Foundations of Respiratory Care 2nd Edition by Wyka – Test Bank

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INSTANT DOWNLOAD COMPLETE TEST BANK WITH ANSWERS

 

Foundations of Respiratory Care 2nd Edition by Wyka – Test Bank

 

Sample  Questions

 

2

 

Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

 

____    1.   Which of the following is an example of a felony?

a. petty theft c. grand larceny
b. disorderly conduct d. driving while intoxicated

 

 

____    2.   The rules and regulations of medicine are examples of which of the following?

a. administrative law c. statutory law
b. common law d. judicial law

 

 

____    3.   Civil law is the same as which of the following?

a. statutory law c. common law
b. administrative law d. private law

 

 

____    4.   Which of the following are elements of torts?

  1. breach of duty
  2. demonstration of criminal action
  3. damages that are a proximate of breach of duty
  4. a legal duty owing from defendant to plaintiff
a. 1, 2 c. 2, 3
b. 1, 3, 4 d. 3, 4

 

 

____    5.   Which of the following is an example of a category of tort?

a. commission of a felony c. criminal assault
b. negligence d. public intoxication

 

 

____    6.   Which of the following are common forms of intentional torts?

a. assault and battery c. falsification of credentials
b. criminal negligence d. false record keeping

 

 

____    7.   A nurse writes on her Facebook page that the respiratory therapist (RT) supervisor on the shift that she works is incompetent and abusive toward both the staff and patients. This is an example of which of the following?

a. libel c. slander
b. sexual harassment d. license violation

 

 

____    8.   Which of the following are forms of negligence?

  1. slander
  2. malpractice
  3. battery
  4. malfeasance
a. 1, 2, 3 c. 2, 4
b. 1, 4 d. 3, 4

 

 

____    9.   In a civil lawsuit, the individual who begins the action is which of the following?

a. accuser c. plaintiff
b. defendant d. complainant

 

 

____  10.   All the following are elements of discovery except:

a. deposition c. interrogatory
b. accusation d. document requests

 

 

____  11.   The expression “He who dies with the most toys wins” is an example of:

a. nihilism c. misanthropy
b. immorality d. hedonism

 

 

____  12.   Which of the following are situations in which there is a legal requirement to break confidentiality?

  1. attempted suicide
  2. child abuse
  3. communicable disease
  4. wounds made with knives and guns
a. 1, 2, 4 c. 2, 3, 4
b. 1, 3 d. 4

 

 

____  13.   Which of the following is meant by veracity?

a. dishonesty c. truthfulness
b. immorality d. ethical conduct

 

 

____  14.   All the following are rights that patients have under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) except to:

a. request reduction of their hospital bill
b. request restrictions as to distribution of information
c. receive notice of the provider’s privacy practices
d. request accounting of all disclosures of their health information

 

 

____  15.   Which of the following is an element of duty-oriented decision making that makes it different from consequence-oriented decision making?

a. describe the problem c. list possible solutions
b. choose the solution with the highest quality d. compare the solution with principles

 

 

____  16.   A family member overhears a respiratory therapist in the elevator talking to a colleague about his mother who is dying of cancer. The respiratory therapist mentions the patient’s name several times and reveals information about the patient’s prognosis that is upsetting to the family member. The therapist’s action represents which of the following types of behavior?

a. unethical c. unprofessional
b. illegal and unprofessional d. unethical and unprofessional

 

 

____  17.   Harmful or offensive touching or contact by another person is the essence of which of the following?

a. battery c. assault
b. slander d. libel

 

 

____  18.   Which of the following is a tort action involving the invasion of privacy?

a. malfeasance c. slander
b. negligence d. intrusion

 

 

____  19.   Individuals who enter into the respiratory therapy profession should possess which of the following?

  1. a personal commitment to excellence of practice
  2. clinical competence because it guarantees professional conduct
  3. appropriate moral and ethical conduct
  4. an understanding of the basics of the law
a. 1, 2, 3 c. 1, 3, 4
b. 2, 3, 4 d. 1, 3

 

 

____  20.   Ethical issues that must clearly be avoided by respiratory therapists include all of the following except:

a. failure to protect patient confidentiality
b. failure to discourage patients/family from requesting do not resuscitate (DNR) orders
c. failure to provide equal care to all patients
d. failure to report incompetent, unethical activities of colleagues

 

 

____  21.   Legal decisions based on long-term custom that are guided by ethical principles are what type of law?

a. common c. criminal
b. statutory d. administrative

 

 

____  22.   In order for a claim to be considered an act of negligence, there must be which of the following?

a. an element of  intent
b. a willful act that violates another’s interest
c. an omission of a reasonable act
d. a harmful act that results in injury to the patient

 

 

____  23.   Respondeat superior is best described as which of the following?

a. the doctrine that exempts allied health personnel from the responsibility for their personal actions
b. the law that holds hospitals and physicians liable for negligent actions of allied health personnel
c. the doctrine that allows allied health personnel to work under the license of a physician
d. the doctrine that allows for the assessment of vicarious liability against those in a master-and-servant relationship

 

 

____  24.   Advantages of the arbitration process for settling legal disputes include which of the following?

a. Findings can always be appealed.
b. A judge is always chosen as the unbiased party.
c. Jury selection is less complex, which shortens the legal process.
d. The arbitration process is less time-consuming and less expensive than suit and trial processing.

 

 

____  25.   The law requires that patient confidentiality must be broken in situations when which of the following occurs?

a. Social beliefs have been violated.
b. It becomes necessary to protect others who are vulnerable to grave health and safety risks.
c. There is a breach of moral standards.
d. Religious beliefs require disclosure of otherwise confidential information.

 

2

Answer Section

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

  1. 4

     

    Multiple Choice

    Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

     

    ____    1.   Which of the following is the name of an ion that gives up one or more electrons, resulting in a positive charge?

    a. anion c. cation
    b. dipole d. charged ion

     

     

    ____    2.   Which of the following is a common molecule formed by ionic bonding?

    a. H2O c. MgSO2
    b. O2 d. NaCl

     

     

    ____    3.   Which of the following is an important disaccharide?

    a. sucrose c. fructose
    b. glucose d. galactose

     

     

    ____    4.   Which of the following is the principal storage form of carbohydrates in animals?

    a. starch c. lipid
    b. glycogen d. triglyceride

     

     

    ____    5.   RNA is found in what part of the cell?

    a. cytoplasm c. mitochondria
    b. nucleus d. Golgi complex

     

     

    ____    6.   pH is which of the following?

    a. a measure of HCO3
    b. the negative log of the hydrogen ion concentration
    c. the sum of bases and acids in a solution
    d. expressed as mL/dL

     

     

    ____    7.   Which of the following are examples of a fixed acid?

    1. sulfuric
    2. lactic
    3. carbonic
    4. acetoacetic
    a. 1, 2, 4 c. 2, 4
    b. 1, 3 d. 3, 4

     

     

    ____    8.   The average individual produces about how much carbon dioxide per day?

    a. 5–10 moles c. 15–20 moles
    b. 10–15 moles d. 20–25 moles

     

     

    ____    9.   What is the pH for carbonic acid (H2CO3)?

    a. 6.1 c. 7.4
    b. 6.9 d. 7.8

     

     

    ____  10.   Which of the following are physiologic buffer systems?

    1. hydration
    2. phosphate
    3. hemoglobin
    4. protein
    a. 1, 2, 3 c. 2, 3, 4
    b. 1, 4 d. 3, 4

     

     

    ____  11.   The major noncarbonic acids are eliminated through which part of the body?

    a. kidney c. lung
    b. liver d. intestine

     

     

    ____  12.   The noncarbonic acids are eliminated in which of the following amounts per day?

    a. 50–150 mmol c. 250–350 mmol
    b. 150–250 mmol d. 350–450 mmol

     

     

    ____  13.   Hypoventilation is most likely to result in which of the following?

    a. metabolic alkalosis c. respiratory alkalosis
    b. metabolic acidosis d. respiratory acidosis

     

     

    ____  14.   A decrease of PaCO2 along with an increased pH results in which of the following conditions?

    a. respiratory alkalosis c. metabolic alkalosis
    b. respiratory acidosis d. metabolic acidosis

     

     

    ____  15.   A patient presents with severe hypoxia. This could result in which of the following acid-base states?

    a. metabolic alkalosis c. respiratory alkalosis
    b. metabolic acidosis d. respiratory acidosis

     

     

    ____  16.   Which of the following is a cause of metabolic alkalosis?

    a. hyperventilation c. severe hypoxia
    b. diabetic crisis d. sustained vomiting

     

     

    ____  17.   Metabolic alkalosis is sometimes accompanied by which of the following?

    a. increased Cl c. decreased K
    b. increased Na d. decreased Ca

     

     

    ____  18.   According to the periodic table, which of the following is the symbol for lead?

    a. Le c. La
    b. Ld d. Hg

     

     

    ____  19.   During an arterial puncture, a patient begins to breathe faster because of the anxiety and pain. Which of the following acid-base states will likely occur?

    a. respiratory acidosis c. metabolic acidosis
    b. respiratory alkalosis d. metabolic alkalosis

     

     

    ____  20.   A patient experiences a cardiac arrest during which he has no circulation for at least 2 minutes. He is then resuscitated using chest compressions and bag/mask ventilation. Because of the initial hypoxia, which of the following acid-base states will the patient most likely experience?

    a. respiratory acidosis c. metabolic acidosis
    b. respiratory alkalosis d. metabolic alkalosis

     

     

    ____  21.   Carbon exists in how many isotopes?

    a. 1 c. 3
    b. 2 d. 4

     

     

    ____  22.   Monosaccharides are examples of which of the following?

    a. carbohydrates c. nucleic acid
    b. proteins d. lipids

     

     

    ____  23.   Polypeptides are polymers consisting of up to how many amino acids?

    a. 20 c. 50
    b. 30 d. 80

     

     

    ____  24.   DNA is found in which of the following parts of the cell?

    a. cytoplasm c. mitochondria
    b. nucleus d. Golgi complex

     

     

    ____  25.   A 76-year-old presents with severe renal failure. Arterial blood gas analysis shows a metabolic acidosis. The body will attempt to compensate for this by which of the following mechanisms?

    a. increased production of bicarbonate c. increased cardiac output
    b. increased retention of potassium d. hyperventilation

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