Jansons Basic History of Western Art 9th Edition by Penelope J.E. Davies – Test Bank

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Jansons Basic History of Western Art 9th Edition by Penelope J.E. Davies – Test Bank

 

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Sample Questions

 

 

Aegean Art

4

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

  1. The Treasury of Atreus was a:
  2. tomb
  3. bank
  4. civic building
  5. temple

Answer:  A

Page reference: 73-74

  1. Where was the culture located that was named for King Minos?
  2. On the Greek mainland
  3. On the Cycladic Islands
  4. On the island of Crete
  5. In Mesopotamia

Answer:  C

Page Reference: 64

 

  1. Where have Cycladic sculptures commonly been found?
  2. Burial sites
  3. Palaces
  4. Trading centers
  5. Temples

Answer:  A

Page reference: 66

 

  1. A fresco is:
  2. a Mediterranean breeze
  3. an ancient Minoan sculpture
  4. a form of sculpture
  5. a wall painting

Answer:  D

Page reference: 69

 

  1. The Toreador Fresco probably depicts what kind of event?
  2. Bullfight
  3. Ritual game
  4. Religious ceremony
  5. Mythological battle

Answer:  B

Page reference: 71

 

  1. Aegean civilization has been known from epic poems by:
  2. Odysseus
  3. Sir Arthur Evans
  4. King Minos
  5. Homer

Answer:  D

Page reference: 71

 

  1. Female nudes with arms folded across the waist, and toes extended are typical of:
  2. Mycenaean art
  3. Cycladic art
  4. Minoan art
  5. Sumerian art

Answer:  B

Page reference: 65

 

  1. The Treasury of Atreus was constructed with:
  2. post and lintel
  3. corbelling
  4. a Cyclopean lintel with heraldic imagery in carved relief above the doorway
  5. hypostyle halls

Answer:  B

Page reference: 74

 

  1. Beehive tombs are typical of the architecture of:
  2. Egypt
  3. Persia
  4. Crete
  5. Mycenae

Answer: D

Page reference: 74

 

  1. The Minoan architecture that the legend of the Minotaur and the Labyrinth is believed to be based upon was a:
  2. fortress
  3. temple
  4. palace
  5. tomb

Answer: C

Page reference: 68

 

  1. The Theran Flotilla Fresco:
  2. reflects the importance of sea transportation in the ancient Aegean
  3. is a large-scale ceiling mural
  4. depicts the myth of Theseus and the minotaur
  5. was highly esteemed by the artists of the 19th century

Answer: A

Page reference: 69

 

  1. The Octopus Vase:
  2. shows the Minoan affinity for organic forms and sea life
  3. reflects the rigid Minoan canon of geometric proportions
  4. demonstrates the Minoan preoccupation with siege warfare
  5. reveals the Minoan religious beliefs related to fertility

Answer: A

Page reference: 69

 

  1. The Cycladic culture:
  2. emerged on the islands between the Greek mainland and Crete
  3. developed on the Greek peninsula
  4. was based in the Peloponnese
  5. had its capitol in the city of Troy

Answer: A

Page reference: 64

 

  1. What refers to where and how objects were found and their subsequent histories?
  2. provenance
  3. principality
  4. procreation
  5. provincialism

Answer: A

Page reference: 66

 

  1. The seemingly confused and haphazard plan of which architectural site explains why the Greeks mythologized that it was the legendary home of the Minotaur?
  2. The Palace at Knossos
  3. The Treasury of Atreus
  4. Grave Circles A and B
  5. The Lion Gate

Answer: A

Page reference: 66-68

 

  1. What is a frequent subject in Minoan wall paintings?
  2. nature
  3. war
  4. royalty
  5. gods

Answer: A

Page reference: 69

 

  1. The _________________ conquered Crete in about 1450 BCE.
  2. Mycenaeans
  3. Minoans
  4. Trojans
  5. Minotaurs

Answer: A

Page reference: 71

 

True or False Statements

 

  1. Aegean megarons were large rectangular audience halls.

Answer: True

Page reference: 72

 

  1. The Mycenaeans themselves referred to their method of wall construction as “Cyclopean” masonry because the Cyclops was one of their legendary figures. Answer: False

Page reference: 73

 

  1. The so-called “Treasury of Atreus” was originally a Mycenaean royal residence.

Answer: False

Page reference: 74

 

  1. Heinrich Schliemann mused that he saw the face of Agamemnon in one gold mask that he had excavated from the Mycenaean period.

Answer: True

Page reference: 75

 

  1. The Mediterranean Sea effectively served to separate and isolate ancient cultures.

Answer: False

Page reference: 64

 

 

Essay Questions

 

  1. Describe the subject matter and style of fresco paintings found on Minoan Crete.

Page reference: 69, 71

 

  1. Describe the style of architecture in Minoan Crete including the palace at Knossos.

Page reference: 66-69

 

  1. Describe the architecture of Mycenae.

Page reference: 71-74

 

  1. Compare the architecture at Mycenae and Crete. What do the differing types of structures found reveal about these two cultures?

Page reference: 66-69, 71-74

 

  1. Describe the method of construction of a beehive tomb. What type of structures preceded its development?

Page reference: 73-74

 

  1. Compare and contrast the treatment of the human form in the Cycladic figurines and the so-called Snake Goddesses?

Page reference: 65-66, 69-70

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER five

 

Greek Art

5

 

 

Multiple Choice

  1. Which style was the earliest to produce freestanding statues of hollow cast bronze?
    1. Hellenistic
    2. Egyptian
    3. Mycenaean
    4. Classical Greek

Answer:  D

Page Reference: 91-92

 

  1. Which style produced statues of nude male youths standing rigidly with the left foot forward, clenched fists and a stylized smile?
    1. Hellenistic
    2. Roman
    3. Early Christian
    4. Archaic Greek

Answer:  D

Page Reference: 84-85

 

  1. Where are triglyphs and metopes found?
    1. In a ziggurat
    2. As part of the Doric order
    3. In a Corinthian frieze
    4. In an Egyptian temple

Answer:  B

Page Reference: 81-82

 

  1. The Greek Pediment:
    1. often contains sculpture
    2. is in the cella
    3. was designed by Imhotep
    4. is part of an acanthus

Answer:  A

Page Reference: 86

  1. Sculpture that is often very emotional, individualized and realistic is typical of which style?
    1. Archaic Greek
    2. Classical Greek
    3. Hellenistic
    4. Mycenaean

Answer:  C

Page Reference: 106-109

  1. What is the name of the central room of a Greek temple where the statue of the deity was placed?
    1. Megaron
    2. Apadana
    3. Pronaos
    4. Cella

Answer:  D

Page Reference: 81

  1. What style is black-figure ceramics?
    1. Orientalizing
    2. Archaic
    3. Classical
    4. Hellenistic

Answer:  B

Page Reference: 89

  1. The statue of which deity was inside the Parthenon?
    1. Zeus
    2. Perikles
    3. Xerxes
    4. Athena

Answer:  D

Page Reference: 95

  1. For which style is the contrapposto stance an important characteristic?
    1. Archaic Greek
    2. Classic Greek
    3. Mycenaean
    4. Egyptian

Answer:  B

Page Reference: 92

  1. Which of the following phases of Greek art was the earliest?
    1. Classical
    2. Archaic
    3. Red-figure
    4. Geometric

Answer:  D

Page Reference: 76-77

 

  1. What recent discovery in the pronaos of the Parthenon exacerbates problems of the structure’s iconographic interpretation?
    1. Frieze
    2. Cult statue
    3. Treasury
    4. Kouros

Answer: A

Page Reference: 98

 

  1. Which was a testament to Alexandria’s cosmopolitan nature and the vitality of shipping and commerce throughout the Hellenistic Empire?
    1. Pharos
    2. Kore
    3. Naos
    4. Tholos

Answer: A

Page Reference: 105

 

  1. How many major periods in Greek art are there?
  1. six
  2. three
  3. four
  4. nine

Answer: A

Page Reference: 76

 

  1. Which is one of the Greek orders?
  2. Ionic
  3. Severe
  4. Egg and Dart
  5. Hellenistic

Answer: A

Page Reference: 81

 

  1. Krater, amphora, and kylix are :
  2. Greek vessel shapes
  3. The names of Greek gods
  4. Famous Greek sculptors
  5. Greek kouroi and korai

Answer: A

Page Reference: 78

 

  1. Which of the following depicts a building as if it were sliced horizontally about three feet about the ground?
  2. Ground plan
  3. Elevation
  4. Section
  5. Stereobate

Answer: A

Page Reference: 80

 

  1. Which of the following describes the characteristics of Greek gods and goddesses?
  2. Immortal and behaving in very human ways
  3. Omniscient and selfless
  4. Omnipotent and fair
  5. Mortal and jealous

Answer: A

Page Reference: 82

 

 

True or False Statements

 

  1. Homer was a Greek statesman.

Answer: False

Page Reference: 89, 111

 

  1. The lost wax process enabled Greek sculptors to create spatially freer forms than was possible in stone.

Answer: True

Page Reference: 92

 

  1. In 490 BCE, the Persians defeated the Greeks at the Battle of Marathon. Answer: False

Page Reference: 111

 

  1. Lord Elgin of England returned marbles to Greece that had been removed from the Parthenon.

Answer: False

Page Reference: 96-97

 

  1. The Athenian Akropolis, the hilltop citadel, had been a fortified site since Mycenaean times, around 1250 BCE.

Answer: True

Page Reference: 94

 

 

Essay Questions:

  1. What does Greek temple architecture have in common with Egyptian temples and how does it differ?

Page Reference: 82-83

 

  1. What are the characteristic differences between the three primary classical orders? Be sure to include friezes and capitals in your discussion.

Page Reference: 81, 99

 

  1. Examine the frieze of the Pergamon Altar. In comparison to the relief figures on the frieze of the Athenian Parthenon, which figures seem composed and serene, and which show violence and passion?  Compare these in terms of themes, technique and style.

Page Reference: 96-98, 107-109

 

  1. What are the characteristics of Archaic Greek sculpture? Compare and contrast Archaic Greek sculpture and Egyptian sculpture.

Page Reference: 84-86

 

  1. Compare Classical Greek sculpture to Hellenistic sculpture. How do they

differ?

Page Reference: 90-94, 106-110

 

  1. What influences caused Greek art to evolve more rapidly than Egyptian art? Page Reference: 79, 93

 

  1. Discuss The Dying Trumpeter as an example of political art. What does this image communicate about winners and losers in the struggle between the Greeks and the Gauls?

Page Reference: 107

 

  1. Discuss the removal to England of the Parthenon marbles by Lord Elgin. Why did this occur and what implications might it continue to have at the intersection of politics and art?

Page Reference: 96-97

 

 

 

 

 

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