.nucleolus; cell
    B. meniscus; joint
    C. periosteum; bone
    D. vasa deferentia; prostate gland
    E. collagen; osteocyte

The periosteum is the fibrous membrane that covers a bone.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-01
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Learning Outcome: 04-08
Lesson Objective: 4.1.2

 

  1. A(n) _____________________ is a type of ligament.
    A.epithelium
    B. periosteum
    C. meniscus
    D. tendon
    E. fibroblast

Tendons are thick, strong ligaments that attach muscles to bone.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Lesson Objective: 4.1.2

  1. Which of the following pairs of words have a root meaning four?
    A.Bisect and biopsy
    B. Quadrant and quadriceps
    C. Tricycle and trigeminal
    D. Monocyte and monocle
    E. Pentagram and pentagon

Quad- means four, as in four abdominal quadrants.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-06
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Lesson Objective: 4.2.4

 

  1. Which of the following terms includes a word that specifies the position relative to a plane in the body?
    A.Anterior cruciate ligament
    B. Synovial membrane
    C. Patellar tendon
    D. Quadriceps muscle
    E. Hypertrophy of the prostate

The term anterior refers to in front of the frontal (coronal) plane.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-04
Lesson Objective: 4.2.2

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. The toes are ______________ to the knee.
    distal

The term distal means below and the toes are below the knee.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 1-3 minutes
Learning Outcome: 04-04
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Learning Outcome: 04-08
Lesson Objective: 4.2.2

 

  1. This forms the tip of your nose, the shape of your ear, and the larynx ________________.
    cartilage

Cartilage forms the shape of your ear, the tip of your nose, and your larynx.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-03
Lesson Objective: 4.1.2

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Which of the following medical terms is NOT an anatomical plane?
    A.Transverse
    B. Lateral
    C. Sagittal
    D. Supine
    E. Coronal

Supine is an anatomical position, not an anatomical plane.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-04
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Learning Outcome: 04-08
Lesson Objective: 4.2.2

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. The surgeon needs to put a patient in the ________________ position to remove a lesion on the back.
    prone

The prone position means lying face-down, flat on your abdomen.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 1-3 minutes
Learning Outcome: 04-04
Lesson Objective: 4.2.2

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Which term is spelled correctly?
    A.Sinoveal
    B. Synoveal
    C. Synovial
    D. Sinnovial
    E. Syneveal

Synovial is the correct spelling of the terms listed.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Lesson Objective: 4.1.2

 

  1. Which is NOT a body cavity?
    A.Thoracic
    B. Cranial
    C. Abdominal
    D. Pelvic
    E. Epigastric

Epigastric is not considered a body cavity but is one of the nine regions of the abdominal cavity.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-06
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Lesson Objective: 4.2.4

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. Posterior is the opposite of ______________________.
    anterior

Posterior is the opposite direction of the term anterior.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 1-3 minutes
Learning Outcome: 04-04
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Learning Outcome: 04-08
Lesson Objective: 4.2.2

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. The body is standing erect with feet flat on the floor, face and eyes facing forward, and arms at the sides with the palms facing forward. This position is considered:
    A.Supine
    B. Prone
    C. Sagittal
    D. Anatomical
    E. Transverse

Anatomical position is considered with the body standing erect with feet flat on the floor, face and eyes facing forward, and arms at the sides with palms facing forward.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 04-04
Learning Outcome: 04-07
Learning Outcome: 04-08
Lesson Objective: 4.2.1

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. The function is the birth process. The correct body system is _____________________.
    Reproductive

The reproductive system produces and maintains egg cells, receives sperm cells, supports development of an embryo, functions in birth process, and secretes female hormones.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 1-3 minutes
Learning Outcome: 04-02
Learning Outcome: 04-03
Lesson Objective: 4.1.3

Chapter006

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. What does the root of the word nephrectomy refer to?
    A. Removal of
    B. Nephron
    C. Kidney
    D. Urine
    E. Glomerulus

 

  1. The medical specialty that relates to diseases of the kidney is:
    A. Cytology
    B. Nephrology
    C. Cystology
    D. Histology
    E. Renalology

 

  1. What is the term for the removal of metabolic waste?
    A. Excretion
    B. Excision
    C. Extracorporal
    D. Exophthalmos
    E. Export

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT considered metabolic waste?
    A. Carbon dioxide
    B. Water
    C. Electrolytes
    D. Amino acids
    E. Nitrogenous compounds

 

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. This is produced when amino acid is broken down _____________________.

 

  1. The hollow sac that holds fluids is _____________________.

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Which of the following refers to the kidney?
    A. Islets of Langerhans
    B. McBurney point
    C. Fowler position
    D. Loop of Henle
    E. von Wilhelm disease

 

  1. In the term peritubular, what does the prefix mean?
    A. Over
    B. Within
    C. Around
    D. Under
    E. Distant

 

  1. What does the suffix in the word nitrogenous mean?
    A. Nitrogen
    B. One who studies
    C. Create
    D. Pertaining to
    E. Containing

 

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. Outer layer of an organ is _______________________.

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. What is the organ located on one side of the vertebral column, behind the peritoneum and the spleen and against the deep muscles of the back?
    A. Right kidney
    B. Pancreas
    C. Ureter
    D. Left kidney
    E. Gallbladder

 

  1. The plural of the term cortex is:
    A. Cortices
    B. Cortexes
    C. Corteces
    D. Corti
    E. Cortises

 

  1. What does the root of the word renal mean?
    A. Pertaining to
    B. Kidney
    C. Nephron
    D. Filtration
    E. Render in balanced

 

 

  1. Which is NOT a function of the kidneys:
    A. Filter blood to eliminate wastes
    B. Regulate blood volume
    C. Maintain homeostasis
    D. Maintain cerebral spinal fluid
    E. Secrete the hormone erythropoietin

 

  1. What is the medical term for a plexus of capillaries in the nephron?
    A. Hilum
    B. Brachial plexus
    C. Glomerulus
    D. Arterioles
    E. Bronchioles

 

  1. What is the end product of nitrogen metabolism?
    A. Ammonia
    B. Urine
    C. Urea
    D. Nitrites
    E. Nitrates

 

  1. Which vessel carries waste-laden blood to the kidney?
    A. Renal artery
    B. Renal vein
    C. Urethral artery
    D. Urethral vein
    E. Kidney artery

 

 

  1. What is the process by which excess water and waste products are removed from the blood?
    A. Excretion
    B. Digestion
    C. Perfusion
    D. Filtration
    E. Reabsorption

 

  1. What is the medical term for the part of an organ where vessels and nerves enter and leave?
    A. Hilum
    B. Portal
    C. Threshold
    D. Terminal
    E. Opening

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. An enzyme that causes vasoconstriction is _________________.

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Which word has the Greek meaning of urinary canal?
    A. Urine
    B. Bladder
    C. Urethra
    D. Ureter
    E. Catheter

 

 

  1. What are the three regions of the kidney?
    A. Cortex, medulla, and pelvis
    B. Cortex, parietal lobes, and hilum
    C. Medulla, nephron, and tubules
    D. Pelvis, bladder, and urethra
    E. Cortex, adenoma, and pelvis

 

  1. What is the medical term for the filtration unit of the kidney?
    A. Pelvis
    B. Calyx
    C. Nephron
    D. Medulla
    E. Cortex

 

  1. What is the correct spelling of the term that means inflammation of the canal leading from the bladder to the outside?
    A. Uretritis
    B. Ureteritis
    C. Urethritis
    D. Meatitis
    E. Cystitis

 

  1. The external opening of a passage is called:
    A. Meatus
    B. Urethra
    C. Ureter
    D. Bladder
    E. Trigone

 

 

  1. Where are nephrons located?
    A. In the cortex
    B. In the medulla
    C. In the glomerulus
    D. In the pelvis
    E. In the loop of Henle

 

  1. What is the medical term for the fluid and dissolved substances that are excreted by the kidney?
    A. Exudates
    B. Filtrate
    C. Urine
    D. Urea
    E. Urate

 

  1. What does the root of the word permeable mean?
    A. Pertaining to
    B. Able
    C. Process
    D. Permanent
    E. Pass through

 

  1. What is the term for the funnel-shaped structure in the kidneys that forms into the ureter?
    A. The urinary bladder
    B. The renal pelvis
    C. The nephron
    D. The meatus
    E. The Bowman’s capsule

 

 

  1. What does the suffix in the term urination mean?
    A. Process
    B. Elimination
    C. Waste product
    D. Pertaining to
    E. Condition

 

  1. Approximately how many capillaries make up the glomerulus?
    A. 1000
    B. 750
    C. 3400
    D. 25
    E. 50

 

  1. Which of the following terms has two prefixes?
    A. Semipermeable
    B. Reabsorption
    C. Nephrectomy
    D. Ammonia
    E. Urination

 

  1. Which of the following items is NOT found in the filtrate that enters the renal tubule?
    A. Urea
    B. Glucose
    C. Electrolytes
    D. Plasma proteins
    E. Vitamins

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. A small stone is a __________________.

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. What mechanism is used in the kidneys to regulate blood volume and pressure?
    A. Excretion of urea
    B. Filtration of blood
    C. Elimination of water
    D. Reabsorption of vitamins
    E. Peristalsis in the urethra

 

  1. What is the correct spelling of the plural form of calculus?
    A. Calculuses
    B. Calculi
    C. Calculum
    D. Calculae
    E. Calculie

 

  1. What does the prefix in the term extracorporeal mean?
    A. Many
    B. Additional
    C. Around
    D. Outside
    E. Functional

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. The _____________ is the name of the muscular tube that carries urine from the renal pelvis to the urinary bladder.

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. What is the mechanism by which urine is moved downwards toward the urinary bladder?
    A. Capillary action
    B. Valves along the length of the ureter
    C. Muscular peristaltic waves
    D. External muscles squeezing on the local structures
    E. Free-water flush

 

  1. Dilation of pelvis and calyces of a kidney is:
    A. Hydronephrosis
    B. Pyelonephritis
    C. Urethritis
    D. Curettage
    E. Atherosclerosis

 

  1. Which of the following minerals contributes to the formation of kidney stones?
    A. Calcium chloride
    B. Sodium chloride
    C. Potassium sorbate
    D. Calcium oxalate
    E. Sodium hydroxide

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. Micturition is the passage of urine, also described as ____________ or _____________.

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Proper pronunciation of the medical term lithotripsy is:
    A. LITH-a-trip-cee
    B. LITH-oh-trip-see
    C. Lith-oh-trup-tee
    D. Lith-OH-rip-cee
    E. LITH-oh-TRIP-tee

 

  1. Choose the correctly spelled medical term.
    A. Micktutrition
    B. mictrition
    C. Micturition
    D. Mickterition
    E. micterition

 

  1. Which of the following abbreviations has no relation to the urinary system?
    A. ER
    B. CKD
    C. UTI
    D. CAPD
    E. IVP

 

  1. Which medical term means blood in the urine?
    A. Nephritis
    B. Pyelonephritis
    C. Incontinence
    D. Hematuria
    E. Dysuria

 

 

  1. What does the suffix in the term hydronephrosis mean?
    A. Water
    B. Nephron
    C. Condition
    D. Within
    E. To remove

 

  1. Crushing a renal stone by sound waves is:
    A. Nephrolithiasis
    B. Lithotomy
    C. Calculectomy
    D. Cholecystectomy
    E. Lithotripsy

 

  1. What is the term for an instrument that generates sound waves?
    A. Generator
    B. Echogram
    C. Lithotripter
    D. Lithosounder
    E. Tripsillator

 

  1. What is the medical term for an incision for removal of a stone?
    A. Nephrotomy
    B. Nephrectomy
    C. Lithonephrotomy
    D. Lithectomy
    E. Nephrolithotomy

 

 

  1. What does the suffix in the term nephroscope mean?
    A. Kidney
    B. Nephron
    C. To view
    D. Instrument
    E. To discover

 

  1. The usual treatment for pyelonephritis is:
    A. Kidney biopsy
    B. Antibiotic therapy
    C. Chemotherapy
    D. Hydrotherapy
    E. Nephrectomy

 

  1. What does the root of the term reflux mean?
    A. Stomach
    B. Fluid
    C. Remove
    D. Go up and down
    E. Flow

 

  1. Hypertension can cause what damaging effects on the kidney?
    A. The artery becomes sclerotic
    B. The renal tubules become contorted
    C. The renal arterioles become thickened and narrowed
    D. The Bowman’s capsule becomes congested
    E. The renal pelvis begins to fill with stones

 

 

  1. What is the medical term that means characterized by intermittent contractions?
    A. Spasmodic
    B. Contractile
    C. Peristalsis
    D. Twitch
    E. Labor

 

  1. What is the probable cause of secondary hypertension?
    A. Overproduction of glycogen
    B. Underproduction of erythropoietin
    C. Inhibition of angiotensin III
    D. Overproduction of rennin
    E. Osteoblastosis

 

  1. What is a ureteroscope?
    A. An instrument for viewing the inside of the ureter
    B. An examination using fluoroscopy of the ureter
    C. A process of injecting dye for viewing of the ureter
    D. The examination of the ureter
    E. An instrument for exploring the internal organ of the renal system

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT a sign or symptom of acute renal failure?
    A. Oliguria
    B. Tinnitus
    C. Anuria
    D. The cessation of urine production by the kidney
    E. A sharp decline in the production of urine

 

 

  1. A lesion located anywhere in the renal system can cause which of the following?
    A. Urosepsis
    B. Renal stones
    C. Polyuria
    D. Anuria
    E. Hematuria

 

  1. When end-stage renal disease occurs, the kidneys are functioning at less than what percent of normal capacity?
    A. 10% less
    B. 25% less
    C. 5% less
    D. 40% less
    E. 50% less

 

  1. In microscopic hematuria, what does the urine look like?
    A. Bright red
    B. Yellow
    C. Amber
    D. Full of pus
    E. Red-tinged

 

  1. What is the medical term for the artificial method of removing waste materials and excess fluid from the blood?
    A. Filtration
    B. Dialysis
    C. Lavage
    D. Curettage
    E. Incision and drainage

 

 

  1. An agent that increases urine output is a(n):
    A. Antihistamine
    B. Glycoside
    C. Diuretic
    D. Serotonin re-uptake inhibitor
    E. Atropine

 

  1. In the term diuresis, what does the suffix mean?
    A. To filter
    B. To encourage
    C. To pass
    D. Urine
    E. Condition

 

  1. Which hollow, muscular organ is located on the floor of t the pelvic cavity, posterior to the pubic symphysis?
    A. Ureters
    B. Sigmoid colon
    C. Uterus
    D. Urinary bladder
    E. Appendix

 

  1. Which of the following terms has a prefix that means between?
    A. Periodontal
    B. Proximal
    C. Interstitial
    D. Intramuscular
    E. Adductor

 

 

  1. The female urethra opens to the outside of the body in a location that is:
    A. Posterior to the vagina
    B. Distal to the labia
    C. Superior to the clitoris
    D. Anterior to the vagina
    E. Posterior to the rectum

 

  1. What does the suffix in the word nephropathy mean?
    A. Disease
    B. The study of
    C. The examination of
    D. Kidney
    E. To pass by

 

  1. Involuntary micturition during sleep is called:
    A. Micturition reflex
    B. Detrusor muscle malfunction
    C. Enuresis
    D. Parasympathetic hypostimulation
    E. Meatus

 

  1. A glomerular disease with marked loss of protein is:
    A. Hydronephrosis
    B. Interstitial nephritis
    C. Pyelonephritis
    D. Nephritic syndrome
    E. Encapsulitis

 

 

  1. What is the name of the test in which contrast material is used to assess the blood flow to the kidney?
    A. Ultrasound imaging
    B. Cystoscopy
    C. Renal angiogram
    D. Retrograde pyelogram
    E. Urinalysis

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT a cause of acute renal failure?
    A. Severe burns
    B. Toxins
    C. Diabetes
    D. Blood disorders
    E. Systemic infection

 

  1. In the term pyelonephritis, what does the word element pyel/o refer to?
    A. Pelvis
    B. Condition
    C. Pus
    D. Kidney
    E. Infection

 

  1. In the term nephroblastoma, what does the word element –blast refer to?
    A. Tumor
    B. Expansion
    C. To eliminate
    D. To remove
    E. Embryonic

 

 

  1. What is the medical term for nitrogenous waste products in the blood?
    A. Implant
    B. Nitrourea
    C. Azotemia
    D. Urotoxic
    E. Anuria

 

  1. The medical term for scanty urine production is:
    A. Oliguria
    B. Polyuria
    C. Anuria
    D. Hematuria
    E. Nocturia

 

  1. The micturition reflex occurs when the bladder contains approximately how much urine?
    A. 150 milliliters
    B. 200 milliliters
    C. 10 ounces
    D. 150 liters
    E. 325 cubic centimeters

 

  1. The correct spelling of the term that refers to the complex of symptoms arising from renal failure is:
    A. Uremia
    B. Anuria
    C. Urema
    D. Anurea
    E. Urotoxemia

 

 

  1. What term, from the Latin, to empty, means to evacuate urine or feces?
    A. Afferent
    B. Efferent
    C. Void
    D. Reflex
    E. Motor

 

  1. A muscle that encircles a tube or orifice is:
    A. Circumflex
    B. A sphincter
    C. Periorbital
    D. Perisacral
    E. A band

 

  1. When bacteria invade and multiply in the urinary tract, what can result?
    A. UTI
    B. CABG
    C. ABG
    D. COPD
    E. BPH

 

  1. What is the medical term for infection of the urinary bladder?
    A. Urethritis
    B. Nephritis
    C. Pyelonephritis
    D. Cystitis
    E. Ureteritis

 

 

  1. Urinary incontinence results in:
    A. Loss of control of fluid intake
    B. The kidney excreting excessive urine
    C. Wet clothes
    D. Back and flank pain
    E. Sleeplessness

 

  1. The type of incontinence that results because of sudden pressure on the lower stomach muscles is:
    A. Urge incontinence
    B. Stress incontinence
    C. Functional incontinence
    D. Overflow incontinence
    E. Situational incontinence

 

  1. Kegel exercises strengthen what muscles?
    A. Lower abdominal
    B. Muscles of the pelvic floor
    C. Rhomboids
    D. Psoas
    E. Vastus lateralis

 

  1. An enlarged prostate gland can cause:
    A. Urinary incontinence
    B. Bladder cancer
    C. Chronic urinary retention
    D. Pyelonephritis
    E. Chronic glomerulonephritis

 

 

  1. What is the primary symptom of transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder?
    A. Pain
    B. Nausea
    C. Incontinence
    D. Hematuria
    E. Hematemesis

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT a method used to diagnose bladder cancer?
    A. UA
    B. ABG
    C. NMP22 Bladder Check
    D. IVP
    E. Cystoscopy

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT included in a routine urinalysis test?
    A. Glucose level
    B. Presence of ketones
    C. Leukocyte esterase
    D. Presence of proteins
    E. Sedimentation rate

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT a method of urine collection?
    A. Random
    B. Early morning
    C. Catheterization
    D. Venipuncture
    E. Clean-catch

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions
91. Presence of sugar in the urine is called __________________.

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Which of the terms is spelled correctly?
    A. Voyd
    B. Void
    C. Voyid
    D. Vuyde
    E. Voyde

 

  1. The method of collection used to determine the amount of protein being excreted and to estimate the kidneys’ filtration ability is:
    A. Clean-catch
    B. Suprapubic transabdominal needle aspiration
    C. Early morning collection
    D. Twenty-four-hour collection
    E. Random collection

 

  1. The most cost-effective method of screening urine is:
    A. KUB
    B. MRI
    C. Dipstick
    D. Culture & Sensitivity
    E. IVP

 

  1. In the term suprapubic, the root word refers to:
    A. Pubis
    B. Pertaining to
    C. Above
    D. Below
    E. Condition

 

 

  1. In the male, the urethra is 7 to 8 inches and passes through which part?
    A. Bladder
    B. Penis
    C. Rectum
    D. Ureter
    E. Kidney

 

  1. Women are more prone more so than men to urinary tract infections (UTI) due to which cause?
    A. Longer urethra
    B. Urethra opens above the clitoris
    C. Urethra opens below the vagina
    D. Shorter urethra and opens to the surface near the anus
    E. No urethra

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. A donor organ to recipient is called ___________________.

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Choose the correctly spelled medical term.
    A. Kegelle
    B. Kegele
    C. Keggle
    D. Kegel
    E. Kegale

 

 

  1. Choose the correctly spelled medical term.
    A. Pilitis
    B. Pylitis
    C. Pyelitis
    D. Phylitis
    E. Pulitis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. What does the root of the word nephrectomy refer to?
    A.Removal of
    B. Nephron
    C. Kidney
    D. Urine
    E. Glomerulus

Nephrectomy, meaning surgical removal of a kidney, contains the following word elements: nephr/o, meaning kidney, and –ectomy, meaning surgical excision.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-02
Lesson Objective: 6.1.6

  1. The medical specialty that relates to diseases of the kidney is:
    A.Cytology
    B. Nephrology
    C. Cystology
    D. Histology
    E. Renalology

Nephrology is the medical specialty that deals with diseases of the kidney.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-02
Lesson Objective: 6.1.6

 

 

  1. What is the term for the removal of metabolic waste?
    A.Excretion
    B. Excision
    C. Extracorporal
    D. Exophthalmos
    E. Export

Excretion is the medical term meaning removal of waste products of metabolism out of the body. The term is from the Latin for remove.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-02
Lesson Objective: 6.1.2

  1. Which of the following is NOT considered metabolic waste?
    A.Carbon dioxide
    B. Water
    C. Electrolytes
    D. Amino acids
    E. Nitrogenous compounds

Amino acids are not metabolic waste. Metabolic waste includes carbon dioxide, excess water and electrolytes, nitrogenous compounds.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-02
Lesson Objective: 6.1.2

 

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. This is produced when amino acid is broken down _____________________.
    Ammonia

In the body’s cells, protein is broken down into amino acids, when amino acids are broken down, ammonia is produced.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 1-3 minutes
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-02
Lesson Objective: 6.1.2

  1. The hollow sac that holds fluids is _____________________.
    Bladder

The bladder is a hollow sac that holds fluid such as urine, comes from the Old English.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 1-3 minutes
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-03
Learning Outcome: 06-04
Lesson Objective: 6.1.1
Lesson Objective: 6.1.6

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Which of the following refers to the kidney?
    A.Islets of Langerhans
    B. McBurney point
    C. Fowler position
    D. Loop of Henle
    E. von Wilhelm disease

The loop of Henle is part of the renal tubule where reabsorption occurs. Friedrich Henle, 1809-1885, was a German anatomist, pathologist, and histologist. The other choices are valid eponyms but unrelated to the urinary system.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-02
Lesson Objective: 6.1.1

  1. In the term peritubular, what does the prefix mean?
    A.Over
    B. Within
    C. Around
    D. Under
    E. Distant

Peritubular, meaning surrounding the small renal tubules, is composed of the prefix peri-, meaning around; the root tubul-, meaning small tube; and the suffix –ar, meaning pertaining to.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-02
Lesson Objective: 6.1.1

 

 

  1. What does the suffix in the word nitrogenous mean?
    A.Nitrogen
    B. One who studies
    C. Create
    D. Pertaining to
    E. Containing

The suffix –ous means pertaining to.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Lesson Objective: 6.1.2

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. Outer layer of an organ is _______________________.
    cortex

The cortex is the outer layer of an organ. The renal cortex contains the nephrons, the basic filtration unit of the kidney.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 1-3 minutes
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-02
Lesson Objective: 6.1.1
Lesson Objective: 6.1.2

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. What is the organ located on one side of the vertebral column, behind the peritoneum and the spleen and against the deep muscles of the back?
    A.Right kidney
    B. Pancreas
    C. Ureter
    D. Left kidney
    E. Gallbladder

The kidney is located on one side of the vertebral column, behind the peritoneum and the spleen and against the deep muscles of the back. The kidney is a retroperitoneal organ.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-02
Lesson Objective: 6.1.1

  1. The plural of the term cortex is:
    A.Cortices
    B. Cortexes
    C. Corteces
    D. Corti
    E. Cortises

The cortex, from Latin for tree bark, is the outer portion of the kidney. The plural of cortex is cortices.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-02
Lesson Objective: 6.1.1

 

 

  1. What does the root of the word renal mean?
    A.Pertaining to
    B. Kidney
    C. Nephron
    D. Filtration
    E. Render in balanced

The root element of the term renal is ren-, meaning kidney, and the suffix –al means pertaining to.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-02
Lesson Objective: 6.1.1

  1. Which is NOT a function of the kidneys:
    A.Filter blood to eliminate wastes
    B. Regulate blood volume
    C. Maintain homeostasis
    D. Maintain cerebral spinal fluid
    E. Secrete the hormone erythropoietin

Maintenance of cerebral spinal fluid is a function of the brain, the other options are all functions of the kidneys.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-02
Lesson Objective: 6.1.2

 

 

  1. What is the medical term for a plexus of capillaries in the nephron?
    A.Hilum
    B. Brachial plexus
    C. Glomerulus
    D. Arterioles
    E. Bronchioles

The glomerulus is a plexus of capillaries in the nephron. In the cortex, the renal artery divides into smaller and smaller arterioles, each of which enters a nephron and divides into a network of approximately 50 capillaries, known as a glomerulus.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-02
Lesson Objective: 6.1.2
Lesson Objective: 6.1.3

  1. What is the end product of nitrogen metabolism?
    A.Ammonia
    B. Urine
    C. Urea
    D. Nitrites
    E. Nitrates

Urea is the end product of nitrogen metabolism. Urea is a chemical compound and one component of urine. The word is derived from the Greek word for urine.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-02
Lesson Objective: 6.1.2

 

 

  1. Which vessel carries waste-laden blood to the kidney?
    A.Renal artery
    B. Renal vein
    C. Urethral artery
    D. Urethral vein
    E. Kidney artery

The renal artery carries waste-laden blood to the kidney. It enters at the hilum.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-02
Lesson Objective: 6.1.1
Lesson Objective: 6.1.2
Lesson Objective: 6.1.3

  1. What is the process by which excess water and waste products are removed from the blood?
    A.Excretion
    B. Digestion
    C. Perfusion
    D. Filtration
    E. Reabsorption

Filtration is the medical term for process by which excess water and waste products are removed from the blood. Filtrate entering the renal tubule contains water, urea, glucose, electrolytes, amino acids, and vitamins.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-02
Lesson Objective: 6.1.3

 

 

  1. What is the medical term for the part of an organ where vessels and nerves enter and leave?
    A.Hilum
    B. Portal
    C. Threshold
    D. Terminal
    E. Opening

Hilum is the part where the nerves and blood vessels enter and leave an organ.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-02
Lesson Objective: 6.1.3

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. An enzyme that causes vasoconstriction is _________________.
    Renin

Renin is an enzyme secreted by the kidney that causes vasoconstriction.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 1-3 minutes
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-02
Lesson Objective: 6.1.2

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Which word has the Greek meaning of urinary canal?
    A.Urine
    B. Bladder
    C. Urethra
    D. Ureter
    E. Catheter

Ureter is the Greek word for urinary canal and is a tube that connects the kidney to the urinary bladder.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-02
Lesson Objective: 6.1.4

  1. What are the three regions of the kidney?
    A.Cortex, medulla, and pelvis
    B. Cortex, parietal lobes, and hilum
    C. Medulla, nephron, and tubules
    D. Pelvis, bladder, and urethra
    E. Cortex, adenoma, and pelvis

Each kidney has three regions: the cortex, medulla, and pelvis.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-02
Lesson Objective: 6.1.1

 

 

  1. What is the medical term for the filtration unit of the kidney?
    A.Pelvis
    B. Calyx
    C. Nephron
    D. Medulla
    E. Cortex

Each kidney has about 1 million nephrons, the functional or filtration unit of the kidney consisting of a glomerulus and tubule.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-02
Lesson Objective: 6.1.1
Lesson Objective: 6.1.2

  1. What is the correct spelling of the term that means inflammation of the canal leading from the bladder to the outside?
    A.Uretritis
    B. Ureteritis
    C. Urethritis
    D. Meatitis
    E. Cystitis

The urethra is the canal leading from the bladder to the outside. The suffix –itis in urethritis means inflammation. The meatus, from Latin for passage, is the external opening of the canal.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-03
Lesson Objective: 6.2.4

 

 

  1. The external opening of a passage is called:
    A.Meatus
    B. Urethra
    C. Ureter
    D. Bladder
    E. Trigone

The meatus, from Latin for passage, is the external opening of the canal.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-02
Learning Outcome: 06-03
Lesson Objective: 6.2.2

  1. Where are nephrons located?
    A.In the cortex
    B. In the medulla
    C. In the glomerulus
    D. In the pelvis
    E. In the loop of Henle

The nephrons are located in the outermost part of the kidney, called the cortex. The cortex is contained within the capsule. The medulla is the inner part of the organ, and the pelvis is part of the collection system draining the urine down through the ureters.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-03
Lesson Objective: 6.1.1

 

 

  1. What is the medical term for the fluid and dissolved substances that are excreted by the kidney?
    A.Exudates
    B. Filtrate
    C. Urine
    D. Urea
    E. Urate

The fluid and dissolved substances that are excreted by the kidney are urine, from the Latin.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-02
Lesson Objective: 6.1.2

  1. What does the root of the word permeable mean?
    A.Pertaining to
    B. Able
    C. Process
    D. Permanent
    E. Pass through

Permeable is composed of the following elements: perm/e-, to pass through (root) and –able, capable of (suffix). Permeable means allows passage of substances through a membrane.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-03
Lesson Objective: 6.1.2

 

 

  1. What is the term for the funnel-shaped structure in the kidneys that forms into the ureter?
    A.The urinary bladder
    B. The renal pelvis
    C. The nephron
    D. The meatus
    E. The Bowman’s capsule

The renal pelvis is a funnel-shaped structure in the kidney that forms into the ureter. The word is derived from the Latin for basin.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-02
Learning Outcome: 06-03
Lesson Objective: 6.1.1

  1. What does the suffix in the term urination mean?
    A.Process
    B. Elimination
    C. Waste product
    D. Pertaining to
    E. Condition

the suffix –ation, means process or action. Urination is the act of passing urine.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-03
Lesson Objective: 6.1.2

 

 

  1. Approximately how many capillaries make up the glomerulus?
    A.1000
    B. 750
    C. 3400
    D. 25
    E. 50

There are approximately 50 capillaries, encased within a capsule, that comprises of the glomerulus.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-02
Learning Outcome: 06-03
Lesson Objective: 6.1.1

  1. Which of the following terms has two prefixes?
    A.Semipermeable
    B. Reabsorption
    C. Nephrectomy
    D. Ammonia
    E. Urination

Reabsorption, meaning taking back into the blood substances that had previously been filtered out from it, contains the two prefixes: re-, meaning back, and ab-, meaning away from, in addition to the root, sorpt-, meaning swallow, and the suffix, –ion, meaning process.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-02
Learning Outcome: 06-03
Lesson Objective: 6.1.2

 

 

  1. Which of the following items is NOT found in the filtrate that enters the renal tubule?
    A.Urea
    B. Glucose
    C. Electrolytes
    D. Plasma proteins
    E. Vitamins

Plasma proteins are too large to pass through the capillary membrane of the glomerulus, and they remain in the blood. The presence of plasma protein in urine is abnormal.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-02
Learning Outcome: 06-03
Lesson Objective: 6.1.2

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. A small stone is a __________________.
    calculus

Calculus, from Latin meaning pebble, is a small stone. Renal calculi can become lodged at different sites in the ureters.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 1-3 minutes
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-06
Lesson Objective: 6.1.6

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. What mechanism is used in the kidneys to regulate blood volume and pressure?
    A.Excretion of urea
    B. Filtration of blood
    C. Elimination of water
    D. Reabsorption of vitamins
    E. Peristalsis in the urethra

The kidney can regulate blood and volume and pressure by eliminating or conserving water as necessary.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-02
Learning Outcome: 06-03
Lesson Objective: 6.1.2

  1. What is the correct spelling of the plural form of calculus?
    A.Calculuses
    B. Calculi
    C. Calculum
    D. Calculae
    E. Calculie

Calculi is the plural form of calculus, meaning small stone.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-03
Learning Outcome: 06-04
Lesson Objective: 6.1.5
Lesson Objective: 6.1.6

 

 

  1. What does the prefix in the term extracorporeal mean?
    A.Many
    B. Additional
    C. Around
    D. Outside
    E. Functional

Extracorporeal, meaning outside the body, contains the following word elements: the prefix extra-, meaning outside, out of; the root corpor/e-, meaning body; and the suffix –al, meaning pertaining to.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-03
Lesson Objective: 6.1.1

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. The _____________ is the name of the muscular tube that carries urine from the renal pelvis to the urinary bladder.
    ureter

Each ureter is a muscular tube, about 10 inches long and ¼ inch wide, that carries urine from the renal pelvis to the urinary bladder.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 1-3 minutes
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-02
Learning Outcome: 06-03
Lesson Objective: 6.1.1
Lesson Objective: 6.1.4

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. What is the mechanism by which urine is moved downwards toward the urinary bladder?
    A.Capillary action
    B. Valves along the length of the ureter
    C. Muscular peristaltic waves
    D. External muscles squeezing on the local structures
    E. Free-water flush

Muscular peristaltic waves, originating in the renal pelvis, squeeze urine down the ureter and squirt it into the bladder.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-02
Lesson Objective: 6.1.3

  1. Dilation of pelvis and calyces of a kidney is:
    A.Hydronephrosis
    B. Pyelonephritis
    C. Urethritis
    D. Curettage
    E. Atherosclerosis

Hydronephrosis is a condition of dilation of pelvis and calyces of a kidney.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-06
Lesson Objective: 6.1.5

 

 

  1. Which of the following minerals contributes to the formation of kidney stones?
    A.Calcium chloride
    B. Sodium chloride
    C. Potassium sorbate
    D. Calcium oxalate
    E. Sodium hydroxide

Stones (calculi) begin in the pelvis of the kidney as a tiny grain of undissolved material, usually a mineral called calcium oxalate.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-06
Learning Outcome: 06-07
Lesson Objective: 6.1.6

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. Micturition is the passage of urine, also described as ____________ or _____________.
    voiding or urination

The passage of urine can be described as urination, micturition, or voiding.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 1-3 minutes
Learning Outcome: 06-06
Learning Outcome: 06-07
Lesson Objective: 6.2.1

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions
 

  1. Proper pronunciation of the medical term lithotripsy is:
    A.LITH-a-trip-cee
    B. LITH-oh-trip-see
    C. Lith-oh-trup-tee
    D. Lith-OH-rip-cee
    E. LITH-oh-TRIP-tee

The proper pronunciation is LITH-oh-trip-see, the other choices have incorrect pronunciations.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-03
Learning Outcome: 06-04
Lesson Objective: 6.1.5

  1. Choose the correctly spelled medical term.
    A.Micktutrition
    B. mictrition
    C. Micturition
    D. Mickterition
    E. micterition

The correctly spelled term is micturition, meaning the passage of urine, voiding, or urinating.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-03
Lesson Objective: 6.1.4

 

 

  1. Which of the following abbreviations has no relation to the urinary system?
    A.ER
    B. CKD
    C. UTI
    D. CAPD
    E. IVP

ER is the abbreviation for emergency room and is not related to the urinary system, the other terms listed all have to do with the urinary system; CKD: chronic kidney disease; UTI: urinary tract infection; CAPD: continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis; IVP: intravenous pyelogram.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-05
Lesson Objective: 6.1.6

  1. Which medical term means blood in the urine?
    A.Nephritis
    B. Pyelonephritis
    C. Incontinence
    D. Hematuria
    E. Dysuria

The term hematuria means blood in the urine; the root word, hemat-, meaning blood and the suffix, –uria, meaning urine.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-03
Learning Outcome: 06-04
Learning Outcome: 06-06
Learning Outcome: 06-07
Learning Outcome: 06-08
Lesson Objective: 6.1.5
Lesson Objective: 6.1.6

 

 

  1. What does the suffix in the term hydronephrosis mean?
    A.Water
    B. Nephron
    C. Condition
    D. Within
    E. To remove

Hydronephrosis, meaning dilation of pelvis and calyces of a kidney, contains the suffix –osis, meaning condition, as well as the root/combining form nephr/o, meaning kidney, and the prefix hydro-, which means water. Hydronephrosis is the dilation of pelvis and calyces of a kidney.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-03
Learning Outcome: 06-04
Lesson Objective: 6.1.5

  1. Crushing a renal stone by sound waves is:
    A.Nephrolithiasis
    B. Lithotomy
    C. Calculectomy
    D. Cholecystectomy
    E. Lithotripsy

Lithotripsy means crushing stones by sound waves. A machine called a lithotripter produces shock waves that crumble the stone into small pieces that can pass down the ureter.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-03
Learning Outcome: 06-04
Lesson Objective: 6.1.5

 

 

  1. What is the term for an instrument that generates sound waves?
    A.Generator
    B. Echogram
    C. Lithotripter
    D. Lithosounder
    E. Tripsillator

A machine called a lithotripter generates sound waves that crumble the stone into small pieces that can pass down the ureter into the bladder for excretion.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-03
Learning Outcome: 06-04
Lesson Objective: 6.1.5
Lesson Objective: 6.1.6

  1. What is the medical term for an incision for removal of a stone?
    A.Nephrotomy
    B. Nephrectomy
    C. Lithonephrotomy
    D. Lithectomy
    E. Nephrolithotomy

Nephrolithotomy is an incision for removal of a renal stone. The meaning of the suffix –otomy is a surgical incision. The word nephrectomy has the suffix –ectomy, meaning surgical removal of an organ, in this case, the kidney.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-03
Learning Outcome: 06-04
Learning Outcome: 06-07
Lesson Objective: 6.1.5
Lesson Objective: 6.1.6

 

 

  1. What does the suffix in the term nephroscope mean?
    A.Kidney
    B. Nephron
    C. To view
    D. Instrument
    E. To discover

The suffix here is –scope, meaning an instrument for viewing. A nephroscope is a specialized endoscope to view the inside of the kidney.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-03
Learning Outcome: 06-04
Lesson Objective: 6.1.5

  1. The usual treatment for pyelonephritis is:
    A.Kidney biopsy
    B. Antibiotic therapy
    C. Chemotherapy
    D. Hydrotherapy
    E. Nephrectomy

Pyelonephritis requires aggressive antibiotic therapy. It is often the result of a UTI (urinary tract infection) that has spread from the bladder.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-06
Lesson Objective: 6.1.6

 

 

  1. What does the root of the term reflux mean?
    A.Stomach
    B. Fluid
    C. Remove
    D. Go up and down
    E. Flow

Reflux contains the root flux-, meaning flow, and the prefix re-, meaning back. Reflux is a backward flow.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-03
Learning Outcome: 06-04
Learning Outcome: 06-07
Lesson Objective: 6.1.6

  1. Hypertension can cause what damaging effects on the kidney?
    A.The artery becomes sclerotic
    B. The renal tubules become contorted
    C. The renal arterioles become thickened and narrowed
    D. The Bowman’s capsule becomes congested
    E. The renal pelvis begins to fill with stones

Hypertension, or high blood pressure, can damage the renal arterioles and glomeruli, causing them to thicken and narrow. This reduces their capability to remove wastes and excess water, which can cause the blood pressure to rise even more. If the cause of hypertension is not known, it is called primary (or essential) hypertension.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-06
Lesson Objective: 6.1.6

 

 

  1. What is the medical term that means characterized by intermittent contractions?
    A.Spasmodic
    B. Contractile
    C. Peristalsis
    D. Twitch
    E. Labor

Spasmodic is the medical term meaning characterized by intermittent spasms or contractions.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-01
Learning Outcome: 06-02
Learning Outcome: 06-03
Learning Outcome: 06-04
Lesson Objective: 6.1.6

  1. What is the probable cause of secondary hypertension?
    A.Overproduction of glycogen
    B. Underproduction of erythropoietin
    C. Inhibition of angiotensin III
    D. Overproduction of rennin
    E. Osteoblastosis

Secondary hypertension can be caused by overproduction of rennin. If blood pressure falls in the kidney so that blood flow decreases, renin is produced and leads to widespread contraction of arterioles, which raises arterial pressure throughout the body. Contrast this type of hypertension with primary hypertension. If the cause of hypertension is not known, it is called primary (or essential, or even idiopathic).

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-06
Learning Outcome: 06-07
Lesson Objective: 6.1.6

 

 

  1. What is a ureteroscope?
    A.An instrument for viewing the inside of the ureter
    B. An examination using fluoroscopy of the ureter
    C. A process of injecting dye for viewing of the ureter
    D. The examination of the ureter
    E. An instrument for exploring the internal organ of the renal system

The suffix in ureteroscope is –scope, meaning an instrument for viewing. A ureteroscope is a specialized endoscope for viewing inside of a ureter. The examination of the ureter is ureteroscopy, with a soft “o” between the two word elements.

 

Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-06
Learning Outcome: 06-07
Lesson Objective: 6.1.1

  1. Which of the following is NOT a sign or symptom of acute renal failure?
    A.Oliguria
    B. Tinnitus
    C. Anuria
    D. The cessation of urine production by the kidney
    E. A sharp decline in the production of urine

Acute renal failure (ARF) may have many causes. ARF makes the kidneys suddenly stop filtering waste products from the blood. The signs and symptoms can include oliguria, anuria, confusion, seizures, and coma. Tinnitus, a ringing of the ears, is not a sign or symptom of this disorder.

 

Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-06
Learning Outcome: 06-07
Lesson Objective: 6.1.6

 

 

  1. A lesion located anywhere in the renal system can cause which of the following?
    A.Urosepsis
    B. Renal stones
    C. Polyuria
    D. Anuria
    E. Hematuria

Hematuria, blood in the urine, can be caused by lesions anywhere in the urinary system; causes of lesions include trauma (including long-distance running), infections, medications, and congenital diseases.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-03
Learning Outcome: 06-04
Learning Outcome: 06-06
Learning Outcome: 06-07
Learning Outcome: 06-08
Lesson Objective: 6.1.5
Lesson Objective: 6.1.6

  1. When end-stage renal disease occurs, the kidneys are functioning at less than what percent of normal capacity?
    A.10% less
    B. 25% less
    C. 5% less
    D. 40% less
    E. 50% less

End-stage renal disease (ESRD) means the kidneys are functioning at less than 10% of their normal capacity. At this point, life cannot be sustained, and either dialysis or a kidney transplant is needed.

 

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Est Time: 0-1 minute
Learning Outcome: 06-06
Learning Outcome: 06-07
Lesson Objective: 6.1.5
Lesson Objective: 6.1.6

 

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