The Human Body In Health And Disease 6th Edition By Patton – Test Bank

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INSTANT DOWNLOAD COMPLETE TEST BANK WITH ANSWERS

 

The Human Body In Health And Disease 6th Edition By Patton – Test Bank

 

Sample  Questions   

 

Chapter 2: Chemistry of Life

Test Bank

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

  1. Which subatomic particle has a positive charge?
A. proton C. electron
B. neutron D. nucleus

 

 

ANS:   A                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 27           TOP:    Atoms

 

  1. Which subatomic particle has no charge?
A. proton C. electron
B. neutron D. nucleus

 

 

ANS:   B                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 27           TOP:    Atoms

 

  1. Which subatomic particle has a negative charge?
A. proton C. electron
B. neutron D. nucleus

 

 

ANS:   C                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 27           TOP:    Atoms

 

  1. Which subatomic particle is found in the nucleus?
A. proton C. electron
B. neutron D. both A and B

 

 

ANS:   D                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 27           TOP:    Atoms

 

  1. Electrons are found
A. in the nucleus
B. in orbitals
C. at various distances from the nucleus called energy levels
D. both B and C

 

 

ANS:   D                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Pages 27-28

TOP:    Atoms

 

  1. The atomic number of an atom is the number of
A. protons C. electrons
B. neutrons D. both A and B

 

 

ANS:   A                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 27           TOP:    Atoms

 

  1. The atomic mass of an atom is the number of
A. protons C. electrons
B. neutrons D. both A and B

 

 

ANS:   D                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 27           TOP:    Atoms

 

  1. The subatomic particle that determines how an atom unites with other atoms is the
A. proton C. electron
B. neutron D. both A and B

 

 

ANS:   C                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 27           TOP:    Atoms

 

  1. An atom that contains 20 protons, 21 neutrons, and 20 electrons has an atomic number of
A. 20 C. 40
B. 41 D. 61

 

 

ANS:   A                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 27

TOP:    Atoms

 

  1. An atom that contains 20 protons, 21 neutrons, and 20 electrons has an atomic mass of
A. 20 C. 40
B. 41 D. 61

 

 

ANS:   B                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 27

TOP:    Atoms

 

  1. An atom that contains 20 protons, 21 neutrons, and 20 electrons has
A. a positive charge
B. a negative charge
C. no charge (electrically neutral)
D. not enough information is given to determine its charge

 

 

ANS:   C                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 27

TOP:    Atoms

 

  1. Which of these elements is not one of the four elements that make up most of the human body?
A. carbon C. oxygen
B. nitrogen D. calcium

 

 

ANS:   D                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 28           TOP:    Elements, molecules, and compounds

 

  1. Bonds that usually dissociate in water to form electrolytes are _____ bonds.
A. ionic C. organic
B. covalent D. both B and C

 

 

ANS:   A                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 29           TOP:    Ionic bonds

 

  1. The bonds formed when electrons are shared are called
A. electrolytes C. covalent bonds
B. ionic bonds D. inorganic bonds

 

 

ANS:   C                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 30           TOP:    Covalent bonds

 

  1. The process of dehydration synthesis
A. uses water to turn large molecules into smaller ones
B. adds a molecule of water to the reactants
C. converts smaller molecules into larger ones by removing water
D. both A and B

 

 

ANS:   C                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 31           TOP:    Water

 

  1. The process of hydrolysis
A. uses water to turn large molecules into smaller ones
B. removes a molecule of water from the reactants
C. converts smaller molecules into larger molecules by removing water
D. both B and C

 

 

ANS:   A                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 31           TOP:    Water

 

  1. Acids have
A. a pH less than 7 C. more OH than H+ ions
B. more H+ ions than OH ions D. both A and B

 

 

ANS:   D                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 32           TOP:    Acids, bases, and salts

 

  1. Bases have
A. a pH less than 7 C. a pH greater than 7
B. more H+ ions than OH ions D. both A and B

 

 

ANS:   C                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 32           TOP:    Acids, bases, and salts

 

  1. A solution with a pH of 4
A. has 100 times more H+ ions than a solution with a pH of 2
B. has 100 times fewer H+ ions than a solution with a pH of 2
C. has 100 times fewer H+ ions than a solution with a pH of 6
D. is basic

 

 

ANS:   B                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Synthesis         REF:    Page 32

TOP:    Acids, bases, and salts

 

  1. The end product of a reaction between a strong acid and a strong base is
A. water C. a weak acid and a weak base
B. a salt D. both A and B

 

 

ANS:   D                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 32           TOP:    Acids, bases, and salts

 

  1. Which of the following is an example of a monosaccharide?
A. sucrose C. lactose
B. glucose D. glycogen

 

 

ANS:   B                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 33           TOP:    Carbohydrates

 

  1. Which of the following is an example of a polysaccharide?
A. sucrose C. lactose
B. glucose D. glycogen

 

 

ANS:   D                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 33           TOP:    Carbohydrates

 

  1. Triglycerides
A. are steroid lipids
B. have a phosphorus-containing unit on one end
C. have two fatty acids
D. have three fatty acids

 

 

ANS:   D                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 34           TOP:    Lipids

 

  1. Phospholipids
A. contain glycerol C. contain three fatty acids
B. contain two fatty acids D. are steroid lipids

 

 

ANS:   B                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 34           TOP:    Lipids

 

  1. Cholesterol
A. contains three fatty acids C. is a steroid lipid
B. contains two fatty acids D. contains glycerol

 

 

ANS:   C                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Pages 34-35    TOP:    Lipids

 

  1. Which of the following is not true of proteins?
A. They have water-repelling tails. C. They contain nitrogen.
B. They are made up of amino acids. D. They contain peptide bonds.

 

 

ANS:   A                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 34           TOP:    Proteins

 

  1. Which of the following is a structural protein?
A. collagen C. enzymes
B. keratin D. both A and B

 

 

ANS:   D                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 35           TOP:    Proteins

 

  1. Which of the following is a functional protein?
A. collagen C. enzymes
B. keratin D. both A and B

 

 

ANS:   C                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 36           TOP:    Proteins

 

  1. Which of the following substances is not found in a DNA nucleotide?
A. phosphate unit C. nitrogen base
B. glycerol molecule D. a sugar

 

 

ANS:   B                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 34           TOP:    Nucleic acids

 

  1. Which substance is found only in DNA?
A. adenine C. thymine
B. guanine D. cytosine

 

 

ANS:   C                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 36           TOP:    Nucleic acids

 

  1. The nitrogen atom has a total of seven electrons. To have a full outer energy level, it would have to
A. add one electron C. add three electrons
B. lose one electron D. lose two electrons

 

 

ANS:   C                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Synthesis         REF:    Page 27

TOP:    Atoms

 

  1. Which type of chemical bond does not result in the formation of a new molecule?
A. hydrogen bond
B. ionic bond
C. covalent bond
D. None of the above; all chemical bonds result in the formation of a new molecule.

 

 

ANS:   A                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 30           TOP:    Hydrogen bonds

 

TRUE/FALSE

 

  1. Matter is anything that occupies space and has mass.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 27           TOP:    Levels of chemical organization

 

  1. The mass of an atom is determined by the total number of protons and electrons.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 27           TOP:    Atoms

 

  1. The two subatomic particles found in the nucleus of the atom are protons and neutrons.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 27           TOP:    Atoms

 

  1. A full atomic orbital always contains eight electrons.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 28           TOP:    Atoms

 

  1. The atomic number of an atom is the number of protons plus the number of electrons.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 27           TOP:    Atoms

 

  1. The closer an orbital is to the nucleus of an atom, the higher its energy level.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 28           TOP:    Atoms

 

  1. An atom with 11 protons, 12 neutrons, and 10 electrons has an atomic number of 11.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 27

TOP:    Atoms

 

  1. An atom with 11 protons, 12 neutrons, and 10 electrons has an atomic mass of 21.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 27

TOP:    Atoms

 

  1. An atom with 11 protons, 12 neutrons, and 10 electrons has a +1 charge.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 27

TOP:    Atoms

 

  1. An element is a substance composed of only one type of atom.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 28           TOP:    Elements, molecules, and compounds

 

  1. All molecules are not necessarily compounds.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 28

TOP:    Elements, molecules, and compounds

 

  1. Chemical bonds form when atoms share, donate, or borrow electrons.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 29           TOP:    Chemical bonding

 

  1. Ionic bonds result from atoms sharing electrons.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 29           TOP:    Ionic bonds

 

  1. When an ionic compound is put into water, it dissociates into ions.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 29           TOP:    Ionic bonds

 

  1. Covalent bonds are formed when atoms share electrons.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 30           TOP:    Covalent bonds

 

  1. When a covalent compound is put into water, it dissociates into ions.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 30           TOP:    Covalent bonds

 

  1. For a compound to be considered an organic compound it must have a C-O or an H-O bond.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 31           TOP:    Inorganic chemistry

 

  1. Water is the most abundant organic compound in the body.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 31           TOP:    Water

 

  1. The process of dehydration synthesis makes bigger molecules from smaller molecules.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 31           TOP:    Water

 

  1. The process of dehydration synthesis has water as one of its end products.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 31           TOP:    Water

 

  1. The process of hydrolysis has water as one of its end products.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 31           TOP:    Water

 

  1. One of the end products of hydrolysis would have one more hydrogen atom than it did at the beginning of the reaction.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Synthesis         REF:    Page 31

TOP:    Water

 

  1. Acids have a higher concentration of H+ ions than OH ions.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 32           TOP:    Acids, bases, and salts

 

  1. Bases have a higher concentration of OH ions than H+ ions.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 32           TOP:    Acids, bases, and salts

 

  1. A solution with a pH of 8 has more H+ ions than a solution with a pH of 4.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 32

TOP:    Acids, bases, and salts

 

  1. A solution with a pH of 5 has more H+ ions than a solution with a pH of 7.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 32

TOP:    Acids, bases, and salts

 

  1. A solution with a pH of 2 has 10 times the number of H+ ions than a solution with a pH of 3.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 32

TOP:    Acids, bases, and salts

 

  1. When a strong acid and a strong base react, one of the end products is water.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 32           TOP:    Acids, bases, and salts

 

  1. A weak acid almost completely dissociates in water.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 32           TOP:    Acids, bases, and salts

 

  1. When a strong acid and a strong base react, one of the end products is a salt.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 32           TOP:    Acids, bases, and salts

 

  1. A buffer is a substance that resists a sudden change in pH.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 33           TOP:    Acids, bases, and salts

 

  1. The basic unit of a carbohydrate is a monosaccharide.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 33           TOP:    Carbohydrates

 

  1. A molecule of glucose is larger than a molecule of sucrose.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 33

TOP:    Carbohydrates

 

  1. Sucrose is an example of a disaccharide.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 33           TOP:    Carbohydrates

 

  1. Glycogen and starch are both examples of polysaccharides.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 33           TOP:    Carbohydrates

 

  1. The process of dehydration synthesis could be used to convert a monosaccharide into a disaccharide.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Synthesis         REF:    Page 31 | Page 33

TOP:    Water and carbohydrates

 

  1. Both fats and oils are lipids.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 34           TOP:    Lipids

 

  1. A triglyceride contains two fatty acid molecules.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 34           TOP:    Lipids

 

  1. A triglyceride contains a molecule of glycerol.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 34           TOP:    Lipids

 

  1. Phospholipids contain three fatty acids.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 34           TOP:    Lipids

 

  1. Phospholipids are important molecules in the cell membrane.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Pages 34-35    TOP:    Lipids

 

  1. Cholesterol is a steroid lipid.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 35           TOP:    Lipids

 

  1. Cholesterol contains two fatty acid molecules.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 34           TOP:    Lipids

 

  1. Cholesterol is needed for the formation of several hormones in the body.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 34           TOP:    Lipids

 

  1. The basic building block of proteins is nucleotides.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 35           TOP:    Proteins

 

  1. The basic building blocks of protein are held together by peptide bonds.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 35           TOP:    Proteins

 

  1. Structural proteins include collagen, keratin, and enzymes.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Pages 35-36    TOP:    Proteins

 

  1. Enzymes are functional proteins that act as chemical catalysts.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 36           TOP:    Proteins

 

  1. The basic building blocks of nucleic acids are nucleotides.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 36           TOP:    Nucleic acids

 

  1. The DNA and RNA molecules are the same except the DNA has thymine and the RNA molecule has uracil.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 36

TOP:    Nucleic acids

 

  1. The nitrogen bases adenine, guanine, and cytosine can be found in both RNA and DNA.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 36           TOP:    Nucleic acids

 

  1. One difference between DNA and RNA is the type of sugar found in the nucleotides.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 36           TOP:    Nucleic acids

 

  1. The smallest unit of matter is the electron.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 27           TOP:    Levels of chemical organization

 

  1. The oxygen atom has a total of eight electrons. That means it has six electrons in its outer energy level.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Analysis          REF:    Page 27

TOP:    Atoms

 

  1. The number of electrons in the outer energy level of an atom determines how it behaves chemically.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 27           TOP:    Atoms

 

  1. The formula for glucose is C6H12O6. This indicates that there are 24 atoms in a molecule of glucose.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 28

TOP:    Elements, molecules, and compounds

 

  1. The electrolyte most often formed by magnesium (Mg) is Mg++. This shows that the ion has two more electrons than protons.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 30

TOP:    Ionic bonds

 

  1. Water is the most common solute in the human body.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 31           TOP:    Water

 

  1. Both sucrose and lactose are examples of disaccharides.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 33           TOP:    Carbohydrates

 

  1. Fats tend to be solids at room temperature.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 34           TOP:    Lipids

 

  1. Both cholesterol and phospholipids are involved in the structure of the cell membrane.

 

ANS:   T                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 34           TOP:    Lipids

 

  1. The lock-and-key model describes how two strands of DNA are able to join so precisely to form a double helix.

 

ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 36           TOP:    Proteins

 

MATCHING

 

Match each part of the atom with its corresponding description.

A. protons C. electrons
B. neutrons D. both protons and neutrons

 

 

  1. part of the atom that is found in the nucleus

 

  1. part of the atom that is found in orbitals around the nucleus

 

  1. part of the atom that gives an atom its atomic number

 

  1. part of the atom that when combined with the proton gives the atom its atomic mass

 

  1. ANS:   D                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 27           TOP:    Atoms

 

  1. ANS:   C                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 27           TOP:    Atoms

 

  1. ANS:   A                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 27           TOP:    Atoms

 

  1. ANS:   B                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 27           TOP:    Atoms

 

Match each organic compound with its corresponding description.

A. carbohydrates E. proteins
B. triglycerides F. RNA
C. phospholipids G. DNA
D. cholesterol

 

 

  1. compound whose basic unit is a monosaccharide

 

  1. nucleic acid that contains the nitrogen base uracil

 

  1. lipid that is used to make hormones such as estrogen and testosterone

 

  1. nucleic acid that contains the nitrogen base thymine

 

  1. lipid that is composed of a molecule of glycerol and three fatty acids

 

  1. lipid that has two fatty acids and is important in the cell membrane

 

  1. an enzyme

 

  1. ANS:   A                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 33           TOP:    Carbohydrates

 

  1. ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 36           TOP:    Nucleic acids

 

  1. ANS:   D                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 34           TOP:    Lipids

 

  1. ANS:   G                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 36           TOP:    Nucleic acids

 

  1. ANS:   B                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 34           TOP:    Lipids

 

  1. ANS:   C                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 34           TOP:    Lipids

 

  1. ANS:   E                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 35           TOP:    Proteins

 

Match each term with its corresponding description or definition.

A. nucleus G. covalent bonds
B. ionic bond H. orbitals
C. atomic mass I. hydrolysis
D. compound J. dehydration synthesis
E. electrolyte K. acid
F. atomic number L. base

 

 

  1. part of the atom in which electrons are found

 

  1. equal to the number of protons an atom has

 

  1. molecules that form ions when dissolved in water

 

  1. process by which reactants combine only after hydrogen and oxygen atoms have been removed

 

  1. compound that produces H+ ions

 

  1. part of the atom in which protons are found

 

  1. bond formed by the attraction of atoms or molecules that have opposite charges

 

  1. compound that produces OH ions

 

  1. equal to the number of protons and neutrons in an atom

 

  1. process by which water is used to make smaller molecules form larger molecules

 

  1. bond that is formed when electrons are shared

 

  1. a molecule that contains more than one type of atom

 

  1. ANS:   H                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 27           TOP:    Atoms

 

  1. ANS:   F                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 27           TOP:    Atoms

 

  1. ANS:   E                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 30           TOP:    Ionic bonds

 

  1. ANS:   J                      PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 31           TOP:    Water

 

  1. ANS:   K                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 32           TOP:    Acids, bases, and salts

 

  1. ANS:   A                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 27           TOP:    Atoms

 

  1. ANS:   B                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 30           TOP:    Ionic bonds

 

  1. ANS:   L                     PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 32           TOP:    Acids, bases, and salts

 

  1. ANS:   C                     PTS:    0                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 27           TOP:    Atoms

 

  1. ANS:   I                      PTS:    0                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 31           TOP:    Water

 

  1. ANS:   G                     PTS:    0                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 30           TOP:    Covalent bonds

 

  1. ANS:   D                     PTS:    0                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 28           TOP:    Elements, molecules, and compounds

 

SHORT ANSWER

 

  1. Name the three parts of the atom and give a description of each.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 27

TOP:    Atoms

 

  1. Explain how an ionic bond forms.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 30

TOP:    Ionic bonds

 

  1. Explain how a covalent bond forms.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 30

TOP:    Covalent bonds

 

  1. Explain the processes of dehydration synthesis and hydrolysis.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 31

TOP:    Water

 

  1. Describe the difference between an acid solution and a base solution in terms of the amount and types of ions in each.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 32

TOP:    Acids, bases, and salts

 

  1. Explain the relationship among H+  ion concentration, OH ion concentration, and pH.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 32

TOP:    Acids, bases, and salts

 

  1. Describe the structure of carbohydrates and explain their use in the body.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 33

TOP:    Carbohydrates

 

  1. Describe the three types of lipids and give the function of each.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 34

TOP:    Lipids

 

  1. Describe the structure of a protein and give examples of a structural protein and a functional protein.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 35

TOP:    Proteins

 

  1. Explain the structure of a nucleic acid and list the differences between RNA and DNA.

 

ANS:

Answers will vary.

 

PTS:    1                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 36

TOP:    Nucleic acids

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