Concepts In Biology 14th Edition By Enger – Test Bank

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INSTANT DOWNLOAD COMPLETE TEST BANK WITH ANSWERS
Concepts In Biology 14th Edition By Enger – Test Bank

 

Chapter 02

The Basics of Life: Chemistry

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. An atom that has gained electrons is a
    A.reactant.
    B. negative ion.
    C. positive ion.
    D. compound ion.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Discriminate between atoms and elements; molecules and compounds.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemistry

  1. An atom with twelve electrons, twelve protons, and fourteen neutrons has a mass number of
    A.fourteen.
    B. twenty-four.
    C. thirty-eight.
    D. twenty-six.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Discriminate between atoms and elements; molecules and compounds.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. A hydroxide ion has an oxygen atom
    A.only.
    B. and an extra electron.
    C. and a hydrogen atom, and an extra electron.
    D. and a hydrogen atom, and an extra proton.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Discriminate between atoms and elements; molecules and compounds.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemistry

  1. A negative charge is characteristic of a(n)
    A.positive ion.
    B. electron.
    C. neutron.
    D. proton.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Discriminate between atoms and elements; molecules and compounds.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Solutions are always comprised of
    A.solvents and solute.
    B. liquids and solids.
    C. water and salts.
    D. compounds and ions.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Differentiate among solution, solvent, and solute.
Section: 02.07
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. The greatest amount of kinetic energy is found in
    A.gases.
    B. liquids.
    C. solids.
    D. colloids.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Summarize the difference between potential and kinetic energy.
Section: 02.03
Section: 02.04
Topic: Chemistry

  1. All chemical reactions
    A.involve the creation of new atoms.
    B. involve a change in chemical bonds.
    C. are dangerous.
    D. create energy.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Contrast chemical bonds and hydrogen bonds.
Learning Outcome: Discriminate between atoms and elements; molecules and compounds.
Section: 02.06
Topic: Chemistry

  1. A covalent bond is
    A.the attraction that one atom has for another atom.
    B. the attraction between two atoms, formed by the sharing of electrons.
    C. formed between the positive charge of a hydrogen atom in one molecule and the negative charge of a nitrogen atom in another nearby molecule.
    D. the attraction between a positive ion and a negative ion.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Contrast chemical bonds and hydrogen bonds.
Section: 02.06
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. Protons = 7, neutrons = 10, electrons = 7. The mass number of this atom is
    A.seven.
    B. ten.
    C. fourteen.
    D. seventeen.

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: Discriminate between atoms and elements; molecules and compounds.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemistry

  1. An acid is a substance that, in solution, releases
    A.oxygen ions in H2SO4.
    B. hydrogen ions, for example, HCl.
    C. —COOR ions from beer.
    D. chloride ions from NaCl.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Identify compounds that are acids, bases, or salts.
Section: 02.09
Topic: Chemistry

  1. A particle in the atom that has neither a negative nor a positive electrical charge is the
    A.electron.
    B. element.
    C. isotope.
    D. neutron.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Discriminate between atoms and elements; molecules and compounds.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. In the expression C6H12O6 ® 2C2H5OH + 2CO2, the products are
    A.C6H12O6.
    B. C6H12O6 + zymase.
    C. zymase + 2C2H5OH + 2CO2.
    D. 2C2H5OH + 2CO2.

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: Explain the difference between reactants and products.
Section: 02.08
Topic: Chemistry

  1. The correct symbol for a hydroxide ion is
    A.H.
    B. H+.
    C. (OH).
    D. (OH)+.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Identify compounds that are acids, bases, or salts.
Section: 02.09
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Kinetic energy is best defined as
    A.the energy of position.
    B. the energy of electrical charge.
    C. the energy of motion.
    D. stored energy.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Summarize the difference between potential and kinetic energy.
Section: 02.04
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. Which one of the following statements is false concerning matter?
    A.Matter is anything that has mass and takes up space.
    B. Air is matter.
    C. All matter has the same density.
    D. The phases of matter are determined by the relative amounts of energy in the matter’s molecules.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Contrast matter and energy.
Section: 02.01
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemistry

  1. When two atoms share a pair of electrons, this type of chemical bond is
    A.ionic.
    B. covalent.
    C. hydrogen.
    D. negative-positive.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Discriminate between atoms and elements; molecules and compounds.
Section: 02.06
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Given that an unknown atom’s mass number (AMU) is 27, its combination of particles could be
    A.27 electrons, 16 neutrons, 16 protons.
    B. 27 neutrons, 27 protons, 27 electrons.
    C. 15 neutrons, 12 electrons, 15 protons.
    D. 16 electrons, 11 neutrons, 16 protons.

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: Discriminate between atoms and elements; molecules and compounds.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. A base can be defined as
    A.a hydroxide ion acceptor.
    B. an attraction between a positive ion and a negative ion.
    C. a substance that gives up hydrogen ions when dissolved in water.
    D. a substance that gives up hydroxide groups in a solution.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Identify compounds that are acids, bases, or salts.
Section: 02.09
Topic: Chemistry

  1. The smallest particle of an element that still retains the properties of that element is a(n)
    A.atom.
    B. proton.
    C. electron.
    D. element.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Discriminate between atoms and elements; molecules and compounds.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemistry

  1. A chemical reactant is one that
    A.enters into a chemical reaction.
    B. is the newly formed molecule.
    C. is at a point when both sides of the equation are equal.
    D. during photosynthesis, is one molecule of sugar and six molecules of oxygen.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Explain the difference between reactants and products.
Section: 02.08
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. An isotope is an atom of an element that varies in mass number due to variation in the number of
    A.atoms.
    B. protons.
    C. neutrons.
    D. electrons.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Explain the difference between reactants and products.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemistry

  1. A substance that is a solid
    A.contains a large amount of oxygen.
    B. contains molecules that are packed tightly together and vibrate in place.
    C. is bonded very tightly (covalent).
    D. contains a large amount of hydrogen bonds.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the differences among liquids, solids, and gases.
Section: 02.05
Topic: Chemistry

  1. An atom that has lost electrons is a
    A.cation.
    B. neutral atom.
    C. molecule.
    D. anion.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Discriminate between atoms and elements; molecules and compounds.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. If a particular atom has 27 electrons, 27 protons, and 31 neutrons, its mass number would be
    A.52.
    B. 54.
    C. 56.
    D. 58.

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: Discriminate between atoms and elements; molecules and compounds.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemistry

  1. A solution that contains an excess of protons is(are)
    A.hydroxide ions.
    B. an acid.
    C. a base.
    D. the pH.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Identify compounds that are acids, bases, or salts.
Section: 02.09
Topic: Chemistry

  1. AgNO3 + NaCl ® AgCl + NaNO3. The AgNO3 in the equation is called a(n)
    A.reactant.
    B. acid.
    C. product.
    D. base.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Explain the difference between reactants and products.
Section: 02.08
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. An isotope shows which of the following?
    A.A change in atomic number
    B. Inability to form compounds
    C. A change in mass number
    D. More electrons

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Discriminate between atoms and elements; molecules and compounds.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemistry

  1. A material composed of atoms vibrating in place
    A.has high kinetic energy and is a gas.
    B. has low kinetic energy and is a liquid.
    C. has low kinetic energy and is a solid.
    D. has high kinetic energy and is a solid.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Summarize the difference between potential and kinetic energy.
Section: 02.04
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Which of the following is a chemical reaction that is also known as digestion?
    A.phosphorylation
    B. dehydration synthesis
    C. acid-base
    D. hydrolysis

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the five types of chemical reactions associated with all living things.
Section: 02.08
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. Which kind of chemical reaction involves the attachment or removal of a phosphate group?
    A.oxidation-reduction
    B. acid phosphorylation
    C. phosphorylation
    D. hydrolysis

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List the five types of chemical reactions associated with all living things.
Section: 02.08
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Which of the following is an acid?
    A.K2SO4
    B. NaNO3
    C. CaCO3
    D. H3PO4

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Identify compounds that are acids, bases, or salts.
Section: 02.09
Topic: Chemistry

  1. An atomic particle with a weight of one, and a positive electrical charge is a(n)
    A.electron.
    B. proton.
    C. neutron.
    D. isotope.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Discriminate between atoms and elements; molecules and compounds.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. 6CO2 + 6H2O ® C6H12O2 + 6O2. In this reaction O2 is
    A.a reactant.
    B. a product.
    C. a reactant and a product.
    D. neither a reactant nor a product.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Explain the difference between reactants and products.
Section: 02.08
Topic: Chemistry

  1. One atom of sodium has a mass number of 22 units; another atom of sodium is 23 units. These two atoms are
    A.nonreactive.
    B. unstable.
    C. ions.
    D. isotopes.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Explain the difference between reactants and products.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Which kind of attractive force holds two molecules together?
    A.ionic bond
    B. hydrogen bond
    C. covalent bond
    D. sticky bond

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Explain how atoms stick together to form compounds.
Section: 02.06
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. A solution with a high concentration of hydrogen ions could have a pH of
    A.2.
    B. 6.
    C. 9.
    D. 11.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Work with the pH scale.
Section: 02.09
Topic: Chemistry

  1. The attraction between a positively charged atom and a negatively charged atom within the same molecule is
    A.ionic bonding.
    B. hydrogen bonding.
    C. covalent bonding.
    D. ions.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Contrast chemical bonds and hydrogen bonds.
Section: 02.06
Topic: Chemistry

  1. A scale used to indicate the strength of an acid or base is called a ____ scale.
    A.thermodynamic
    B. aquatic
    C. pH
    D. reduction

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Work with the pH scale.
Section: 02.09
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. The part of an atom without a charge is a(n)
    A.ion.
    B. neutron.
    C. electron.
    D. molecule.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Discriminate between atoms and elements; molecules and compounds.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Which of the following indicates “reactant”? C6H12O6 + O2 ® CO2 + 6H2O
    A.C6H12O6 + O2
    B. H2O
    C. CO2
    D. None of the choices is correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Explain the difference between reactants and products.
Section: 02.08
Topic: Chemistry

  1. In the expression 2H2S + 3O2 ® 2H2O + SO2, which is the acid?
    A.H2S
    B. O2
    C. SO2
    D. H2O

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: Identify compounds that are acids, bases, or salts.
Section: 02.09
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. An ion having eleven protons, twelve neutrons, and ten electrons will have a charge of
    A.+.
    B. -.
    C. ++.
    D. –.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Differentiate among atomic weight, atomic number, atomic mass, and mass number.
Section: 02.02
Section: 02.06
Topic: Chemistry

  1. A list of all of the elements in order of increasing atomic number is called the
    A.pH.
    B. law of thermodynamics.
    C. phase of matter.
    D. periodic table.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the information found in the periodic table of the elements.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemistry

  1. The mass of a given volume of matter is expressed as
    A.weight.
    B. energy.
    C. density.
    D. gravity.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the differences among liquids, solids, and gases.
Section: 02.01
Section: 02.05
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. The reaction C6H12O6 + O2 ® CO2 + 6H2O is which type of chemical reaction?
    A.hydrolysis
    B. transfer
    C. dehydration synthesis
    D. oxidation-reduction

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Explain the difference between reactants and products.
Section: 02.08
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Which rule states that atoms attempt to acquire an outermost energy level with eight electrons through chemical reactions?
    A.octet
    B. atomic stability
    C. hybridization
    D. full energy level

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Describe the information found in the periodic table of the elements.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemistry

  1. A person jogging displays what kind of energy?
    A.potential
    B. kinetic
    C. nuclear
    D. sweat

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: List the five types of chemical reactions associated with all living things.
Section: 02.08
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. HCl + NaOH ® NaCl + H2O. This reaction is an example of a(n)
    A.oxidation/reduction reaction.
    B. hydrolysis reaction.
    C. phosphorylation reaction.
    D. acid-base reaction.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Explain the difference between reactants and products.
Section: 02.08
Topic: Chemistry

  1. The atomic number for carbon is 6. The isotope 14C has ____ neutrons.
    A.6
    B. 8
    C. 14
    D. 20

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Discriminate between atoms and elements; molecules and compounds.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Given that an unknown atom’s mass is 11, its combination of subatomic particles could be
    A.11 protons, 11 neutrons, and 11 electrons.
    B. 6 protons, 5 neutrons, and 11 electrons.
    C. 4 protons, 3 neutrons, and 4 electrons.
    D. 5 protons, 6 neutrons, and 5 electrons.

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: Discriminate between atoms and elements; molecules and compounds.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. One molecule of sodium nitrate (NaNO3) contains ____ atoms.
    A.6
    B. 5
    C. 4
    D. 3

 

Bloom’s Level: 4. Analyze
Learning Outcome: Discriminate between atoms and elements; molecules and compounds.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemistry

  1. The statement that energy is never created or destroyed is known as
    A.thermodynamics.
    B. kinetic molecular theory.
    C. first law of matter and energy.
    D. law of conservation of energy.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Contrast matter and energy.
Section: 02.01
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Which one of the following rows best represents a gas in relation to a solid or liquid of the same compound?

    A.Row 1
    B. Row 2
    C. Row 3
    D. Row 4

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: Describe the differences among liquids, solids, and gases.
Section: 02.05
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. Which one of the following is true with regard to the numbers of subatomic particles in an atom?
    A.The number of neutrons always equals the number of protons.
    B. The number of electrons always equals the number of neutrons.
    C. The atomic number always equals the number of protons.
    D. The atomic number always equals the number of neutrons.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Discriminate between atoms and elements; molecules and compounds.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemistry

  1. The fact that all matter is made up of tiny particles that are in constant motion is known as the
    A.first law of thermodynamics.
    B. energy motion theory.
    C. kinetic molecular theory.
    D. first law of solids.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Describe the differences among liquids, solids, and gases.
Section: 02.01
Section: 02.05
Topic: Chemistry

  1. The formulation Ca++Cl2, indicates
    A.covalent bonding between one calcium atom and two chlorine atoms.
    B. one calcium ion that has gained two electrons and formed ionic bonds with two chloride ions that have each lost one electron.
    C. one calcium atom with two protons and two chlorine atoms that share one electron.
    D. one calcium ion that has lost two electrons and formed ionic bonds with two chloride ions that have each gained one electron.

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: Contrast chemical bonds and hydrogen bonds.
Section: 02.06
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. One atomic mass unit (AMU) approximately equals the mass of one
    A.proton.
    B. electron.
    C. nucleus.
    D. proton plus the mass of one neutron.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Discriminate between atoms and elements; molecules and compounds.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemistry

  1. A bond in which the positive end of one polar molecule is attracted to the negative end of another polar molecule is a(n)
    A.covalent bond.
    B. ionic bond.
    C. electron bond.
    D. hydrogen bond.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Contrast chemical bonds and hydrogen bonds.
Section: 02.06
Topic: Chemistry

  1. When a pencil falls from a tabletop to the floor
    A.kinetic energy is converted to potential energy.
    B. potential energy is converted to kinetic energy.
    C. energy is created.
    D. energy is destroyed.

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: Summarize the difference between potential and kinetic energy.
Section: 02.03
Section: 02.04
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. The pH of a strong base is closest to
    A.2.
    B. 6.
    C. 9.
    D. 12.

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: Work with the pH scale.
Section: 02.09
Topic: Chemistry

  1. A neutral atom with an atomic number of 15 will have ____ electrons in its outermost energy level.
    A.3
    B. 5
    C. 8
    D. 15

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Discriminate between atoms and elements; molecules and compounds.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Which one of the following represents the correct mass, location, and charge of a proton?

    A.Row 1
    B. Row 2
    C. Row 3
    D. Row 4

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: Discriminate between atoms and elements; molecules and compounds.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. The higher the pH,
    A.the greater the hydroxide ion concentration.
    B. the more acidic the solution.
    C. the greater the hydrogen ion concentration.
    D. the lower the pH number.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Work with the pH scale.
Section: 02.09
Topic: Chemistry

  1. A difference between an acid and a base is that
    A.acids are harmful and bases are not.
    B. acids release hydroxide ions and bases release hydrogen ions.
    C. acids have a high pH value and bases have a low pH value.
    D. acids have a low pH value and bases have a high pH value.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Identify compounds that are acids, bases, or salts.
Learning Outcome: Work with the pH scale.
Section: 02.09
Topic: Chemistry

  1. A magnesium ion contains twelve protons and ten electrons. A chloride ion contains seventeen protons and eighteen electrons. Given this information, the chemical formula for magnesium chloride is
    A.MgCl.
    B. Mg2Cl.
    C. MgCl2.
    D. Mg2Cl2.

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: Describe the information found in the periodic table of the elements.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. Which reaction below produces a salt?
    A.KOH + H2O ® K+ + OH + H2O
    B. HC2H3O2 + H2O ® C2H3O2 + H+ + H2O
    C. HCl + NaOH ® NaCl + H2O
    D. C6H12O6 + C6H12O6 ® C12H22O11 + H2O

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Explain the difference between reactants and products.
Section: 02.08
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Fluorine has the atomic number 9. The correct notation for a flouride ion is
    A.F.
    B. F.
    C. F+.
    D. F++.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Discriminate between atoms and elements; molecules and compounds.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemistry

  1. The energy level listed below with the most energetic electrons is
    A.1.
    B. 2.
    C. 3.
    D. None of these. All energy levels contain electrons of equal energy.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Discriminate between atoms and elements; molecules and compounds.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. An atom that contains 8 electrons in its outermost energy level is said to be
    A.inert.
    B. reactive.
    C. a cation.
    D. a molecule.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Discriminate between atoms and elements; molecules and compounds.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Which of the following is monatomic?
    A.He
    B. H2
    C. O2
    D. N2

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Discriminate between atoms and elements; molecules and compounds.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemistry

 

Short Answer Questions

  1. List and define two types of chemical bonds.

COVALENT–attractive force between two atoms that share electrons
IONIC–attractive force between ions of opposite charge
HYDROGEN–attractive force between polar molecules

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Contrast chemical bonds and hydrogen bonds.
Section: 02.06
Topic: Chemistry


 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. In which one of the following situations do the molecules have the greatest amount of energy?
    A.Ice in a Coke
    B. Cold tap water
    C. Water vapor
    D. Water condensed on your windshield

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: Summarize the difference between potential and kinetic energy.
Section: 02.04
Topic: Chemistry

  1. If an atom has the atomic number 4 and the atomic mass 9.012 it will
    A.have 5 electrons.
    B. have 5 neutrons.
    C. have 9 electrons.
    D. weigh 13.012 atomic mass units.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Discriminate between atoms and elements; molecules and compounds.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemistry

  1. A measure of the average kinetic energy of the molecules making up a substance is known as
    A.temperature.
    B. heat.
    C. potential.
    D. phase of matter.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Summarize the difference between potential and kinetic energy.
Section: 02.01
Section: 02.03
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. Which of the following would have the smallest number of hydrogen ions (H+)?
    A.A solution with the pH 2
    B. A solution with the pH 6
    C. A container of acetic acid (vinegar)
    D. A container of a strong base

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Work with the pH scale.
Section: 02.09
Topic: Chemistry

  1. In which one of the following situations do the molecules have the greatest attraction for one another?
    A.An ice cube
    B. Cold tap water
    C. Water vapor
    D. Water condensed on your windshield

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Contrast chemical bonds and hydrogen bonds.
Section: 02.03
Section: 02.06
Topic: Chemistry

  1. If an atom has the atomic number 4 and the atomic mass 9.012 it will have ________ electrons in the first energy level.
    A.1
    B. 2
    C. 3
    D. 4

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Describe the information found in the periodic table of the elements.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. If an atom has the atomic number 11 and the atomic mass 22.99, it will have
    A.1 electron in the third energy level.
    B. 1 electron in the second energy level.
    C. 3 electrons in the fourth energy level.
    D. 1 electron in the first energy level.

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: Describe the information found in the periodic table of the elements.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Which of the following would have the largest number of hydrogen ions (H+)?
    A.A solution with the pH 11
    B. A solution with the pH 8
    C. A container of acetic acid (vinegar)
    D. A container of a strong base

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Work with the pH scale.
Section: 02.09
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Which combination of elements is most likely to undergo a chemical reaction based on their positions in the Periodic Table of the Elements?
    A.Na and Cl
    B. Na and Mg
    C. F and Ne
    D. All would react.

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: Describe the information found in the periodic table of the elements.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. The lower the ___________, the slower the molecules are moving.
    A.density
    B. temperature
    C. potential energy
    D. gravity

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Summarize the difference between potential and kinetic energy.
Section: 02.03
Topic: Chemistry

  1. The fact that the atomic weight of carbon is 12.0112 probably indicates that carbon atoms vary in the number of _______ they contain.
    A.electrons
    B. protons
    C. neutrons
    D. nuclei

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Describe how isotopes differ from one another.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Human blood has a pH of about 7.4. If the pH should change to 7.0, this would indicate
    A.a decrease in pH.
    B. an increase in acidity.
    C. a change in electrolytes.
    D. All the choices are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: Work with the pH scale.
Section: 02.09
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. When you sprinkle table salt on your food, the salt
    A.ionizes.
    B. dissociates.
    C. forms covalent bonds with the food.
    D. undergoes an acid-base reaction.

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: Explain how atoms stick together to form compounds.
Section: 02.06
Section: 02.08
Topic: Chemistry

  1. The type of chemical bond that holds OH and H+ together is
    A.ionic.
    B. covalent.
    C. hydrogen.
    D. All the choices are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Contrast chemical bonds and hydrogen bonds.
Section: 02.06
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Which of the following is a base or alkaline material?
    A.NaOH
    B. HCl
    C. H2SO4
    D. NaCl

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Identify compounds that are acids, bases, or salts.
Section: 02.09
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. Which of the following is an acid?
    A.NaOH
    B. HOH
    C. H2SO4
    D. NaCl

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Identify compounds that are acids, bases, or salts.
Section: 02.09
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Which of the following is a salt?
    A.NaOH
    B. HOH
    C. H2SO4
    D. MgCl2

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Identify compounds that are acids, bases, or salts.
Section: 02.09
Topic: Chemistry

  1. What is happening here? Water + NaCl ® Na+ + Cl
    A. A solution of ions is prepared.
    B. The dissociation of ions.
    C. Movement of an electron from the outermost energy level of Na to the outermost energy level of Cl.
    D. All the choices are true.

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: Understand the roles water plays in maintaining life.
Section: 02.07
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. Why is the following reaction considered to be dehydration synthesis? H-NH3C2O-OH + H-NH3C2O-OH ® H-NH3C2O- NH3C2O-OH + H-OH
    A.Water molecules are hidden in the products H-NH3C2O-NH3C2O-OH.
    B. This is the same reaction that occurs during digestion and water is required.
    C. Water molecules are formed as a result of the breakdown of H-NH3C2O-NH3C2O-OH.
    D. Water molecules are formed as a new, more complex end product is formed.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List the five types of chemical reactions associated with all living things.
Section: 02.08
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Comparing reactants to end products in the following chemical reaction, which end product will gain energy? Adenosine-tri-phosphate + sugar ® adenosine-di-phosphate + sugar-mono-phosphate
    A.sugar-mono-phosphate
    B. adenosine-di-phosphate
    C. adenosine-tri-phosphate
    D. None of these choices is correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: Explain the difference between reactants and products.
Learning Outcome: List the five types of chemical reactions associated with all living things.
Section: 02.08
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Why is NaHCO3 considered a base in the following reaction? NaHCO3 + HCl ® NaCl + CO2 + H2O
    A.It contains hydrogen ions.
    B. It is a hydrogen ion acceptor.
    C. It donates hydroxide ions in this reaction.
    D. It results in the formation of CO2.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Identify compounds that are acids, bases, or salts.
Section: 02.09
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. When electrons in a covalent bond are not equally shared, the molecule is said to be
    A.polar.
    B. nonpolar.
    C. lopsided.
    D. unable to form hydrogen bonds.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Contrast chemical bonds and hydrogen bonds.
Section: 02.06
Topic: Chemistry

  1. Because this is happening Water + NaCl ®Na+ + Cl the solution formed is called
    A.ionic.
    B. an electrolyte.
    C. salty.
    D. All of the choices are true.

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: Identify compounds that are acids, bases, or salts.
Section: 02.09
Topic: Chemistry

  1. These are mixtures of weak acids and the salts of weak acids that tend to maintain constant pH.
    A.buffers
    B. oxidants
    C. electrolytes
    D. soft drinks

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Identify compounds that are acids, bases, or salts.
Section: 02.09
Topic: Chemistry

 

  1. When electrons in a covalent bond are shared equally, the molecule is said to be
    A.polar.
    B. nonpolar.
    C. lopsided.
    D. unable to form hydrogen bonds.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Contrast chemical bonds and hydrogen bonds.
Section: 02.06
Topic: Chemistry

  1. When this energy is reradiated as infrared radiation (heat), it is absorbed by these gases in the atmosphere.
    A.greenhouse.
    B. refrigerants.
    C. isotopes of oxygen.
    D. isotopes of hydrogen.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Contrast matter and energy.
Section: 02.01
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemistry

Chapter 04

Cell Structure and Function

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. The difference between chromatin material and chromosomes is
    A.their structure.
    B. the kinds of atoms that they contain.
    C. where you find them.
    D. that one is a gas and the other is a liquid.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List the typical organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.06
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Antibiotics have ____ cells as their targets.
    A.animal
    B. eukaryotic
    C. fungus
    D. bacterial

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the differences in organelles found in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.08
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. One job of the nuclear membrane is to
    A.control entry to and exit from the nucleus.
    B. produce enzymes.
    C. digest chromosomes.
    D. contain excess water.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the typical organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.04
Topic: Cell Structure

 

  1. The endoplasmic reticulum
    A.functions in internal transport of macromolecules.
    B. carries on cellular respiration.
    C. is the site of photosynthesis.
    D. is dispersed nuclear material of DNA and protein.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the typical organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.04
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. The breakdown of which of the following leads to the self-destruction of the cell?
    A.polysome
    B. lysosome
    C. microsome
    D. centrosome

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List the typical organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.04
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. A true cellular nucleus is found in
    A.bacteria.
    B. eukaryotic cells.
    C. blue-green algae.
    D. All of these answers are true.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the differences in organelles found in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.01
Topic: Cell Structure

 

  1. A storage container in a cell is generally called a(n)
    A.vacuole.
    B. endoplasmic reticulum.
    C. pinocyte.
    D. nucleus.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Learning Outcome: Diagram the generalized structure of all eukaryotic cells and label the parts.
Section: 04.04
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Pinocytosis would allow the intake of
    A.solid food.
    B. gas.
    C. molecules dissolved in water.
    D. All of these answers are true.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the controlled methods by which materials can be transported through a cell membrane.
Section: 04.07
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Ribosomes are the site of
    A.cellular respiration.
    B. photosynthesis.
    C. anaerobic respiration.
    D. protein synthesis.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Learning Outcome: Diagram the generalized structure of all eukaryotic cells and label the parts.
Section: 04.04
Topic: Cell Structure

 

  1. Stroma and grana are found in the
    A.chlorophyll.
    B. nucleus.
    C. chloroplast.
    D. All of these answers are true.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.04
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. A membrane is NOT necessary in
    A.diffusion.
    B. phagocytosis.
    C. active transport.
    D. osmosis.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Contrast diffusion, osmosis, and dialysis.
Section: 04.07
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Which of the following is NOT true of cell membranes?
    A.They are composed of four carbohydrate layers.
    B. They contain protein molecules.
    C. They regulate movement of some substances into and out of the cell.
    D. They contain phospholipids.

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: List the components and molecular parts of a typical cell membrane.
Section: 04.03
Topic: Cell Structure

 

  1. Chromatin material is
    A.one of six materials that make up a chromosome.
    B. really the same as a chromosome.
    C. one of the cytoplasmic organelles during the cell’s normal daily operation.
    D. not described by any of these statements.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.06
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Normal cell functions of noneukaryotes are disrupted by
    A.enzymes.
    B. mitochondria.
    C. antibacterial antibiotics.
    D. cell walls.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List the differences in organelles found in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.01
Section: 04.08
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Chromatin is
    A.immature nucleoplasm.
    B. a cytoplasmic organelle.
    C. the arrangement of proteins.
    D. uncoiled DNA of a chromosome.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.06
Topic: Cell Structure

 

  1. Which of the following is involved in the synthesis and packaging of certain molecules produced for secretion by a cell?
    A.cell granule
    B. Golgi apparatus
    C. flagella
    D. nucleolus

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.04
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Which of the following organelles contains a green-colored pigment?
    A.lysosome
    B. mitochondria
    C. chloroplast
    D. leucoplastosome

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.04
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Protoplasm is all the living material
    A.that makes up the contents of a cell.
    B. inside the cell membrane except the nucleus.
    C. inside the nucleus.
    D. inside the cell except the protein material.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.01
Topic: Cell Structure

 

  1. Eukaryotic cells are found in the group known as the
    A.fungi.
    B. plants.
    C. animals.
    D. All of these answers are true.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Give examples of organisms composed of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.01
Section: 04.08
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. An outside source of energy (ATP) is required for
    A.osmosis.
    B. diffusion.
    C. active transport.
    D. None of these answers is true.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List the controlled methods by which materials can be transported through a cell membrane.
Section: 04.07
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Cilia are different from flagella in that the cilia are
    A.shorter and more numerous.
    B. longer and more numerous.
    C. shorter and less numerous.
    D. larger and less numerous.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.05
Topic: Cell Structure

 

  1. A carrier molecule is required for
    A.osmosis and active transport.
    B. active transport and facilitated diffusion.
    C. osmosis and diffusion.
    D. facilitated diffusion and endocytosis.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.07
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Chromosomes are
    A.composed of DNA and lipid.
    B. found only in the cytoplasm.
    C. composed of DNA and carbohydrate.
    D. composed of DNA and protein.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.06
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Which of the following lacks a cell wall?
    A.plant
    B. animal
    C. bacteria
    D. fungi

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.01
Section: 04.08
Topic: Cell Structure

 

  1. Nucleoplasm is (are)
    A.materials inside the nucleus.
    B. cytoplasm.
    C. nonliving protoplasm.
    D. the excessive amounts of particles located in the cytoplasmic region of the cell.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.06
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. The Golgi apparatus packages
    A.energy.
    B. hydrogen.
    C. waste.
    D. enzymes.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.04
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. The aerobic cellular respiration (release of energy from food) of carbohydrates occurs in the
    A.lysosome.
    B. mitochondrion.
    C. chloroplast.
    D. flagellum.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.04
Topic: Cell Structure

 

  1. Noneukaryotic cells lack
    A.granules.
    B. a nucleus.
    C. flagella.
    D. All of these answers are true.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the differences in organelles found in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.01
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. What structure stores waste produced in the cell?
    A.vacuole
    B. nucleus
    C. lysosome
    D. pinocytic vesicle

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.04
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Molecules move from an area of low concentration to an area of high concentration during
    A.osmosis.
    B. facilitated diffusion.
    C. diffusion.
    D. active transport.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Contrast diffusion, osmosis, and dialysis.
Section: 04.07
Topic: Cell Structure

 

  1. Long structures used for cell movement are
    A.centrioles.
    B. cilia.
    C. flagella.
    D. granules.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.05
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. An energy-converting organelle is a
    A.stroma.
    B. chloroplast.
    C. granule.
    D. All of these answers are true.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.04
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Osmosis is the
    A.net movement of water across a differentially permeable membrane.
    B. diffusion of any molecule across a differentially permeable membrane.
    C. net movement of water from an area of low concentration to an area of high concentration.
    D. movement of any molecule from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Contrast diffusion, osmosis, and dialysis.
Section: 04.07
Topic: Cell Structure

 

  1. ____ is a cell engulfing large solid materials, and ____ is a cell engulfing materials dissolved in solution.
    A.Endocytosis; exocytosis
    B. Exocytosis; endocytosis
    C. Phagocytosis; pinocytosis
    D. Pinocytosis; phagocytosis

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: List the controlled methods by which materials can be transported through a cell membrane.
Section: 04.07
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. The coiled DNA is found in
    A.chromosomes.
    B. centromeres.
    C. nucleoli.
    D. lysosome.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.06
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Which of the following do NOT contain endoplasmic reticulum?
    A.noneukaryotes
    B. animal cells
    C. eukaryotic cells
    D. All of the choices are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the differences in organelles found in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.01
Section: 04.04
Section: 04.08
Topic: Cell Structure

 

  1. Which of the following structures is found inside the nuclear membrane?
    A.endoplasmic reticulum
    B. centriole
    C. cell membrane
    D. nucleolus

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.06
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. The MAIN components of a cell membrane are
    A.phospholipids and proteins.
    B. steroids and carbohydrates.
    C. nucleic acids and simple sugars.
    D. proteins and steroids.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the components and molecular parts of a typical cell membrane.
Section: 04.03
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Food (organic molecules such as glucose) is produced in the
    A.mitochondria.
    B. nucleolus.
    C. centriole.
    D. chloroplast.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.04
Topic: Cell Structure

 

  1. Eukaryotic cells contain
    A.a nucleus.
    B. cell membranes.
    C. organelles.
    D. All of these answers are true.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the differences in organelles found in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.01
Section: 04.06
Section: 04.08
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. The fluid material located outside of the nucleus is the
    A.vacuole.
    B. protoplasm.
    C. cytoplasm.
    D. nucleoplasm.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.06
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. For diffusion to occur ____ is necessary.
    A.a concentration gradient
    B. a differentially permeable membrane
    C. temperature above 0°C
    D. a carrier molecule

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Contrast diffusion, osmosis, and dialysis.
Section: 04.07
Topic: Cell Structure

 

  1. The direct intake of a liquid, such as oil, into a cell is called
    A.osmosis.
    B. phagocytosis.
    C. induction.
    D. pinocytosis.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the controlled methods by which materials can be transported through a cell membrane.
Section: 04.07
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Proteins are made at the
    A.nucleolus.
    B. ribosome.
    C. Golgi apparatus.
    D. grana.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.05
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. ____ are NOT composed of microtubules.
    A.Cilia
    B. Flagella
    C. Chromosomes
    D. Centrioles

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.05
Topic: Cell Structure

 

  1. Diffusion of water through a differentially permeable membrane is called
    A.active transport.
    B. energy.
    C. osmosis.
    D. All of these answers are true.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Contrast diffusion, osmosis, and dialysis.
Section: 04.07
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. ____ is/are associated with ribosomes.
    A.Cilia and flagella
    B. Golgi apparatus
    C. Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
    D. Rough endoplasmic reticulum

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.05
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Plant cell walls are primarily composed of
    A.protein.
    B. chromatin.
    C. glycogen.
    D. cellulose.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.01
Section: 04.08
Topic: Cell Structure

 

  1. What happens when an animal cell is placed into a hypertonic solution?
    A.plasmolysis
    B. crenation occurs
    C. it swells
    D. it is unchanged

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: Contrast diffusion, osmosis, and dialysis.
Section: 04.07
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. What structure contains the main information storage system of eukaryotes?
    A.nucleolus
    B. nucleoplasm
    C. chloroplast
    D. nucleus

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.01
Section: 04.06
Section: 04.08
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. ____ are NOT composed of membranes.
    A.Golgi apparatus
    B. Microtubules
    C. Mitochondria
    D. Endoplasmic reticulum

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.05
Topic: Cell Structure

 

  1. The chloroplast is
    A.the site of photosynthesis.
    B. a reproductive structure.
    C. necessary for diffusion.
    D. a cause of fermentation.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.04
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. The phospholipids of a cellular membrane will have their ____ ends facing each other (inside) and their ____ ends facing away from each other (outside).
    A.hypotonic, hypertonic
    B. hypertonic, hypotonic
    C. hydrophilic, hydrophobic
    D. hydrophobic, hydrophilic

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Contrast diffusion, osmosis, and dialysis.
Section: 04.03
Section: 04.07
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Noneukaryotic cells have
    A.chloroplasts.
    B. ribosomes.
    C. endoplasmic reticulum.
    D. nuclear membranes.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the differences in organelles found in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.04
Section: 04.08
Topic: Cell Structure

 

  1. ____ is not a component of a cellular membrane.
    A.Cholesterol
    B. Nucleic acid
    C. Phospholipid
    D. Protein

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the components and molecular parts of a typical cell membrane.
Section: 04.03
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Material is engulfed directly by the cell by
    A.diffusion.
    B. osmosis.
    C. phagocytosis.
    D. active transport.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the controlled methods by which materials can be transported through a cell membrane.
Section: 04.07
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Cell structures that function in cell division are
    A.Golgi bodies.
    B. ribosomes.
    C. granules.
    D. centrioles.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.05
Topic: Cell Structure

 

  1. A cell that is 98% water is placed in a solution containing 1% salt. This cell is now ____ compared to its surroundings.
    A.isotonic
    B. hypertonic
    C. hypotonic
    D. hydrophilic

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: Contrast diffusion, osmosis, and dialysis.
Section: 04.07
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Which of the following is composed of DNA?
    A.centriole and chromosomes
    B. chromosomes and chromatin
    C. chromatin and nucleoli
    D. nucleoli and centrioles

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.06
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. A cell encounters a change in its environment (electrical or heat) that could be fatal. However, it is able to respond in a protective manner because this information is sent indirectly through the cell membrane to the nucleus where it stimulates the appropriate response. This is more likely a process known as
    A.active transport.
    B. chemomodulation.
    C. phagocytosis.
    D. signal transduction.

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: List the possible roles played by molecules that extend from the cell surface.
Section: 04.03
Section: 04.04
Topic: Cell Structure

 

  1. A cell that is 98% water is placed in 50% salt water. This cell will
    A.shrink.
    B. swell.
    C. shrink and then swell.
    D. remain the same size.

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: Contrast diffusion, osmosis, and dialysis.
Section: 04.07
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. A series of canals in the cell that are made up of membranes is/are called
    A.cilia.
    B. endoplasmic reticulum.
    C. mitochondria.
    D. ribosomes.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.04
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Lysosomes contain
    A.food.
    B. secretions.
    C. enzymes.
    D. waste.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.04
Topic: Cell Structure

 

  1. These antigens are responsible for the rejection of transplanted tissues or organs from donors that are “incompatible.”
    A.human leukocyte antigens
    B. histocompatibility antigens
    C. HLA
    D. All of the choices are true.

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: List the possible roles played by molecules that extend from the cell surface.
Section: 04.03
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Which one of the following cell organelles contains RNA?
    A.ribosome
    B. endoplasmic reticulum
    C. Golgi body
    D. centriole

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.05
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Most plant cells differ from animal cells in that they
    A.possess nucleoli.
    B. lack nucleoli.
    C. contain mitochondria.
    D. lack centrioles.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.01
Topic: Cell Structure

 

  1. Darker bodies located in the nucleus of some cells are called
    A.mitochondria.
    B. Golgi bodies.
    C. nucleoli.
    D. nucleus.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.04
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. A solution that has a higher concentration of dissolved materials than the solution it is compared to is
    A.hypertonic.
    B. hypotonic.
    C. hydrophobic.
    D. hydrophilic.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Contrast diffusion, osmosis, and dialysis.
Section: 04.07
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Lysosomes originate from the
    A.Golgi apparatus.
    B. endoplasmic reticulum.
    C. mitochondria.
    D. chloroplast.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.04
Topic: Cell Structure

 

  1. Inclusions
    A.have a well defined function and structure.
    B. are permanent storage sites for nutrients and waste.
    C. are almost always located within the nucleus.
    D. are concentrated areas of stored materials.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.05
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. A cell containing 2% dissolved materials is placed in a solution consisting of 4% solute. The net movement of ____ molecules will be ____ the cell due to osmosis.
    A.solute, into
    B. solute, out of
    C. water, into
    D. water, out of

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: Contrast diffusion, osmosis, and dialysis.
Section: 04.07
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Which of the following help in defending humans against disease?
    A.immunoglobulins
    B. lysosomes
    C. peroxisomes
    D. All of the choices help defend against disease.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Learning Outcome: List the components and molecular parts of a typical cell membrane.
Section: 04.03
Section: 04.04
Topic: Cell Structure

 

  1. Which of the following cellular organelles is responsible for providing ATP energy for the cell?
    A.ribosomes
    B. centrioles
    C. Golgi apparatus
    D. mitochondria

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.04
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Which of the following structures is made of membranes?
    A.chromosomes
    B. microtubules
    C. endoplasmic reticulum
    D. ribosomes

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.04
Section: 04.05
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Which of the following organelles contains protein-digesting enzymes that break down proteins to amino acids?
    A.chloroplasts
    B. lysosomes
    C. ribosomes
    D. mitochondria

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.04
Topic: Cell Structure

 

  1. Which of the following cells has the greatest number of different cellular organelles made of membranes?
    A.bacteria
    B. animals
    C. plants
    D. viruses

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Learning Outcome: List the differences in organelles found in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.01
Section: 04.04
Section: 04.08
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Which of the following cellular organelles is responsible for manufacturing proteins?
    A.ribosomes
    B. centrioles
    C. Golgi apparatus
    D. mitochondria

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.05
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Which of the following structures is made of membranes?
    A.nucleolus
    B. centriole
    C. chloroplast
    D. ribosomes

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Learning Outcome: List the components and molecular parts of a typical cell membrane.
Section: 04.03
Section: 04.04
Topic: Cell Structure

 

  1. Which of the following organelles contains enzymes that are able to manufacture H2O2?
    A.chloroplasts
    B. peroxisomes
    C. ribosomes
    D. mitochondria

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.04
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Which of the following organelles contains microtubules?
    A.mitochondria
    B. cilia
    C. cell membrane
    D. ribosomes

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.04
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. The hydrophilic end of a phospholipid molecule is
    A.glycerol
    B. a fatty acid
    C. an amino acid
    D. water-insoluble

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the components and molecular parts of a typical cell membrane.
Section: 04.03
Topic: Cell Structure

 

  1. When phospholipid molecules are placed in water
    A.the hydrophobic ends of the molecules exclude water from their surroundings.
    B. hydrophilic fatty acid ends mix well with the water.
    C. a single-layered membrane is formed.
    D. All of the choices occur.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List the components and molecular parts of a typical cell membrane.
Section: 04.03
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Solution “A” has a solute concentration of 10% while solution “B” has a solvent concentration of 80%. If they are separated by a selectively permeable membrane
    A.the net direction of water movement will be from solution “A” to solution “B”.
    B. the net direction of water movement will be from solution “B” to solution “A”.
    C. there will be no net movement of water.
    D. the system is in dynamic equilibrium to begin with.

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: Contrast diffusion, osmosis, and dialysis.
Section: 04.07
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. If molecules are taken into the cell and encased in a single membrane sac called a vacuole, the transport method used is most likely
    A.diffusion.
    B. osmosis.
    C. active transport.
    D. endocytosis.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List the controlled methods by which materials can be transported through a cell membrane.
Section: 04.07
Topic: Cell Structure

 

  1. I just found out that some people get repeated fungal infections because they cannot destroy these dangerous microbes after their white blood cells phagocytize them. This most likely means that these people have _______ that do not work properly.
    A.ribosomes
    B. lysosomes
    C. mitochondria
    D. microtubules

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.04
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. “I wish my Dad would stop smoking! Doesn’t he know that nicotine inhibits the _________ lining his trachea, and when they stop moving, bacteria and viruses can settle down into his lungs causing pneumonia and emphysema?”
    A.cellular respiration
    B. mitochondria
    C. cilia
    D. lysosomes

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.05
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Many of these non-membranous organelles of eukaryotic cells are necessary to form the cytoskeleton of a cell.
    A.cilia
    B. microfilaments
    C. ER
    D. chromatin

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.05
Topic: Cell Structure

 

  1. The respiration (release of energy from food) of carbohydrates occurs in the
    A.lysosome.
    B. mitochondria.
    C. chloroplasts.
    D. flagellum.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.04
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Which of the following structures is found inside the nuclear membrane?
    A.endoplasmic reticulum
    B. centriole
    C. cell membrane
    D. nucleolus

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.06
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. A cell that is 98% water is placed in a solution containing 3% salt. This cell is now _________ compared to its surroundings.
    A.isotonic
    B. hypertonic
    C. hypotonic
    D. hydrophilic

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: Contrast diffusion, osmosis, and dialysis.
Section: 04.07
Topic: Cell Structure

 

  1. A cell that is 98% water is placed in pure water. This cell will
    A.shrink.
    B. swell.
    C. shrink and then swell.
    D. remain the same size.

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: Contrast diffusion, osmosis, and dialysis.
Section: 04.07
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Which is arranged in proper order from largest to smallest?
    A.algal cell, bacterial cell, virus
    B. virus, bacterial cell, animal cell
    C. animal cell, virus, plant cell
    D. plant cell, animal cell, fungal cell

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: Explain why cells are small.
Section: 04.08
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Multi-stranded protein cords that function as cables inside of cells are the
    A.microtubules.
    B. microfilaments.
    C. intermediate filaments.
    D. all of these are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.05
Topic: Cell Structure

 

  1. The 9 + 2 pattern is associated with
    A.eukaryotic flagella.
    B. noneukaryotic flagella.
    C. ribosomes.
    D. mitochondria.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.05
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. The _________ membranes stack up to form the ________ of the chloroplast.
    A.cristae, grana
    B. thylakoids, grana
    C. ER, thylakoids
    D. Golgi, ER

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the function of each of the organelles associated with eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.04
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. As cells grow, the amount of surface area increases by the ____ but volume increases by the ____.
    A.square (X2), cube (X3)
    B. cube (X3), square (X2)
    C. minute, hour
    D. minute, day

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: Explain why cells are small.
Section: 04.02
Topic: Cell Structure

 

  1. This is a process in which molecules from the cell’s surroundings bind to receptor molecules on the plasma membrane.
    A.phagocytosis
    B. receptor mediated endocytosis
    C. osmosis
    D. active transport

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the components and molecular parts of a typical cell membrane.
Section: 04.03
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. The three Domains in which all living things are classified are
    A.Animals, Plants, and Microbes.
    B. Noneukaryotic, Eukaryotic, and Archaea.
    C. Eubacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
    D. Bacteria, Plants, and Animals.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of organisms composed of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
Learning Outcome: List the differences in organelles found in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
Section: 04.08
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. As the size of a cell increases,
    A.the surface area increases faster than the volume.
    B. the surface area and the volume increase at the same rate.
    C. the volume increases faster than the surface area.
    D. there is no relationship between surface area and volume.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Explain why cells are small.
Section: 04.02
Topic: Cell Structure

 

  1. The surface area of a cell is important because
    A.the surface area limits the amount of molecular exchange that can take place between the cell and its surroundings.
    B. a small surface area allows the cell to protect itself from foreign organisms.
    C. a large surface area makes the cell more fragile.
    D. the surface area determines the genetic capabilities of the cell.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Explain why cells are small.
Section: 04.02
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Which of the following cube-shaped objects would have the highest surface-area-to-volume ratio? A cell with a volume of
    A.10 cm3.
    B. 8 cm3.
    C. 3 cm3.
    D. 1 cm3.

 

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: Explain why cells are small.
Section: 04.02
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Diffusion of materials from outside to the middle of a cell depends upon
    A.the thickness of the cell membrane.
    B. the distance from the surface to the middle of the cell.
    C. the age of the cell.
    D. osmosis.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Contrast diffusion, osmosis, and dialysis.
Section: 04.07
Topic: Cell Structure

 

  1. Cells can be large if they
    A.are metabolically very active.
    B. have metabolically inactive central regions.
    C. actively pump nutrients into the cell.
    D. have a very small surface area compared to their volume.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Explain why cells are small.
Section: 04.02
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. Which of the following is false? As a cell grows, its
    A.volume increases.
    B. surface area increases.
    C. surface-area-to-volume ratio increases.
    D. metabolic needs increase.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Explain why cells are small.
Section: 04.02
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. The fluid-mosaic model considers the cellular membranes to consist of ________ layer(s) of phospholipid molecules and that the individual phospholipids are able to move about within the structure of the membrane.
    A.1
    B. 2
    C. 3
    D. 4

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Explain the fluid mosaic model of membrane structure.
Section: 04.03
Topic: Cell Structure

 

  1. The ultimate size of a cell is NOT limited by which one of the following?
    A.the strength of the membrane
    B. the cell surface area
    C. the surface-area-to-volume ratio
    D. the size of the nucleus

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Explain why cells are small.
Section: 04.02
Topic: Cell Structure

  1. An intravenous (IV) solution must be __________________ to a person’s red blood cells to prevent injury to the cells.
    A.isotonic
    B. hypertonic
    C. hypotonic
    D. osmotic

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: Contrast diffusion, osmosis, and dialysis.
Section: 04.07
Topic: Cell Structure

Chapter 11

Applications of Biotechnology

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Gene-splicing procedures may be performed with small loops of bacterial DNA that are not part of the main chromosome. These small DNA loops are called
    A.nucleotides.
    B. plasmids.
    C. translators.
    D. anticodons.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Explain how DNA from one organism is used in another organism.
Section: 11.03
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. A eukaryotic cell that has had a prokaryotic gene inserted is called
    A.a genetically engineered cell.
    B. a GMO.
    C. a genetic recombinant.
    D. All of the choices are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Explain how DNA from one organism is used in another organism.
Section: 11.03
Topic: Biotechnology

 

  1. Using this technique it is possible to show the nucleotide sequence differences among individuals since no two people have the same nucleotide sequences.
    A.mutagenesis
    B. polymerase chain reaction
    C. genetic fingerprinting
    D. translocation

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Explain how DNA can be used to uniquely identify individuals.
Section: 11.02
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. Recombinant DNA directly produces changes in
    A.cell wall.
    B. DNA.
    C. links between organisms.
    D. All of these answers are true.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Explain how DNA from one organism is used in another organism.
Section: 11.03
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. Recombinant DNA is
    A.new nuclei.
    B. spliced DNA.
    C. a disease.
    D. All of these answers are true.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Explain how DNA from one organism is used in another organism.
Section: 11.03
Topic: Biotechnology

 

  1. The laboratory procedure for copying selected segments of DNA is
    A.the polymerase chain reaction.
    B. translation.
    C. jumping genes.
    D. a point mutation.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the advantage of PCR.
Section: 11.02
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. DNA that contains “foreign” genes from another organism
    A.is called RNA.
    B. is called recombinant DNA.
    C. has experienced a point mutation.
    D. can no longer function as a genetic blueprint.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Explain how DNA from one organism is used in another organism.
Section: 11.03
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. Genetic recombination involves the use of ____ enzymes to cut out segments of DNA.
    A.restriction endonuclease
    B. snurp
    C. ligase
    D. DNA polymerase

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the use of restriction enzymes.
Section: 11.02
Topic: Biotechnology

 

  1. The term “recombinant DNA technology” refers to
    A.deliberately moving genes from one type of cell into another so that the new cell synthesizes that specific gene product.
    B. selective breeding.
    C. ensuring that a specific gene will be replicated over-and-over.
    D. synthesizing DNA from scratch.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Explain how DNA from one organism is used in another organism.
Section: 11.03
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. Biotechnology expects to provide the following benefits:
    A.Improved agricultural crops.
    B. Control of human breeding.
    C. Cheaper medicines.
    D. Improved agricultural crops and cheaper medicines.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Identify potential medical treatments based on DNA technology.
Section: 11.01
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. The structure of DNA was discovered in
    A.1921.
    B. 1953.
    C. 1999.
    D. 2003.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the purpose of sequencing DNA.
Section: 11.01
Section: 11.02
Topic: Biotechnology

 

  1. This field is a collection of techniques that result in the ability to directly manipulate the genetic information of an organism.
    A.proteonomics.
    B. genomics.
    C. genetics.
    D. biotechnology.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Identify potential medical treatments based on DNA technology.
Section: 11.01
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. Scientists don’t look at all the possible fragments when performing this technique but focus on differences found in pieces of DNA that form repeating patterns in the DNA.
    A.DNA fingerprinting
    B. RNA sequencing
    C. amino acid sequencing
    D. protein fingerprinting

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Explain how DNA can be used to uniquely identify individuals.
Section: 11.02
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. By focusing on these regions when doing DNA fingerprinting, it is possible to determine whether samples from two individuals have the same number of repeating segments.
    A.DNA fragments
    B. repeating nucleotide sequences
    C. nucleotide tandem clusters
    D. chain sequences

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Explain how DNA can be used to uniquely identify individuals.
Section: 11.02
Topic: Biotechnology

 

  1. This procedure is a technique used to generate large quantities of DNA from minute amounts for analysis.
    A.variable number tandem repeat reaction (VNTR)
    B. polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
    C. DNA fingerprinting
    D. polymerization reaction

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the advantage of PCR.
Section: 11.02
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. This enzyme drives the DNA replication process during the PCR.
    A.helicases
    B. ligase
    C. phosphorylase
    D. DNA polymerase

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the advantage of PCR.
Section: 11.02
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. These are used as the basis of comparison when two samples of DNA are suspected of being from the same person.
    A.fingernail samples
    B. restriction enzymes
    C. variable number tandem repeats (VNTRs)
    D. restriction fragments

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Describe the advantage of PCR.
Section: 11.02
Topic: Biotechnology

 

  1. When these enzymes bind to a restriction site, they cut the DNA molecule into two molecules.
    A.polymerases
    B. ligases
    C. restriction enzymes
    D. helicases

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the advantage of PCR.
Section: 11.02
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. In DNA fingerprinting, scientists look for different lengths of these DNA pieces as an indicator of differences in VNTRs.
    A.primer molecules
    B. point mutation
    C. Eco RI Restriction Sites
    D. restriction fragments

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Describe the advantage of PCR.
Section: 11.02
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. This process uses an electrical current to move DNA through a gel matrix based on size.
    A.gel electrophoresis
    B. PCR
    C. translocation
    D. gel transformation

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Explain how DNA can be used to uniquely identify individuals.
Section: 11.02
Topic: Biotechnology

 

  1. When scientists work with small areas of DNA, this process allows them to isolate specific stretches of DNA for other applications.
    A.transformation
    B. electrophoresis
    C. DNA fingerprinting
    D. restriction enzyme analysis

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Explain how DNA can be used to uniquely identify individuals.
Section: 11.03
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. These enzymes have the ability to cut DNA at places where specific sequences of nucleotides occur.
    A.restriction
    B. ligases
    C. helicases
    D. polymerases

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the use of restriction enzymes.
Section: 11.02
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. In criminal cases, if 100% of the banding pattern matches a DNA fingerprint, it is
    A.unlikely that the suspect was at the scene of the crime and may be the guilty party.
    B. highly probable that the suspect was at the scene of the crime but unlikely that he/she is the guilty party.
    C. unlikely that the suspect was at the scene of the crime.
    D. highly probable that the suspect was at the scene of the crime and may be the guilty party.

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: Explain how DNA can be used to uniquely identify individuals.
Section: 11.02
Topic: Biotechnology

 

  1. In a paternity case, bands from DNA fingerprinting that are common to both the biological mother and the child are identified and eliminated from further consideration. If the remaining bands can be matched to the presumed father,
    A.it is extremely likely that he is the father.
    B. it is extremely unlikely that he is the father.
    C. there is no doubt, he is the father.
    D. DNA fingerprinting cannot be used to determine paternity.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Explain how DNA can be used to uniquely identify individuals.
Section: 11.02
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. This was a 13-year effort to determine the normal or human DNA sequence.
    A.Embryo Cloning Project (ECP)
    B. Human Genome Project (HGP)
    C. Stem Cell Research Project (SRP)
    D. Gene Therapy Project (GTP)

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the purpose of sequencing DNA.
Section: 11.02
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. DNA sequencing data from the Human Genome Project indicates that there are about ________ protein-coding genes.
    A.100,000
    B. 140,000
    C. 20,000
    D. 30,000

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the purpose of sequencing DNA.
Section: 11.02
Topic: Biotechnology

 

  1. From an evolutionary perspective, the advantage to the cell of having these is the ability to quickly create large amounts of gene product from these repeating genes.
    A.replication mutations
    B. tandem clusters
    C. repeating segments
    D. repeating clusters

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the purpose of sequencing DNA.
Section: 11.02
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. These types of repeating genes are copied from one chromosome and moved as a set to another chromosome and allow for genetic back-ups of information.
    A.segmental duplications
    B. tandem clusters
    C. repeating clusters
    D. translocation mutations

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the purpose of sequencing DNA.
Section: 11.02
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. Which is not true?
    A.Eukaryotic genomes are more complex than prokaryotic genomes.
    B. Humans possess roughly 100,000 genes.
    C. Genes found in humans and other eukaryotic organisms appear to have resulted from transfer of genes from bacteria to eukaryotes.
    D. Genes are equally distributed between chromosomes and equally distributed along the length of a chromosome.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Describe the purpose of sequencing DNA.
Section: 11.01
Section: 11.02
Topic: Biotechnology

 

  1. Many noncoding sequences are involved with
    A.intron formation.
    B. regulation of gene expression.
    C. coding for antibody formation.
    D. tRNA synthesis.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the purpose of sequencing DNA.
Section: 11.02
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. This study involves the comparison of the genomes of different organisms and can help determine the relatedness and genes of different species.
    A.genomics
    B. transcriptomics
    C. proteomics
    D. cloning technology

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Explain how DNA can be used to uniquely identify individuals.
Section: 11.02
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. This emerging field looks at when, where, and how much mRNA is expressed from a gene.
    A.genomics
    B. transcriptomics
    C. proteomics
    D. cloning technology

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Explain how DNA can be used to uniquely identify individuals.
Section: 11.02
Topic: Biotechnology

 

  1. This field of biotechnology examines the proteins that are predicted from the DNA sequence from which scientists can identify gene families and how humans may have evolved at a molecular level.
    A.genomics
    B. transcriptomics
    C. proteomics
    D. cloning technology

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Explain how DNA can be used to uniquely identify individuals.
Section: 11.02
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. This occurs when a cell gains new genetic information from its environment.
    A.genetic transformation
    B. translocation
    C. conjugation
    D. replication

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Explain how DNA can be used to uniquely identify individuals.
Section: 11.03
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. When a DNA sequence is transferred into a host cell from another cell, the resulting new form of DNA is called
    A.a clone.
    B. GM organism.
    C. recombinant DNA.
    D. plasmid.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Explain how DNA from one organism is used in another organism.
Section: 11.03
Topic: Biotechnology

 

  1. This term refers to the outcome, not the way that the results are achieved, when exact copies of biological entities such as genes, organisms, or cells are produced.
    A.GM organism
    B. plasmid
    C. plastid
    D. clone

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Explain how DNA from one organism is used in another organism.
Section: 11.03
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. This process reproduces many varieties of fruit trees and other plants by making cuttings of the plant and rooting the cuttings.
    A.cloning
    B. sexual reproduction
    C. meiosis
    D. somatic cell transfer

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Explain how DNA from one organism is used in another organism.
Section: 11.03
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. This is the more technical term used by scientists to describe the carrier DNA molecule used when cloning genes.
    A.plasmid
    B. vector
    C. plastic
    D. restriction fragment

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Explain how DNA from one organism is used in another organism.
Section: 11.03
Topic: Biotechnology

 

  1. This circular piece of DNA is an example of a vector that is used to carry DNA into bacterial cells.
    A.restriction fragment
    B. library
    C. variable number tandem repeat
    D. plasmid

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Explain how DNA from one organism is used in another organism.
Section: 11.03
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. Bacterial cells pick up a recombinant DNA by taking it in through their outer cell boundaries using a process called
    A.transformation.
    B. transduction.
    C. cloning.
    D. plasmid transfer.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Explain how DNA from one organism is used in another organism.
Section: 11.03
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. This procedure makes possible the synthesis of large quantities of proteins.
    A.recombinant DNA technology
    B. stem cell transfer
    C. somatic cell transfer
    D. proteomics

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the purpose of sequencing DNA.
Section: 11.03
Topic: Biotechnology

 

  1. There has been great success in using genetically modified bacteria to clean up oil spills and toxic waste dumps called
    A.gene cloning.
    B. biological amplification.
    C. transcriptomics.
    D. bioremediation.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the purpose of sequencing DNA.
Section: 11.03
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. Researchers have shown that turnips can produce interferon (an antiviral agent) and tobacco plants can create antibodies to fight human disease as a result of controlled genetic alteration. Such plants are known as
    A.Genetically Manipulated (GM) organisms.
    B. cloned organisms.
    C. Genetically Modified (GM) organisms.
    D. vector organisms.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Explain how DNA from one organism is used in another organism.
Section: 11.03
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. This field of biotechnology involves inserting genes, deleting genes, or manipulating the action of genes in order to cure or lessen the effect of genetic diseases.
    A.gene therapy
    B. DNA librarian
    C. genetic counseling
    D. genetic therapeutic medicine

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Identify potential medical treatments based on DNA technology.
Section: 11.03
Topic: Biotechnology

 

  1. The technique used to accomplish cloning in vertebrates is called
    A.gametic cell nuclear transfer.
    B. somatic cell nuclear transfer.
    C. recombinant technology.
    D. in vitro fertilization.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the purpose of sequencing DNA.
Section: 11.03
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. This is the process a cell goes through to select which genes it will express.
    A.differentiation
    B. somatic cell transfer
    C. discrimination
    D. determination

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the purpose of sequencing DNA.
Section: 11.03
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. This is the process a cell goes through to become a particular cell type, based on the proteins that it expresses and is more-or-less a permanent condition.
    A.differentiation
    B. somatic cell transfer
    C. discrimination
    D. determination

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the purpose of sequencing DNA.
Section: 11.03
Topic: Biotechnology

 

  1. These cells have not yet completed determination or differentiation. They have the potential to develop into many different cell types.
    A.germinal cells
    B. core cells
    C. stem cells
    D. red marrow cells

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Identify the ethical and moral implications of stem cells.
Section: 11.04
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. The ability to control these processes may allow manipulation of an organism’s cells or insertion of cells into an organism to allow the regrowth of damaged tissues and organs in humans.
    A.vector and somatic cell transformation
    B. mitosis and meiosis
    C. determination and differentiation
    D. transformation and transduction

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Describe the purpose of sequencing DNA.
Section: 11.03
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. These stem cells are able to become the many different types of cells found in our blood — red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets.
    A.hematopoietic
    B. RBC/WBC
    C. germinal
    D. omnipototential

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Identify medical treatments that can benefit from stem cells and explain why.
Section: 11.04
Topic: Biotechnology

 

  1. The first goal of the Human Genome Project was to
    A.construct chromosome maps for the entire human genome.
    B. understand the meiotic process.
    C. cure all human genetic diseases.
    D. determine the structure of DNA.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the purpose of sequencing DNA.
Section: 11.02
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. A process of making exact copies of the cells of animals such as cats in the laboratory is technically known as
    A.somatic cell nuclear transfer.
    B. artificial insemination.
    C. in vitro fertilization.
    D. co-mingling.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the purpose of sequencing DNA.
Section: 11.03
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. New bacterial characteristics are being produced by splicing strands of
    A.mRNA.
    B. carbohydrates.
    C. tRNA.
    D. DNA.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the purpose of sequencing DNA.
Section: 11.02
Topic: Biotechnology

 

  1. The most important applications of this technology involves the insertion of genes the make a crop plant
    A.resistant to herbicides.
    B. generate more cells.
    C. produce medicines.
    D. produce alcohol for fuel.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the purpose of sequencing DNA.
Section: 11.05
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. The primary application of this technology is to put herbicide resistance genes into crop plants.
    A.Somatic cell transfer
    B. GM
    C. PCR
    D. Electrophoresis

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the purpose of sequencing DNA.
Section: 11.05
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. Bacillus thuringiensis israeliensis (Bti) produces a protein that causes the destruction of the lining of the gut of insects that eat it and is therefore
    A.a natural insecticide.
    B. a GM organism.
    C. the result of somatic cell transfer.
    D. all the above are true.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the purpose of sequencing DNA.
Section: 11.05
Topic: Biotechnology

 

  1. Embryonic stem cells reach an intermediary level of determination at which they are committed to becoming a particular ______ type, but not necessarily a particular ____ type.
    A.cell/tissue
    B. tissue/organ
    C. tissue/cell
    D. organ/tissue

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Identify medical treatments that can benefit from stem cells and explain why.
Learning Outcome: Identify the ethical and moral implications of stem cells.
Section: 11.04
Topic: Biotechnology

  1. The procedure provides the most detailed look that we are able to have of the organism’s genetic information.
    A.PCR
    B. cloning
    C. genetic modification of organisms
    D. DNA sequencing

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe the purpose of sequencing DNA.
Section: 11.02
Topic: Biotechnology

Chapter 21

The Nature of Microorganisms

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. The method of reproduction used most frequently by microorganisms
    A.is sexual reproduction.
    B. is parthenogenesis.
    C. is asexual reproduction.
    D. involves meiosis.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Explain the features that differentiate organisms as microbes.
Section: 21.01
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

  1. Which of the following taxonomic categories are normally included in the general classification of microorganisms?
    A.Domain Bacteria
    B. Kingdom Protista
    C. Domain Archaea
    D. All of the above are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Explain the features that differentiate organisms as microbes.
Section: 21.01
Section: 21.02
Section: 21.03
Section: 21.05
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

 

  1. All of the following characteristics are typical for microorganisms EXCEPT
    A.Generally consist of single cell or groups of cells with little specialization.
    B. Generally reproduce by asexual reproduction.
    C. Most are parasites.
    D. Generally live in moist environments.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Explain the features that differentiate organisms as microbes.
Section: 21.01
Section: 21.02
Section: 21.03
Section: 21.05
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

  1. Which of the following is a mutualistic relationship involving bacteria?
    A.mycorrhiza
    B. lichen
    C. decomposer bacteria
    D. All of the above are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the relationships of bacteria with other organisms.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

  1. Members of the Domain Bacteria and Domain Archaea differ in that
    A.Archaea are larger than Bacteria.
    B. Archaea reproduce sexually and Bacteria do not.
    C. Archaea are mostly parasitic.
    D. Archaea have a more complex nature to their DNA than do Bacteria.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Archaea.
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Bacteria.
Section: 21.01
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

 

  1. A highly resistant bacterial structure having a low metabolic rate is a(n)
    A.pathogen.
    B. mutation.
    C. endospore.
    D. toxin.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Archaea.
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Bacteria.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

  1. The cells of the members of the kingdom Protista differ from those of the domain Bacteria in that
    A.none of the Protista have cell walls.
    B. all of the Protista have a nucleus.
    C. none of the Protista have flagella.
    D. all of the Protista are smaller than Bacteria.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.02
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. Which of the following organisms are major producers of oxygen by photosynthesis in the ocean?
    A.Cyanobacteria
    B. Diatoms
    C. Dinoflagellates
    D. All of the above are important producers of oxygen.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: Give examples of microbes that are helpful and describe the benefits they provide.
Section: 21.02
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

 

  1. Which of the following organisms has cell walls containing silica?
    A.Ciliated protozoa
    B. Archaea
    C. Diatoms
    D. Dinoflagellates

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. Agar, widely used in microbiology growth media, is obtained from
    A.Protozoa.
    B. Mold.
    C. Bacteria.
    D. Algae.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of microbes that are helpful and describe the benefits they provide.
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. A heterotrophic, unicellular, eukaryotic cell is
    A.Alga.
    B. Bacterium.
    C. Archeon.
    D. Protozoan.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of microbes that are helpful and describe the benefits they provide.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

 

  1. Protozoa are classified according to
    A.the type of chlorophyll they have.
    B. the number of cilia they have.
    C. their method of movement.
    D. the environment in which they live.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of microbes that are helpful and describe the benefits they provide.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. A vector is an organism that carries
    A.mutations.
    B. toxins.
    C. spores.
    D. parasites.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of microbes that are harmful and describe the diseases they cause.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. Slime molds are a type of
    A.Algae.
    B. Bacteria.
    C. Protista.
    D. Pathogen.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

 

  1. Many members of the domain Archaea have the ability to produce
    A.methane.
    B. acid.
    C. high temperatures.
    D. cellulose.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Archaea.
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Bacteria.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

  1. In the ocean or freshwater a bloom is
    A.a major increase in the number of planktonic algae.
    B. the growth of flower-like structures on brown algae.
    C. an area where oxygen is depleted from the water.
    D. None of the above is correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. Your large intestine is filled with bacteria that do you no harm. Therefore, they are referred to as _____________ bacteria.
    A.pathogenic
    B. mutualistic
    C. commensal
    D. parasitic

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe microbes that live in and on all humans.
Learning Outcome: Give examples of microbes that are helpful and describe the benefits they provide.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

 

  1. Ringworm and athlete’s foot are caused by
    A.fungi.
    B. bacteria.
    C. algae.
    D. protozoa.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Fungi.
Section: 21.05
Topic: Fungi

  1. An organism that lives on dead organic matter is known as a
    A.commensal organism.
    B. saprophyte.
    C. parasite.
    D. None of the above is correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Fungi

  1. Which of the following is a common human use of bacteria?
    A.producing sugar
    B. decomposition in sewage treatment plants
    C. producing antibiotics
    D. All of the above are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of microbes that are helpful and describe the benefits they provide.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

 

  1. Members of the Domain Archaea are important in the ocean as
    A.chemosynthetic producers near places where hot water comes from openings in the ocean floor.
    B. parasites on many kinds of algae.
    C. a cause of algal blooms.
    D. food for fish.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Archaea.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

  1. An example of a mutualistic relationship is that of bacteria
    A.decomposing organic material.
    B. causing diseases.
    C. producing nitrogen-containing molecules in the roots of plants.
    D. being used in the chemical industry.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the relationships of bacteria with other organisms.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

  1. Archaea that are halophiles live in
    A.extremely hot environments.
    B. extremely cold environments.
    C. extremely salty environments.
    D. extremely acid environments.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Archaea.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

 

  1. Bacteria are difficult to control because of their
    A.high reproductive rate.
    B. low metabolic rate.
    C. lack of a nucleus.
    D. lack of a cell wall.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Explain the features that differentiate organisms as microbes.
Section: 21.01
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

  1. Members of the kingdom Protista are
    A.always colonial.
    B. prokaryotic cells.
    C. all photosynthetic.
    D. eukaryotic cells.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. Single-celled, autotrophic organisms include
    A.fungi.
    B. protozoa.
    C. algae.
    D. plants.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

 

  1. Phytoplankton is mainly found
    A.near the ocean surface.
    B. on the ocean bottom.
    C. growing on rocks in freshwater streams.
    D. only in very cold water.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. The location of phytoplankton in the ocean is determined by
    A.temperature.
    B. space.
    C. salt content.
    D. light.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. A bloom is a rapid increase in
    A.algae.
    B. temperature.
    C. light.
    D. fish.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

 

  1. A vector is
    A.the organism that causes a disease.
    B. the organism that is harmed by a disease organism.
    C. the organism that carries a disease organism from one host to another.
    D. the organism that produces antibiotics.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protista

  1. Pseudopods are found on some
    A.protozoa.
    B. algae.
    C. bacteria.
    D. blue-green algae.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. Nonphotosynthetic cells with cell walls belong to the Kingdom
    A.Plantae.
    B. Animalia.
    C. Fungi.
    D. Protista.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Fungi.
Section: 21.05
Topic: Fungi

 

  1. Fungi are
    A.saprophytes.
    B. mutualistic.
    C. decomposers.
    D. All of the above are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Fungi.
Section: 21.05
Topic: Fungi

  1. The main method of fungus dispersal is by
    A.seeds.
    B. sperms.
    C. fertilized eggs.
    D. spores.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Fungi.
Section: 21.05
Topic: Fungi

  1. Slime molds and water molds are not considered to be fungi because
    A.they are not decomposers.
    B. they do not have chitin in their cell walls.
    C. their reproductive cells do not have flagella.
    D. they do not have the ability to do photosynthesis.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

 

  1. The control of Bacteria by antibiotics is often ineffective because
    A.Bacteria mutate.
    B. Bacteria destroy antibiotics.
    C. Bacteria produce cell walls.
    D. Bacteria reproduce asexually.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of microbes that are helpful and describe the benefits they provide.
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Bacteria.
Section: 21.02
Section: 21.05
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

  1. Benthic algae are found
    A.near the ocean shore.
    B. floating on the ocean surface.
    C. only in fresh water.
    D. in the deep parts of the ocean.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the types of environments in which microorganisms live.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. Algae with two flagella are
    A.diatoms.
    B. dinoflagellates.
    C. cyanobacteria.
    D. red algae.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

 

  1. Which of the following kinds of protozoa are major consumers of Bacteria and other microorganisms in the ocean?
    A.Apicomplexa
    B. Foranimifera
    C. Dinoflagellates
    D. Thermophiles

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. The best way to control the spread of the protozoan that causes sleeping sickness is
    A.with antibiotics.
    B. with heat.
    C. to control the vector.
    D. to drink strong coffee.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of microbes that are harmful and describe the diseases they cause.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. The organisms that cause strep throat, pneumonia, and botulism are
    A.viruses.
    B. bacteria.
    C. protozoa.
    D. fungi.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of microbes that are harmful and describe the diseases they cause.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

 

  1. Which of the following statements is FALSE concerning bacteria?
    A.They are prokaryotic.
    B. They can form endospores under unfavorable conditions.
    C. They contain complex organelles composed of membranes.
    D. They can be autotrophic or heterotrophic.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Archaea.
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Bacteria.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

  1. Algae differ from protozoa in that
    A.algae are plants and protozoa are animals.
    B. protozoa are motile and algae are nonmotile.
    C. algae are autotrophs and protozoa are heterotrophs.
    D. algae are aerobic and protozoa are anaerobic.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. Organisms important in sewage treatment and nitrogen fixation belong to the domain
    A.Protista.
    B. Fungi.
    C. Bacteria.
    D. Archaea.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Bacteria.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

 

  1. ____ are not considered microorganisms.
    A.Yeast cells
    B. Bacteria
    C. Protozoa
    D. Insects

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Explain the features that differentiate organisms as microbes.
Section: 21.01
Topic: General

  1. Microbes of the same species that live together and cooperate in some way are
    A.mutualistic.
    B. colonial.
    C. commensal.
    D. opportunistic.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Archaea.
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Bacteria.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

  1. Some ____ are able to metabolize oil and have been used in the cleanup of oil spills.
    A.Algae
    B. Protozoa
    C. Fungi
    D. Bacteria

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Discuss the importance of bacteria in recycling and decomposing. Give examples.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

 

  1. Nitrogen is made available to legumes because of a symbiotic relationship between the plant and
    A.a virus.
    B. bacteria.
    C. fungi.
    D. protozoa.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the relationships of bacteria with other organisms.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

  1. Nitrogen is made available to aquatic ecosystems by
    A.Bacteria.
    B. Cyanobacteria.
    C. Archaea.
    D. All of the above are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Archaea.
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Bacteria.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

  1. Under ideal conditions, some bacteria can reproduce as frequently as once every
    A.thirty seconds.
    B. twenty minutes.
    C. twenty-four hours.
    D. three days.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Archaea.
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Bacteria.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

 

  1. ____ of the species of bacteria are pathogens.
    A.All
    B. The majority
    C. About half
    D. A minority

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of microbes that are harmful and describe the diseases they cause.
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Archaea.
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Bacteria.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

  1. The most effective way to kill an endospore is to
    A.dry it (dehydration).
    B. freeze it (-10°C).
    C. crush it.
    D. heat it (125°C).

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Archaea.
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Bacteria.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

  1. ____ do NOT belong to the kingdom Protista.
    A.Water molds
    B. Algae
    C. Protozoa
    D. Yeasts

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

 

  1. Tiny aquatic organisms that swim or move with water currents are
    A.plankton.
    B. benthic.
    C. endospores.
    D. colonial.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. ____ are the major producers in the ocean food chain.
    A.Benthic organisms
    B. Phytoplankton
    C. Fungi
    D. Water molds

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. Protozoa with complex cell structures and two kinds of nuclei are
    A.Apicomplexa.
    B. Flagellates.
    C. Ciliates.
    D. Radiolarians.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

 

  1. Seaweeds are
    A.large fungi.
    B. multicellular algae.
    C. primitive members of Plantae.
    D. cyanobacteria.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. Malaria is directly caused by
    A.protozoa.
    B. mosquitoes.
    C. bacteria.
    D. unclean environments.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Diagram the life cycle of a pathogenic protozoan such as Plasmodium vivax.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. Which of the following is a major kind of benthic algae?
    A.Diatom
    B. Brown algae
    C. Cyanobacteria
    D. Radiolarians

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the types of environments in which microorganisms live.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

 

  1. The characteristic blue color of blue cheese comes from
    A.cyanobacteria.
    B. algae.
    C. mold.
    D. protozoans.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of microbes that are helpful and describe the benefits they provide.
Section: 21.05
Topic: Fungi

  1. One type of symbiotic relationship between a fungus and a plant involves
    A.nitrogen fixation.
    B. lichen.
    C. mycorrhiza.
    D. endospores.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of microbes that are helpful and describe the benefits they provide.
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Fungi.
Section: 21.05
Topic: Fungi

  1. Harmful chemicals produced by fungi are
    A.pathogens.
    B. mycotoxins.
    C. benthic.
    D. mycorrhiza.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Fungi.
Section: 21.05
Topic: Fungi

 

  1. In the mutualistic relationship of lichens, ____ provide moisture and attachment while ____ provide food.
    A.bacteria; fungi
    B. bacteria; algae
    C. fungi; algae
    D. algae; fungi

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Fungi.
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.05
Topic: Fungi

  1. The immediate ancestors of plants, animals and fungi are thought to be similar to some modern day ______
    A.Protista.
    B. Bacteria.
    C. Archaea.
    D. Ciliates.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. In the process of obtaining food, Fungi ________.
    A.secrete enzymes into their surroundings
    B. take whole pieces of organic matter into their cells
    C. rely on bacteria to digest their food
    D. None of the above is correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Fungi.
Section: 21.05
Topic: Fungi

 

  1. Fungi are major pathogens for
    A.Animals.
    B. Bacteria.
    C. Insects.
    D. Plants.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Fungi.
Section: 21.05
Topic: Fungi

  1. How are the algae economically important?
    A.They increase environmental calcium levels.
    B. They decrease the population of harmful fungi.
    C. They provide fiber in most diets.
    D. They provide food additives.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Give examples of microbes that are helpful and describe the benefits they provide.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. A major ecological role for fungi is as
    A.producers.
    B. decomposers.
    C. nitrogen-fixing organisms.
    D. vectors of disease.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Fungi.
Section: 21.05
Topic: Fungi

 

  1. The kingdom Protista is
    A.not considered a valid phylogenetic unit.
    B. composed of organisms that are very similar to one another.
    C. only contains single-celled organisms.
    D. not ecologically important.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. The production of methane in the digestive system of cattle is primarily the result of action of
    A.Ciliates.
    B. Fungi.
    C. Archaea.
    D. Flagellates.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Archaea.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

  1. Bacteria differ from Archaea in that
    A.Archaea have peptidoglycan in their cell walls.
    B. Bacteria have peptidoglycan in their cell walls.
    C. Archaea have DNA which is in the shape of a ring.
    D. Bacteria have DNA which is in the shape of a ring.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Archaea.
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of the Bacteria.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

 

  1. Members of this group of protozoa are decomposers responsible for these infectious diseases: giardiasis (gastroenteritis), trichomoniasis (sexually transmitted disease), and trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness—Trypanosoma gambiense).
    A.flagellated protozoa
    B. sarcodina
    C. ciliates
    D. All of these answers are correct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Describe microbes that live in and on all humans.
Learning Outcome: Give examples of microbes that are harmful and describe the diseases they cause.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

  1. One-celled species of fungi such as Saccharomyces cerevisiae (used in bread-and beer-making) are commonly known as
    A.bacteria.
    B. viruses.
    C. yeast.
    D. molds.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Fungi.
Section: 21.05
Topic: Fungi

  1. These are nonphotosynthetic plankton, including aquatic protozoa and tiny animals.
    A.phytoplankton
    B. thermophiles
    C. zooplankton
    D. diatoms

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: List the basic characteristics of members of the Protista.
Section: 21.03
Topic: Protists

 

  1. This process involves the use of naturally occurring microbes to break down unwanted or dangerous materials.
    A.biomagnification
    B. bioremediation
    C. bioamplification
    D. bioassimilation

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: Discuss the importance of bacteria in recycling and decomposing. Give examples.
Section: 21.02
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

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