Abnormal Psychology 7th Ed By Susan Nolen Hoeksema

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Abnormal Psychology 7th Ed By Susan Nolen Hoeksema

Chapter 02

Theories and Treatment of Abnormality

 

  1. Which of the following best defines a theory?
  2. A theory is a set of ideas that relate only to observed behaviors.
  3. A theory is a treatment, usually based on a phenomenon, which addresses those factors that cause the phenomenon.
  4. A theory is a set of ideas that bridges the gap between normal and abnormal behaviors.
  5. D. A theory is a set of ideas that provides a framework for asking questions about a phenomenon and for gathering and interpreting information about that phenomenon.

Page: 24

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Describe the scientific method

Topic: Scientific Method

 

  1. A _____ is a treatment, usually based on a theory of a phenomenon, that addresses those factors the theory says cause the phenomenon.
  2. practice
  3. modus operandi
  4. C. therapy
  5. hypothesis

Page: 24

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain how treatment is planned.

Topic: Treatment

 

  1. A psychologist who applies a sociocultural approach to anxiety disorders would:
  2. consider genetics as a likely explanation for anxiety.
  3. B. consider the way cultural values or the social environment affect anxiety.
  4. look for the causes of anxiety in people’s beliefs, thought processes, life experiences, and relationships.
  5. explain anxiety by taking into account a person’s unconscious desires.

Page: 24

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APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the sociocultural perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Anxiety Disorders

Topic: Sociocultural Approach

 

  1. Maria and her parents recently moved to a new state because her mother received a job transfer. Maria has had difficulty adjusting to her new school, and has been suffering from loss of appetite, irritability, and lack of interest in her usual activities. Assuming that Maria’s behavior meets the criteria for abnormal behavior, which of the following approaches would best explain Maria’s behavior?
  2. A. Psychological approach
  3. Nature approach
  4. Personal approach
  5. Biological approach

Page: 36

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APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast the perspectiv of abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychological Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following best describes the nature-nurture question of abnormality?
  2. The nature-nurture question relies heavily on biological perspectives to address abnormal behaviors.
  3. The nature-nurture question views abnormal behaviors exclusively from a sociological perspective.
  4. The nature-nurture question integrates biological, psychological, and social approaches to abnormal behaviors.
  5. D. The nature-nurture question supports the idea that psychological problems have must have a single cause

Page: 24

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast the perspectiv of abnormal psychology.

Topic: Nature vs. Nurture

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true about the diathesis-stress model of the development of disorders?
  2. A. A biological, psychological, or social vulnerability combines with a biological, psychological, or social trigger, causing a disorder to manifest.
  3. An individual experiences a minimal amount of psychological and social stress that creates an atmosphere for the emergence of a disorder.
  4. Biological factors and psychological factors interact and create social stressors that influence a disorder.
  5. Psychological and social vulnerability are loosely associated with a specific disorder and biological factors are the main contributors to the disorder.

Page: 25

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Explain the biopsychosocial perspective.

Topic: Diathesis-Stress Model

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true regarding the different approaches to abnormality and the continuum model?
  2. People who favor a sociocultural approach generally embrace the continuum model because they view psychological disorders as vastly different from normal functioning.
  3. People who take a biological approach have traditionally accepted the continuum model of abnormality.
  4. People who adopt a psychological approach have moved away from the continuum model of psychopathology in recent years.
  5. D. Proponents of the sociocultural approach tend to view abnormal behaviors as understandable consequences of social stresses in people’s lives.

Page: 24

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast the perspectiv of abnormal psychology.

Topic: Approaches to Abnormal Psychology

 

  1. The biological approach to abnormality focuses on all of the following causes of abnormality EXCEPT:
  2. brain dysfunction.
  3. genetic abnormalities.
  4. biochemical imbalance.
  5. D. poor physiological responses.

Page: 26

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true about the various structures of the brain?
  2. The pons control arousal and attention to stimuli.
  3. The medulla is important for attentiveness and the timing of sleep.
  4. The cerebellum helps control breathing and reflexes.
  5. D. The superior colliculus and inferior colliculus relay sensory information and control movement.

Page: 27

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. The outer layer of the cerebrum is called the _____.
  2. hippocampus
  3. B. cerebral cortex
  4. thalamus
  5. cerebellum

Page: 27

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. The cerebral cortex is responsible for:
  2. regulating sexual drive.
  3. B. advanced thinking processes.
  4. relaying messages to the brain.
  5. impulse control.

Page: 27

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Abnormality in eating, drinking, and sexual behavior is most likely a result of the dysfunction of the:
  2. right frontal lobe.
  3. cerebrum.
  4. C.
  5. midbrain.

Page: 28

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of subcortical structures in the brain?
  2. A. They contain the thalamus, which directs incoming information from sense receptors to the cerebrum.
  3. They contain the hypothalamus, which is a large structure just above the thalamus that regulates instinctive behaviors.
  4. They contain the hippocampus, a part of the limbic system, which plays a central role in emotions such as fear.
  5. They contain the amygdala, a structure of the limbic system, which plays a role in memory.

Page: 28

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Cindy’s mood has become increasingly unstable since her traffic accident, in which she obtained a serious brain injury. She often experiences bouts of aggression and fits of rage in reaction to the slightest provocation. At other times, she is overly passive and fails to recognize direct threats. In which area of Cindy’s brain has the damage most likely occurred?
  2. The temporal lobe
  3. B. The limbic system
  4. The cerebellum
  5. The medulla

Page: 28

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APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Biochemicals that carry impulses from one neuron to another in the brain and in other parts of the nervous system are called _____.
  2. hormones
  3. B. neurotransmitters
  4. electrical transmissions
  5. synaptic responses

Page: 29

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Neurotransmitters are released into the _____, the gap between synaptic terminals and adjacent neurons, and then bind to special _____, molecules on the membrane of adjacent neurons.
  2. receptor; dendrites
  3. B. synapse; receptors
  4. synapse; axons
  5. receptor; cell bodies

Page: 29

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. When the initial neuron releasing a neurotransmitter into the synapse reabsorbs some of the neurotransmitter and thereby decreases the amount of neurotransmitter left in the synapse, the process is called _____.
  2. A. reuptake
  3. degradation
  4. blocking
  5. carrying

Page: 29

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. In the context of neurotransmitter functioning, degradation refers to the:
  2. release of neurons into the synaptic gap.
  3. reabsorption of the neurotransmitter into the initial neuron.
  4. attachment of the neurotransmitter to a receptor.
  5. D. release of an enzyme by the receiving neuron that breaks down the neurotransmitter into other biochemicals.

Page: 29

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following neurotransmitters plays an important role in regulating emotional well-being and aggressive impulses?
  2. Dopamine
  3. Norepinephrine
  4. Acetylcholine
  5. D. Serotonin

Page: 30

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Dopamine plays an important role in:
  2. regulating sexual drive and emotional responses.
  3. B. regulating the functioning of muscle systems.
  4. regulating pain and moods.
  5. inhibiting aggression.

Page: 30

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. When ingested, which of the following substances slows the reuptake process of norepinephrine?
  2. Cocaine and heroin
  3. Heroin and marijuana
  4. Marijuana and amphetamines
  5. D. Amphetamines and cocaine

Page: 30

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. In the context of emotional responses, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) plays an important role in _____ symptoms.
  2. A. anxiety
  3. depressive
  4. angry
  5. aggressive

Page: 30

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. A _____ is a chemical that carries messages throughout the body, potentially affecting a person’s moods, levels of energy, and reactions to stress.
  2. A. hormone
  3. degradation inhibitor
  4. neuron
  5. synapse

Page: 30

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. The “master” gland is also known as the _____.
  2. pancreatic gland
  3. organ of Corti
  4. adrenal gland
  5. D. pituitary gland

Page: 30

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. The pituitary gland is responsible for:
  2. stabilizing mood and emotions.
  3. controlling brain function and relaying messages.
  4. regulating energy levels and managing aggression.
  5. D. producing a variety of hormones and controlling the secretion of other endocrine glands.

Page: 30

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. When corticotropin-release factor (CRF) travels from the hypothalamus to the pituitary, the pituitary releases the body’s adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH). The bloodstream carries ACTH to the adrenal gland and various other organs. This example illustrates the complex relationship between:
  2. the pituitary gland and hormones.
  3. hormones and the endocrine system.
  4. the endocrine system and the pituitary gland.
  5. D. the central nervous system and the endocrine system.

Page: 30–31

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Mark has difficulty managing his stress. His physician suspects that he has a dysregulated hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA axis). It is likely that Mark may later be diagnosed with a(n):
  2. personality disorder.
  3. B. depressive disorder.
  4. adjustment disorder.
  5. impulse control disorder.

Page: 31

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following is correct regarding chromosomes?
  2. At conception, the fertilized embryo has 48 chromosomes, 24 from the female egg and 24 from the male sperm.
  3. The mother of an embryo always contributes a Y chromosome and the father always contributes an X chromosome.
  4. C. Down syndrome results when chromosome 21 is present in triplicate instead of as the usual pair.
  5. Chromosomes have no relationship to deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA).

Page: 31

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Sandy was born with a flat face, a small nose, protruding lips and tongue, and slanting eyes. These features were a result of chromosome 21 being present in triplicate. Sandy was most likely born with _____.
  2. Klinefelter syndrome
  3. B. Down syndrome
  4. Tay-Sachs disease
  5. Fragile X syndrome

Page: 31

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT true about behavior genetics?
  2. Behavior genetics is the study of the genetics of personality and abnormality.
  3. B. Research in behavior genetics focuses primarily on twin studies
  4. According to behavior genetics, most disorders result from polygenic processes.
  5. Behavior geneticists investigate the heritability of behaviors and behavioral tendencies.

Page: 31–32

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. A polygenic process:
  2. A. refers to the multiple genetic abnormalities that interact in one individual to create a disorder.
  3. results from the interaction between hormones and neurotransmitters.
  4. creates the coded instructions for cells to perform certain functions.
  5. controls the basic genetic transmission that occurs during conception.

Page: 32

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Identical twins have _____ of their genes in common.
  2. 25 percent
  3. 50 percent
  4. 75 percent
  5. D. 100 percent

Page: 32

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT true about the interaction between genes and the environment?
  2. Genetic factors can influence the kinds of environments we choose.
  3. The environment can act as a catalyst for a genetic tendency.
  4. Environmental conditions can affect the expression of genes.
  5. D. Personalities and interests are not reinforced by the environments we choose.

Page: 32

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. _____ is the study of heritable changes in the expression of genes without changes in the gene sequence.
  2. Molecular biology
  3. Genetic engineering
  4. C. Epigenetics
  5. Molecular cloning

Page: 33

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. The research on epigenetic processes carried out by Michael Meany found that:
  2. A. the behavior of mother rats toward their offspring influences the development of the pups’ reactions to stress in adulthood.
  3. the extent to which a mother rat grooms the pup in the first week of life is indirectly related to the release of certain hormones in the pup.
  4. pups that are licked and groomed more tend to grow into adult rats that are more fearful and show less developed responses to stress.
  5. the biological offspring of mothers who typically lick and groom less, when raised by mothers who lick and groom more, have less effective stress responses

Page: 33

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APA Outcome: 2.1 Use scientific reasoning to interpret psychological phenomena.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true about the different drug therapies?
  2. Phenothiazines, also known as atypical antipsychotics, are used to reduce hallucinations and delusions, and do not carry dangerous side effects.
  3. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the most frequently used antidepressants and target both serotonin and norepinephrine.
  4. Tricyclic antidepressants and monoamine oxidase inhibitors are the newer classes of antidepressants.
  5. D. SSRIs produce side effects such as nausea, diarrhea, headaches, daytime sedation, sexual dysfunction, and agitation.

Page: 34

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Name and describe drugs used in the treatment of abnormal behavior, and discuss the problems and controversies surrounding their use.

Topic: Drug Therapy

 

  1. Lithium is:
  2. a rare metallic element found only in natural springs.
  3. a safer treatment than anticonvulsants because it has fewer and milder side effects.
  4. C. commonly used in the treatment of bipolar disorder.
  5. very effective in reducing tardive dyskinesia.

Page: 34

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Name and describe drugs used in the treatment of abnormal behavior, and discuss the problems and controversies surrounding their use.

Topic: Drug Therapy

 

  1. A major class of anxiety-reducing drugs, _____, appears to reduce the symptoms of anxiety without interfering substantially with an individual’s ability to function in daily life. Their most frequent use of these drugs is as sleeping pills.
  2. barbiturates
  3. B. benzodiazepines
  4. azapirones
  5. beta-blockers

Page: 34

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Name and describe drugs used in the treatment of abnormal behavior, and discuss the problems and controversies surrounding their use.

Topic: Drug Therapy

 

  1. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) was originally introduced to treat which mental disorder?
  2. Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  3. Panic disorder without agoraphobia
  4. Generalized anxiety disorder
  5. D. Schizophrenia

Page: 34

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)?
  2. A current of 70 to 150 volts is passed through the brain for five seconds.
  3. Patients are fully conscious when the brain seizure is induced.
  4. Patients typically have a convulsion, which usually lasts three minutes or more.
  5. D. The side effects of ECT involve confusion and memory loss.

Page: 35

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. When treating a patient with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), approximately how many sessions are necessary?
  2. 4 to 6 sessions
  3. 5 to 8 session
  4. 6 to 15 sessions
  5. D. 6 to 12 sessions

Page: 35

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. A procedure known as _____ exposes patients to frequent, high-intensity magnetic pulses that are focused on particular brain structures, whereas in the _____ procedure, electrodes are surgically implanted in specific areas of the brain.
  2. A. repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation; deep brain stimulation
  3. deep brain stimulation; vagus nerve stimulation
  4. vagus nerve stimulation; repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation
  5. deep brain stimulation; repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation

Page: 35

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. The procedure introduced by neurologist Antonio de Egas Moniz in 1935, in which the frontal lobes of the brain are severed from the lower centers of the brain in people with psychosis is called:
  2. partial lobectomy.
  3. B. prefrontal lobotomy.
  4. vagus nerve stimulation.
  5. craniotomy.

Page: 35

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychosurgery

 

  1. Today, psychosurgery:
  2. is outlawed in the United States.
  3. B. is only used for severe disorders that do not respond to other treatments.
  4. is no longer controversial, as it formerly was.
  5. is found to generally lack precision.

Page: 35

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychosurgery

 

  1. Which of the following is a criticism leveled against the biological approach to abnormality?
  2. A. It often ignores the fact that environmental and psychological processes can affect biological functioning.
  3. It argues that people prefer to deal with the issues in their lives that are contributing to their psychological problems rather than turn to drugs.
  4. It seems to increase the blame or responsibility that might be put upon the sufferer of a disorder.
  5. It forces people who suffer from disorders to deny that they have a disease and therefore remedy their disease through cognitive restructuring.

Page: 36

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Behavioral theorists:
  2. accept the idea that unconscious conflicts drive human behavior.
  3. include biological factors as major contributors to abnormal behavior.
  4. view maladaptive thinking patterns as the primary motivators for abnormal behavior.
  5. D. focus on the influence of reinforcement and punishment in producing abnormal behavior.

Page: 36

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Behavioral Perspective

 

  1. What are the core principles of the behavioral approach?
  2. Classical reinforcement and operant conditioning
  3. Operant punishment and vicarious reinforcement
  4. C. Classical conditioning and operant conditioning
  5. Operant conditioning and latent learning

Page: 36

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Behavioral Perspective

 

  1. The Russian physiologist whose discovery of conditioned responses made a tremendous impact on psychology was _____.
  2. B. F. Skinner
  3. John Watson
  4. Edward Thorndike
  5. D. Ivan Pavlov

Page: 36

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APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Classical Conditioning

 

  1. In Pavlov’s experiment, the conditioned stimulus was:
  2. the event that elicited the unlearned response.
  3. B. the previously neutral stimulus.
  4. the reinforcement that elicited the learned response.
  5. the same as the unconditioned stimulus.

Page: 36

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APA Outcome: 2.1 Use scientific reasoning to interpret psychological phenomena.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Classical Conditioning

 

  1. Alexis is a sick child who makes frequent visits to the hospital to get her shots. One day she and her mother drive past the hospital and Alexis begins to cry. She repeatedly says, “Mommy, I don’t want to see the doctor.” In this example, the conditioned stimulus would be _____.
  2. the parking lot
  3. the shot
  4. the nurse
  5. D. the hospital

Page: 36

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APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Classical Conditioning

 

  1. A bee stung Leah while she was playing in the yard a few weeks ago. She now becomes panicky each time she goes out to play. In this example, the conditioned stimulus is _____.
  2. being stung
  3. B. playing outside
  4. seeing the bee
  5. feeling panicky

Page: 36

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Classical Conditioning

 

  1. The law of effect suggests that:
  2. the strength of a reward has no bearing on behaviors.
  3. punishment has no impact on undesired behaviors.
  4. C. behaviors followed by a reward are strengthened.
  5. punishments are more effective than rewards.

Page: 36

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Operant Conditioning

 

  1. Shaping behaviors by providing rewards for desired responses and punishments for undesired responses is known as _____.
  2. classical conditioning
  3. B. operant conditioning
  4. respondent conditioning
  5. avoidant conditioning

Page: 37

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Operant Conditioning

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT an example of a behavior learned through operant conditioning?
  2. An adolescent washes his father’s car hoping to get a curfew extension.
  3. B. A person jumps back at the sight of a snake.
  4. A prison inmate receives tokens for good behavior.
  5. An animal stays still to avoid an electric shock.

Page: 37

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Operant Conditioning

 

  1. Tracy always seemed to “forget” to do her weekly chores, despite many reminders by her mom and dad. Her parents decided to pay her $2 for each chore she completed by Sunday night each week. On which type of operant conditioning schedule did Tracy’s parents put her?
  2. A. Continuous reinforcement schedule
  3. Partial reinforcement schedule
  4. Continuous punishment schedule
  5. Partial punishment schedule

Page: 36–37

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Operant Conditioning

 

  1. When a learned behavior is eliminated, the process is called _____.
  2. removal
  3. B. extinction
  4. disappearance
  5. avoidance

Page: 37

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Operant Conditioning

 

  1. In the context of the schedules of reinforcement in operant conditioning, if a behavior is _____ reinforced, it is more difficult to extinguish.
  2. negatively
  3. B. intermittently
  4. continuously
  5. positively

Page: 37

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Operant Conditioning

 

  1. Jessica had a car accident while crossing an icy bridge. She now maps out her routes to avoid traveling over bridges. This avoidance helps to reduce her anxiety. In this example, Jessica has developed a(n) _____.
  2. unconditioned response
  3. B. conditioned avoidance response
  4. continuous reinforcement schedule
  5. unconditioned avoidance response

Page: 37

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Operant Conditioning

 

  1. Social learning theory posits that:
  2. A. people learn behaviors by watching other people.
  3. people learn as a direct result of rewards and punishments.
  4. people learn primarily by observing random people.
  5. people learn when two stimuli are paired together.

Page: 38

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Social Learning Theory

 

  1. Joe’s favorite food is spaghetti. His mom always makes it for him on Friday night, but she does not like the way he slurps the spaghetti into his mouth. One Friday night, she attempts to change Joe’s eating pattern. At dinner, she picks up her spoon and fork and begins to roll the spaghetti. David, Joe’s brother, used his fork and spoon as well. Susan, Joe’s sister, also used her fork and spoon to roll her spaghetti. At first, Joe slurps the spaghetti into his mouth, but after a few minutes, he begins to use his fork and spoon as well.

In this example, Joe is learning behavior through _____.

  1. shaping
  2. B. modeling
  3. reinforcing
  4. acquiring

Page: 37

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Social Learning Theory

 

  1. Jerry, who can’t sit still for a minute, sees his classmate, Mike, getting a sticker for sitting quietly in his seat. Jerry decides to stop fidgeting and begins to sit still in the hope of getting a sticker for his sticker collection. Which behavioral theory is in effect here?
  2. Classical conditioning
  3. B. Observational learning
  4. Systematic desensitization
  5. Causal attribution

Page: 37–38

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Social Learning Theory

 

  1. When Kathryn was visiting her grandmother one summer, a snake crawled onto the front porch and bit her. Since then, Kathryn has been dreadfully afraid of snakes. Which technique would a behavioral therapist most likely use in this situation to help Kathryn get rid of her phobia?
  2. Modeling
  3. B. Systematic desensitization
  4. Operant conditioning
  5. Reinforcement

Page: 38

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APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the behavioral perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Behavioral Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true about systematic desensitization therapy?
  2. It requires the client to first develop a hierarchy of feared stimuli and then learn appropriate responses to each of these stimuli, starting with the most feared stimulus.
  3. It is an immediate and direct method for extinguishing anxiety responses to stimuli and maladaptive behavior.
  4. C. It generally produces better results when the client is asked to experience the stimuli directly, that is, using the in vivo exposure method.
  5. It is often combined with operant conditioning to develop a conditioned avoidance response.

Page: 39

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the behavioral perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Behavioral Perspective

 

  1. All of the following are limitations of behavioral theories EXCEPT that:
  2. it is unclear how behavioral principles could account for some disorders, such as schizophrenia.
  3. B. the studies done to test these theories are rigorously controlled and exact.
  4. the complexity of human behaviors and the environmental experiences cannot be captured in laboratory studies.
  5. behavioral theories do not recognize free will in people’s behavior.

Page: 39

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the behavioral perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Behavioral Perspective

 

  1. Cognitive theories focus on _____.
  2. measurable behaviors
  3. B. thoughts and beliefs
  4. unconscious conflicts
  5. relationships

Page: 39

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Cognitive Perspective

 

  1. Martha was distraught when she discovered her husband had been involved with another woman and had a child with the other woman. She constantly tries to understand why her husband cheated on her, thinking thoughts such as “I’m so stupid for not realizing what was going on,” and, “I should have been more attentive to his needs.” Which type of cognition is Martha most likely exhibiting?
  2. Degradation
  3. B. Causal attribution
  4. Global assumption
  5. Catharsis

Page: 39

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Cognitive Perspective

 

  1. The broad beliefs we have about ourselves, our relationships, and the world, can be either positive and helpful to us, or negative and destructive. These broad beliefs are called _____.
  2. A. global assumptions
  3. specific assumptions
  4. absolute assumptions
  5. collective assumptions

Page: 39

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Cognitive Perspective

 

  1. Jamie is constantly saying, “I have no control over my emotions, and cannot help feeling certain feelings.” This exemplifies _____.
  2. a causal attribution
  3. B. a dysfunctional global assumption
  4. systematic desensitization
  5. cognitive-behavioral therapy

Page: 39–40

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Cognitive Perspective

 

  1. People who tend to hold dysfunctional assumptions often react to situations with all of the following EXCEPT:
  2. irrational thoughts.
  3. B. rational behaviors.
  4. negative emotions.
  5. irrational behaviors.

Page: 39

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Cognitive Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT a goal of cognitive therapy?
  2. Assist clients in identifying their irrational and maladaptive thoughts.
  3. Teach clients to consider alternative ways of thinking.
  4. C. Discourage clients from challenging their irrational or maladaptive thoughts.
  5. Encourage clients to face their worst fears and recognize ways of coping.

Page: 40

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

 

  1. Cognitive techniques are often combined with behavioral techniques, in what is known as _____.
  2. A. cognitive-behavioral therapy.
  3. systematic desensitization therapy.
  4. behavior modification.
  5. client-centered therapy.

Page: 40

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

 

  1. Which of the following is the greatest limitation of the cognitive theories?
  2. Cognitive theories may seem comfortable or familiar to laypeople.
  3. Cognitive theories seem attractive because they focus on an individual’s thinking processes.
  4. Cognitive theories are least likely to explain unwanted emotions, thoughts, and behaviors.
  5. D. Cognitive theories have had difficulty proving that maladaptive cognitions precede and cause disorders rather than being the symptoms or consequences of the disorders.

Page: 41

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the cognitive perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

 

  1. The psychodynamic perspective views abnormality as being influenced by:
  2. A. unconscious processes.
  3. an external locus of control.
  4. learning and reinforcement.
  5. collective experience.

Page: 41

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic Perspective

 

  1. The psychoanalytic approach to personality and treatment of psychopathology was developed by _____.
  2. Horney
  3. Breuer
  4. Charcot
  5. D. Freud

Page: 41

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. Repression is defined as:
  2. inconsistent memories.
  3. false memories.
  4. C. motivated forgetting.
  5. personal forgetfulness.

Page: 41

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic Perspective

 

  1. Freud believed that _____ is a basic drive that motivates human behavior.
  2. A. the libido
  3. the subconscious
  4. catharsis
  5. repression

Page: 41

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. According to Sigmund Freud, the three systems of the human psyche that regulate the libido are the:
  2. personal unconscious, collective unconscious, and archetypes.
  3. B. id, ego, and superego.
  4. ego, unconscious, and subconscious.
  5. aggressive drive, id, and the superego.

Page: 41

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. According to Freud, the id operates by the:
  2. reality principle.
  3. morality principle.
  4. conscience principle.
  5. D. pleasure principle.

Page: 41

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. According to Freud, which structure seeks to gratify our wishes and needs in ways that are within the rules of society for their appropriate expression?
  2. Id
  3. B. Ego
  4. Superego
  5. Libido

Page: 41

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. Frank attends an evening class at the local community college. His stomach begins to growl when he gets hungry. He wants to leave class early and get dinner, but realizes that leaving would be wrong because it would disrupt the class. Frank’s realization is an example of his _____ at work.
  2. id
  3. instinct
  4. C. superego
  5. ego

Page: 41–42

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. The superego is responsible for:
  2. regulating aggressive responses.
  3. monitoring poor impulse controls.
  4. C. storing rules and regulations of moral behaviors.
  5. observing objects in the environment.

Page: 41–42

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. Most of the interactions among the id, ego, and superego occur in the _____.
  2. collective unconscious
  3. preconscious
  4. C. unconscious
  5. conscious

Page: 42

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. According to Freudian theory, defense mechanisms:
  2. are used by the superego as a reward for moral conduct.
  3. B. are used by the ego to disguise or transform unconscious wishes.
  4. generally lead to the creation of psychological disorders.
  5. protect the preconscious.

Page: 42

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic Perspective

 

  1. Terrence’s father abandoned him and his mother when he was six years old. When asked about his father, he says that his father died. Although his father has tried to contact him, Terrence insists that his father is dead. Which of the following elements of Freudian theory would best explain Terrence’s behavior?
  2. Electra complex
  3. Oedipus complex
  4. C. Defense mechanism
  5. Penis envy

Page: 42

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic Perspective

 

  1. Sarah’s mother, Stephanie, was not at home much when Sarah was very young, so Sarah’s 12-year-old brother took care of her most of the time. Now that Sarah is approaching adulthood, she chain-smokes and drinks alcohol excessively. She has a difficult time forming close relationships since she is very jealous and never believes anyone really loves her. Sarah most likely had difficulty in which psychosexual stage of development according to Freudian theory?
  2. A. Oral
  3. Anal
  4. Latent
  5. Phallic

Page: 43

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. Lena is extremely opinionated and over-controlling. She is often stingy with her money and is obsessed with neatness and order. According to Freudian theory, Lena is most likely fixated at which psychosexual stage of development?
  2. Oral
  3. B. Anal
  4. Phallic
  5. Genital

Page: 43

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. The correct sequential order for Freud’s psychosexual stages is:
  2. oral, anal, latency, genital, and phallic.
  3. anal, oral, latency, phallic, and genital.
  4. C. oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital.
  5. anal, oral, phallic, genital, and latency.

Page: 43

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. According to Freud, girls suffer anxiety when they recognize that they do not have a penis. This frustration causes them to form a connection with their father, in the hope that the relationship will provide a replacement for the missing penis. According to Freudian theory, this is known as _____.
  2. the Oedipus complex
  3. castration anxiety
  4. C. the Electra complex
  5. a defense mechanism

Page: 43

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. According to Freudian theory, boys who experience extreme castration anxiety resolve the conflict by identifying with their fathers, and putting aside their desires for their mothers. This conflict develops during the _____ stage, and the process is called the _____.
  2. anal; Oedipus complex
  3. phallic; Electra complex
  4. anal; Electra complex
  5. D. phallic; Oedipus complex

Page: 43

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. Jeremy and Stacy are siblings who attend the same elementary school. They rarely speak to each other during their free time at school. Jeremy usually hangs out with his male friends, while Stacy and her female friends stick together. Both siblings show minimal interest in the opposite sex. Jeremy and Stacy are most likely in which stage of psychosexual development?
  2. Anal
  3. Phallic
  4. C. Latency
  5. Genital

Page: 43

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. Lance is a shy 13-year-old boy who often goes to his older sister for dating advice. He has recently developed an interest in members of the opposite sex. Lance is most likely in which stage of psychosexual development?
  2. Anal
  3. Phallic
  4. Latency
  5. D. Genital

Page: 43

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. The object relations perspective suggests that:
  2. A. early interpersonal relationships influence an individual’s self-concept and personality development.
  3. self-awareness is impacted by the psychosexual urges present during each stage of development.
  4. thoughts, behavior, and emotions are connected to one’s unconscious state of mind.
  5. environmental stressors coupled with poor parental relationships create mental disorders for less stable individuals.

Page: 44

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic View

 

  1. Carl Jung referred to the wisdom accumulated by a society over hundreds of years of human existence that is stored in the memories of individuals as the _____.
  2. A. collective unconscious
  3. preconscious
  4. subconscious
  5. ego conscious

Page: 44

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic View

 

  1. Whenever Dora visits her therapist, the therapist allows her to talk about any subject without interruptions. This technique is called _____.
  2. resistance
  3. B. free association
  4. denial
  5. transference

Page: 44

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic View

 

  1. When a client is unwilling to or cannot reveal certain material to the clinician, this problem is often referred to as _____.
  2. transference
  3. countertransference
  4. C. resistance
  5. catharsis

Page: 44

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic View

 

  1. Lucy rejects her therapist’s interpretation of her conflict. Her reasoning is that the therapist really has no idea what she is actually going through. According to Lucy, her therapist has only book knowledge and has no idea what goes on in the real world. Lucy is most likely exhibiting _____ the therapeutic process.
  2. A. resistance toward
  3. transference in
  4. repression in
  5. suppression of

Page: 44

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic View

 

  1. Patricia begins to talk to her therapist as if he is her father. She also reacts with extreme fear as she did to her father when she was a child. This is an example of _____.
  2. countertransference
  3. B. transference
  4. an anxiety attack
  5. projection

Page: 44

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic View

 

  1. In classical psychodynamic therapy, clients _____ painful memories and difficult issues to gain a new understanding and provide self-definitions that are acceptable to them.
  2. A. work through
  3. project
  4. reject
  5. repress

Page: 44

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic View

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true about the difference between classical psychoanalysis and more modern psychodynamic therapy?
  2. Both psychoanalysis and modern psychodynamic therapy may go on for a period of many years, but psychoanalysis can be as short-term as 12 weeks.
  3. B. Psychoanalysis typically involves three or four sessions per week over a period of many years, but modern psychodynamic therapy can be as short-term as 12 weeks.
  4. The psychoanalyst, compared with the modern psychodynamic therapist, may focus more on current situations in the client’s life.
  5. The focus of psychoanalysis is on resistance while modern psychodynamic therapy focuses on the interpretation of transference.

Page: 44

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic View

 

  1. _____ emerged out of modern psychodynamic theories of psychopathology and shifted focus from the unconscious conflicts of the individual to the client’s pattern of relationships with important people in his or her life.
  2. A. Interpersonal therapy
  3. Ego psychology
  4. Psychoanalysis
  5. Object relations perspective

Page: 44

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic View

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true about psychodynamic theories?
  2. It is possible to scientifically test their fundamental assumptions.
  3. B. Psychodynamic therapies are unaffordable for many people owing to their long-term, intensive nature.
  4. Most people prefer the unstructured nature of traditional psychodynamic therapy.
  5. Psychodynamic theories explain normal and abnormal behavior with separate, distinct processes.

Page: 45

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic View

 

  1. Which of the following theories of abnormality is based on the assumption that humans have an innate capacity for goodness and for living a full life?
  2. A. Humanistic
  3. Psychodynamic
  4. Cognitive
  5. Behavioral

Page: 45

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the humanistic approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Humanistic Perspective

 

  1. Carl Rogers believed that without undue pressure from others, individuals naturally move toward personal growth, self-acceptance, and _____, the fulfillment of their potential for love, creativity, and meaning.
  2. self-transcendence
  3. self-other realization
  4. self-efficacy
  5. D. self-actualization

Page: 45

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the humanistic approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Humanistic Perspective

 

  1. The stated goal of humanistic therapy is to:
  2. provide healing to the client.
  3. help clients uncover repressed painful memories or unconscious conflicts.
  4. C. help clients discover their greatest potential through self-exploration.
  5. challenge maladaptive ways of thinking and interpreting events.

Page: 45

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the humanistic perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Humanistic Perspective

 

  1. _____ was developed by Carl Rogers.
  2. A. Client-centered therapy
  3. Family systems therapy
  4. Rational-emotive behavioral therapy
  5. Thought field therapy

Page: 45

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the humanistic perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Humanistic Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT considered an essential component of client-centered therapy (CCT)?
  2. Genuineness of communication
  3. B. Conditional positive regard
  4. Empathic understanding
  5. Unconditional positive regard

Page: 45

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the humanistic perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Humanistic Perspective

 

  1. In Roger’s client-centered therapy, _____ is a method of response in which the therapist attempts to understand what the client is experiencing by restating those experiences.
  2. interpretation
  3. B. reflection
  4. interjection
  5. projection

Page: 45–46

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the humanistic perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Humanistic Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of the humanistic theories?
  2. A. Some therapists believe that client-centered therapy may be appropriate for people who are moderately distressed but not for those who are seriously distressed.
  3. Self-help groups and peer counseling programs have found humanistic theories to be less effective than the cognitive approach.
  4. Several researchers have been able to replicate the findings of humanistic therapies through scientific testing.
  5. The emphasis given to pathology and external forces in humanistic therapies makes the approach very pessimistic.

Page: 46

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the humanistic perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Humanistic Perspective

 

  1. Lucy is concerned because her family members pay little or no attention to each other. They seem to go their own way, and have little interest in even having a meal together. According to family systems theory, Lucy’s family is a(n) _____ family.
  2. inflexible
  3. enmeshed
  4. C. disengaged
  5. dysfunctional

Page: 46

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Family Therapy

 

  1. In a(n) _____, parents avoid dealing with conflicts with each other by always keeping their children involved in their conversations and activities.
  2. disengaged family
  3. enmeshed family
  4. C. pathological triangular relationship
  5. inflexible family

Page: 46

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Family Therapy

 

  1. Research suggests that many young girls who develop eating disorders are members of _____ families.
  2. disengaged
  3. B. enmeshed
  4. inflexible
  5. invested

Page: 46

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Family Therapy

 

  1. Family systems therapy challenges a family’s:
  2. belief system about the stigma of psychopathology.
  3. cultural definition of family cohesiveness.
  4. C. belief that an individual family member is the source of the problem.
  5. ideas that only workable families have an authority figure.

Page: 47

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Family Therapy

 

  1. _____ therapy targets family communication and problem-solving, beliefs of parents and adolescents that impede communication, and systemic barriers to problem-solving.
  2. Systematic desensitization
  3. B. Behavioral family systems
  4. Client-centered
  5. Interpersonal

Page: 47

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Family Therapy

 

  1. Family systems therapies may be particularly appropriate in the treatment of _____.
  2. geriatric clients
  3. B. children
  4. adults
  5. parents

Page: 47

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Family Therapy

 

  1. Research on family systems approaches and therapies is difficult because:
  2. A. the research involves observing people in the context of their relationships, which is difficult to capture in the laboratory.
  3. these approaches often do not receive adequate funding for research as they are not recognized as a formal therapeutic approach.
  4. these approaches are relatively new and very few professionals have expertise in this area.
  5. families are always in a state of flux and findings may lack validity and reliability.

Page: 47

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Family Therapy

 

  1. Third-wave approaches to the therapy:
  2. are often referred to as the last resort when other therapies fail to work.
  3. are entirely based on practices derived from Western philosophy.
  4. view unconscious conflicts as the core of many types of psychopathology.
  5. D. combine behavioral and cognitive therapy with the mindfulness practices of Zen Buddhism.

Page: 47

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic Perspective

 

  1. _____ therapy focuses on difficulties in managing negative emotions and in controlling impulsive behaviors.
  2. A. Dialectical behavior
  3. Acceptance and commitment
  4. Client-centered
  5. Interpersonal

Page: 47

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic Perspective

 

  1. A key assumption behind acceptance and commitment therapy is that _____, that is, ignoring painful thoughts, memories, and feelings, is/are at the heart of many mental health problems.
  2. repressed emotions
  3. denial
  4. C. experiential avoidance
  5. poor emotional regulation

Page: 47–48

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic Perspective

 

  1. According to the sociocultural approach, which of the following factors increases an individual’s susceptibility to mental health problems?
  2. Inability to attend college to obtain a higher degree due to financial problems
  3. B. Living in a country that has been ravaged by war or struck by natural disaster
  4. Social norms and policies that are liberal in their approach to minority groups
  5. Growing up in neighborhoods where there is strong cohesion among neighbors

Page: 49

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the sociocultural approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Sociocultural Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following statements is indicative of culturally sensitive approaches that therapists may use when treating clients?
  2. Persuading clients from cultures that value respect for authority to generate ideas about what is causing their symptoms
  3. Strengthening the socio-economic and class differences that exist in the client-therapist relationship
  4. Forcing clients from cultures that value emotional restraint to express themselves and disclose all their personal concerns
  5. D. Recognizing that certain cultures focus on the collective and that the identity of the individual is not seen apart from the group

Page: 49

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the sociocultural approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Multicultural Approach

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true about cross-cultural treatment?
  2. Ethnic matching is an important predictor of how long clients remain in therapy.
  3. A therapist must be from the same culture as the client to fully understand the client.
  4. C. Matching the race or ethnicity of the therapist and the client does not necessarily lead to a better outcome.
  5. It has been proven that therapists from the same ethnic or racial group as the client share the same value system.

Page: 52

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the sociocultural approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Multicultural Approach

 

  1. In the context of cross-cultural treatment, which of the following statements is true?
  2. Evidence suggests that women, but not men, do better in therapy with a therapist of the same gender.
  3. B. Both women and men tend to report that they prefer a therapist of the same gender.
  4. Certain treatments are more effective among certain cultural/ethnic groups than others.
  5. People from ethnic minority groups in the United States are less likely than European Americans to drop out of psychosocial therapy.

Page: 52

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the sociocultural approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Multicultural Approach

 

  1. Native American healing processes:
  2. encourage clients to experience the self as separate from the community.
  3. B. focus on the physiology, psychology, and religious practices of the individual.
  4. emphasize the detachment of the individual from the cultural network.
  5. involve immersing the individual in quiet solitude and meditation.

Page: 52

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the sociocultural perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Multicultural Approach

 

  1. Hispanics in the southwestern United States and in Mexico suffering from psychological problems may consult folk healers, known as:
  2. A.
  3. nganga.
  4. quimbanda.
  5. shamans.

Page: 52

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the sociocultural perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Multicultural Approach

 

  1. Which of the following is a valid criticism leveled against the sociocultural approaches of abnormality?
  2. They argue that it is not enough to look only at what is going on within individuals or their immediate surroundings.
  3. They blame the victim and place responsibility for psychopathology within the individual.
  4. They relieve society of its responsibility to change the social conditions that put individuals at risk for psychopathology.
  5. D. They provide only a vague understanding about the exact ways in which social and cultural forces lead to psychological disturbance in individuals.

Page: 52

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the sociocultural perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Multicultural Approach

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of prevention programs?
  2. Primary prevention strategies focus on detecting a disorder in its earliest stages.
  3. Secondary prevention focuses on people who already have a disorder and focus on the prevention of relapse.
  4. Tertiary prevention strategies for preventing drug abuse might include changing neighborhood characteristics that contribute to drug use.
  5. D. Secondary prevention often involves screening for early signs of a disorder and then administering an intervention to prevent the development of a full-blown disorder.

Page: 53

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Describe prevention programs.

Topic: Prevention Programs

 

  1. Which among the following is NOT a common component of successful therapies?
  2. Encouraging clients to confront painful emotions and become less sensitive to them
  3. Providing clients with explanations or interpretations of why they are suffering
  4. Establishing a positive client-therapist relationship
  5. D. Supplementing existing treatment with drug therapy

Page: 53–54

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss treatment outcomes.

Topic: Treatment

 

  1. What are neurotransmitters and how do they function? Using examples, describe the role neurotransmitters play in mental health.

 

Students’ answers may vary. Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Neurotransmitters—biochemicals that act as messengers carrying impulses

▪ Synaptic gap—gap between the synaptic terminals and the adjacent neurons

▪ Receptors—molecules on the membrane of adjacent neurons

▪ Processes of reuptake and degradation of neurotransmitters—malfunctioning of either process results in high or low levels of neurotransmitter in the synapse

▪ Serotonin—plays an important role in emotional well-being and in dysfunctional behaviors

▪ Dopamine—influences our experience of reinforcements or rewards and the functioning of muscle systems

▪ Norepinephrine—cocaine and amphetamine slows its reuptake

▪ Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)—inhibits the action of other neurotransmitters

Page: 29–30

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Describe the learning process of classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Provide examples for these theories based on your experiences.

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Classical conditioning— unconditioned response, unconditioned stimulus, conditioned stimulus, conditioned response

▪ Operant conditioning—rewards, punishments, reinforcement schedules

▪ Examples should clearly demonstrate the processes

Page: 36–37

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Classical Conditioning

Topic: Operant Conditioning

 

  1. Describe the cognitive approach to psychopathology. What are the three main goals in cognitive therapy? What are the limitations of cognitive theories?

 

Students’ answers may vary. Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Cognitions—thoughts or beliefs that shape our behaviors and the emotions we experience

▪ Causal attributions—the reasons we attribute to why events happen that can impact our behaviors

▪ Global assumptions—the positive or negative broad beliefs we have about ourselves, our relationships, and the world

▪ Dysfunctional global assumptions—the reason behind maladaptive behaviors as proposed by Beck and Ellis

▪ Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)—combination of behavioral and cognitive therapies

▪ Goals—help clients identify irrational thoughts, consider alternative ways of thinking, face fears, learn to cope

▪ Limitations—difficulty proving that maladaptive cognitions precede and cause disorders, rather than being the symptoms or consequences of the disorders

Page: 39–41

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the cognitive perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Topic: Cognitive Perspective

 

  1. Describe Freud’s psychosexual stages of development.

 

Students’ answers may vary. Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Oral stage—first 18 months, stimulation of the mouth area; features of oral character

▪ Anal stage—18 months to 3 years, focus of gratification is the anus; features of anal personality

▪ Phallic stage—3 to 6 years, Oedipus/Electra complex, penis envy, absence of castration anxiety in girls leads to lack of motivation to develop a super ego; problems associated with unsuccessful resolution of phallic stage

▪ Latency stage—libidinal drives are quelled, more same-sex interaction

▪ Genital stage—12 and older years, sexual interests turn to heterosexual relationships

Page: 42–43

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. What must therapists bear in mind to ensure that treatment does not clash with the values and norms of their client’s culture? Must a therapist come from the same culture as the client to fully understand the client?

 

Students answers’ may vary. Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Most psychotherapies are focused on the individual, but many cultures focus on the collective or group rather than the individual.

▪ Most psychotherapies value the expression of emotions and the disclosure of personal concerns, but some cultures value emotional restraint.

▪ Many psychotherapies expect clients to take the initiative in communicating their concerns and desires, but some cultural norms dictate deference to people in authority.

▪ Socioeconomic class and cultural differences between the client and therapist can create tensions.

▪ Ethnic matching is not an important predictor of the effectiveness of therapy; cultural sensitivity can probably be acquired through training and experience.

Page: 49-53

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the sociocultural approach to abnormal psychology.

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the sociocultural perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Multicultural Approach

Topic: Sociocultural Perspective

 

Category                                                                                                                                                                           # of Questions

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation                                                                                                                                                              127

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.                                                                  100

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.                                                                               3

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.                                                                                                                            24

APA Outcome: 2.1 Use scientific reasoning to interpret psychological phenomena.                                                                                    2

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.                                                                                                   9

Bloom’s: Apply                                                                                                                                                                                             24

Bloom’s: Remember                                                                                                                                                                                      78

Bloom’s: Understand                                                                                                                                                                                     30

Difficulty: Difficult                                                                                                                                                                                       24

Difficulty: Easy                                                                                                                                                                                             78

Difficulty: Moderate                                                                                                                                                                                      30

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.                                                                                            36

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.                                                                                             9

Learning Objective: Analyze the humanistic approach to abnormal psychology.                                                                                          2

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.                                                                                     56

Learning Objective: Analyze the sociocultural approach to abnormal psychology.                                                                                       5

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the behavioral perspective and identify treatments.                                                                    3

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the cognitive perspective and identify treatments.                                                                      2

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the humanistic perspective and identify treatments.                                                                   5

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the sociocultural perspective and identify treatments.                                                                5

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast the perspectiv of abnormal psychology.                                                                                     3

Learning Objective: Describe prevention programs.                                                                                                                                     1

Learning Objective: Describe the scientific method                                                                                                                                       1

Learning Objective: Discuss treatment outcomes.                                                                                                                                         1

Learning Objective: Explain how treatment is planned.                                                                                                                                 1

Learning Objective: Explain the biopsychosocial perspective.                                                                                                                      1

Learning Objective: Name and describe drugs used in the treatment of abnormal behavior, and discuss the problems and controversies surrounding their use.                                                                                                                                                                                                                      3

Topic: Anxiety Disorders                                                                                                                                                                              1

Topic: Approaches to Abnormal Psychology                                                                                                                                               1

Topic: Behavioral Perspective                                                                                                                                                                       5

Topic: Biological Perspective                                                                                                                                                                        34

Topic: Classical Conditioning                                                                                                                                                                       5

Topic: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy                                                                                                                                                            4

Topic: Cognitive Perspective                                                                                                                                                                         6

Topic: Diathesis-Stress Model                                                                                                                                                                      1

Topic: Drug Therapy                                                                                                                                                                                     3

Topic: Family Therapy                                                                                                                                                                                  7

Topic: Freud                                                                                                                                                                                                  16

Topic: Humanistic Perspective                                                                                                                                                                      7

Topic: Multicultural Approach                                                                                                                                                                      7

Topic: Nature vs. Nurture                                                                                                                                                                             1

Topic: Operant Conditioning                                                                                                                                                                         8

Topic: Prevention Programs                                                                                                                                                                          1

Topic: Psychodynamic Perspective                                                                                                                                                               7

Topic: Psychodynamic View                                                                                                                                                                        10

Topic: Psychological Perspective                                                                                                                                                                  1

Topic: Psychosurgery                                                                                                                                                                                   2

Topic: Scientific Method                                                                                                                                                                               1

Topic: Social Learning Theory                                                                                                                                                                      3

Topic: Sociocultural Approach                                                                                                                                                                      1

Topic: Sociocultural Perspective                                                                                                                                                                   2

Topic: Treatment                                                                                                                                                                                           2

 

Chapter 16

Mental Health and the Law

 

  1. Prior to the mid-twentieth century, in the United States, _____ was sufficient cause to hospitalize people against their will and force them to undergo treatment.
  2. dangerousness to self
  3. B. the need for treatment
  4. dangerousness to others
  5. grave disability

Page: 459

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. A person being considered for involuntary commitment:
  2. has no right to court-appointed counsel.
  3. has the right to be placed in the most restrictive setting.
  4. C. has the right to call and confront witnesses.
  5. has no right to a public hearing or an appeal.

Page: 459

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. The term for involuntary hospitalization is _____.
  2. forced institutionalization
  3. B. civil commitment
  4. civil confinement
  5. conservatorship

Page: 459

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. Morris was held in a mental health facility against his will. Such an action is called _____.
  2. unjust imprisonment
  3. criminal incarceration
  4. civil incarceration
  5. D. civil commitment

Page: 459

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. The need for treatment alone is no longer sufficient legal cause for civil commitment in most states in the United

States. This change came about as part of the _____ of the 1960s.

  1. civil rights movement
  2. civil liberties movement
  3. C. patients’ rights movement
  4. patients’ liberties movement

Page: 459

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. Judges typically defer to the judgment of _____ about a person’s mental illness and whether the criteria for commitment are met.
  2. former patients
  3. B. mental health professionals
  4. family members
  5. legal counsel

Page: 459

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. When committing an individual to a psychiatric facility against his or her will, most states require that the danger the individual poses to themselves or others be _____, in other words, if they are not immediately incarcerated,

they or someone else will likely be harmed in the very near future.

  1. uncertain
  2. indirect
  3. C. imminent
  4. specific

Page: 459

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. The criterion that requires people to be so incapacitated by a mental disorder that they can’t care for their basic needs for food, clothing, and shelter is the _____ criterion.
  2. imminent danger to self
  3. self-neglect
  4. C. grave disability
  5. imminent danger to others

Page: 459

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. Which scenario is the most appropriate application of the grave disability criterion of mental illness?
  2. Hospitalizing a physically disabled person
  3. Refusal to pursue treatment
  4. C. The inability to feed oneself
  5. Threats of suicide

Page: 459

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. Larry is severely intellectually disabled. His parents were recently killed in a car accident. Larry is unable to care for himself. In the context of civil commitment, which of the following criteria does Larry satisfy?
  2. Imminent danger to self
  3. Self-neglect
  4. C. Grave disability
  5. Imminent danger to others

Page: 459

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. In 1988, New York City Mayor Ed Koch applied the _____ criterion to the homeless residents of New York to justify their involuntary hospitalization.
  2. A. grave disability
  3. need for treatment
  4. danger to self
  5. danger to others

Page: 459

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. In the case of Joyce Brown, who was involuntarily hospitalized by Mayor Koch of New York City, Joyce was able to win release based primarily on the grounds that she:
  2. was not guilty of any crime.
  3. was not mentally ill.
  4. was able to take care of herself and self-administer her medication.
  5. D. had no intention of being treated.

Page: 459

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. In which of the following cases was it ruled that, “a State can’t constitutionally confine…a non-dangerous individual, who is capable of surviving safely in freedom by himself or with the help of willing and responsible family and friends”?
  2. Durham v. United States (1954)
  3. Tarasoff v. Regents of the University of California (1974)
  4. C. O’Connor v. Donaldson (1975)
  5. Wyatt v. Stickney (1971)

Page: 460

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. Which of the following individuals is most likely to be involuntarily hospitalized?
  2. A. Ruthie, who attempts to inflict serious bodily harm on herself
  3. Jonathan, who can tend to his basic needs without care or supervision
  4. Patrick, who is charged with a hate crime but shows no mental disturbance
  5. Li Na, who usually smokes marijuana at her sorority parties

Page: 460

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. O’Connor v. Donaldson (1975) established:
  2. the right to treatment.
  3. B. the unconstitutionality of confining a non-dangerous individual.
  4. the clinician’s duty to protect others from harm.
  5. the need to refine the irresistible impulse rule.

Page: 460

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. The criterion of “dangerousness to self” is most often invoked:
  2. when a person is so incapable of caring for his or her personal needs that it may endanger the person’s life.
  3. B. when it is believed that a person is imminently suicidal.
  4. when a mentally ill person refuses to take required medication to control aggression.
  5. when it is believed that a mentally ill person is non-responsive to all forms of treatment.

Page: 460

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. Teresa has been severely depressed and has demonstrated suicidal tendencies. Based on the criteria for involuntary or civil commitment, Teresa:
  2. will be medicated and placed in isolation in a traditional hospital.
  3. does not meet the criteria currently used in the United States.
  4. C. is imminently suicidal and will most likely be held in a psychiatric facility.
  5. is gravely disabled and needs someone to meet her basic needs.

Page: 460

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of the “dangerousness to self” criterion for civil commitment?
  2. The person is held in an outpatient psychiatric facility and receives treatment only in the form of counseling to ward off suicidal tendencies.
  3. Few states allow short-term commitments without a court hearing in situations such as these.
  4. C. The individual is often admitted to an inpatient psychiatric facility for a few days while undergoing further evaluation and possibly treatment.
  5. If a person does not voluntarily agree to treatment, mental health professionals can’t request the court to commit the person for a longer period of time.

Page: 460

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. Which of the following cases established a clinician’s duty to protect people who might be in danger because of their client?
  2. Durham v. United States (1954)
  3. B. Tarasoff v. Regents of the University of California (1974)
  4. O’Connor v. Donaldson (1975)
  5. Wyatt v. Stickney (1971)

Page: 461

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Violence

 

  1. Lincoln was referred to Dr. Hughes by Student Health Services as they felt he needed more intensive treatment. Lincoln reported having been in love with a woman who broke up with him after a two-year relationship. At his most recent session, Lincoln told Dr. Hughes that he can’t stand to see the woman on campus and plans to kill her. Which of the following cases is most relevant to how Dr. Hughes should proceed?
  2. Durham v. United States (1954)
  3. B. Tarasoff v. Regents of the University of California (1974)
  4. O’Connor v. Donaldson (1975)
  5. Wyatt v. Stickney (1971)

Page: 461

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Violence

 

  1. According to research, youth with _____ were perceived as somewhat likely or very likely to be dangerous to themselves or others.
  2. A. major depression or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
  3. “daily troubles” and asthma
  4. attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and “daily troubles”
  5. major depression and asthma

Page: 461

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Violence

 

  1. Some research suggests that _____ problems could be strong predictors of violent behavior.
  2. avoidant behavior
  3. B. substance use
  4. depersonalization
  5. anxiety disorder

Page: 462

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Violence

 

  1. According to a major study on violent activity among former psychiatric patients, which of the following groups had the lowest rate of violent activity?
  2. Former patients with a major mental disorder and a history of substance abuse.
  3. B. Former patients with a major mental disorder without a history of substance abuse.
  4. Former patients with a diagnosis of “other” mental disorders and a co-occurring substance abuse problem.
  5. Former patients with a diagnosis of adjustment disorder and a co-occurring substance abuse problem.

Page: 462

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Violence

 

  1. According to a major study on violent activity among former psychiatric patients, it was found that by the end of the year:
  2. former patients were significantly more likely to commit a violent act than people in the community comparison group.
  3. former patients were less likely to commit a violent act than people in the community comparison group.
  4. C. former patients were no more likely to commit a violent act than were people in the community comparison group.
  5. former patients were highly unlikely to commit a violent act as social support systems had begun to affect their behavior.

Page: 462

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Violence

 

  1. Joshua, who was admitted and treated for major depression, is discharged from his psychiatric hospital. Joshua discontinues medications and begins to consume alcohol. He becomes increasingly violent. According to research, who is most likely to be the target of his violence?
  2. A. Family members
  3. Medical doctors
  4. Acquaintances
  5. Strangers

Page: 462

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Violence

 

  1. According to research on violent activity among former psychiatric patients, _____ may account for the relatively high rates of violence among former psychiatric patients and the community comparison group.
  2. random variables
  3. individual differences
  4. reporting biases
  5. D. contextual factors

Page: 462

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Violence

 

  1. Some research suggests that violent behavior among mentally ill women:
  2. tends to be overestimated by clinicians.
  3. tends to be overrated by psychiatrists.
  4. C. tends to be underestimated by clinicians.
  5. tends to be underreported by psychiatrists.

Page: 463

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Violence

 

  1. Mentally ill women are _____ mentally ill men to commit violent acts toward others.
  2. A. as likely as
  3. more likely than
  4. less likely than
  5. significantly more likely than

Page: 463

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Violence

 

  1. Mentally ill men who commit violence are more likely to have been _____ before the violence than are mentally ill women who commit violence.
  2. off their medication
  3. previously incarcerated
  4. unemployed
  5. D. drinking

Page: 463

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Violence

 

  1. Available studies suggest that about _____ percent of admissions to inpatient psychiatric facilities in the United

States are involuntary.

  1. 10
  2. B. 25
  3. 50
  4. 2

Page: 463

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of involuntary commitment?
  2. According to research, about 45 percent of all inpatient admissions in European countries are involuntary.
  3. B. Admissions to state and county mental hospitals are much more likely to be involuntary than admissions to other types of hospitals.
  4. Court orders for outpatient care are less common among individuals who have lived in residential psychiatric facilities.
  5. All voluntary patients believe they would have been involuntarily committed if they had not agreed to be hospitalized.

Page: 463

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. Which of the following research observations is true of violence by mentally ill people?
  2. Research has suggested that violence by mentally ill women tends to be overestimated by clinicians.
  3. Mentally ill women commit violent acts against strangers more often than do mentally ill men.
  4. Mentally ill women who commit violence are more likely to have been drinking before the violence and to be arrested following it than mentally ill men.
  5. D. Clinicians do not probe mentally ill women for evidence of a tendency toward violence as much as they do mentally ill men.

Page: 463

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Violence

 

  1. Which of the following cases established a patient’s right to treatment?
  2. Durham v. United States (1954)
  3. Tarasoff v. Regents of the University of California (1974)
  4. C. Wyatt v. Stickney (1971)
  5. O’Connor v. Donaldson (1975)

Page: 464

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Define patients’ rights.

Topic: Right to Treatment

 

  1. Which of the following cases established a patient’s right to a humane environment?
  2. Durham v. United States (1954)
  3. Tarasoff v. Regents of the University of California (1974)
  4. C. Wyatt v. Stickney (1971)
  5. O’Connor v. Donaldson (1975)

Page: 464

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Define patients’ rights.

Topic: Right to Treatment

 

  1. Which of the following is one of the “Wyatt Standards”?
  2. Psychiatric patients’ freedoms must be kept to a minimum.
  3. Psychiatric patients must receive group therapy and treatment plans.
  4. Psychiatric patients must have the right to a public hearing and the right to counsel.
  5. D. Psychiatric patients must have a humane psychological and physical environment.

Page: 464

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Define patients’ rights.

Topic: Right to Treatment

 

  1. _____ means that a patient accepts treatment after receiving a full and understandable explanation of the treatment being offered and makes a decision based on his or her own judgment of the risks and benefits of the treatment.
  2. Disclosure
  3. Beneficence
  4. Counseling
  5. D. Informed consent

Page: 464

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Define patients’ rights.

Topic: Informed Consent

 

  1. In which of the following cases can a state ignore a person’s right to refuse treatment?
  2. When the person who has been arrested shows symptoms of mild depression
  3. B. When the person is manic or psychotic
  4. When the person has been arrested for negligent behavior
  5. When the person is guilty in moral terms

Page: 464–465

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Define patients’ rights.

Topic: Informed Consent

 

  1. Which of the following rights is not recognized in some states, however, in most states can be overruled in many circumstances?
  2. The right to treatment
  3. The right to a public hearing
  4. C. The right to refuse treatment
  5. The right to be placed in the least restrictive treatment setting

Page: 464

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Define patients’ rights.

Topic: Legal Issues

 

  1. In the event that a defendant, Carson, is judged incompetent to stand trial, _____.
  2. A. the trial may be postponed as long as there is reason to believe he will become competent
  3. he can actively involve himself in preparing his defense along with his attorneys
  4. he can be acquitted and released into the care of his family or friends
  5. the trial will go on, but he will not be allowed to testify

Page: 465

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss competence to stand trial.

Topic: Competence

 

  1. Which of the following is true about disputes over a patient’s right to refuse treatment?
  2. A. Most often clinicians pressure patients who initially refused treatment, to accept it.
  3. Judges tend to be particularly sympathetic in their rulings on patients’ rights to refuse treatment.
  4. It is most often the families that refuse treatment for the patients.
  5. Due to the patients’ rights movement, refusals are respected.

Page: 465

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Define patients’ rights.

Topic: Legal Issues

 

  1. Incompetency to stand trial differs from insanity in legal terms in that it:
  2. refers to the social context within which the crime was committed.
  3. B. refers to the inability of the defendant to understand the charges against him.
  4. refers to the mental state of the defendant when the crime was committed.
  5. refers to the impulse to commit a crime due to mental disease.

Page: 465

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss competence to stand trial.

Topic: Competence

 

  1. An individual who lacks the capacity to understand information, to think rationally about alternative courses of action, to make good choices, and to appreciate one’s situation as a criminal defendant:
  2. is capable of giving informed consent.
  3. B. is likely to be judged incompetent to stand trial.
  4. will be allowed his or her right to refuse to treatment.
  5. is not likely to be committed under the grave disability criterion.

Page: 465

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss competence to stand trial.

Topic: Competence

 

  1. The police have charged Tracy with first-degree murder. At the time of trial that takes place six months after the murder, she suffers from posttraumatic stress disorder because of which she is unable to understand the charges against her and to participate in her defense. Tracy is most likely:
  2. competent to stand trial.
  3. B. incompetent to stand trial.
  4. not guilty by reason of insanity.
  5. not guilty due to mental illness.

Page: 465

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Discuss competence to stand trial.

Topic: Competence

 

  1. Defense attorneys suspect impaired competence in their clients in up to _____ percent of cases.
  2. 1
  3. B. 10
  4. 25
  5. 35

Page: 465

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss competence to stand trial.

Topic: Competence

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of competence to stand trial?
  2. A. Defendants with a long history of psychiatric problems are more likely to be referred for competence evaluations.
  3. Those with schizophrenia are exempt from being referred for competence evaluation.
  4. European Americans are more likely than members of ethnic minority groups to be judged incompetent.
  5. Defendants referred for competence evaluations tend to be educated, employed, and married.

Page: 465

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss competence to stand trial.

Topic: Competence

 

  1. The term “insanity” is a:
  2. psychological term as opposed to a legal term.
  3. B. legal term as opposed to a psychological term.
  4. medical term as opposed to a legal term.
  5. psychiatric term as opposed to a medical term.

Page: 466

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Harvey was found to be so mentally incapacitated at the time he murdered his wife that it was determined he could not conform to the rules of society. Consequently, he is likely to be:
  2. referred for competence evaluation.
  3. mentally competent for trial.
  4. C. not guilty by reason of insanity.
  5. guilty by reason of insanity.

Page: 466

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. The insanity defense:
  2. upholds the right of people with mental illnesses to informed consent.
  3. requires the client to be chronically insane in order for the insanity defense to apply.
  4. C. only requires that the client be judged insane at the time of committing the illegal act.
  5. promotes equal punishment for individuals with mental illnesses.

Page: 466

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. The plea “not guilty by reason of insanity” is successful in approximately _____ felony cases in the United

States.

  1. A. 1 out of 400
  2. 5 out of 100
  3. 1 out of 4
  4. 1 out of 3

Page: 466

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. If Winslow, a defense attorney, uses an insanity defense, Tallulah, the defendant will be affirmed insane by the

M’Naghten rule if:

  1. her crime was not a result of a mental illness or disorder.
  2. B. she did not know that what she was doing was wrong at the time of the crime.
  3. she lacked substantial capacity to appreciate the wrongfulness of her crime at the time of the crime.
  4. her crime was an act of defense to protect her children.

Page: 467

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Almost 90 percent of the people who are acquitted after pleading the insanity defense are _____, and two-thirds are _____.
  2. male; African-American
  3. female; African-American
  4. C. male; European American
  5. female; European American

Page: 466

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. The insanity defense:
  2. is often supported by the general public.
  3. is one of the most accepted applications of psychology to the law.
  4. C. has increasingly become the defense for female survivors of domestic violence.
  5. is commonly used, with more than 50 percent of all defendants in felony cases pleading insanity.

Page: 466–467

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Ivor, who was charged for theft, was sent to a mental institution after he was found “not guilty by reason of insanity.” If his stay there is the average length of stay at a mental hospital, Ivor will be institutionalized for

_____.

  1. 6 months
  2. 1 year
  3. C. 3 years
  4. 20 years

Page: 467

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Rhonda takes her three daughters to the bridge and pushes them over the railing into the cold water below. She tells her lawyer that God told her to do it if she wanted her children to escape from the bad mother that she was. Which of the following is her court-appointed lawyer most likely to use in court to justify her actions?
  2. Mistaken identity
  3. Self-defense
  4. C. Insanity
  5. Duress

Page: 467

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Athena was found “not guilty by reason of insanity” after murdering her husband. If her stay there is the average length of institutionalization, Athena will be most likely be institutionalized for _____.
  2. 1 year
  3. 3 years
  4. C. 6 years
  5. 10 years

Page: 467

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Which of following is true about the “not guilty by reason of insanity” verdict?
  2. Studies indicate that a large percentage of the individuals who receive this verdict receive hard time in a maximum-security prison.
  3. Approximately 60 percent of those who receive the verdict are African Americans and Hispanic women who are battered and abused.
  4. C. Some states require that people who receive the verdict should only be institutionalized for the same length of time they would have served if they had received prison sentences.
  5. Evidence suggests that the insanity defense is widely used to help people avoid incarceration for their crimes.

Page: 467

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. The court determined that Godfrey could not be held responsible for his crime because he did not know that his actions were wrong. The governing rule in such a case is the _____.
  2. A. M’Naghten rule
  3. uncontrollable impulse rule
  4. Durham rule
  5. American Law Institute (ALI) rule

Page: 46

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. The doctrine that a person must have a “guilty mind” is known as _____ in Latin.
  2. A. mens rea
  3. ad hominem
  4. certiorari
  5. corpus juris

Page: 467

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Which of the following did Dan White’s lawyers claim influenced his act of passion that resulted in the death of his victims?
  2. Temporary insanity
  3. B. Large amounts of junk food
  4. Guilty but mentally ill
  5. Obsession with an actress

Page: 468

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. A major problem in applying the M’Naghten rule to the insanity defense is determining:
  2. the definition of innocence.
  3. the definition of a guilty mind.
  4. the definition of the state of mind.
  5. D. the definition of a disease of the mind.

Page: 468

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Under which of the following conditions would it be difficult for the courts to apply the M’Naghten rule?
  2. When a person is suffering from hallucinations
  3. When a person is diagnosed with schizophrenia
  4. When a person has delusional experiences
  5. D. When a person has posttraumatic stress disorder

Page: 468

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. A problem associated with the M’Naghten rule is that:
  2. A. it requires that a person not know right from wrong at the time of the crime in order to be judged not guilty by reason of insanity.
  3. it ignores the issue of whether the person has a “guilty mind” or the intention to commit the illegal act in order to be held responsible for the act.
  4. it recognizes both psychoses and other minor disorders, such as depression and posttraumatic stress disorder,

equally as diseases of the mind that could influence a crime.

  1. it acts as a means by which guilty people “get off,” thereby promoting antisocial behaviors among members of society.

Page: 468

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. The rule that broadened the insanity defense to include “acts of passion” is the _____.
  2. Durham rule
  3. American Law Institute (ALI) rule
  4. C. irresistible impulse rule
  5. M’Naghten rule

Page: 468

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. The notion of “diminished capacity” is most closely aligned with the _____ rule.
  2. M’Naghten
  3. Durham
  4. C. irresistible impulse
  5. American Law Institute (ALI)

Page: 468

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. The notion of diminished capacity to abstain from performing an act refers to being:
  2. mentally ill, or legally insane, at the time the crime was committed.
  3. intellectually disabled or otherwise incapable of understanding the law.
  4. under the influence of alcohol or other drugs.
  5. D. incapable of resisting the impulse to commit the crime.

Page: 468

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. One of the most celebrated applications of the notion of diminished capacity was _____.
  2. A. the Twinkie Defense
  3. Wyatt v. Stickney
  4. Durham v. United States
  5. the Matrix Defense

Page: 468

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. The ruling in Durham v. United States (1954) established:
  2. that a murder committed as an act of self-defense will not be considered a crime.
  3. the duty of clinicians to warn the police or others of a harmful act that their clients expressed to commit.
  4. that temporary insanity created by the voluntary use of alcohol or drugs did not qualify a defendant for acquittal by reason of insanity.
  5. D. that the insanity defense could be used for any crimes that were the product of a mental disease or mental defect.

Page: 468

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Under which of the following insanity defense rules can a person still be found not guilty by reason of insanity even if he or she knows the act being performed is wrong (i.e., criminal)?
  2. American Law Institute (ALI) rule
  3. M’Naghten rule
  4. American Psychiatric Association definition of insanity
  5. D. Durham rule

Page: 469

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Jeffrey suffered from psychosis with symptoms of hallucination. He heard voices commanding him to “cleanse the wicked of their sins.” Obeying the commands, he killed several prostitutes and known drug dealers. Jeffrey was found not guilty by reason of mental disease or mental defect. His verdict was most likely the result of the

_____.

  1. American Law Institute (ALI) rule
  2. M’Naghten rule
  3. American Psychiatric Association definition of insanity
  4. D. Durham rule

Page: 468–469

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. The rule that holds that a person is not responsible for a crime if that crime is the result of mental defect, or if,

during commission of the crime, the person lacked the capacity to understand that the act was criminally wrong or to conform his or her conduct “to the requirements of the law,” is the _____ rule.

  1. A. American Law Institute (ALI)
  2. Durham
  3. irresistible impulse
  4. M’Naghten

Page: 469

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Which of the following types of insanity defense was dropped by all jurisdictions by the early 1970s?
  2. ALI rule
  3. Irresistible impulse rule
  4. C. Durham rule
  5. Insanity Defense Reform Act

Page: 469

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Which of the following is true about the American Law Institute (ALI) rule?
  2. The ALI rule is narrower than the M’Naghten rule since it requires the defendant to have an appreciation of the criminality of the act.
  3. B. The ALI rule is more restrictive than the Durham rule because it requires some lack of appreciation of the criminality of one’s act.
  4. The ALI rule is broader than the Durham rule because it requires only the presence of a mental disorder.
  5. The ALI rule allowed defense attorneys to argue that a defendant’s history of antisocial conduct was itself evidence of the presence of a mental disease or defect.

Page: 469

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Ralph is a repeat offender and has been arrested several times for armed robbery. Other than his repetitive criminal acts, he does not have a mental illness. Which of the following rules will not allow him to plead not guilty by reason of mental disease or mental defect?
  2. The M’Naghten rule
  3. The Durham rule
  4. C. The American Law Institute (ALI) rule
  5. The Insanity Defense Reform Act

Page: 469

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. The ruling in Barrett v. United States (1977) established:
  2. the irresistible impulse rule.
  3. that the insanity defense could be used for any crimes that were the product of mental disease or mental defect.
  4. that a person could be absolved of responsibility for performing a criminal act if he or she was unaware of the wrongfulness of the act.
  5. D. that temporary insanity created by the voluntary use of alcohol or drugs did not qualify a defendant for acquittal by reason of insanity.

Page: 469

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Claude was high on cocaine when he viciously assaulted a stranger. Because he was not completely aware of his actions at the time, Claude pled insanity. Based on which ruling is his plea likely to be dismissed?
  2. Durham v. United States
  3. Wyatt v. Stickney
  4. C. Barrett v. United States
  5. O’Connor v. Donaldson

Page: 469

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. The Insanity Defense Reform Act of 1984 adopted the _____ definition of insanity.
  2. A. American Psychiatric Association’s
  3. American Law Institute’s
  4. American Psychological Association’s
  5. American Bar Association’s

Page: 469

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. _____ requires the defense to prove that the defendant was insane at the time of the crime, as opposed to requiring the prosecution to prove that the defendant was sane at the time the crime was committed.
  2. The Guilty but Mentally Ill Act
  3. B. The Insanity Defense Reform Act
  4. Mental Illness Act
  5. The Mental Disease or Defect Act

Page: 469

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. A verdict of guilty but mentally ill (GBMI) implies that the person should:
  2. not be held responsible for the crime.
  3. B. receive treatment.
  4. not be eligible for treatment.
  5. be barred from mental institutions.

Page: 470–471

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. In a sixth and most recent reform of the insanity defense, some states have adopted as an alternative to the verdict “not guilty by reason of insanity” the verdict of _____.
  2. A. guilty but mentally ill
  3. intention to commit a crime
  4. irresistible impulse rule
  5. diminished capacity

Page: 470

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Which of the following is true about the verdict of “guilty but mentally ill”?
  2. A. It has been adopted by some states as an alternative to the verdict of “not guilty by reason of insanity.”
  3. Defendants convicted under this standard serve their entire sentence in mental institutions.
  4. Defendants convicted under this standard serve their sentence in a mental institution until it is determined that they are no longer mentally ill; then they finish their sentence in prison.
  5. Defendants convicted under this standard are given the option of either going to jail, or receiving treatment for their mental illness.

Page: 470

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Which of the following is true about the verdict “guilty but mentally ill”?
  2. Critics argue that while it maintains the insanity defense, the defendant does not get the treatment he or she needs to become a fully functioning member of society.
  3. B. Proponents argue that it recognizes defendants’ mental illness while still holding them responsible for their actions.
  4. This verdict does not ensure that defendants be held accountable for their actions or get treated for their mental illness.
  5. It is left to state authorities to determine whether the defendant goes to jail or to a mental institution, but in either case the defendant is required to receive therapy.

Page: 470

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Which of the following is a concern raised by mental health professionals about the insanity defense?
  2. A. It requires after-the-fact judgments of a defendant’s state of mind at the time of the crime.
  3. The rules governing the insanity defense do not presume that people have free will and usually can control their actions.
  4. Defendants convicted as guilty but mentally ill are incarcerated for the normal term designated for their crimes.
  5. The burden of proof always lies with the defendant to prove insanity with irrefutable evidence.

Page: 474

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

 

  1. Men with mental disorders are _____ times more likely to be incarcerated than men without a mental disorder, and women with a mental disorder are _____ times more likely to be incarcerated than women without a mental disorder.
  2. two; four
  3. three; six
  4. C. four; eight
  5. two; three

Page: 471

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Describe mental health issues in the justice system.

Topic: Mental Illness

 

  1. Studies of male prison inmates have shown that the most common mental disorders in this population are _____.
  2. antisocial personality disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
  3. B. substance use disorders and antisocial personality disorder
  4. anxiety disorders and substance use disorders
  5. paranoid personality disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder

Page: 471

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Describe mental health issues in the justice system.

Topic: Mental Illness

 

  1. Rachel has recently been sentenced to prison. She has a history of substance abuse and other psychopathologies. According to research, which of the following symptoms is most likely to go unnoticed in

Rachel?

  1. A. Depression
  2. Substance abuse
  3. Borderline behaviors
  4. Hallucinations

Page: 471

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Describe mental health issues in the justice system.

Topic: Mental Illness

 

  1. Which form of mental health care is most likely to be provided for prison inmates?
  2. Psychoanalytic therapy and hypnosis
  3. B. Alcoholics Anonymous or Narcotics Anonymous meetings for substance abusers
  4. Behavior modification therapy with charts and monitoring of token economies
  5. Cognitive psychotherapy

Page: 471

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Describe mental health issues in the justice system.

Topic: Mental Illness

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of mental health care in the justice system?
  2. A. Many of these treatment programs focus on male inmates.
  3. The female inmate population has declined considerably in the past decade.
  4. Female inmates are less likely than male inmates to be suffering from depression or anxiety.
  5. Male inmates are more likely than female inmates to have suffered a history of sexual and physical abuse.

Page: 471

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Describe mental health issues in the justice system.

Topic: Mental Illness

 

  1. Diversion from jail into community-based treatment programs is especially likely to be a goal when the offender is _____.
  2. elderly
  3. a woman
  4. a minority
  5. D. a youth

Page: 472

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Describe mental health issues in the justice system.

Topic: Mental Illness

 

  1. Some states have developed _____, in which judges who specialize in working with mental health and social service professionals review the cases of offenders with mental disorders and divert offenders into treatment and rehabilitation.
  2. youth courts
  3. B. mental health courts
  4. juvenile courts
  5. community courts

Page: 472

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Describe mental health issues in the justice system.

Topic: Mental Illness

 

  1. Courts that focus specifically on drug offenders often are called _____.
  2. community courts
  3. mental health courts
  4. C. drug courts
  5. juvenile courts

Page: 472

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Describe mental health issues in the justice system.

Topic: Mental Illness

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of mental health courts and drug courts?
  2. A. These courts tend to be controversial as they may coerce offenders into treatment.
  3. These courts are helpless in the event that offenders are uncooperative.
  4. These courts use milder sanctions instead of threatening incarceration.
  5. These courts rely on high-quality community services that are readily available.

Page: 472

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Describe mental health issues in the justice system.

Topic: Mental Illness

 

  1. Jake, a middle-aged man, was arrested with a small amount of cocaine and sent to a court that focuses specifically on such offenders. He is most likely to have been sent to a _____.
  2. community court
  3. mental health court
  4. C. drug court
  5. juvenile court

Page: 472

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Describe mental health issues in the justice system.

Topic: Mental Illness

 

  1. The rules governing the insanity defense suggest that the law takes a _____ perspective on psychological disorders.
  2. A. biological
  3. behavioral
  4. social
  5. psychological

Page: 472

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

 

  1. Discuss the criteria for involuntary commitment.

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Grave disability—the individual is so incapacitated by a mental disorder that he/she can’t care for basic needs of food, clothing, and shelter

▪ Dangerousness to self—the individual is imminently suicidal

▪ Dangerousness to others—the individual is likely to hurt other people if set free

Page: 459–461

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. Discuss the prevalence of involuntary commitment.

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Available studies suggest that about one in four admissions to inpatient psychiatric facilities in the United

States is involuntary.

▪ 15 to 20 percent of inpatient admissions in European countries are involuntary.

▪ Admissions to state and county mental hospitals are much more likely to be involuntary than admissions to other types of hospitals.

▪ One study indicated that nearly half of the adults admitted voluntarily to inpatient psychiatric facilities said that someone other than themselves had initiated their going to the hospital.

▪ 40 percent of voluntary patients believe they would have been involuntarily committed if they had not volunteered to be hospitalized.

Page: 469–470

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. Discuss the rights of individuals who are committed to mental health institutions.

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Right to treatment—in the past, patients seeking voluntary treatment were warehoused, living in appalling conditions; Wyatt v. Stickney, “Wyatt Standards”

▪ Right to refuse treatment—people fear medical treatments will rob them of their consciousness,

personality, and free will; the right to refuse treatment is not recognized in some states and can be overruled; judges most often agree with psychiatrists’ or families’ requests to force treatment on patients

Page: 464–465

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Define patients’ rights.

Topic: Right to Treatment

 

  1. What is meant by incompetence to stand trial? What are the consequences of competence judgments for defendants?

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Incompetent to stand trial—people who do not have an understanding of what is happening to them in a courtroom and who can’t participate in their own defense

▪ Consequences—if defendants are judged incompetent, trials are postponed and defendants may be forced to receive treatment; incompetent defendants who are wrongly judged competent may not contribute adequately to their defense and may be wrongly convicted and incarcerated; defendants who are suspected of being incompetent are described by their attorneys as much less helpful in establishing the facts of their case and much less actively involved in making decisions about their defense

Page: 465

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss competence to stand trial.

Topic: Competence

 

  1. The insanity defense has been one of the most controversial applications of psychology to law. Many people believe the defense is a way for criminals to get away with their crimes. Compare public perceptions with the actual use of this defense.

 

Key terms and confidence that may be included in student responses:

▪ Fewer than 1 in 100 defendants in felony cases files an insanity plea, and only 26 percent result in acquittal

▪ Only about 1 in 400 people charged with a felony is judged not guilty by reason of insanity, and about

265 of these people have diagnoses of schizophrenia, and most have a history of psychiatric hospitalizations and previous crimes

▪ Of those people acquitted because of insanity, about 85 percent are sent to mental hospitals, and all but 1 percent are put under some type of supervision and care

▪ Of those who are sent to mental hospitals, the average length of stay in the hospital is almost 3 years when all types of crimes are considered, and over 6 years for those who have been accused of murder

Page: 466–467

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Identify and define the insanity defense rules.

 

Key terms and concepts that maybe included in student responses:

▪ M’Naghten rule—at the time of the crime, the individual was so affected by a disease of the mind that he or she did not know the nature of the act he or she was committing or did not know it was wrong

▪ Irresistible impulse rule—at a time of the crime, the individual was driven by an irresistible impulse to perform the act or had a diminished capacity to resist performing the act

▪ Durham rule—the crime was a product of a mental disease or mental defect

▪ American Law Institute (ALI) rule—at the time of the crime, as a result of mental disease or defect, the person lacked capacity either to appreciate the criminality of the act or to conform his or her conduct to the law

▪ Insanity Defense Reform Act—at the time of the crime, as a result of mental disease or mental retardation, the person was unable to appreciate the wrongfulness of his or her conduct

Page: 467–469

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Describe the verdict of guilty but mentally ill (GBMI).

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Defendants convicted as guilty but mentally ill are incarcerated for the normal term designated for their crimes, with the expectation that they also will receive treatment for their mental illness.

▪ Proponents argue that it recognizes the mental illness of defendants while still holding them responsible for their actions.

▪ Critics argue that the GBMI verdict is essentially a guilty verdict and a means of eliminating the insanity defense.

▪ There is no guarantee that a person convicted under GBMI will receive treatment.

Page: 470–471

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

Category                                                                                                                                                                         # of Questions

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation                                                                                                                                                          93

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.                                                              63

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.                                                                            19

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.                                                                                                                        16

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.                                                                                               1

Bloom’s: Apply                                                                                                                                                                                         17

Bloom’s: Remember                                                                                                                                                                                  48

Bloom’s: Understand                                                                                                                                                                                 35

Difficulty: Difficult                                                                                                                                                                                   17

Difficulty: Easy                                                                                                                                                                                         48

Difficulty: Moderate                                                                                                                                                                                  35

Learning Objective: Define patients’ rights.                                                                                                                                               8

Learning Objective: Describe mental health issues in the justice system.                                                                                                  10

Learning Objective: Discuss competence to stand trial.                                                                                                                             7

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.                                                                                                                                    41

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.                                                                                                                                         34

Topic: Commitment                                                                                                                                                                                   22

Topic: Competence                                                                                                                                                                                    7

Topic: Informed Consent                                                                                                                                                                          2

Topic: Insanity Defense                                                                                                                                                                            39

Topic: Legal Issues                                                                                                                                                                                   2

Topic: Mental Illness                                                                                                                                                                                 10

Topic: Right to Treatment                                                                                                                                                                          4

Topic: Violence                                                                                                                                                                                         12

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