Introduction To International Disaster Management 3rd Edition by Damon P. Coppola – Test Bank

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Introduction To International Disaster Management 3rd Edition by Damon P. Coppola – Test Bank

Damon Coppola: Introduction to International Disaster Management, 3rd Edition

Chapter 2: Hazards

 

 

  1. Disasters may spread from one country to any other because of which of the following?

 

  1. Globalization
  2. The speed and ease of international travel
  3. Global climate change patterns

*d. All of the above

 

  1. The first step taken in any effective disaster management process should be which of the following?

 

*a. Hazard identification

  1. Risk analysis
  2. Needs assessment
  3. Risk assessment

 

  1. Which of the following is not generally considered an intentional hazard?

 

*a. HazMat spil

  1. War
  2. Rioting
  3. Crime

 

  1. Brainstorming is a form of which kind of hazard identification method?

 

*a. Prescriptive

  1. Definitive
  2. Creative
  3. Deductive

 

  1. Which of the following officials is likely to have information that could assist a hazard identification effort?

 

  1. Floodplain manager
  2. Public works director
  3. City manager

*d. All of the above

 

  1. Which of the following focuses on the many possible effects resulting from a single hazard?

 

  1. Fault tree

*b. Event tree

  1. Both of the above
  2. Neither of the above

 

  1. Which of the following may be created by disaster managers to summarize all of the necessary information about a disaster into a succinct report?

 

*a. Risk statement

  1. Risk summary report
  2. Risk assessment
  3. Hazard brief

 

  1. Which of the following is typically included in a community profile?

 

  1. Property
  2. Demographics
  3. Geography

*d. All of the above

 

  1. Which of the following hazards is likely to affect a community in a uniform manner?

 

  1. Landslides
  2. Heavy rain

*c. Both a and b

  1. Neither a nor b

 

  1. Which of the following is not normally found on a standard risk statement?

 

  1. Location of hazard
  2. Expected duration of the hazard event

*c. Secondary hazards caused by the hazard

  1. Available warnings for the hazard

 

  1. Hazards associated with movement of the earth’s plates are known as which of the following?

 

  1. Meteorological hazards
  2. Mass-movement hazards
  3. Tectonic hazards*
  4. Expansive soil hazards

 

  1. Which of the following is the distance below the earth’s surface where the energy of an earthquake is released?

 

  1. Epicenter
  2. Focus
  3. Shockwave

*d. Focal depth

 

  1. Which of the following is not one of the three main categories of volcanoes?

 

  1. Subduction

*b. Continental

  1. Rift
  2. Hotspot

 

  1. Which of the following can cause a tsunami?

 

  1. Flash flood

*b. Landslide

  1. Hurricane
  2. None of the above

 

  1. Expansive soils, avalanches, and land subsidence are all forms of which type of natural hazard?

 

  1. Meteorological hazard
  2. Tectonic hazard

*c. Mass movement hazard

  1. None of the above

 

  1. The most common natural hazard throughout the world is which of the following?

 

  1. Earthquakes
  2. Landslides
  3. Wildfires

*d. Flooding

 

  1. Which of the following may be used to measure drought risk?

 

  1. The Modified Mercalli Scale

*b. The Palmer Index

  1. The Saffir-Simpson Scale
  2. The Fujita-Pearson Scale

 

  1. Tropical cyclones occur in which part of the world?

 

  1. Northwest Pacific Ocean, west of the International Date Line

*b. Southwest Indian Ocean

  1. North Atlantic Ocean
  2. Southwest Pacific Ocean west of 160E

 

  1. In 2003, over 40,000 people died as the result of which hazard?

 

  1. Flooding
  2. Seismic activity
  3. Tsunami

*d. Extreme heat

 

  1. Which of the following is not a type of biological weapon?

 

  1. Viruses
  2. Prions
  3. Bacteria
  4. Toxins

 

  1. Which of the following weapons involves the movement of energy through space and material?

 

  1. Biological weapons
  2. Chemical weapons

*c. Radiological weapons

  1. All of the above

 

  1. Governments should focus their efforts upon those hazards that are likely to result in the greatest undesirable consequences if they were to occur.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. During hazard identification, emergency managers are not concerned with the likelihood or consequence of hazards.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. In hazard identification, disaster managers must attempt to identify every scenario that could possibly occur within a given community or country.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. Physical location dictates a nation’s full hazard profile.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. It is uncommon for hazards in one hazard category, such as a natural hazard, to cause a secondary hazard from any other category other than the one in which the original hazard is classified.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. Dam failure is a hazard that exists in almost every country of the world.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. Checklists are a good way to begin the hazard identification process.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. In 2010, the United States was listed among the top 10 countries ranked by number of terrorist attacks.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. In general, natural hazards are much less understood than technological hazards.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. Though natural hazards have existed for thousands of years, technological and intentional hazards are both relatively new, emerging only in the past few decades.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. The hazard identification process tells disaster managers little more than what hazards threaten the community.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. Meteorological drought is a measure of the difference between observed levels of precipitation and the normal range of values for precipitation in that same affected area.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. Earthquakes are a secondary hazard of a tsunami.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. The Hawaiian Islands are an example of a shield volcano.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. On average, over 1 million avalanches occur each year.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. On average, more people are killed each year by earthquakes than any other hazard.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. The Richter Scale measures earthquake intensity.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. Transportation accidents can involve both transportation vehicles and the systems upon which they depend.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. Maritime accidents rarely involve passengers, causing most of their harm through the release of their hazardous cargo.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. Chemical weapons have existed for centuries.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. Landslides can occur slowly, over a course of days and even weeks.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

 

 

Damon Coppola: Introduction to International Disaster Management, 3rd Edition

Chapter 6: Disaster Response

 

  1. When are response efforts initiated?

 

  1. Before a disaster occurs
  2. During a hazard event
  3. Immediately following a hazard event

*d. All of the above

 

  1. Which of the following hazards generally gives emergency managers little lead time?

*a. Earthquakes

  1. Drought
  2. Cyclones
  3. Wildfires

 

  1. International aid is rarely deployed in advance of a disaster because of which of the following reasons?
  2. Response agencies are often ill equipped to respond quickly enough to arrive before the disaster occurs.
  3. International assistance tends to be inversely proportional to the perceived seriousness of the disaster.

*c. Governments wish to preserve an image of control.

  1. None of the above

 

  1. Search and rescue involves three interrelated functions, including the locating of victims, the extraction of victims, and which of the following?

 

  1. The decontamination of the victim
  2. Transportation to an adequate medical facility

*c. The provision of initial first aid medical care

  1. All of the above

 

  1. Which of the following performs the majority of search and rescue activities?

 

  1. Trained local search and rescue teams
  2. International response agencies

*c. Family members and bystanders

  1. National government search and rescue teams

 

  1. What is probably the greatest obstacle for international search and rescue team operations?

 

*a. Time delays in reaching the affected country caused by travel

  1. Funding provided by their home country
  2. Difficulty in recognizing that a disaster has actually occurred
  3. Shortfalls in the effectiveness of search and rescue equipment

 

  1. Mass casualty incidents are defined as which of the following?

 

  1. Incidents where the number of victims exceeds the average number of victims normally encountered
  2. Incidents where more people are killed than wounded

*c. Incidents where the number of victims overwhelms the capacity of local clinics or hospitals

  1. All of the above

 

  1. Triage is most closely associated with which of the following response functions?

 

  1. Evacuation

*b. First aid medical treatment

  1. Fatality management
  2. Fire suppression

 

  1. Which of the following must be identified by disaster managers in the planning phase of evacuation, long before the disaster happens?

 

  1. Statutory authority
  2. Effective routes of evacuation
  3. Special needs groups

*d. All of the above

 

  1. Situation assessments are also referred to as which of the following?

 

  1. Response assessment
  2. Needs assessment

*c. Damage assessment

  1. Priority assessment

 

  1. What must be conducted in order for damage and needs assessments to be useful?

 

  1. Risk transfer
  2. Warning

*c. Reporting

  1. Accounting

 

  1. In which of the following are affected people sampled in groups arranged geographically within the affected area, representative of the different geographic areas affected by the disaster?

 

  1. Simple random sampling
  2. Systematic random sampling
  3. Stratified random sampling

*d. Cluster sampling

 

  1. Which of the following types of reports builds upon information listed in the initial assessment to relay changes in the situation and needs?

 

*a. Interim report

  1. Flash report
  2. Technical report
  3. Final report

 

  1. Which of the following is an example of the response mechanism known as “treating the hazard”?

 

  1. Teaching people how to escape the effects of a tsunami

*b. Containing a hazardous materials spill

  1. Issuing a public warning
  2. Equipping and opening a public shelter

 

  1. On average, about how much water does a typical disaster victim need per day?

 

  1. 1–5 liters

*b. 10–20 liters

  1. 25–50 liters
  2. 50–100 liters

 

  1. Which of the following is also referred to as “wet” food distribution?

 

  1. Take-home food distribution
  2. Subsistence farming
  3. Liquid dietary supplements

*d. Cafeteria-style meals

 

  1. The CMR measures which of the following?

 

  1. The amount of food required to feed the affected population
  2. The size of the area affected by the disaster
  3. The quality of water resources
  4. The number of people who die each day

 

  1. Which of the following is managed as part of sanitation operations in the response phase of a disaster?

 

  1. Dust
  2. Vector control
  3. Collection and disposal of human waste

*d. All of the above

 

  1. Which of the following is a coordination mechanism utilized by the United Nations, centered around response and recovery themes?

 

*a. The Cluster System

  1. Programmatic Command and Control (PCC)
  2. The Functional Focus
  3. The Span of Control

 

  1. Which of the following is not a component of the Incident Command System?

 

  1. Planning
  2. Operations
  3. Logistics

*d. Mitigation

 

  1. Which of the following is a task managed as a part of fatality management?

 

  1. Identification of victims’ bodies
  2. Search and recovery of corpses
  3. Neither a nor b

*d. Both a and b

 

  1. Sentinel surveillance is normally conducted as part of search and rescue operations.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. For many hazards, pre-hazard response may not be possible.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. Technology has been called the “silver bullet solution” to pre-disaster recognition.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. In the case of rapid onset disasters, the affected are not likely to know that a disaster has struck for quite some time.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. Untrained first responders performing search and rescue activities cause more lives to be lost than saved.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. It is the scale of the disaster that dictates the response.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. In the START system of triage, victims tagged with an “I” are in greater need of care than patients tagged with a “DEL”.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. When a disaster happens, the first priority of responders is limiting extensive property damage.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. The Incident Command System began as a way to better manage earthquakes in the United States.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. Evacuations are most effective when they are limited to only those areas facing risk.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. Food and shelter materials are the most appropriate donation in a majority of disasters.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. Organized mass feeding cannot begin until accurate assessments have taken place.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. It is possible to measure nutrition rates across whole populations of affected people by measuring the upper-arm circumference of young children.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. Covered stadiums, if soundly built, can provide adequate long-term shelter following a disaster.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. Long-term systems of shelter, also known as “camps,” are most effective if set up in a grid format.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. In most cases, the security needs of an affected area actually decrease following the disaster.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. Water that is left in a covered, protected container deteriorates over time.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. Most of the world’s poor countries are unable to coordinate well during large-scale disasters.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. The disaster declaration is a way for governments to acknowledge that response resources have become overwhelmed.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. The CNN effect has made recognition of disasters more difficult.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. When locating water sources to provide water for disaster victims, groundwater sources tend to be cleaner than surface water sources.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

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