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**INSTANT DOWNLOAD WITH ANSWERS**

###### Calculation of Drug Dosages A Work Text 9th Edition by Sheila J. Ogden – Test Bank

**Chapter 02: Fractions**

**COMPLETION**

- Reduce the following fraction to lowest terms.

54/81 = _____

ANS: 2/3

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Reduce the following fraction to lowest terms.

105/135 = _____

ANS: 7/9

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Reduce the following fraction to lowest terms.

39/65 = _____

ANS: 3/5

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Change the following improper fraction to a whole or mixed number.

325/16 = _____

ANS: 20 5/16

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Change the following improper fraction to a whole or mixed number.

1,500/100 = _____

ANS: 15

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Change the following improper fraction to a whole or mixed number.

193/62 = _____

ANS: 3 7/62

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Change the following mixed number to an improper fraction.

12 1/8 = _____

ANS: 97/8

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Change the following mixed number to an improper fraction.

29 2/3 = _____

ANS: 89/3

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Perform the indicated operation and reduce to lowest terms.

1/12 + 6/12 + 5/12 = ____

ANS: 1

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Perform the indicated operation and reduce to lowest terms.

3/8 – 1/3 = _____

ANS: 1/24

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Perform the indicated operation and reduce to lowest terms.

4/5 ´ 5/16 = _____

ANS: 1/4

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Perform the indicated operation and reduce to lowest terms.

1/12 ´ 1/15 = _____

ANS: 1/180

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Perform the indicated operation and reduce to lowest terms.

3/5 ¸ 5 = _____

ANS: 3/25

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Perform the indicated operation and reduce to lowest terms.

1/100 ¸ 1/200 = _____

ANS: 2

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Indicate which fraction is the largest.

1/100, 1/150, 1/200: _____

ANS: 1/100

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Arrange the following fractions from smallest to largest.

1/6, 1/5, 1/8, 1/4, 1/3: _______________

ANS: 1/8, 1/6, 1/5, 1/4, 1/3

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Perform the indicated operation with fractions. Reduce to lowest terms as indicated.

1/5 + 1/2 + 1/4 = _____

ANS: 19/20

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Perform the indicated operation with fractions. Reduce to lowest terms as indicated.

16 5/6 – 14 3/8 = ____

ANS: 2 11/24

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Perform the indicated operation with fractions. Reduce to lowest terms as indicated.

6 10/12 ´ 15/3 = _____

ANS: 34 1/6

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Perform the indicated operation with fractions. Reduce to lowest terms as indicated.

56 ¸ 9/20 = _____

ANS: 124 4/9

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Indicate the largest number in the following set.

5/6, 5/8: _____

ANS: 5/6

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Indicate the largest number in the following set.

1/30, 1/4, 1/150: _____

ANS: 1/4

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Reduce the following fraction to lowest terms.

34/102 = _____

ANS: 1/3

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Reduce the following fraction to lowest terms.

60/1200 = _____

ANS: 1/20

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Express the following improper fraction as a mixed number. Reduce to lowest terms.

24/18 = _____

ANS: 1 1/3

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Express the following improper fraction as a mixed number. Reduce to lowest terms.

15/13 = _____

ANS: 1 2/13

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Change the following mixed number to an improper fraction.

9 1/9 = _____

ANS: 82/9

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Change the following mixed number to an improper fraction.

6 7/10 = _____

ANS: 67/10

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Perform the indicated operation with fractions. Reduce to lowest terms as indicated.

6 5/16 + 5 3/16 = _____

ANS: 11 1/2

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Perform the indicated operation with fractions. Reduce to lowest terms as indicated.

4 3/10 + 2 2/10 = _____

ANS: 6 1/2

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Perform the indicated operation with fractions. Reduce to lowest terms as indicated.

3 1/5 + 3 2/3 + 2 1/2= _____

ANS: 12 11/30

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Perform the indicated operation with fractions. Reduce to lowest terms as indicated.

1 2/4 + 3 1/3 = _____

ANS: 4 5/6

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Perform the indicated operation with fractions. Reduce to lowest terms as indicated.

15/21 – 10/21 = _____

ANS: 5/21

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Perform the indicated operation with fractions. Reduce to lowest terms as indicated.

8/16 – 1/4 = _____

ANS: 1/4

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Perform the indicated operation with fractions. Reduce to lowest terms as indicated.

14 – 5/9 = _____

ANS: 13 4/9

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Perform the indicated operation with fractions. Reduce to lowest terms as indicated.

6 1/4 – 2 5/8 = ____

ANS: 3 5/8

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- Perform the indicated operation with fractions. Reduce to lowest terms as indicated.

5 1/3 – 1 7/12 = _____

ANS: 3 3/4

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- A client received 2 1/2 ounces (oz) of medication at breakfast and 2 1/3 oz at lunch. How many oz of medication has the client received? _____

ANS: 4 5/6 oz

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- A client weighed 147 1/2 pounds (lb), lost 6 3/4 lb due to illness. How many pounds does the client now weigh? ____

ANS: 140 3/4 lb

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- A client drank 2/3 of a 12 ounce (oz) can of seltzer water. How many ounces of seltzer water did the client drink? ______

ANS: 8 oz

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- A client is supposed to drink a 10 ounce (oz) bottle of magnesium citrate before an X-ray study. The client was able to drink 4 oz. How much of the magnesium citrate remains? (Express answer as a fraction reduced to lowest terms.) ______

ANS: 2/5 bottle

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

- The nurse is instructed to give a client 2/3 of a cup of solution. If 1 cup = 240 milliliters (mL), how many mL should the nurse administer? _____

ANS: 160 mL

PTS: 1 MSC: Practice Problems

**Chapter 10: Medication Administration**

**MULTIPLE CHOICE**

- The “six rights” of medication administration are:

a. | medication, dosage, route, time, client, documentation. |

b. | medication, solution, doctor, shift, time, documentation. |

c. | medication, order, signature, time, route, documentation. |

d. | medication, client, signature, time, hospital, documentation |

ANS: A PTS: 1 MSC: General

- After administering a medication, the nurse should:

a. | pour the medications for the next administration time. |

b. | document medication given prior to administering. |

c. | order the next dosage needed from the pharmacy. |

d. | document the time of administration. |

ANS: D PTS: 1 MSC: General

- A nurse is administering a medication at the bedside. Which of the following actions should be the first priority?

a. | Document the administration of the medication. |

b. | Establish the identity of the client. |

c. | Recheck the medication label. |

d. | Obtain orange juice for the client to take with the medication. |

ANS: B PTS: 1 MSC: General

**MULTIPLE RESPONSE**

- Medication errors (select all that apply):

a. | are preventable. |

b. | are less prevalent in children and elderly. |

c. | cause an increase in health care cost. |

d. | can occur when the six rights of medication administration are not adhered to. |

e. | can result in tragic outcomes including death. |

f. | occur in the hospital setting only. |

ANS: A, C, D, E PTS: 1 MSC: General

- Which of the following are considered unique identifiers in addition to the full name of a client when establishing the identification of a client? (Select all that apply.)

a. | Room number of the client. |

b. | Client’s medical record number. |

c. | Initials of the client’s name. |

d. | Client’s date of birth. |

e. | Name of the client’s medication. |

ANS: B, D PTS: 1 MSC: General

**COMPLETION**

**Directions:**For the following scenario, identify which of the “six rights” of medication administration has been violated.

A nurse enters a room to administer medications to a client. The order is for Prednisolone 2.5 mg p.o. b.i.d. The nurse administers prednisone 25 mg p.o.: _______________, _______________.

ANS: medication, dosage

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Directions:**For the following scenario, identify which of the “six rights” of medication administration has been violated.

A nurse charts medications that she administered at 10 AM on October 1st for 10 AM on October 2nd: _______________.

ANS: documentation

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Directions:**For the following scenario, identify which of the “six rights” of medication administration has been violated.

A nurse has an order for heparin 5,000 units subcut for a client in room 407 whose name is Henry Jones (initials HJ). The nurse enters room 408 and administers the medication to Horace Jackson (initials HJ): _______________.

ANS: client

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Directions:**For the following scenario, identify which of the “six rights” of medication administration has been violated.

Medication ________________ avoids errors and assists in obtaining accurate medication histories of a client at transition points (admission, transfer, discharge).

ANS: reconciliation

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Directions:**Complete the following sentence with the correct word or number.

When a verbal order is received by an authorized individual, the individual must do the following: (Write in the correct sequence.) _______, _______, _______.

ANS: write it down, read it back, get confirmation

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Directions:**Complete the following sentence with the correct word or number.

The use of mixed case or enlarged, bolded lettering to differentiate medications with look-alike names is called __________ lettering.

ANS: Tall Man

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Directions:**Complete the following sentence with the correct word or number.

The use of posters and brochures to encourage clients to use strategies to avoid medication errors is called the _____________ .

ANS: Speak Up Campaign

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Directions:**Complete the following sentence with the correct word or number.

Administration of medications within 30 minutes of the scheduled time is referred to as the _____________ .

ANS: 30-minute rule

PTS: 1 MSC: General

**TRUE/FALSE**

- Medication errors can result in prolonged hospitalization for a client.

**_____**

ANS: T PTS: 1 MSC: General

- Technological advances have eliminated the occurrence of medication errors.

**_____**

ANS: F PTS: 1 MSC: General

- A nurse who administers a medication that is unsafe is liable for the error.

**_____**

ANS: T PTS: 1 MSC: General

- The nurse can safely administer medications that are prepared by another nurse.

__________

ANS: F PTS: 1 MSC: General

- A dropper is safe to use when administering medications when it is used for the specific medication it is calibrated to.

ANS: T PTS: 1 MSC: General

**Chapter 24: Critical Care Calculations**

**COMPLETION**

**Directions:**Calculate the dosages as indicated.

A client is receiving procainamide 1 g in 500 mL D5W at 120 mL/hr.

- mg/hr: _____
- mg/min: _____

ANS:

- 240
- 4

PTS: 1 MSC: Critical Care Calculations

**Directions:**Calculate the dosages as indicated.

A client is receiving dopamine 800 mg in 500 mL D5W infusing at a rate of 30 mL/hr.

- mg/hr: _____
- mcg/min: _____

ANS:

- 48
- 800

PTS: 1 MSC: Critical Care Calculations

**Directions:**Calculate the dosages as indicated.

__Order__: Dobutamine 2.5 mcg/kg/min for a client who weighs 193 lb

__Available__: Dobutamine 250 mg in 250 mL D5W

- What is the client’s weight in kilograms? _____ (to the nearest tenth)
- Calculate the rate in mL/hr required to infuse 2 mcg/kg/min: _____

ANS:

- 87.72 = 87.7
- 11

PTS: 1 MSC: Critical Care Calculations

**Directions:**Calculate the dosages as indicated.

Esmolol is ordered for a client. The solution available is 2.5 g in 250 mL D5W. The order is to infuse 32 mL/hr.

- mg/hr: _____
- mg/min: _____

ANS:

- 320
- 5.3

PTS: 1 MSC: Critical Care Calculations

**Directions:**Calculate the dosages as indicated.

A client weighing 80 kg has an order for Intropin to infuse at 8 mcg/kg/min. The solution available is 800 mg Intropin in 500 mL D5W.

- mcg/min: _____
- mL/hr: _____

ANS:

- 640
- 24

PTS: 1 MSC: Critical Care Calculations

**Directions:**Calculate the dosages as indicated.

Dopamine 4 mcg/kg/min is ordered for a client who weighs 165 lb. The solution available is 400 mg of Dopamine in 250 mL D5W. To infuse by infusion pump that delivers in tenths of a milliliter.

- mg/min: ____
- mg/hr: _____
- mL/hr: ____

ANS:

- 0.3
- 18
- 11.3

PTS: 1 MSC: Critical Care Calculations

**Directions:**Calculate the dosages as indicated.

Lidocaine to infuse at 3 mg/min. The solution available is 2 g of lidocaine in 500 mL D5W. Determine the IV flow rate.

ANS: 45 mL/hr

PTS: 1 MSC: Critical Care Calculations

**Directions:**Calculate the dosages as indicated.

Nitroglycerine has been ordered to titrate at 10 mcg/min to 30 mcg/min, and the rate should be increased by 5 mcg/min every 3-5 minutes for chest pain. The solution contains 50 mg nitroglycerin in 250 mL D5W. Develop a titration table in 5 mcg increments. The pump delivers in tenths of a milliliter.

ANS:

- 3-9 mL/hr will deliver 10-30 mcg/min
- For each change of 5 mcg/min, the incremental flow rate is 1.5 mL/hr
- Titration Table

**Dosage rate (mcg/min) Flow rate (mL/hr)**

** **

10 mcg/min (minimum) 3 mL/hr

15 mcg/min 4.5 mL/hr

20 mcg/min 6 mL/hr

25 mcg/min 7.5 mL/hr

30 mcg/min (maximum) 9 mL/hr

PTS: 1 MSC: Critical Care Calculations

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