Abnormal Psychology 7th Ed By Susan Nolen Hoeksema – Test Bank

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Abnormal Psychology 7th Ed By Susan Nolen Hoeksema – Test Bank

 

Chapter 02

Theories and Treatment of Abnormality

 

  1. Which of the following best defines a theory?
  2. A theory is a set of ideas that relate only to observed behaviors.
  3. A theory is a treatment, usually based on a phenomenon, which addresses those factors that cause the phenomenon.
  4. A theory is a set of ideas that bridges the gap between normal and abnormal behaviors.
  5. D. A theory is a set of ideas that provides a framework for asking questions about a phenomenon and for gathering and interpreting information about that phenomenon.

Page: 24

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Describe the scientific method

Topic: Scientific Method

 

  1. A _____ is a treatment, usually based on a theory of a phenomenon, that addresses those factors the theory says cause the phenomenon.
  2. practice
  3. modus operandi
  4. C. therapy
  5. hypothesis

Page: 24

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain how treatment is planned.

Topic: Treatment

 

  1. A psychologist who applies a sociocultural approach to anxiety disorders would:
  2. consider genetics as a likely explanation for anxiety.
  3. B. consider the way cultural values or the social environment affect anxiety.
  4. look for the causes of anxiety in people’s beliefs, thought processes, life experiences, and relationships.
  5. explain anxiety by taking into account a person’s unconscious desires.

Page: 24

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APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the sociocultural perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Anxiety Disorders

Topic: Sociocultural Approach

 

  1. Maria and her parents recently moved to a new state because her mother received a job transfer. Maria has had difficulty adjusting to her new school, and has been suffering from loss of appetite, irritability, and lack of interest in her usual activities. Assuming that Maria’s behavior meets the criteria for abnormal behavior, which of the following approaches would best explain Maria’s behavior?
  2. A. Psychological approach
  3. Nature approach
  4. Personal approach
  5. Biological approach

Page: 36

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APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast the perspectiv of abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychological Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following best describes the nature-nurture question of abnormality?
  2. The nature-nurture question relies heavily on biological perspectives to address abnormal behaviors.
  3. The nature-nurture question views abnormal behaviors exclusively from a sociological perspective.
  4. The nature-nurture question integrates biological, psychological, and social approaches to abnormal behaviors.
  5. D. The nature-nurture question supports the idea that psychological problems have must have a single cause

Page: 24

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast the perspectiv of abnormal psychology.

Topic: Nature vs. Nurture

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true about the diathesis-stress model of the development of disorders?
  2. A. A biological, psychological, or social vulnerability combines with a biological, psychological, or social trigger, causing a disorder to manifest.
  3. An individual experiences a minimal amount of psychological and social stress that creates an atmosphere for the emergence of a disorder.
  4. Biological factors and psychological factors interact and create social stressors that influence a disorder.
  5. Psychological and social vulnerability are loosely associated with a specific disorder and biological factors are the main contributors to the disorder.

Page: 25

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Explain the biopsychosocial perspective.

Topic: Diathesis-Stress Model

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true regarding the different approaches to abnormality and the continuum model?
  2. People who favor a sociocultural approach generally embrace the continuum model because they view psychological disorders as vastly different from normal functioning.
  3. People who take a biological approach have traditionally accepted the continuum model of abnormality.
  4. People who adopt a psychological approach have moved away from the continuum model of psychopathology in recent years.
  5. D. Proponents of the sociocultural approach tend to view abnormal behaviors as understandable consequences of social stresses in people’s lives.

Page: 24

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast the perspectiv of abnormal psychology.

Topic: Approaches to Abnormal Psychology

 

  1. The biological approach to abnormality focuses on all of the following causes of abnormality EXCEPT:
  2. brain dysfunction.
  3. genetic abnormalities.
  4. biochemical imbalance.
  5. D. poor physiological responses.

Page: 26

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true about the various structures of the brain?
  2. The pons control arousal and attention to stimuli.
  3. The medulla is important for attentiveness and the timing of sleep.
  4. The cerebellum helps control breathing and reflexes.
  5. D. The superior colliculus and inferior colliculus relay sensory information and control movement.

Page: 27

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. The outer layer of the cerebrum is called the _____.
  2. hippocampus
  3. B. cerebral cortex
  4. thalamus
  5. cerebellum

Page: 27

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. The cerebral cortex is responsible for:
  2. regulating sexual drive.
  3. B. advanced thinking processes.
  4. relaying messages to the brain.
  5. impulse control.

Page: 27

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Abnormality in eating, drinking, and sexual behavior is most likely a result of the dysfunction of the:
  2. right frontal lobe.
  3. cerebrum.
  4. C.
  5. midbrain.

Page: 28

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of subcortical structures in the brain?
  2. A. They contain the thalamus, which directs incoming information from sense receptors to the cerebrum.
  3. They contain the hypothalamus, which is a large structure just above the thalamus that regulates instinctive behaviors.
  4. They contain the hippocampus, a part of the limbic system, which plays a central role in emotions such as fear.
  5. They contain the amygdala, a structure of the limbic system, which plays a role in memory.

Page: 28

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Cindy’s mood has become increasingly unstable since her traffic accident, in which she obtained a serious brain injury. She often experiences bouts of aggression and fits of rage in reaction to the slightest provocation. At other times, she is overly passive and fails to recognize direct threats. In which area of Cindy’s brain has the damage most likely occurred?
  2. The temporal lobe
  3. B. The limbic system
  4. The cerebellum
  5. The medulla

Page: 28

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Biochemicals that carry impulses from one neuron to another in the brain and in other parts of the nervous system are called _____.
  2. hormones
  3. B. neurotransmitters
  4. electrical transmissions
  5. synaptic responses

Page: 29

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Neurotransmitters are released into the _____, the gap between synaptic terminals and adjacent neurons, and then bind to special _____, molecules on the membrane of adjacent neurons.
  2. receptor; dendrites
  3. B. synapse; receptors
  4. synapse; axons
  5. receptor; cell bodies

Page: 29

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. When the initial neuron releasing a neurotransmitter into the synapse reabsorbs some of the neurotransmitter and thereby decreases the amount of neurotransmitter left in the synapse, the process is called _____.
  2. A. reuptake
  3. degradation
  4. blocking
  5. carrying

Page: 29

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. In the context of neurotransmitter functioning, degradation refers to the:
  2. release of neurons into the synaptic gap.
  3. reabsorption of the neurotransmitter into the initial neuron.
  4. attachment of the neurotransmitter to a receptor.
  5. D. release of an enzyme by the receiving neuron that breaks down the neurotransmitter into other biochemicals.

Page: 29

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following neurotransmitters plays an important role in regulating emotional well-being and aggressive impulses?
  2. Dopamine
  3. Norepinephrine
  4. Acetylcholine
  5. D. Serotonin

Page: 30

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Dopamine plays an important role in:
  2. regulating sexual drive and emotional responses.
  3. B. regulating the functioning of muscle systems.
  4. regulating pain and moods.
  5. inhibiting aggression.

Page: 30

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. When ingested, which of the following substances slows the reuptake process of norepinephrine?
  2. Cocaine and heroin
  3. Heroin and marijuana
  4. Marijuana and amphetamines
  5. D. Amphetamines and cocaine

Page: 30

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. In the context of emotional responses, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) plays an important role in _____ symptoms.
  2. A. anxiety
  3. depressive
  4. angry
  5. aggressive

Page: 30

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. A _____ is a chemical that carries messages throughout the body, potentially affecting a person’s moods, levels of energy, and reactions to stress.
  2. A. hormone
  3. degradation inhibitor
  4. neuron
  5. synapse

Page: 30

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. The “master” gland is also known as the _____.
  2. pancreatic gland
  3. organ of Corti
  4. adrenal gland
  5. D. pituitary gland

Page: 30

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. The pituitary gland is responsible for:
  2. stabilizing mood and emotions.
  3. controlling brain function and relaying messages.
  4. regulating energy levels and managing aggression.
  5. D. producing a variety of hormones and controlling the secretion of other endocrine glands.

Page: 30

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. When corticotropin-release factor (CRF) travels from the hypothalamus to the pituitary, the pituitary releases the body’s adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH). The bloodstream carries ACTH to the adrenal gland and various other organs. This example illustrates the complex relationship between:
  2. the pituitary gland and hormones.
  3. hormones and the endocrine system.
  4. the endocrine system and the pituitary gland.
  5. D. the central nervous system and the endocrine system.

Page: 30–31

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Mark has difficulty managing his stress. His physician suspects that he has a dysregulated hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA axis). It is likely that Mark may later be diagnosed with a(n):
  2. personality disorder.
  3. B. depressive disorder.
  4. adjustment disorder.
  5. impulse control disorder.

Page: 31

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following is correct regarding chromosomes?
  2. At conception, the fertilized embryo has 48 chromosomes, 24 from the female egg and 24 from the male sperm.
  3. The mother of an embryo always contributes a Y chromosome and the father always contributes an X chromosome.
  4. C. Down syndrome results when chromosome 21 is present in triplicate instead of as the usual pair.
  5. Chromosomes have no relationship to deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA).

Page: 31

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Sandy was born with a flat face, a small nose, protruding lips and tongue, and slanting eyes. These features were a result of chromosome 21 being present in triplicate. Sandy was most likely born with _____.
  2. Klinefelter syndrome
  3. B. Down syndrome
  4. Tay-Sachs disease
  5. Fragile X syndrome

Page: 31

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT true about behavior genetics?
  2. Behavior genetics is the study of the genetics of personality and abnormality.
  3. B. Research in behavior genetics focuses primarily on twin studies
  4. According to behavior genetics, most disorders result from polygenic processes.
  5. Behavior geneticists investigate the heritability of behaviors and behavioral tendencies.

Page: 31–32

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. A polygenic process:
  2. A. refers to the multiple genetic abnormalities that interact in one individual to create a disorder.
  3. results from the interaction between hormones and neurotransmitters.
  4. creates the coded instructions for cells to perform certain functions.
  5. controls the basic genetic transmission that occurs during conception.

Page: 32

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Identical twins have _____ of their genes in common.
  2. 25 percent
  3. 50 percent
  4. 75 percent
  5. D. 100 percent

Page: 32

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT true about the interaction between genes and the environment?
  2. Genetic factors can influence the kinds of environments we choose.
  3. The environment can act as a catalyst for a genetic tendency.
  4. Environmental conditions can affect the expression of genes.
  5. D. Personalities and interests are not reinforced by the environments we choose.

Page: 32

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. _____ is the study of heritable changes in the expression of genes without changes in the gene sequence.
  2. Molecular biology
  3. Genetic engineering
  4. C. Epigenetics
  5. Molecular cloning

Page: 33

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. The research on epigenetic processes carried out by Michael Meany found that:
  2. A. the behavior of mother rats toward their offspring influences the development of the pups’ reactions to stress in adulthood.
  3. the extent to which a mother rat grooms the pup in the first week of life is indirectly related to the release of certain hormones in the pup.
  4. pups that are licked and groomed more tend to grow into adult rats that are more fearful and show less developed responses to stress.
  5. the biological offspring of mothers who typically lick and groom less, when raised by mothers who lick and groom more, have less effective stress responses

Page: 33

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.1 Use scientific reasoning to interpret psychological phenomena.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true about the different drug therapies?
  2. Phenothiazines, also known as atypical antipsychotics, are used to reduce hallucinations and delusions, and do not carry dangerous side effects.
  3. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the most frequently used antidepressants and target both serotonin and norepinephrine.
  4. Tricyclic antidepressants and monoamine oxidase inhibitors are the newer classes of antidepressants.
  5. D. SSRIs produce side effects such as nausea, diarrhea, headaches, daytime sedation, sexual dysfunction, and agitation.

Page: 34

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Name and describe drugs used in the treatment of abnormal behavior, and discuss the problems and controversies surrounding their use.

Topic: Drug Therapy

 

  1. Lithium is:
  2. a rare metallic element found only in natural springs.
  3. a safer treatment than anticonvulsants because it has fewer and milder side effects.
  4. C. commonly used in the treatment of bipolar disorder.
  5. very effective in reducing tardive dyskinesia.

Page: 34

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Name and describe drugs used in the treatment of abnormal behavior, and discuss the problems and controversies surrounding their use.

Topic: Drug Therapy

 

  1. A major class of anxiety-reducing drugs, _____, appears to reduce the symptoms of anxiety without interfering substantially with an individual’s ability to function in daily life. Their most frequent use of these drugs is as sleeping pills.
  2. barbiturates
  3. B. benzodiazepines
  4. azapirones
  5. beta-blockers

Page: 34

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Name and describe drugs used in the treatment of abnormal behavior, and discuss the problems and controversies surrounding their use.

Topic: Drug Therapy

 

  1. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) was originally introduced to treat which mental disorder?
  2. Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  3. Panic disorder without agoraphobia
  4. Generalized anxiety disorder
  5. D. Schizophrenia

Page: 34

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)?
  2. A current of 70 to 150 volts is passed through the brain for five seconds.
  3. Patients are fully conscious when the brain seizure is induced.
  4. Patients typically have a convulsion, which usually lasts three minutes or more.
  5. D. The side effects of ECT involve confusion and memory loss.

Page: 35

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. When treating a patient with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), approximately how many sessions are necessary?
  2. 4 to 6 sessions
  3. 5 to 8 session
  4. 6 to 15 sessions
  5. D. 6 to 12 sessions

Page: 35

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. A procedure known as _____ exposes patients to frequent, high-intensity magnetic pulses that are focused on particular brain structures, whereas in the _____ procedure, electrodes are surgically implanted in specific areas of the brain.
  2. A. repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation; deep brain stimulation
  3. deep brain stimulation; vagus nerve stimulation
  4. vagus nerve stimulation; repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation
  5. deep brain stimulation; repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation

Page: 35

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. The procedure introduced by neurologist Antonio de Egas Moniz in 1935, in which the frontal lobes of the brain are severed from the lower centers of the brain in people with psychosis is called:
  2. partial lobectomy.
  3. B. prefrontal lobotomy.
  4. vagus nerve stimulation.
  5. craniotomy.

Page: 35

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychosurgery

 

  1. Today, psychosurgery:
  2. is outlawed in the United States.
  3. B. is only used for severe disorders that do not respond to other treatments.
  4. is no longer controversial, as it formerly was.
  5. is found to generally lack precision.

Page: 35

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychosurgery

 

  1. Which of the following is a criticism leveled against the biological approach to abnormality?
  2. A. It often ignores the fact that environmental and psychological processes can affect biological functioning.
  3. It argues that people prefer to deal with the issues in their lives that are contributing to their psychological problems rather than turn to drugs.
  4. It seems to increase the blame or responsibility that might be put upon the sufferer of a disorder.
  5. It forces people who suffer from disorders to deny that they have a disease and therefore remedy their disease through cognitive restructuring.

Page: 36

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Behavioral theorists:
  2. accept the idea that unconscious conflicts drive human behavior.
  3. include biological factors as major contributors to abnormal behavior.
  4. view maladaptive thinking patterns as the primary motivators for abnormal behavior.
  5. D. focus on the influence of reinforcement and punishment in producing abnormal behavior.

Page: 36

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Behavioral Perspective

 

  1. What are the core principles of the behavioral approach?
  2. Classical reinforcement and operant conditioning
  3. Operant punishment and vicarious reinforcement
  4. C. Classical conditioning and operant conditioning
  5. Operant conditioning and latent learning

Page: 36

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Behavioral Perspective

 

  1. The Russian physiologist whose discovery of conditioned responses made a tremendous impact on psychology was _____.
  2. B. F. Skinner
  3. John Watson
  4. Edward Thorndike
  5. D. Ivan Pavlov

Page: 36

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APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Classical Conditioning

 

  1. In Pavlov’s experiment, the conditioned stimulus was:
  2. the event that elicited the unlearned response.
  3. B. the previously neutral stimulus.
  4. the reinforcement that elicited the learned response.
  5. the same as the unconditioned stimulus.

Page: 36

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APA Outcome: 2.1 Use scientific reasoning to interpret psychological phenomena.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Classical Conditioning

 

  1. Alexis is a sick child who makes frequent visits to the hospital to get her shots. One day she and her mother drive past the hospital and Alexis begins to cry. She repeatedly says, “Mommy, I don’t want to see the doctor.” In this example, the conditioned stimulus would be _____.
  2. the parking lot
  3. the shot
  4. the nurse
  5. D. the hospital

Page: 36

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APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Classical Conditioning

 

  1. A bee stung Leah while she was playing in the yard a few weeks ago. She now becomes panicky each time she goes out to play. In this example, the conditioned stimulus is _____.
  2. being stung
  3. B. playing outside
  4. seeing the bee
  5. feeling panicky

Page: 36

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APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Classical Conditioning

 

  1. The law of effect suggests that:
  2. the strength of a reward has no bearing on behaviors.
  3. punishment has no impact on undesired behaviors.
  4. C. behaviors followed by a reward are strengthened.
  5. punishments are more effective than rewards.

Page: 36

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Operant Conditioning

 

  1. Shaping behaviors by providing rewards for desired responses and punishments for undesired responses is known as _____.
  2. classical conditioning
  3. B. operant conditioning
  4. respondent conditioning
  5. avoidant conditioning

Page: 37

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Operant Conditioning

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT an example of a behavior learned through operant conditioning?
  2. An adolescent washes his father’s car hoping to get a curfew extension.
  3. B. A person jumps back at the sight of a snake.
  4. A prison inmate receives tokens for good behavior.
  5. An animal stays still to avoid an electric shock.

Page: 37

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Operant Conditioning

 

  1. Tracy always seemed to “forget” to do her weekly chores, despite many reminders by her mom and dad. Her parents decided to pay her $2 for each chore she completed by Sunday night each week. On which type of operant conditioning schedule did Tracy’s parents put her?
  2. A. Continuous reinforcement schedule
  3. Partial reinforcement schedule
  4. Continuous punishment schedule
  5. Partial punishment schedule

Page: 36–37

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Operant Conditioning

 

  1. When a learned behavior is eliminated, the process is called _____.
  2. removal
  3. B. extinction
  4. disappearance
  5. avoidance

Page: 37

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Operant Conditioning

 

  1. In the context of the schedules of reinforcement in operant conditioning, if a behavior is _____ reinforced, it is more difficult to extinguish.
  2. negatively
  3. B. intermittently
  4. continuously
  5. positively

Page: 37

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Operant Conditioning

 

  1. Jessica had a car accident while crossing an icy bridge. She now maps out her routes to avoid traveling over bridges. This avoidance helps to reduce her anxiety. In this example, Jessica has developed a(n) _____.
  2. unconditioned response
  3. B. conditioned avoidance response
  4. continuous reinforcement schedule
  5. unconditioned avoidance response

Page: 37

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Operant Conditioning

 

  1. Social learning theory posits that:
  2. A. people learn behaviors by watching other people.
  3. people learn as a direct result of rewards and punishments.
  4. people learn primarily by observing random people.
  5. people learn when two stimuli are paired together.

Page: 38

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Social Learning Theory

 

  1. Joe’s favorite food is spaghetti. His mom always makes it for him on Friday night, but she does not like the way he slurps the spaghetti into his mouth. One Friday night, she attempts to change Joe’s eating pattern. At dinner, she picks up her spoon and fork and begins to roll the spaghetti. David, Joe’s brother, used his fork and spoon as well. Susan, Joe’s sister, also used her fork and spoon to roll her spaghetti. At first, Joe slurps the spaghetti into his mouth, but after a few minutes, he begins to use his fork and spoon as well.

In this example, Joe is learning behavior through _____.

  1. shaping
  2. B. modeling
  3. reinforcing
  4. acquiring

Page: 37

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Social Learning Theory

 

  1. Jerry, who can’t sit still for a minute, sees his classmate, Mike, getting a sticker for sitting quietly in his seat. Jerry decides to stop fidgeting and begins to sit still in the hope of getting a sticker for his sticker collection. Which behavioral theory is in effect here?
  2. Classical conditioning
  3. B. Observational learning
  4. Systematic desensitization
  5. Causal attribution

Page: 37–38

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Social Learning Theory

 

  1. When Kathryn was visiting her grandmother one summer, a snake crawled onto the front porch and bit her. Since then, Kathryn has been dreadfully afraid of snakes. Which technique would a behavioral therapist most likely use in this situation to help Kathryn get rid of her phobia?
  2. Modeling
  3. B. Systematic desensitization
  4. Operant conditioning
  5. Reinforcement

Page: 38

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the behavioral perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Behavioral Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true about systematic desensitization therapy?
  2. It requires the client to first develop a hierarchy of feared stimuli and then learn appropriate responses to each of these stimuli, starting with the most feared stimulus.
  3. It is an immediate and direct method for extinguishing anxiety responses to stimuli and maladaptive behavior.
  4. C. It generally produces better results when the client is asked to experience the stimuli directly, that is, using the in vivo exposure method.
  5. It is often combined with operant conditioning to develop a conditioned avoidance response.

Page: 39

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the behavioral perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Behavioral Perspective

 

  1. All of the following are limitations of behavioral theories EXCEPT that:
  2. it is unclear how behavioral principles could account for some disorders, such as schizophrenia.
  3. B. the studies done to test these theories are rigorously controlled and exact.
  4. the complexity of human behaviors and the environmental experiences cannot be captured in laboratory studies.
  5. behavioral theories do not recognize free will in people’s behavior.

Page: 39

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the behavioral perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Behavioral Perspective

 

  1. Cognitive theories focus on _____.
  2. measurable behaviors
  3. B. thoughts and beliefs
  4. unconscious conflicts
  5. relationships

Page: 39

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Cognitive Perspective

 

  1. Martha was distraught when she discovered her husband had been involved with another woman and had a child with the other woman. She constantly tries to understand why her husband cheated on her, thinking thoughts such as “I’m so stupid for not realizing what was going on,” and, “I should have been more attentive to his needs.” Which type of cognition is Martha most likely exhibiting?
  2. Degradation
  3. B. Causal attribution
  4. Global assumption
  5. Catharsis

Page: 39

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Cognitive Perspective

 

  1. The broad beliefs we have about ourselves, our relationships, and the world, can be either positive and helpful to us, or negative and destructive. These broad beliefs are called _____.
  2. A. global assumptions
  3. specific assumptions
  4. absolute assumptions
  5. collective assumptions

Page: 39

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Cognitive Perspective

 

  1. Jamie is constantly saying, “I have no control over my emotions, and cannot help feeling certain feelings.” This exemplifies _____.
  2. a causal attribution
  3. B. a dysfunctional global assumption
  4. systematic desensitization
  5. cognitive-behavioral therapy

Page: 39–40

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Cognitive Perspective

 

  1. People who tend to hold dysfunctional assumptions often react to situations with all of the following EXCEPT:
  2. irrational thoughts.
  3. B. rational behaviors.
  4. negative emotions.
  5. irrational behaviors.

Page: 39

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Cognitive Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT a goal of cognitive therapy?
  2. Assist clients in identifying their irrational and maladaptive thoughts.
  3. Teach clients to consider alternative ways of thinking.
  4. C. Discourage clients from challenging their irrational or maladaptive thoughts.
  5. Encourage clients to face their worst fears and recognize ways of coping.

Page: 40

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

 

  1. Cognitive techniques are often combined with behavioral techniques, in what is known as _____.
  2. A. cognitive-behavioral therapy.
  3. systematic desensitization therapy.
  4. behavior modification.
  5. client-centered therapy.

Page: 40

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

 

  1. Which of the following is the greatest limitation of the cognitive theories?
  2. Cognitive theories may seem comfortable or familiar to laypeople.
  3. Cognitive theories seem attractive because they focus on an individual’s thinking processes.
  4. Cognitive theories are least likely to explain unwanted emotions, thoughts, and behaviors.
  5. D. Cognitive theories have had difficulty proving that maladaptive cognitions precede and cause disorders rather than being the symptoms or consequences of the disorders.

Page: 41

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the cognitive perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

 

  1. The psychodynamic perspective views abnormality as being influenced by:
  2. A. unconscious processes.
  3. an external locus of control.
  4. learning and reinforcement.
  5. collective experience.

Page: 41

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic Perspective

 

  1. The psychoanalytic approach to personality and treatment of psychopathology was developed by _____.
  2. Horney
  3. Breuer
  4. Charcot
  5. D. Freud

Page: 41

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. Repression is defined as:
  2. inconsistent memories.
  3. false memories.
  4. C. motivated forgetting.
  5. personal forgetfulness.

Page: 41

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic Perspective

 

  1. Freud believed that _____ is a basic drive that motivates human behavior.
  2. A. the libido
  3. the subconscious
  4. catharsis
  5. repression

Page: 41

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. According to Sigmund Freud, the three systems of the human psyche that regulate the libido are the:
  2. personal unconscious, collective unconscious, and archetypes.
  3. B. id, ego, and superego.
  4. ego, unconscious, and subconscious.
  5. aggressive drive, id, and the superego.

Page: 41

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. According to Freud, the id operates by the:
  2. reality principle.
  3. morality principle.
  4. conscience principle.
  5. D. pleasure principle.

Page: 41

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. According to Freud, which structure seeks to gratify our wishes and needs in ways that are within the rules of society for their appropriate expression?
  2. Id
  3. B. Ego
  4. Superego
  5. Libido

Page: 41

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. Frank attends an evening class at the local community college. His stomach begins to growl when he gets hungry. He wants to leave class early and get dinner, but realizes that leaving would be wrong because it would disrupt the class. Frank’s realization is an example of his _____ at work.
  2. id
  3. instinct
  4. C. superego
  5. ego

Page: 41–42

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. The superego is responsible for:
  2. regulating aggressive responses.
  3. monitoring poor impulse controls.
  4. C. storing rules and regulations of moral behaviors.
  5. observing objects in the environment.

Page: 41–42

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. Most of the interactions among the id, ego, and superego occur in the _____.
  2. collective unconscious
  3. preconscious
  4. C. unconscious
  5. conscious

Page: 42

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. According to Freudian theory, defense mechanisms:
  2. are used by the superego as a reward for moral conduct.
  3. B. are used by the ego to disguise or transform unconscious wishes.
  4. generally lead to the creation of psychological disorders.
  5. protect the preconscious.

Page: 42

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic Perspective

 

  1. Terrence’s father abandoned him and his mother when he was six years old. When asked about his father, he says that his father died. Although his father has tried to contact him, Terrence insists that his father is dead. Which of the following elements of Freudian theory would best explain Terrence’s behavior?
  2. Electra complex
  3. Oedipus complex
  4. C. Defense mechanism
  5. Penis envy

Page: 42

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic Perspective

 

  1. Sarah’s mother, Stephanie, was not at home much when Sarah was very young, so Sarah’s 12-year-old brother took care of her most of the time. Now that Sarah is approaching adulthood, she chain-smokes and drinks alcohol excessively. She has a difficult time forming close relationships since she is very jealous and never believes anyone really loves her. Sarah most likely had difficulty in which psychosexual stage of development according to Freudian theory?
  2. A. Oral
  3. Anal
  4. Latent
  5. Phallic

Page: 43

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. Lena is extremely opinionated and over-controlling. She is often stingy with her money and is obsessed with neatness and order. According to Freudian theory, Lena is most likely fixated at which psychosexual stage of development?
  2. Oral
  3. B. Anal
  4. Phallic
  5. Genital

Page: 43

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. The correct sequential order for Freud’s psychosexual stages is:
  2. oral, anal, latency, genital, and phallic.
  3. anal, oral, latency, phallic, and genital.
  4. C. oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital.
  5. anal, oral, phallic, genital, and latency.

Page: 43

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. According to Freud, girls suffer anxiety when they recognize that they do not have a penis. This frustration causes them to form a connection with their father, in the hope that the relationship will provide a replacement for the missing penis. According to Freudian theory, this is known as _____.
  2. the Oedipus complex
  3. castration anxiety
  4. C. the Electra complex
  5. a defense mechanism

Page: 43

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. According to Freudian theory, boys who experience extreme castration anxiety resolve the conflict by identifying with their fathers, and putting aside their desires for their mothers. This conflict develops during the _____ stage, and the process is called the _____.
  2. anal; Oedipus complex
  3. phallic; Electra complex
  4. anal; Electra complex
  5. D. phallic; Oedipus complex

Page: 43

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. Jeremy and Stacy are siblings who attend the same elementary school. They rarely speak to each other during their free time at school. Jeremy usually hangs out with his male friends, while Stacy and her female friends stick together. Both siblings show minimal interest in the opposite sex. Jeremy and Stacy are most likely in which stage of psychosexual development?
  2. Anal
  3. Phallic
  4. C. Latency
  5. Genital

Page: 43

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. Lance is a shy 13-year-old boy who often goes to his older sister for dating advice. He has recently developed an interest in members of the opposite sex. Lance is most likely in which stage of psychosexual development?
  2. Anal
  3. Phallic
  4. Latency
  5. D. Genital

Page: 43

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. The object relations perspective suggests that:
  2. A. early interpersonal relationships influence an individual’s self-concept and personality development.
  3. self-awareness is impacted by the psychosexual urges present during each stage of development.
  4. thoughts, behavior, and emotions are connected to one’s unconscious state of mind.
  5. environmental stressors coupled with poor parental relationships create mental disorders for less stable individuals.

Page: 44

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic View

 

  1. Carl Jung referred to the wisdom accumulated by a society over hundreds of years of human existence that is stored in the memories of individuals as the _____.
  2. A. collective unconscious
  3. preconscious
  4. subconscious
  5. ego conscious

Page: 44

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic View

 

  1. Whenever Dora visits her therapist, the therapist allows her to talk about any subject without interruptions. This technique is called _____.
  2. resistance
  3. B. free association
  4. denial
  5. transference

Page: 44

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic View

 

  1. When a client is unwilling to or cannot reveal certain material to the clinician, this problem is often referred to as _____.
  2. transference
  3. countertransference
  4. C. resistance
  5. catharsis

Page: 44

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic View

 

  1. Lucy rejects her therapist’s interpretation of her conflict. Her reasoning is that the therapist really has no idea what she is actually going through. According to Lucy, her therapist has only book knowledge and has no idea what goes on in the real world. Lucy is most likely exhibiting _____ the therapeutic process.
  2. A. resistance toward
  3. transference in
  4. repression in
  5. suppression of

Page: 44

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic View

 

  1. Patricia begins to talk to her therapist as if he is her father. She also reacts with extreme fear as she did to her father when she was a child. This is an example of _____.
  2. countertransference
  3. B. transference
  4. an anxiety attack
  5. projection

Page: 44

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic View

 

  1. In classical psychodynamic therapy, clients _____ painful memories and difficult issues to gain a new understanding and provide self-definitions that are acceptable to them.
  2. A. work through
  3. project
  4. reject
  5. repress

Page: 44

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic View

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true about the difference between classical psychoanalysis and more modern psychodynamic therapy?
  2. Both psychoanalysis and modern psychodynamic therapy may go on for a period of many years, but psychoanalysis can be as short-term as 12 weeks.
  3. B. Psychoanalysis typically involves three or four sessions per week over a period of many years, but modern psychodynamic therapy can be as short-term as 12 weeks.
  4. The psychoanalyst, compared with the modern psychodynamic therapist, may focus more on current situations in the client’s life.
  5. The focus of psychoanalysis is on resistance while modern psychodynamic therapy focuses on the interpretation of transference.

Page: 44

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic View

 

  1. _____ emerged out of modern psychodynamic theories of psychopathology and shifted focus from the unconscious conflicts of the individual to the client’s pattern of relationships with important people in his or her life.
  2. A. Interpersonal therapy
  3. Ego psychology
  4. Psychoanalysis
  5. Object relations perspective

Page: 44

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic View

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true about psychodynamic theories?
  2. It is possible to scientifically test their fundamental assumptions.
  3. B. Psychodynamic therapies are unaffordable for many people owing to their long-term, intensive nature.
  4. Most people prefer the unstructured nature of traditional psychodynamic therapy.
  5. Psychodynamic theories explain normal and abnormal behavior with separate, distinct processes.

Page: 45

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic View

 

  1. Which of the following theories of abnormality is based on the assumption that humans have an innate capacity for goodness and for living a full life?
  2. A. Humanistic
  3. Psychodynamic
  4. Cognitive
  5. Behavioral

Page: 45

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the humanistic approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Humanistic Perspective

 

  1. Carl Rogers believed that without undue pressure from others, individuals naturally move toward personal growth, self-acceptance, and _____, the fulfillment of their potential for love, creativity, and meaning.
  2. self-transcendence
  3. self-other realization
  4. self-efficacy
  5. D. self-actualization

Page: 45

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the humanistic approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Humanistic Perspective

 

  1. The stated goal of humanistic therapy is to:
  2. provide healing to the client.
  3. help clients uncover repressed painful memories or unconscious conflicts.
  4. C. help clients discover their greatest potential through self-exploration.
  5. challenge maladaptive ways of thinking and interpreting events.

Page: 45

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the humanistic perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Humanistic Perspective

 

  1. _____ was developed by Carl Rogers.
  2. A. Client-centered therapy
  3. Family systems therapy
  4. Rational-emotive behavioral therapy
  5. Thought field therapy

Page: 45

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the humanistic perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Humanistic Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT considered an essential component of client-centered therapy (CCT)?
  2. Genuineness of communication
  3. B. Conditional positive regard
  4. Empathic understanding
  5. Unconditional positive regard

Page: 45

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the humanistic perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Humanistic Perspective

 

  1. In Roger’s client-centered therapy, _____ is a method of response in which the therapist attempts to understand what the client is experiencing by restating those experiences.
  2. interpretation
  3. B. reflection
  4. interjection
  5. projection

Page: 45–46

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the humanistic perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Humanistic Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of the humanistic theories?
  2. A. Some therapists believe that client-centered therapy may be appropriate for people who are moderately distressed but not for those who are seriously distressed.
  3. Self-help groups and peer counseling programs have found humanistic theories to be less effective than the cognitive approach.
  4. Several researchers have been able to replicate the findings of humanistic therapies through scientific testing.
  5. The emphasis given to pathology and external forces in humanistic therapies makes the approach very pessimistic.

Page: 46

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the humanistic perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Humanistic Perspective

 

  1. Lucy is concerned because her family members pay little or no attention to each other. They seem to go their own way, and have little interest in even having a meal together. According to family systems theory, Lucy’s family is a(n) _____ family.
  2. inflexible
  3. enmeshed
  4. C. disengaged
  5. dysfunctional

Page: 46

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Family Therapy

 

  1. In a(n) _____, parents avoid dealing with conflicts with each other by always keeping their children involved in their conversations and activities.
  2. disengaged family
  3. enmeshed family
  4. C. pathological triangular relationship
  5. inflexible family

Page: 46

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Family Therapy

 

  1. Research suggests that many young girls who develop eating disorders are members of _____ families.
  2. disengaged
  3. B. enmeshed
  4. inflexible
  5. invested

Page: 46

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Family Therapy

 

  1. Family systems therapy challenges a family’s:
  2. belief system about the stigma of psychopathology.
  3. cultural definition of family cohesiveness.
  4. C. belief that an individual family member is the source of the problem.
  5. ideas that only workable families have an authority figure.

Page: 47

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Family Therapy

 

  1. _____ therapy targets family communication and problem-solving, beliefs of parents and adolescents that impede communication, and systemic barriers to problem-solving.
  2. Systematic desensitization
  3. B. Behavioral family systems
  4. Client-centered
  5. Interpersonal

Page: 47

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Family Therapy

 

  1. Family systems therapies may be particularly appropriate in the treatment of _____.
  2. geriatric clients
  3. B. children
  4. adults
  5. parents

Page: 47

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Family Therapy

 

  1. Research on family systems approaches and therapies is difficult because:
  2. A. the research involves observing people in the context of their relationships, which is difficult to capture in the laboratory.
  3. these approaches often do not receive adequate funding for research as they are not recognized as a formal therapeutic approach.
  4. these approaches are relatively new and very few professionals have expertise in this area.
  5. families are always in a state of flux and findings may lack validity and reliability.

Page: 47

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Family Therapy

 

  1. Third-wave approaches to the therapy:
  2. are often referred to as the last resort when other therapies fail to work.
  3. are entirely based on practices derived from Western philosophy.
  4. view unconscious conflicts as the core of many types of psychopathology.
  5. D. combine behavioral and cognitive therapy with the mindfulness practices of Zen Buddhism.

Page: 47

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic Perspective

 

  1. _____ therapy focuses on difficulties in managing negative emotions and in controlling impulsive behaviors.
  2. A. Dialectical behavior
  3. Acceptance and commitment
  4. Client-centered
  5. Interpersonal

Page: 47

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic Perspective

 

  1. A key assumption behind acceptance and commitment therapy is that _____, that is, ignoring painful thoughts, memories, and feelings, is/are at the heart of many mental health problems.
  2. repressed emotions
  3. denial
  4. C. experiential avoidance
  5. poor emotional regulation

Page: 47–48

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic Perspective

 

  1. According to the sociocultural approach, which of the following factors increases an individual’s susceptibility to mental health problems?
  2. Inability to attend college to obtain a higher degree due to financial problems
  3. B. Living in a country that has been ravaged by war or struck by natural disaster
  4. Social norms and policies that are liberal in their approach to minority groups
  5. Growing up in neighborhoods where there is strong cohesion among neighbors

Page: 49

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the sociocultural approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Sociocultural Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following statements is indicative of culturally sensitive approaches that therapists may use when treating clients?
  2. Persuading clients from cultures that value respect for authority to generate ideas about what is causing their symptoms
  3. Strengthening the socio-economic and class differences that exist in the client-therapist relationship
  4. Forcing clients from cultures that value emotional restraint to express themselves and disclose all their personal concerns
  5. D. Recognizing that certain cultures focus on the collective and that the identity of the individual is not seen apart from the group

Page: 49

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the sociocultural approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Multicultural Approach

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true about cross-cultural treatment?
  2. Ethnic matching is an important predictor of how long clients remain in therapy.
  3. A therapist must be from the same culture as the client to fully understand the client.
  4. C. Matching the race or ethnicity of the therapist and the client does not necessarily lead to a better outcome.
  5. It has been proven that therapists from the same ethnic or racial group as the client share the same value system.

Page: 52

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the sociocultural approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Multicultural Approach

 

  1. In the context of cross-cultural treatment, which of the following statements is true?
  2. Evidence suggests that women, but not men, do better in therapy with a therapist of the same gender.
  3. B. Both women and men tend to report that they prefer a therapist of the same gender.
  4. Certain treatments are more effective among certain cultural/ethnic groups than others.
  5. People from ethnic minority groups in the United States are less likely than European Americans to drop out of psychosocial therapy.

Page: 52

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the sociocultural approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Multicultural Approach

 

  1. Native American healing processes:
  2. encourage clients to experience the self as separate from the community.
  3. B. focus on the physiology, psychology, and religious practices of the individual.
  4. emphasize the detachment of the individual from the cultural network.
  5. involve immersing the individual in quiet solitude and meditation.

Page: 52

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the sociocultural perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Multicultural Approach

 

  1. Hispanics in the southwestern United States and in Mexico suffering from psychological problems may consult folk healers, known as:
  2. A.
  3. nganga.
  4. quimbanda.
  5. shamans.

Page: 52

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the sociocultural perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Multicultural Approach

 

  1. Which of the following is a valid criticism leveled against the sociocultural approaches of abnormality?
  2. They argue that it is not enough to look only at what is going on within individuals or their immediate surroundings.
  3. They blame the victim and place responsibility for psychopathology within the individual.
  4. They relieve society of its responsibility to change the social conditions that put individuals at risk for psychopathology.
  5. D. They provide only a vague understanding about the exact ways in which social and cultural forces lead to psychological disturbance in individuals.

Page: 52

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the sociocultural perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Multicultural Approach

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of prevention programs?
  2. Primary prevention strategies focus on detecting a disorder in its earliest stages.
  3. Secondary prevention focuses on people who already have a disorder and focus on the prevention of relapse.
  4. Tertiary prevention strategies for preventing drug abuse might include changing neighborhood characteristics that contribute to drug use.
  5. D. Secondary prevention often involves screening for early signs of a disorder and then administering an intervention to prevent the development of a full-blown disorder.

Page: 53

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Describe prevention programs.

Topic: Prevention Programs

 

  1. Which among the following is NOT a common component of successful therapies?
  2. Encouraging clients to confront painful emotions and become less sensitive to them
  3. Providing clients with explanations or interpretations of why they are suffering
  4. Establishing a positive client-therapist relationship
  5. D. Supplementing existing treatment with drug therapy

Page: 53–54

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss treatment outcomes.

Topic: Treatment

 

  1. What are neurotransmitters and how do they function? Using examples, describe the role neurotransmitters play in mental health.

 

Students’ answers may vary. Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Neurotransmitters—biochemicals that act as messengers carrying impulses

▪ Synaptic gap—gap between the synaptic terminals and the adjacent neurons

▪ Receptors—molecules on the membrane of adjacent neurons

▪ Processes of reuptake and degradation of neurotransmitters—malfunctioning of either process results in high or low levels of neurotransmitter in the synapse

▪ Serotonin—plays an important role in emotional well-being and in dysfunctional behaviors

▪ Dopamine—influences our experience of reinforcements or rewards and the functioning of muscle systems

▪ Norepinephrine—cocaine and amphetamine slows its reuptake

▪ Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)—inhibits the action of other neurotransmitters

Page: 29–30

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Describe the learning process of classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Provide examples for these theories based on your experiences.

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Classical conditioning— unconditioned response, unconditioned stimulus, conditioned stimulus, conditioned response

▪ Operant conditioning—rewards, punishments, reinforcement schedules

▪ Examples should clearly demonstrate the processes

Page: 36–37

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Classical Conditioning

Topic: Operant Conditioning

 

  1. Describe the cognitive approach to psychopathology. What are the three main goals in cognitive therapy? What are the limitations of cognitive theories?

 

Students’ answers may vary. Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Cognitions—thoughts or beliefs that shape our behaviors and the emotions we experience

▪ Causal attributions—the reasons we attribute to why events happen that can impact our behaviors

▪ Global assumptions—the positive or negative broad beliefs we have about ourselves, our relationships, and the world

▪ Dysfunctional global assumptions—the reason behind maladaptive behaviors as proposed by Beck and Ellis

▪ Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)—combination of behavioral and cognitive therapies

▪ Goals—help clients identify irrational thoughts, consider alternative ways of thinking, face fears, learn to cope

▪ Limitations—difficulty proving that maladaptive cognitions precede and cause disorders, rather than being the symptoms or consequences of the disorders

Page: 39–41

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the cognitive perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Topic: Cognitive Perspective

 

  1. Describe Freud’s psychosexual stages of development.

 

Students’ answers may vary. Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Oral stage—first 18 months, stimulation of the mouth area; features of oral character

▪ Anal stage—18 months to 3 years, focus of gratification is the anus; features of anal personality

▪ Phallic stage—3 to 6 years, Oedipus/Electra complex, penis envy, absence of castration anxiety in girls leads to lack of motivation to develop a super ego; problems associated with unsuccessful resolution of phallic stage

▪ Latency stage—libidinal drives are quelled, more same-sex interaction

▪ Genital stage—12 and older years, sexual interests turn to heterosexual relationships

Page: 42–43

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. What must therapists bear in mind to ensure that treatment does not clash with the values and norms of their client’s culture? Must a therapist come from the same culture as the client to fully understand the client?

 

Students answers’ may vary. Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Most psychotherapies are focused on the individual, but many cultures focus on the collective or group rather than the individual.

▪ Most psychotherapies value the expression of emotions and the disclosure of personal concerns, but some cultures value emotional restraint.

▪ Many psychotherapies expect clients to take the initiative in communicating their concerns and desires, but some cultural norms dictate deference to people in authority.

▪ Socioeconomic class and cultural differences between the client and therapist can create tensions.

▪ Ethnic matching is not an important predictor of the effectiveness of therapy; cultural sensitivity can probably be acquired through training and experience.

Page: 49-53

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the sociocultural approach to abnormal psychology.

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the sociocultural perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Multicultural Approach

Topic: Sociocultural Perspective

 

Category                                                                                                                                                                           # of Questions

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation                                                                                                                                                              127

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.                                                                  100

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.                                                                               3

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.                                                                                                                            24

APA Outcome: 2.1 Use scientific reasoning to interpret psychological phenomena.                                                                                    2

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.                                                                                                   9

Bloom’s: Apply                                                                                                                                                                                             24

Bloom’s: Remember                                                                                                                                                                                      78

Bloom’s: Understand                                                                                                                                                                                     30

Difficulty: Difficult                                                                                                                                                                                       24

Difficulty: Easy                                                                                                                                                                                             78

Difficulty: Moderate                                                                                                                                                                                      30

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.                                                                                            36

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.                                                                                             9

Learning Objective: Analyze the humanistic approach to abnormal psychology.                                                                                          2

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.                                                                                     56

Learning Objective: Analyze the sociocultural approach to abnormal psychology.                                                                                       5

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the behavioral perspective and identify treatments.                                                                    3

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the cognitive perspective and identify treatments.                                                                      2

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the humanistic perspective and identify treatments.                                                                   5

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the sociocultural perspective and identify treatments.                                                                5

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast the perspectiv of abnormal psychology.                                                                                     3

Learning Objective: Describe prevention programs.                                                                                                                                     1

Learning Objective: Describe the scientific method                                                                                                                                       1

Learning Objective: Discuss treatment outcomes.                                                                                                                                         1

Learning Objective: Explain how treatment is planned.                                                                                                                                 1

Learning Objective: Explain the biopsychosocial perspective.                                                                                                                      1

Learning Objective: Name and describe drugs used in the treatment of abnormal behavior, and discuss the problems and controversies surrounding their use.                                                                                                                                                                                                                      3

Topic: Anxiety Disorders                                                                                                                                                                              1

Topic: Approaches to Abnormal Psychology                                                                                                                                               1

Topic: Behavioral Perspective                                                                                                                                                                       5

Topic: Biological Perspective                                                                                                                                                                        34

Topic: Classical Conditioning                                                                                                                                                                       5

Topic: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy                                                                                                                                                            4

Topic: Cognitive Perspective                                                                                                                                                                         6

Topic: Diathesis-Stress Model                                                                                                                                                                      1

Topic: Drug Therapy                                                                                                                                                                                     3

Topic: Family Therapy                                                                                                                                                                                  7

Topic: Freud                                                                                                                                                                                                  16

Topic: Humanistic Perspective                                                                                                                                                                      7

Topic: Multicultural Approach                                                                                                                                                                      7

Topic: Nature vs. Nurture                                                                                                                                                                             1

Topic: Operant Conditioning                                                                                                                                                                         8

Topic: Prevention Programs                                                                                                                                                                          1

Topic: Psychodynamic Perspective                                                                                                                                                               7

Topic: Psychodynamic View                                                                                                                                                                        10

Topic: Psychological Perspective                                                                                                                                                                  1

Topic: Psychosurgery                                                                                                                                                                                   2

Topic: Scientific Method                                                                                                                                                                               1

Topic: Social Learning Theory                                                                                                                                                                      3

Topic: Sociocultural Approach                                                                                                                                                                      1

Topic: Sociocultural Perspective                                                                                                                                                                   2

Topic: Treatment                                                                                                                                                                                           2

Chapter 06

Somatic Symptom and Dissociative Disorders

 

  1. The _____ disorders are a group of disorders in which people experience significant physical symptoms for which there is no apparent organic cause.
  2. dissociative
  3. psychotic
  4. adjustment
  5. D. somatic symptom

Page: 152

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following represents one of the difficulties in diagnosing somatic symptom disorders?
  2. The person is usually unaware of physical symptoms of an ailment.
  3. The person has difficulty pinpointing the physical discomfort.
  4. C. The person may have a real physical problem that is difficult to detect.
  5. The person does not consciously produce or control the symptoms.

Page: 152

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

 

  1. When a woman believes she is pregnant, but physical examination and laboratory tests show negative results, this syndrome is called _____.
  2. A. pseudocyesis
  3. misconception syndrome
  4. pseudo expectancy
  5. miscarriage

Page: 153

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

 

  1. _____ was formerly known as hypochondriasis (without physical symptoms).
  2. A. Illness anxiety disorder
  3. Conversion disorder
  4. Factitious disorder
  5. Munchhausen’s syndrome

Page: 153

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Illness Anxiety Disorder

 

  1. Bethany is experiencing dizziness, head pain and numbness in her lower limbs, all with no apparent medical reason. Bethany is most likely experiencing a(n) _____ disorder.
  2. pseudocyesis
  3. B. somatic symptom
  4. dissociative
  5. acute stress

Page: 153

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

 

  1. Sherry believes that she has a serious illness. She has had severe headaches and tremors for several days with no relief from traditional over-the-counter medicines. Her visit to the doctor revealed no organic reason for the headaches. Unsatisfied with the results, she goes to several other medical professionals for treatment. Sherry is most likely suffering from a(n) _____ disorder.
  2. illness anxiety
  3. B. somatic symptom
  4. dissociative
  5. acute stress

Page: 153–154

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

 

  1. Marcus spends a lot of time at his physician’s clinic to deal with the pain in his abdomen. He has had several gastrointestinal tests as well as other diagnostic tests taken, but the doctors can find nothing to explain his pain. He spends much time worrying about his mystery pain is something serious. Marcus is most likely experiencing a(n) _____ disorder.
  2. illness anxiety
  3. B. somatic symptom
  4. dissociative
  5. acute stress

Page: 153

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

 

  1. Vickianna’s doctor is trying to diagnose if her condition is an illness anxiety disorder or a somatic symptom disorder. According to the DSM-5, to make the distinction, he should determine if Vickianna _____.
  2. A. has physical symptoms
  3. seeks medical help
  4. has anxious thoughts
  5. experiences acute stress

Page: 154

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Illness Anxiety Disorder

 

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

 

  1. Bertram has spent years being concerned about his health even though he has no symptoms or pain. Several years ago, he read an article on tumors and became preoccupied with thoughts about getting a tumor. He rarely seeks medical help and in fact avoids doctors and hospitals. Bertram is most likely experiencing a(n) _____ disorder.
  2. A. illness anxiety
  3. somatic symptom
  4. dissociative
  5. acute stress

Page: 154

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Illness Anxiety Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following disorders may appear similar in their presentation?
  2. Somatic symptom disorder and dissociative identity disorder
  3. Somatic symptom disorder and conversion disorder
  4. C. Somatic symptom disorder and illness anxiety disorder
  5. Somatic symptom disorder and body dysmorphic disorder

Page: 154

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Illness Anxiety Disorder

 

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

 

  1. People diagnosed with somatic symptom disorder frequently have periods of all of the following EXCEPT _____.
  2. substance abuse
  3. depression
  4. anxiety
  5. D. psychotic disorders

Page: 155

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of the somatic symptom disorder?
  2. Posttraumatic stress disorder is unlikely to lead to somatic symptom disorder.
  3. Somatic symptom disorder is not accompanied by physical symptoms such as aches or pain.
  4. C. Studies have shown that changes in the symptoms of people with somatic symptom disorder mirror their emotional well-being.
  5. A loss of functioning in a part of the body can be the person’s only complaint in somatic symptom disorder.

Page: 155

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of the somatic symptom disorder in the United States?
  2. Children rarely complain of somatic symptoms.
  3. Adolescents are the most common group to be diagnosed with the disorder.
  4. Middle-aged adults are more likely to report somatic symptoms than older adults.
  5. D. Older adults are more likely to report multiple somatic symptoms than middle-aged adults.

Page: 155

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

 

  1. Family studies suggest that somatic symptom disorders run primarily among _____ relatives, and _____ relatives have higher rates of alcoholism.
  2. female; female
  3. B. female; male
  4. male; male
  5. male; female

Page: 156

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

 

  1. Herman has been diagnosed with somatic symptom disorder. He often misinterprets his bodily symptoms, which results in increased heart rate, rapid breathing, and dizziness. He states regularly, “If the pain doesn’t stop soon, it will probably cause damage to the other parts of my body.” Herman is most likely catastrophizing his symptoms. This maladaptive way of thinking is linked with the _____ theoretical perspective.
  2. A. cognitive
  3. behavioral
  4. psychodynamic
  5. existential

Page: 155–156

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

 

  1. Studies of refugees who fled to the United States found that these groups often had:
  2. posttraumatic stress disorder and conversion disorder.
  3. posttraumatic stress disorder and acute stress disorder.
  4. C. posttraumatic stress disorder and somatic symptom disorder
  5. posttraumatic stress disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Page: 156

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

 

  1. Which treatment focuses on helping clients recall events and memories that may have triggered their somatization symptoms?
  2. A. Psychodynamic
  3. Cognitive-behavioral
  4. Behavioral
  5. Existential

Page: 156

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

 

  1. In the treatment of somatic symptom disorder, _____ therapies attempt to determine and eliminate the reinforcements individuals receive for their symptoms, while increasing positive rewards for healthy behavior.
  2. A. behavioral
  3. cognitive
  4. psychodynamic
  5. humanistic

Page: 156

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

 

  1. According to DSM-5, which of the following is a diagnostic criterion for illness anxiety disorder?
  2. Somatic symptoms must be present that are severe in intensity.
  3. Illness preoccupation should have been present for at least one month.
  4. C. The individual must perform excessive health related behaviors.
  5. The individual should show symptoms of altered voluntary motor or sensory function.

Page: 154

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Illness Anxiety Disorder

 

  1. Cognitive therapies for somatic symptom disorder focus on:
  2. A. challenging the client’s maladaptive interpretations of physical symptoms and teaching them techniques for appropriate interpretations.
  3. identifying the behavioral reinforcers that contribute to the manifestation of symptoms.
  4. providing insight into the client’s somatization symptoms and discussing early childhood experiences.
  5. designing a behavior modification plan with punishers to discourage maladaptive ways of thinking.

Page: 156

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

 

  1. People with conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder):
  2. are typically physically challenged from birth.
  3. tend to assume that serious illnesses are uncommon.
  4. C. have symptoms of altered voluntary motor or sensory function.
  5. are not usually prone to chronic depression and anxiety.

Page: 157

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following somatic symptom disorders is considered to be the most dramatic due to symptoms like blindness, seizures, loss of hearing, and mutism?
  2. Social anxiety disorder
  3. B. Conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder)
  4. Somatic symptom disorder
  5. Posttraumatic stress disorder

Page: 157

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder)?
  2. A. The conversion symptom develops after a trauma or psychological stressor.
  3. Conversion disorder is quite common, with a high lifetime prevalence rate.
  4. Loss of bodily functioning in conversion disorder is due to subconscious processes.
  5. Conversion disorder typically involves multiple symptoms during a single episode of conversion.

Page: 157

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

 

  1. Conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder) is usually characterized by:
  2. A. sensory and motor deficits.
  3. loss of memory.
  4. pain in different areas of the body.
  5. multiple personalities.

Page: 157

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

 

  1. Lorna found her husband dead in their bedroom. He had been shot in the chest. After this incident, Lorna has been unable to see. Lorna is most likely exhibiting a symptom of _____ disorder.
  2. dissociative
  3. factitious
  4. C. conversion
  5. malingering

Page: 157

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

 

  1. Jaclyn has been complaining for several weeks that she has lost all feeling in her right hand. A medical examination revealed no nerve damage. However, Jaclyn insists that something is wrong because she feels as though she has on a tight glove. Jaclyn is mostly experiencing _____ anesthesia associated with _____.
  2. local; body dysmorphic disorder
  3. regional; illness anxiety disorder
  4. general; somatic symptom disorder
  5. D. glove; conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder)

Page: 157

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

 

  1. Freud and his contemporaries viewed conversion symptoms as the result of:
  2. the unconscious state of mind attempting to control the conscious state of mind.
  3. the id trying to surpass the functioning of the ego and super ego.
  4. C. the transfer of psychic energy attached to repressed emotions or memories to physical symptoms.
  5. the displacement of unconscious anxiety onto a neutral or symbolic object.

Page: 157

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

 

  1. According to Freud’s explanation of the conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder), which of the following best describes secondary gain?
  2. The reduction in anxiety as a result of repressed emotions being released physically
  3. B. The attention and sympathy received as a result of the symptom complaints
  4. The lack of concern or distress in the wake of a traumatic event
  5. The hysteria that comes with the repression of agonizing memories

Page: 157

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Secondary Gain

 

  1. It was observed during the two world wars that many soldiers would report to have become inexplicably paralyzed or blind and therefore were unable to return to the front. Most of them seemed unconcerned about their paralysis or blindness. This phenomenon is known as _____.
  2. A. la belle indifference
  3. coup d’état
  4. esprit de corps
  5. sang-froid

Page: 158

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder)?
  2. Research studies have shown that people with conversion symptoms are not hypnotizable.
  3. The symptoms of conversion disorder are usually clear-cut, and, hence, there is little room for misdiagnosis.
  4. C. Impaired connectivity between sensory or motor areas of the brain is likely to cause conversion disorder.
  5. Physiological tests often give definitive proof that a person’s symptoms do not have physical causes.

Page: 158

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

 

  1. People with conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder):
  2. usually seek psychological treatment for physical symptoms.
  3. B. can be difficult to treat because they cannot believe the ailment is psychological.
  4. are usually aware of a traumatic experience that could have precipitated the disorder.
  5. identify with more than three personalities within themselves.

Page: 158

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

 

  1. _____ treatments for conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder) focus on relieving the person’s anxiety around the initial trauma that caused the conversion symptoms and on reducing any benefits the person is receiving from the conversion symptoms.
  2. Humanistic
  3. B. Behavioral
  4. Cognitive
  5. Psychoanalytic

Page: 158

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

 

  1. Factitious disorders are also referred to as _____.
  2. Korsakoff’s syndrome
  3. Down syndrome
  4. C. Munchhausen’s syndrome
  5. Tourette’s syndrome

Page: 158

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Factitious Disorder

 

  1. Mary created an illness in her younger daughter to draw attention to herself. This is known as a _____.
  2. psychosomatic disorder imposed on self
  3. factitious disorder imposed on self
  4. C. factitious disorder imposed on another
  5. somatic symptom disorder imposed on another

Page: 159

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Factitious Disorder

 

  1. Candice faked her symptoms to gain medical attention. She exaggerated her symptoms to the point that exploratory surgery was conducted. Candice most likely has a _____.
  2. factitious disorder imposed on another
  3. B. factitious disorder imposed on self
  4. somatic symptom disorder
  5. psychosomatic disorder

Page: 159

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Factitious Disorder

 

  1. Somatic symptom disorders and dissociative disorders are considered by some theorists to be the result of a psychological process known as _____, in which different parts of an individual’s identity, memories, or consciousness split off from one another.
  2. dissolution
  3. disintegration
  4. degeneration
  5. D. dissociation

Page: 159

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

 

  1. The idea that dissociation is a process in which systems of ideas are split off from consciousness but are accessible through dreams and hypnosis was conceptualized by _____.
  2. Jean Piaget
  3. Thomas Simon
  4. C. Pierre Janet
  5. Alfred Binet

Page: 159

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

 

  1. In Hilgard’s study on the “hidden observer” phenomenon, he argued that there are two modes of consciousness: the _____ mode the and _____ mode.
  2. repressive; active
  3. B. active; receptive
  4. receptive; suppressive
  5. suppressive; repressive

Page: 159

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

 

  1. The active mode in Hilgard’s study referred to:
  2. the unconscious state of mind that creates pleasant memories.
  3. the conscious state of mind that registers and stores information without being aware that the information has been processed.
  4. the mind’s short-term or working memory that can only hold information for up to 20 seconds.
  5. D. the conscious state of mind that includes a person’s conscious plans and desires and voluntary actions.

Page: 159

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

 

  1. For most people, the active mode and receptive mode:
  2. act as separate entities.
  3. B. weave experiences together so seamlessly that no division is noticed.
  4. work together to process and store only our most pleasant memories.
  5. hide the true meaning of a person’s dissociative experiences.

Page: 159

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

 

  1. Dissociative identity disorder was formerly known as _____ disorder.
  2. bipolar
  3. multiple disintegration
  4. C. multiple personality
  5. dissociative personality

Page: 159

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

 

  1. Which of the following dissociative disorders is characterized by a person developing one or more distinct personalities?
  2. A. Dissociative identity disorder
  3. Dissociative fugue
  4. Dissociative amnesia
  5. Depersonalization/derealization disorder

Page: 161

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following individuals is most likely to receive a diagnosis of dissociative identity disorder?
  2. Shiloh makes repetitive strange utterances and movements as if in a trance.
  3. Jack often wanders away from his home and returns home when he chooses to.
  4. C. Ellen appears to have alternate personalities that are extremely different from each other.
  5. Ronald often inflicts self-injuries consciously and turns up at hospitals.

Page: 161

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. A person diagnosed with dissociative identity disorder may have several alters. An alter is a(n):
  2. A. alternate personality.
  3. alternate mood.
  4. repressed memory.
  5. out-of-body experience.

Page: 161

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following is the most common alter found in people with dissociative identity disorder?
  2. The helper
  3. The host
  4. The persecutor
  5. D. The child

Page: 161

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. In dissociative identity disorder, an alter that inflicts pain or punishment on the other personalities by engaging in self-injurious behaviors (such as self-cutting or self-burning) and suicide attempts is called _____.
  2. the oppressor
  3. B. the persecutor
  4. the tyrant
  5. the bully

Page: 161

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following is considered to be the most dangerous alter found in dissociative identity disorder?
  2. The helper
  3. The host
  4. C. The persecutor
  5. The child

Page: 161

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following alters found in dissociative identity disorder offers advice to the other personalities or performs behaviors the host is unable to handle?
  2. A. The helper
  3. The host
  4. The persecutor
  5. The child

Page: 161–162

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following is true of dissociative identity disorder (DID)?
  2. The host is always in control of the other alters.
  3. The alters in DID are not aware of each other.
  4. C. People diagnosed with DID claim to have significant periods of amnesia.
  5. Persecutor alters are often responsible for switching between personalities.

Page: 162

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. A disorder that has high comorbidity with DID is _____.
  2. A. post-traumatic stress disorder
  3. obsessive-compulsive personality disorder
  4. somatoform disorder
  5. autism spectrum disorder

Page: 162

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. Lucas reported to his therapist that he hears several voices in his head and that some of his actions or words are being controlled by other people inside him. Lucas’s symptoms are representative of _____ disorder.
  2. somatic symptom
  3. narcissistic personality
  4. C. dissociative identity
  5. histrionic personality

Page: 162

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following explains why dissociative identity disorder was not diagnosed before 1980?
  2. The symptoms were rarely reported prior to 1980.
  3. B. There was no such diagnostic category in the DSM-II.
  4. The disorder lacked empirical evidence until after 1980.
  5. No DSM existed prior to 1980.

Page: 162

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. When people with dissociative identity disorder report hearing voices talking inside their heads, they may be misdiagnosed as having _____.
  2. bipolar disorder with psychotic features
  3. B. schizophrenia
  4. major depressive disorder
  5. brief psychotic disorder

Page: 163

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. In which of the following countries is dissociative identity disorder diagnosed most frequently?
  2. A. United States
  3. Great Britain
  4. Japan
  5. India

Page: 163

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. Some studies suggest that _____ may be more likely than other ethnic groups to experience dissociative symptoms in response to traumas.
  2. African Americans
  3. B. Latinos
  4. Asians
  5. Native Americans

Page: 163

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. DSM-5 has added the words _____ to the DID criterion A. This makes the criteria more applicable to diverse cultural groups and to identify a common presentation of DID in non-Western cultures as well as subgroups in Western cultures.
  2. A. “or an experience of possession”
  3. “communing with god”
  4. “and a spiritual trance”
  5. “or a religious possession”

Page: 163

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. Dissociative symptoms may be part of the syndrome of _____, a culturally accepted reaction to stress among Latinos.
  2. A. ataque de nervios
  3. mal de ojo
  4. susto
  5. amok

Page: 163

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following is the most common contributor to dissociative identity disorder?
  2. Genetic predisposition to the disorder
  3. B. Chronic physical or sexual abuse during childhood
  4. Low socioeconomic family status
  5. Presence of several other mental disorders

Page: 164

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. People who develop dissociative identity disorder tend to be:
  2. less suggestible and hypnotizable.
  3. somewhat suggestible and hypnotizable.
  4. C. highly suggestible and hypnotizable.
  5. suggestible and hypnotizable to a small extent.

Page: 164

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following is a treatment goal for dissociative identity disorder?
  2. Identifying ways to help clients create a hierarchy of traumatic experiences and learning relaxation techniques to handle the stressors
  3. B. Helping the client work through the trauma to integrate all the alternative personalities into one coherent personality
  4. Identifying the traumatic experience and implementing behavior modification to reward or punish the alters
  5. Helping the host concentrate on health-enhancing behaviors using exercise and dietary supplements

Page: 164

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following is a reason an individual may develop dissociative identity disorder?
  2. Inability to control their behavior
  3. B. As a strategy to cope with traumas
  4. In order to gain attention for themselves
  5. Constant preoccupation with illness

Page: 164

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following techniques is heavily used to contact alters in the case of dissociative identity disorder?
  2. Channeling
  3. Dream analysis
  4. C. Hypnosis
  5. Memory exercises

Page: 164

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. In the case of dissociative identity disorder, patients who are able to integrate their personalities are:
  2. more likely to relapse with more serious problems.
  3. B. more likely to remain relatively free from the symptoms and reduce medication.
  4. more likely to develop severe symptoms of other psychological disorders.
  5. encouraged to discontinue psychotherapy to measure the effectiveness of the treatment.

Page: 164

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. Amnesia is categorized as either _____ or _____.
  2. organic; physiological
  3. physiological; neurotic
  4. psychotic; psychogenic
  5. D. psychogenic; organic

Page: 164

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

 

  1. Which of the following is true of organic amnesia?
  2. Organic amnesia is often caused by psychosocial factors.
  3. Organic amnesia typically involves anterograde and retrograde amnesia.
  4. C. Organic amnesia is caused by brain injury.
  5. Organic amnesia results from early childhood conflicts.

Page: 164–165

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

 

  1. Organic amnesia often involves the inability to remember new information, known as _____ amnesia.
  2. A. anterograde
  3. retrograde
  4. retrospective
  5. regressive

Page: 165

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

 

  1. Karen had a hiking accident that resulted in head trauma. She now has difficulty remembering new information. Karen’s amnesia would be categorized as _____.
  2. A. anterograde
  3. infantile
  4. psychogenic
  5. retrograde

Page: 166

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

 

  1. The inability to remember information from the past is known as _____ amnesia.
  2. anterograde
  3. B. retrograde
  4. retrospective
  5. regressive

Page: 165

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

 

  1. Marsha has dementia. It is becoming increasingly difficulty for her to remember her past. Sometimes she forgets her children’s names. Marsha’s amnesia would be categorized as _____.
  2. anterograde
  3. infantile
  4. factitious
  5. D. retrograde

Page: 165

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

 

  1. Robert has an accident when he is out trekking with his friends. He cannot recall anything that happened just before slipping and hitting his head on a boulder. He most likely has _____.
  2. psychogenic amnesia
  3. anterograde amnesia
  4. C. retrograde amnesia
  5. repressive amnesia

Page: 165

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

 

  1. When retrograde amnesia is due to organic causes, people will typically remember:
  2. where they lived.
  3. B. their personal identities.
  4. the names of their children.
  5. major historical events of the period.

Page: 165

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

 

  1. Korsakoff’s syndrome is characterized by:
  2. A. global retrograde amnesia associated with severe alcohol consumption.
  3. anterograde amnesia resulting from structural damage to the brain.
  4. anterograde and retrograde amnesia due to organic and psychological factors.
  5. a fugue state that results in loss of identity and the creation of a new identity.

Page: 166

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

 

  1. Brian has a history of drinking heavily before going to bed. His family accuses him of kicking the dog, breaking several dishes, and being verbally abusive on several occasions. Brown recalls none of these incidents and soon begins to forget personal information as well. Brown’s memory loss is most likely related to _____.
  2. A. Korsakoff’s syndrome
  3. posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  4. general anxiety disorder (GAD)
  5. depersonalization

Page: 166

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

 

  1. Verna has no idea how she ended up in her current surroundings. She feels comfortable and is not bothered by the fact that she cannot remember her past. Verna is most likely to be experiencing a(n) _____.
  2. A. dissociative amnesia with dissociative fugue
  3. anterograde amnesia
  4. Korsakoff’s syndrome
  5. unconscious fugue

Page: 166

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Fugue State

 

  1. Steven left his home abruptly without taking any of his belongings. He relocated to a nearby town. Several months later, he returned to his old home with no memory of his travel. Steven would most likely be diagnosed with _____.
  2. schizophrenia
  3. dissociative identity disorder
  4. C. dissociative amnesia with dissociative fugue
  5. depersonalization/derealization disorder

Page: 166

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Fugue State

 

  1. Janet has been diagnosed with dissociative fugue. She is typically likely to:
  2. A. experience autobiographical memory loss.
  3. exhibit signs of a false pregnancy.
  4. exhibit maladaptive avoidance.
  5. experience a high level of anxiety about personal health.

Page: 166

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Fugue State

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of psychogenic amnesia?
  2. It often involves anterograde amnesia.
  3. It typically involves the inability to remember new information.
  4. It involves a generalized loss of memory for the past.
  5. D. It involves memory loss that is limited to personal information.

Page: 165

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

 

  1. Unlike a person with dissociative identity disorder, a person in a fugue state:
  2. A. will behave quite normally in the new environment.
  3. will maintain his or her original identity in the fugue state.
  4. will remember what happened during the fugue state.
  5. will find it hard to cope in the new environment.

Page: 166

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Fugue State

 

  1. The main difference between dissociative amnesia with versus without the specification of dissociative fugue is that:
  2. people with dissociative amnesia typically leave home and create a new life for themselves in another area, while people with dissociative fugue do not take flight and create new identities.
  3. B. people with dissociative fugue typically leave home and create a new life for themselves in another area, while people with dissociative amnesia do not take flight and create new identities.
  4. people with dissociative amnesia typically create alternative personalities, whereas people with dissociative fugue typically do not create new identities.
  5. people with dissociative fugue typically maintain their original personalities, whereas people with dissociative amnesia create new identities.

Page: 165–166

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

Topic: Fugue State

 

  1. One complication that arises in diagnosing amnesias is the possibility that:
  2. A. amnesias may be faked by people to escape punishment for crimes committed.
  3. amnesias may be the result of using dissociation as a defense against intolerable memories or stressors.
  4. amnesia may occur at a high state of arousal where the person cannot encode and store information.
  5. people may forget some, but not all, events that may therefore lead to an inconclusive diagnosis.

Page: 166

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

 

  1. Many courts deny the use of hypnosis in the case of dissociative amnesia because of the possibility that:
  2. the individual may not be able to come out of the hypnotic state.
  3. B. hypnosis will “create” memories through the power of suggestion.
  4. hypnosis can lead to permanent memory loss.
  5. some individuals are not suggestible and cannot be hypnotized.

Page: 167

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

 

  1. Amnesia is frequently seen in murder cases with _____ percent of people arrested for homicide claiming to have amnesia.
  2. 0–15
  3. 15–30
  4. C. 25–45
  5. 50–75

Page: 166

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

 

  1. Depersonalization/derealization disorder is characterized by:
  2. the person suddenly taking flight, moving to another area, and creating a new identity.
  3. the presence of one or more distinct personalities vying for control of the individual.
  4. C. experiences in which the person feels detached from his/her mental processes, body, or surroundings.
  5. the person’s inability to remember specific events, time periods, or personal information.

Page: 167

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Depersonalization/Derealization Disorder

 

  1. To receive a diagnosis of depersonalization/derealization disorder, the person must:
  2. A. have frequent and distressing episodes of detachment from self or surroundings that disrupt functioning.
  3. have been under the influence of an illicit drug or be chronically sleep deprived.
  4. have alternating personalities trying to gain control.
  5. have been exposed to a traumatic event such as sexual assault.

Page: 167

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Depersonalization/Derealization Disorder

 

  1. Repressed memories represent a form of _____.
  2. somatization
  3. factitious disorders.
  4. depersonalization
  5. D. dissociative amnesia

Page: 167

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

 

  1. Experiences of unreality or detachment with respect to surroundings are typical of individuals diagnosed with:
  2. dissociative fugue.
  3. factitious disorder imposed on another.
  4. illness anxiety disorder.
  5. D. depersonalization/derealization disorder.

Page: 167

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Depersonalization/Derealization Disorder

 

  1. Memories formed before the age of _____ tend to be sketchy.
  2. A. 3
  3. 5
  4. 7
  5. 10

Page: 168

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

 

  1. To test how easy it is to create a false memory, Elizabeth Loftus designed a series of studies around _____.
  2. being sexually abused
  3. B. being lost at the mall
  4. seeing a bus exploding
  5. seeing satanic ritual abuse

Page: 168

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

 

  1. Elizabeth Loftus’s “lost at the mall” studies showed how easy it is to _____.
  2. A. create a false memory
  3. reveal repressed memories
  4. use hypnotism to uncover memories
  5. use sodium amatol to uncover lost memories

Page: 168

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

 

  1. Freyd and colleagues (2007) suggest that individuals who dissociate from, and forget, their abusive experiences are most likely to perform differently from other individuals in _____.
  2. identifying emotions
  3. motor skills tests
  4. C. cognitive tasks
  5. routine activities

Page: 169

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

 

  1. What is somatic symptom disorder? How is it different from illness anxiety disorders, factitious disorders imposed on self, factitious disorders imposed on another, and conversion disorders (functional neurological symptom disorders)?

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Somatic symptom disorders—people experience physical symptoms, no apparent organic cause, psychological factors are involved, symptoms not consciously produced or controlled

▪ Illness anxiety disorder—anxiety about getting or having a disorder, do not always experience physical symptoms

▪ Factitious disorders imposed on self-faking an illness to gain medical attention

▪ Factitious disorder imposed on another—parents fake or create illnesses in their children to gain attention for themselves

▪ Conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder)—People with this disorder lose neurological functioning in parts of their bodies, apparently not due to medical causes.

Page: 152–155

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

 

  1. What is conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder)? What are some of the common types of conversion symptoms?

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder)—loss of functioning in a particular body part, person can have repeated episodes of conversion involving different parts of the body

▪ Symptoms—paralysis, blindness, mutism, seizures, loss of hearing, severe loss of coordination, anesthesia in a limb, symptoms develop after an extreme psychological stressor.

Page: 157–158

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

 

  1. How did the psychoanalytic theory interpret conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder)?

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Psychoanalytic theory—glove anesthesia, hypnosis, transfer of psychic energy attached to repressed emotions or memories into physical symptoms

Page: 157–158

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

 

  1. What is factitious disorder imposed on self? What is factitious disorder imposed on another? What are some of the costs to a child whose mother has Munchhausen’s or factitious syndrome?

 

▪ Factitious disorders imposed on self-faking an illness to gain medical attention

▪ Factitious disorder by imposed on another—parents fake or create illnesses in their children to gain attention for themselves

▪ The text covers the case of a child that went through 200 hospitalizations and 40 operations due to her mother’s syndrome.

Page: 158–159

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Factitious Disorder

 

  1. What is dissociative identity disorder (DID)? What are its symptoms?

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ DID—more than one distinct identity or personality (alter) takes control over individual’s behavior on a regular basis.

▪ There are recurrent gaps in everyday events, important personal information, and/or traumatic events that are inconsistent with ordinary forgetting.

▪ Symptoms—alters (child, persecutor, helper), amnesia, self-destructive behavior, hearing voices inside their heads; children show behavioral and emotional problems such as poor school performance, antisocial behavior, sexual relations, alcohol/drug abuse, PTSD, outbursts of anger, deep depression, and severe anxiety

Page: 162-163

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

 

  1. What are some of the issues in diagnosing dissociative identity disorder (DID)? What are some of the reasons for cross-national differences in the diagnosis rates of DID?

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Issues—DID was first included in the third edition of the DSM and was often misdiagnosed as schizophrenia; people with DID often are also diagnosed with at least three other disorders, other disorders diagnosed may be the result of DID

▪ Cross-national differences in rates of diagnosis—diagnosed more frequently in the United States, Latinos more likely to experience symptoms; some researchers argue that psychiatrists in the United States are too quick to diagnose DID, while others argue that psychiatrists in other countries misdiagnose it as another disorder

Page: 162–163

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

 

  1. What is dissociative amnesia? What is meant by organic and psychogenic amnesia?

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Dissociative amnesia—people have significant periods of amnesia but do not assume new personalities or identities, cannot remember important facts about their lives and their personal identities, are aware that there are large gaps in their memory of themselves

▪ Organic amnesia—brain injury resulting from disease, drugs, or surgery; may involve anterograde amnesia

▪ Psychogenic amnesia—psychological causes (no brain injury), rarely involves anterograde amnesia, may involve retrograde amnesia

▪ Specify with dissociative fugue if there is apparently purposeful travel or bewildered wandering that is associated with amnesia for identity or other autobiographical information.

Page: 164–165

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

 

  1. Briefly discuss the differences between psychogenic and organic amnesia.

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Psychogenic amnesia—Caused by psychological factors, seldom involves anterograde amnesia (inability to learn new information acquired since onset of amnesia), can involve retrograde amnesia (inability to remember events from the past), retrograde amnesia often only for personal, not for general, information

▪ Organic amnesia—Caused by biological factors (such as disease, drugs, and blows to the head), often involves anterograde amnesia, can involve retrograde amnesia, retrograde amnesia usually for both personal and general information

Page: 165

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

 

  1. Describe dissociative fugue and some of its key characteristics.

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Dissociative fugue—person will suddenly move to a new place, assume a new identity, no memory of previous identity, will behave normally in new environment, cannot remember anything from the past, may return to previous identity and home, resumes life as if nothing happened, no memory for what happened during the fugue

▪ Characteristics—fugue may last for days or years, person may experience repeated fugue states or a single episode, often is a response to chronic stress or a traumatic event, common in people who are highly hypnotizable and have histories of amnesia, low prevalence

Page: 166

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Fugue State

 

  1. Imagine yourself as a juror in the following murder case (from Loftus, 1993). The defendant is George Franklin, Sr., 51 years old, standing trial for a murder that occurred more than 20 years earlier. The victim was eightyear-old Susan Kay Nason. Franklin’s daughter, Eileen, only eight years old herself at the time of the murder, provided the major evidence against her father. Eileen’s memory of the murder, however, had re-emerged only recently, after 20 years of being repressed.

 

Eileen’s memory first began to come back when she was playing with her two-year-old son and her five-year-old daughter. At one moment, her daughter looked up and asked a question like “Isn’t that right, Mommy?” A memory of Susan Nason suddenly came to Eileen. She recalled the look of betrayal in Susie’s eyes just before the murder. Later, more fragments would return, until Eileen had a rich and detailed memory. She remembered her father sexually assaulting Susie in the back of a van. She remembered that Susie was struggling as she said “No, don’t!” and “Stop!” She remembered her father saying “Now, Susie,” and she even mimicked his precise intonation. Next, her memory took the three of them outside the van, where she saw her father raise a rock above his head. She remembered screaming and walking back to where Susie lay, covered with blood, the silver ring on her finger smashed.

When questioned by prosecutors, Eileen was highly confident in her memory. Based on what we have learned in class, and what was covered in your text, would you convict George Franklin of the murder of Susan Nason? Why or why not? (Discussion appears on p. 482 at the back of this book.)

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

  • Many theorists who study dissociative identity disorder view it as the result of coping strategies used by persons faced with intolerable trauma—most often childhood sexual and/or physical abuse
  • Numerous studies from the literature on eyewitness identification and testimony indicating that people can be made to believe certain events occurred that in fact never happened and that these beliefs can persist for months or years
  • Loftus’s “lost at the mall” studies
  • Ost et al., London bus explosion study
  • McNally et al., alien abduction studies

 

Page: 167–169

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

 

Category                                                                                                                                                                   # of Questions

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation                                                                                                                                                      90

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.                                                          62

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.                                                                       13

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.                                                                                                                    19

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.                                                                                                      2

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.                                                                                           4

Bloom’s: Apply                                                                                                                                                                                     19

Bloom’s: Remember                                                                                                                                                                              48

Bloom’s: Understand                                                                                                                                                                             33

Difficulty: Difficult                                                                                                                                                                               9

Difficulty: Easy                                                                                                                                                                                     47

Difficulty: Moderate                                                                                                                                                                              44

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.                                                                       39

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.                                                                           61

Topic: Conversion Disorder                                                                                                                                                                  13

Topic: Depersonalization/Derealization Disorder                                                                                                                                  3

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia                                                                                                                                                                 17

Topic: Dissociative Disorders                                                                                                                                                               14

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder                                                                                                                                                    22

Topic: Factitious Disorder                                                                                                                                                                     4

Topic: Fugue State                                                                                                                                                                                6

Topic: Illness Anxiety Disorder                                                                                                                                                            5

Topic: Secondary Gain                                                                                                                                                                          1

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder                                                                                                                                                       18

 

Chapter 13

Sexual Disorders

 

  1. _____ desire disorder is characterized by males having little desire for sex.
  2. Hyposexual
  3. Hyperactive sexual
  4. Male hypersexual
  5. D. Male hypoactive sexual

Page: 363

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Disorders

 

  1. A diagnosis of male hypoactive sexual desire would be made when a male:
  2. does not initiate sex because of the inability to have an orgasm.
  3. experiences a lack of sexual desire specifically due to overexertion and exhaustion.
  4. is obsessed with thoughts about sex, thereby letting it interfere with daily functioning, for a consistent period of six months.
  5. D. has little desire for sex, does not fantasize about sex, and may be unresponsive when a partner initiates sex.

Page: 363

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Disorders

 

  1. Some men report never having had much interest in sex, either with other people or privately, as in the viewing of erotic films, masturbation, or fantasy. According to the DSM-5, these men are most likely diagnosed with _____ disorder.
  2. A. lifelong male hypoactive sexual desire
  3. situational sexual desire
  4. acquired male hypoactive sexual desire
  5. generalized sexual desire

Page: 363

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Disorders

 

  1. Women with low sexual desire are:
  2. less likely than men to report anxiety, depression, and life stress.
  3. B. more likely than men to report anxiety, depression, and life stress.
  4. as likely as men to report anxiety, depression, and life stress.
  5. not likely to report anxiety, depression, or other psychopathologies on account of this symptom.

Page: 364

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Disorders

 

  1. The _____ phase of the sexual response cycle combines a psychological experience of pleasure and the physiological changes known as vasocongestion and myotonia.
  2. plateau
  3. orgasm
  4. desire
  5. D. arousal

Page: 361

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Response Pattern

 

  1. During the _____ phase of the sexual response cycle, excitement remains at a high but stable level.
  2. A. plateau
  3. orgasm
  4. desire
  5. resolution

Page: 361

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Response Pattern

 

  1. _____ is the discharge of the neuromuscular tension built up during the excitement and plateau phases.
  2. Arousal
  3. Desire
  4. C. Orgasm
  5. Plateau

Page: 361

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Response Pattern

 

  1. Women with _____ disorder report absent or significantly reduced interest in sexual activity, in initiation of sex, and in sexual responsiveness to erotic cues.
  2. female sexual desire/interest
  3. B. female sexual interest/arousal
  4. genito-pelvic pain/penetration
  5. female orgasmic

Page: 363

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Disorders

 

  1. Sarah no longer has desire for sex and has barely had any sexual relations with her husband since her daughter, Amy, was born. Before her daughter’s birth, Sarah had a healthy sexual appetite. Sarah is most likely experiencing _____ disorder.
  2. generalized sexual desire
  3. female orgasmic
  4. C. acquired female sexual interest/arousal
  5. lifetime female sexual interest/arousal

Page: 363

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Disorders

 

  1. A female who does not experience the normal physiological changes that make up the excitement or arousal phase of the sexual response cycle is most likely exhibiting symptoms of _____ disorder.
  2. sexual aversion
  3. B. female sexual interest/arousal
  4. female orgasmic
  5. generalized sexual desire

Page: 363

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Disorders

 

  1. The recurrent inability of a man to attain or maintain an erection until the completion of sexual activity is referred to as _____.
  2. male dysfunction disorder
  3. delayed ejaculation
  4. male sexual arousal disorder
  5. D. erectile disorder

Page: 364

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Disorders

 

  1. Erectile disorder is sometimes referred to as _____.
  2. incapacity
  3. B. impotence
  4. sexual stress
  5. anorgasmia

Page: 364

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Disorders

 

  1. Men with the _____ form of erectile disorder have never been able to sustain an erection for a desired period of time.
  2. recurrent
  3. situational
  4. C. lifelong
  5. acquired

Page: 364

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Disorders

 

  1. Ethan has been having trouble attaining an erection lately. In the past, he had no such difficulty, and he can’t seem to figure out the cause for his sudden impotence. Ethan will most likely receive a diagnosis of _____.
  2. lifelong erectile disorder
  3. temporary delayed ejaculation
  4. C. acquired erectile disorder
  5. chronic delayed ejaculation

Page: 364

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Disorders

 

  1. Claudia finds that she reaches the sexual excitement phase of the sexual response cycle but has difficulty moving past that stage. She is most likely experiencing _____.
  2. aversion disorder
  3. B. anorgasmia
  4. arousal disorder
  5. impotence

Page: 364

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Disorders

 

  1. A criterion for female orgasmic disorder is that a woman must have difficulty reaching orgasm in at least _____ percent of sexual encounters.
  2. 25
  3. 50
  4. C. 75
  5. 90

Page: 364

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Disorders

 

  1. The most common form of orgasmic disorder in men is _____.
  2. A. premature ejaculation
  3. anorgasmia
  4. erectile dysfunction
  5. sexual aversion disorder

Page: 364

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Disorders

 

  1. Clay persistently ejaculates with minimal sexual stimulation, before he wishes to ejaculate. He is probably experiencing _____.
  2. A. premature (early) ejaculation
  3. anorgasmia
  4. erectile dysfunction
  5. male sexual aversion disorder

Page: 364–365

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Disorders

 

  1. Al’s wife has been complaining about their sex life. She feels he is experiencing difficulty controlling his orgasms and ejaculates with minimal sexual stimulation. Al is likely experiencing _____.
  2. sexual aversion disorder
  3. impotence
  4. C. premature ejaculation
  5. hypersexual arousal

Page: 364–365

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Disorders

 

  1. The DSM-5 states the criteria for the diagnosis of premature (early) ejaculation by specifying that a man must ejaculate within _____ of beginning sexual activity and before the man wishes it on _____ of occasions over a period of at least _____.
  2. 3 minutes; 75 percent; 6 months
  3. 3 minutes; 50 percent; 1 year
  4. 1 minute; 50 percent; 1 year
  5. D. 1 minute; 75 percent; 6 months

Page: 365

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Disorders

 

  1. Most men diagnosed with delayed ejaculation:
  2. can ejaculate during intercourse.
  3. B. can ejaculate with manual or oral stimulation.
  4. can’t ejaculate with oral or manual stimulation.
  5. can’t ejaculate at all.

Page: 364

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Disorders

 

  1. Approximately _____ percent of women experience report frequent pain during intercourse.
  2. 1 to 3
  3. 5 to 17
  4. 8 to 15
  5. D. 12 to 39

Page: 365

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Disorders

 

  1. Genito-pelvic pain/penetration disorder may involve:
  2. suppressed arousal.
  3. B. muscle tightening.
  4. the inability to reach orgasm.
  5. the deformation of the sex organ.

Page: 366

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Disorders

 

  1. Approximately _____ percent of women experience muscle tightening with the anticipation of vaginal insertion.
  2. 1 to 3
  3. B. 5 to 17
  4. 20 to 25
  5. 28 to 39

Page: 366

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Disorders

 

  1. One the most common biological contributors to sexual dysfunction is _____.
  2. gastroenteritis
  3. B. diabetes
  4. hypertension
  5. multiple sclerosis

Page: 366

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. As many as _____ percent of cases of erectile disorder are caused by medical conditions such as cardiovascular disease, multiple sclerosis, kidney failure, and spinal cord injury.
  2. 10
  3. 20
  4. 30
  5. D. 40

Page: 366

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.1 Use scientific reasoning to interpret psychological phenomena.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. Robert has been experiencing a sexual dysfunction and is seeking medical treatment. Which of the following would be the least likely explanation for his problems?
  2. A. High levels of testosterone
  3. Diabetes
  4. Cardiovascular disease
  5. Low levels of estrogen and prolactin

Page: 366

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. Which of the following is true of hormones and sexual dysfunction?
  2. High levels of testosterone and low levels of estrogen and prolactin cause sexual dysfunction in men.
  3. High levels of testosterone and high levels of estrogen and prolactin can cause sexual dysfunction in women.
  4. C. Low levels of testosterone and high levels of estrogen and prolactin can cause sexual dysfunction in men.
  5. Low levels of testosterone and high levels of estrogen and prolactin can cause sexual dysfunction in women.

Page: 366

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of female hormones and sexual dysfunction?
  2. A. Estrogen problems in women may result in low arousal due to reduced vaginal lubrication.
  3. Postmenopausal women often complain of lowered sexual desire and arousal on account of an increase in estrogen levels.
  4. A radical hysterectomy can help reduce vaginal dryness, which is associated with high levels of estrogen.
  5. Androgens play a role in the functioning of vaginal tissue, but are not associated with sexual desire and mood.

Page: 366

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT typically regarded as a cause of vaginal dryness or irritation in women who experience sexual pain?
  2. A. Indigestion
  3. Contraceptive use
  4. Vaginal infections
  5. Antihistamines

Page: 366

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. Which of the following prescription drugs would most likely NOT diminish sexual drive and arousal and interfere with orgasm?
  2. An antidepressant
  3. An antipsychotic
  4. C. A statin
  5. An antihypertensive

Page: 366–367

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. Albert has a history of alcohol dependence and abuse. He now has difficulties experiencing pleasure during sex and sustaining an erection. Albert’s psychiatrist would most likely diagnose him with _____ dysfunction.
  2. medical sexual
  3. dependence-related sexual
  4. sexual arousal
  5. D. substance-induced sexual

Page: 367

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. _____ can be used to study sexual arousal in men, while a(n) _____ is used to study sexual arousal in women.
  2. A. Strain gauges; photoplethysmograph
  3. Oximeters; strain gauge
  4. Photoplethysmographs; strain gauge
  5. Photoplethysmographs; oximeter

Page: 367

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.1 Use scientific reasoning to interpret psychological phenomena.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. A loss of sexual desire and functioning is:
  2. not related to psychological disorders.
  3. common in people with high levels of the androgen hormones.
  4. rarely observed among people with anxiety disorders.
  5. D. common in people with schizophrenia.

Page: 367

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. Fred and Jennifer are having marital difficulties. He says that her negative attitude toward sex is frustrating. Jennifer admits that she thinks of sex as dirty and sinful but can’t seem to change the way she thinks. All of the following psychological factors may contribute to Jennifer’s negative perception of sexual intercourse EXCEPT _____.
  2. A. socioeconomic status
  3. distrust of others
  4. poor body image
  5. a sense of shame about sex

Page: 367

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. The statements, “What if I can’t get an erection? I’ll die of embarrassment!” and “I’ve got to have an orgasm, or he’ll think I don’t love him!” are both indicative of _____.
  2. sexual aversion
  3. B. performance anxiety
  4. spectatoring
  5. hypoactive sexual desire

Page: 367

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. Tobias has been having trouble performing adequately during sexual encounters. He finds himself worrying before and during sex, which seems to exacerbate his problems with performance. Which of the following psychological factors best explains Tobias’s symptoms?
  2. Premature ejaculation
  3. Spectatorship
  4. Letting go
  5. D. Performance anxiety

Page: 367

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. Spectatoring involves:
  2. voyeurs watching people engage in sex without the other party’s consent or awareness.
  3. exhibitionists revealing themselves to large groups of people at the same time.
  4. C. individuals anxiously attending to reactions and performance during sex as if they were spectators.
  5. individuals replicating sexual behaviors based on what they see as spectators of mass media.

Page: 367

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. Rose anxiously attends to her reactions and performance during sex by checking her position, rhythm, and breathing. Rose’s behavior is referred to as _____.
  2. anorgasmia
  3. B. spectatoring
  4. voyeurism
  5. displacement

Page: 367

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. One type of personal trauma often associated with sexual desire disorders in women is _____.
  2. anxiety disorders
  3. the loss of a loved one
  4. medical illness
  5. D. sexual assault

Page: 368

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of relationship problems and sexual dysfunction?
  2. Women are more likely than men to decide when to initiate sex, how long to engage in foreplay, and what position to use during intercourse.
  3. Conflicts between partners that are not directly related to their sexual activity usually do not affect their sexual relationship.
  4. C. Anorgasmia in women may be tied to lack of communication between a woman and her male partner.
  5. Among people seeking treatment for sexual problems, men are more likely to report higher levels of psychological distress than women.

Page: 369

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. Most women:
  2. dislike oral-clitoral stimulation.
  3. achieve orgasm by coitus alone.
  4. C. need oral or manual stimulation of the clitoris to achieve orgasm.
  5. never achieve orgasm through clitoral or manual stimulation.

Page: 369

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. The idea that the loss of semen can be detrimental to health is not accepted in Western cultures but is relevant to traditional:
  2. Chinese and Japanese cultures.
  3. Japanese and Iranian cultures.
  4. Iranian and Indian cultures.
  5. D. Indian and Chinese cultures.

Page: 369

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. A depersonalization syndrome known as _____, thought to result from semen loss, has been reported by several Asian cultures. This syndrome involves acute anxiety, a feeling of panic and impending death, and a delusion that the penis is shrinking into the body and disappearing.
  2. A. koro
  3. amok
  4. ataque de nervios
  5. mal de ojo

Page: 369

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. Surveys in the United States have indicated that:
  2. less educated and poorer men and women tend to experience fewer sexual dysfunctions.
  3. B. less educated and poorer men and women tend to experience more sexual dysfunctions.
  4. educated, middle-class men experience more sexual dysfunctions than educated, middle-class women.
  5. educated, middle-class women experience more sexual dysfunctions than educated, middle-class men.

Page: 369–370

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT a likely reason why men and women of a lower socioeconomic status experience more sexual dysfunctions?
  2. Greater psychological stress
  3. Worse physical health
  4. Less education about their bodies
  5. D. Less imbalance of power in relationships

Page: 370

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of sexual activity among older adults?
  2. Sexual activity usually comes to a halt after an individual reaches 65 years of age.
  3. Although men need testosterone to maintain sexual desire, women do not.
  4. In almost all cases of sexual dysfunction in older adults, the cause is age itself.
  5. D. Among older adults, discomfort with one’s own aging can contribute to sexual problems.

Page: 370

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. Which of the following is a popular biological treatment for erectile disorder?
  2. Serax
  3. B. Viagra
  4. Luvox
  5. Turnial

Page: 370

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Recognize symptoms of sexual dysfunction and understand treatment methods for these dysfunctions.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. Gideon has erectile disorder. His doctor has recommended _____, which is a popular treatment for this problem.
  2. Zoloft
  3. Anafranil
  4. Prozac
  5. D. Viagra

Page: 370

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Recognize symptoms of sexual dysfunction and understand treatment methods for these dysfunctions.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. Jeffery has a history of dysthymic disorder. He has been taking medication for several years and he has been experiencing low sexual arousal and erectile problems. His friends have suggested that his sexual dysfunction is probably a side effect of his medication. If this is true, which type of medication is Jeffrey most likely taking for his dysthymic disorder?
  2. Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)
  3. B. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
  4. Levitra
  5. Bupropion

Page: 371

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Recognize symptoms of sexual dysfunction and understand treatment methods for these dysfunctions.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. Certain drugs can be used in conjunction with antidepressants to reduce their sexual side effects. One drug that has proven helpful in this regard is _____.
  2. Viagra
  3. B. Bupropion
  4. Clozapine
  5. Levitra

Page: 371

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Recognize symptoms of sexual dysfunction and understand treatment methods for these dysfunctions.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. Mechanical interventions are available for men with erectile dysfunction. One such device is a hydraulic inflatable device, which allows a man to create an erection by pumping _____ into rods inserted in the penis.
  2. water
  3. testosterone
  4. blood
  5. D. saline

Page: 371

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Recognize symptoms of sexual dysfunction and understand treatment methods for these dysfunctions.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. Rodney is experiencing premature (early) ejaculation and his primary care physician has suggested several antidepressants that may be helpful. Which of the following antidepressants is most likely to be effective?
  2. A. Anafranil
  3. Mellaril
  4. Clozapine
  5. Chlorpromazine

Page: 371

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Recognize symptoms of sexual dysfunction and understand treatment methods for these dysfunctions.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. Women who consider hormone replacement therapy to increase sexual desire should be warned that the therapy could:
  2. produce erratic moods.
  3. B. have masculinizing effects.
  4. result in binge-eating behaviors.
  5. prevent pregnancies.

Page: 371

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Recognize symptoms of sexual dysfunction and understand treatment methods for these dysfunctions.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. Which of the following is true about the treatment for sexual dysfunctions?
  2. Patients who are troubled by sexual dysfunction are generally referred to mental health services for treatment.
  3. Patients who are troubled by sexual dysfunction are offered psychotherapy as well as medical treatment.
  4. Most people who are troubled by sexual dysfunction receive no treatment, and the problem only exacerbates.
  5. D. Most people who are troubled by sexual dysfunction receive only medication, and no psychological services.

Page: 371

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Recognize symptoms of sexual dysfunction and understand treatment methods for these dysfunctions.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. Luke and Tracy are attending counseling for their marital difficulties. Luke is reluctant to discuss their sex life with a “total stranger.” Tracy insists that the therapist will be able to help them. The therapist probably began their session by doing all of the following EXCEPT:
  2. helping the couple discover experiences, thoughts, and feelings that are contributing to their sexual problem.
  3. B. encouraging the couple to avoid sensitive areas concerning their sexual behavior, especially during intimate moments.
  4. assessing Luke and Tracy’s attitudes and beliefs.
  5. gathering a personal history of Luke and Tracy.

Page: 371

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Recognize symptoms of sexual dysfunction and understand treatment methods for these dysfunctions.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. When one member of a couple has a sexual dysfunction, it may be the result of problems in the couple’s relationship, or it may be contributing to problems in the relationship. For this reason, many therapists prefer to treat sexual dysfunctions:
  2. A. in the context of the couple’s relationship.
  3. as an individual’s problem as opposed to a relationship problem.
  4. by focusing on the individual suffering the sexual dysfunction.
  5. by focusing on the partner of the individual with the dysfunction.

Page: 372

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Recognize symptoms of sexual dysfunction and understand treatment methods for these dysfunctions.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. Some couples in long-term relationships have abandoned _____ rituals, activities that arouse sexual interest in both partners.
  2. love
  3. B. seduction
  4. mating
  5. courtship

Page: 372

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Recognize symptoms of sexual dysfunction and understand treatment methods for these dysfunctions.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. Partners often differ in their _____ for sexual encounters—their expectations about what will take place during a sexual encounter and about what each partner’s responsibilities are.
  2. ideas
  3. preferences
  4. C. scripts
  5. tendencies

Page: 372

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Recognize symptoms of sexual dysfunction and understand treatment methods for these dysfunctions.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. _____ therapies have been researched more than other types of therapy and have been shown to be effective for several types of sexual dysfunction.
  2. Family systems
  3. Psychodynamic
  4. C. Cognitive-behavioral
  5. Social

Page: 372

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Recognize symptoms of sexual dysfunction and understand treatment methods for these dysfunctions.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. Sex therapy often includes teaching or encouraging clients to masturbate. This technique can be especially helpful for:
  2. older adults.
  3. B. anorgasmic women.
  4. men with low levels of testosterone.
  5. men with substance-induced sexual dysfunction.

Page: 373

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Recognize symptoms of sexual dysfunction and understand treatment methods for these dysfunctions.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. In sex therapy, the client’s cognitions while engaging in new sexual exercises are:
  2. rarely discussed.
  3. usually not revealed to the therapist.
  4. C. used as material for discussion in therapy sessions.
  5. not evaluated as this may further inhibit the person.

Page: 373

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Recognize symptoms of sexual dysfunction and understand treatment methods for these dysfunctions.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. If a woman is in _____ therapy, the therapist might explore the origins of the woman’s attitudes about masturbation in her early relationships.
  2. family systems
  3. B. psychodynamic
  4. cognitive-behavioral
  5. social

Page: 377

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Recognize symptoms of sexual dysfunction and understand treatment methods for these dysfunctions.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true about sensate focus therapy?
  2. In the early phases of this therapy, partners are instructed to focus on intercourse.
  3. Intercourse between partners is forbidden only if the problem is a female arousal disorder.
  4. C. Clients are told to focus intently on the pleasure created by the exercises, not on intercourse.
  5. The client with the problem is instructed not to be selfish and to focus on satisfying his or her partner.

Page: 373

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Recognize symptoms of sexual dysfunction and understand treatment methods for these dysfunctions.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. The focus of sensate focus therapy is:
  2. comfort.
  3. achieving orgasm.
  4. better performance.
  5. D. sustaining pleasure.

Page: 373

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Recognize symptoms of sexual dysfunction and understand treatment methods for these dysfunctions.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. The stop-start technique is used primarily to help:
  2. men with delayed ejaculation reach orgasm faster and more consistently.
  3. B. men who have premature (early) ejaculations to learn to control their ejaculations.
  4. women with anorgasmia gain some control over their vaginal contractions.
  5. women with genito-pelvic pain/penetration disorder control the pain they experience during intercourse.

Page: 374

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Recognize symptoms of sexual dysfunction and understand treatment methods for these dysfunctions.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. The goal of the stop-start technique is for the:
  2. A. man to gain control over his ejaculations and to enjoy the sensation of being in the woman’s vagina.
  3. woman to gain control over her vaginismus and for the man to gain control over his ejaculations.
  4. woman to gain control over her dyspareunia and to enjoy the sensation of having the man’s penis in her vagina.
  5. man and woman to control their respective orgasms so they can climax together.

Page: 374

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Recognize symptoms of sexual dysfunction and understand treatment methods for these dysfunctions.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. Which premature (early) ejaculation treatment technique is used less often because it is harder to teach clients in sex therapy?
  2. Stimulation therapy
  3. Stop-start technique
  4. Sensate focus therapy
  5. D. Squeeze technique

Page: 374

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Recognize symptoms of sexual dysfunction and understand treatment methods for these dysfunctions.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. While implementing _____, a person applies pressure to the tip of the partner’s penis when ejaculation is imminent.
  2. stimulation therapy
  3. the stop-start technique
  4. sensate focus therapy
  5. D. the squeeze technique

Page: 375

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Recognize symptoms of sexual dysfunction and understand treatment methods for these dysfunctions.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. Deconditioning a woman’s particular automatic response is an especially effective treatment for _____.
  2. female sexual interest/arousal disorder
  3. lack of lubrication
  4. C. pelvic muscle tightening
  5. anorgasmia

Page: 375

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Recognize symptoms of sexual dysfunction and understand treatment methods for these dysfunctions.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true about gay, lesbian, and bisexual people?
  2. Gay, lesbian, and bisexual people experience sexual dysfunctions for different reasons than those of heterosexual people.
  3. B. Many problems in sexual functioning experienced by gay, lesbian, and bisexual people may have to do with society’s attitudes toward them.
  4. Most of the sex therapy treatments can’t be readily adapted for gay, lesbian, or bisexual couples.
  5. The American Psychiatric Association continues to view homosexuality as a psychological disorder.

Page: 375

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors inscientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Recognize symptoms of sexual dysfunction and understand treatment methods for these dysfunctions.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. _____ are atypical sexual preferences sometimes divided into those that involve the consent of others and those that involve non-consenting others.
  2. Genito-pelvic pain/penetration disorders
  3. B. Paraphilias
  4. Necrophilias
  5. Sexual dysfunctions

Page: 375

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast paraphilic disorders, theories of their development, and treatments.

Topic: Paraphilic Disorders

 

  1. In the DSM-5, a _____ is defined as a specific pattern of urges, fantasies, or behaviors, while a _____is a paraphilia that is currently causing distress or impairment to the individual, or that entails harm or risk of harm to others.
  2. paraphilic disorder; paraphilia
  3. sexual disorder; mental disorder
  4. C. paraphilia; paraphilic disorder
  5. sexual disorder; paraphilic disorder

Page: 375–376

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast paraphilic disorders, theories of their development, and treatments.

Topic: Paraphilic Disorders

 

  1. Authors of the DSM-5 proposed adding the diagnosis of _____, which is characterized by excessive preoccupation with sexual fantasies, urges, and activities and lasts at least six months, but the proposal was rejected.
  2. A. hypersexual disorder
  3. coercive disorder
  4. hyposexual disorder
  5. generalized sexual disorder

Page: 376

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast paraphilic disorders, theories of their development, and treatments.

Topic: Paraphilic Disorders

 

  1. _____ involves the use of nonliving objects for sexual arousal or gratification.
  2. A. Fetishistic disorder
  3. Sadistic disorder
  4. Masochistic disorder
  5. Voyeuristic disorder

Page: 376

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast paraphilic disorders, theories of their development, and treatments.

Topic: Paraphilic Disorders

 

  1. Teddy gets sexual gratification from stealing his girlfriend’s underwear and masturbating into them. Teddy is exhibiting _____.
  2. A. fetishism
  3. transvestism
  4. voyeurism
  5. exhibitionism

Page: 376

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast paraphilic disorders, theories of their development, and treatments.

Topic: Paraphilic Disorders

 

  1. The authors of the DSM-5 decided to reject the proposal for introducing rape as a paraphilic coercive disorder and decided to confirm it as a:
  2. behavioral disorder.
  3. paraphilia.
  4. C. criminal act.
  5. psychiatric disorder.

Page: 376

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast paraphilic disorders, theories of their development, and treatments.

Topic: Paraphilic Disorders

 

  1. Fetishistic disorder:
  2. is more common in women than men.
  3. causes significant distress and impairment.
  4. C. can involve both hard and soft objects.
  5. involves the use of objects solely to add to the attractiveness of the person.

Page: 376

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast paraphilic disorders, theories of their development, and treatments.

Topic: Paraphilic Disorders

 

  1. Mark likes to dress up in women’s clothing and experiences sexual arousal from it. He is especially fond of formal eveningwear. Mark’s behavior is an example of _____.
  2. gender disorder
  3. sexual masochism disorder
  4. C. transvestic fetishistic disorder
  5. frotteuristic disorder

Page: 377

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast paraphilic disorders, theories of their development, and treatments.

Topic: Transvestic Disorder

 

  1. Most men who engage in cross-dressing as a symptom of transvestic disorder report that:
  2. the behavior began secretly during late adolescence.
  3. it is the women’s clothes themselves that are arousing.
  4. C. they find dressing in women’s clothes arousing.
  5. they participate in the activity in groups.

Page: 377

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast paraphilic disorders, theories of their development, and treatments.

Topic: Transvestic Disorder

 

  1. For a diagnosis of sexual sadism disorder to be made, which of the following criteria must be met in addition to sexual fantasies, urges, or behaviors involving inflicting pain and humiliation on the person’s sex partner?
  2. The urges and behavior must be enjoyed by the person’s partner.
  3. The urges and behavior may cause the person significant distress or impairment in functioning but must only involve a consenting partner.
  4. The urges must involve animals as sex partners.
  5. D. The urges and behavior must cause the person significant distress or impairment in functioning or involve a non-consenting partner.

Page: 377

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast paraphilic disorders, theories of their development, and treatments.

Topic: Sexual Sadism

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true about sexual sadism disorder and sexual masochism disorder?
  2. Women are much more likely than men to enjoy sadomasochistic sex, in the roles of both sadist and masochist.
  3. The authors of the DSM-5 are proposing to remove sexual sadism disorder and sexual masochism disorder and make these disorders criminal acts instead.
  4. C. The sexual rituals in these disorders involve physical restriction, the administration of pain, hypermasculinity practices, and humiliation.
  5. Sadomasochistic sex between consenting adults always results in injury, especially among partners who practice hypoxyphilia.

Page: 378

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast paraphilic disorders, theories of their development, and treatments.

Topic: Sexual Masochism

Topic: Sexual Sadism

 

  1. _____ as a form of sexual arousal, involves watching another person undress, do things in the nude, or have sex.
  2. Sexual sadism
  3. B. Voyeurism
  4. Exhibitionism
  5. Frotteurism

Page: 378

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast paraphilic disorders, theories of their development, and treatments.

Topic: Voyeuristic Disorder

 

  1. _____ occurs when a person obtains sexual gratification by exposing his or her genitals to involuntary observers, who are usually strangers.
  2. Sexual sadism
  3. Voyeurism
  4. C. Exhibitionism
  5. Frotteurism

Page: 378

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast paraphilic disorders, theories of their development, and treatments.

Topic: Exhibitionistic Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of exhibitionistic disorder?
  2. Exhibitionists are not likely to be caught and rarely confront their victims in a public place, such as a park or on a bus.
  3. Men and women are equally likely to be exhibitionists.
  4. Exhibitionists rarely return to the places where they have already exhibited themselves.
  5. D. Arousal comes from observing the victim’s surprise, fear, or disgust or from a fantasy that the victim is becoming sexually aroused.

Page: 378

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast paraphilic disorders, theories of their development, and treatments.

Topic: Exhibitionistic Disorder

 

  1. Howard gains sexual gratification by rubbing against and fondling the body parts of nonconsenting adults. In the context of paraphilias, Howard is most likely engaging in _____.
  2. exhibitionism
  3. voyeurism
  4. C. frotteurism
  5. transvestism

Page: 379

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast paraphilic disorders, theories of their development, and treatments.

Topic: Frotteurism

 

  1. Which form of pedophilic disorder is the most common?
  2. Women who are attracted to young children
  3. Homosexual men who are attracted to young boys
  4. C. Heterosexual men who are attracted to young girls
  5. Heterosexual men who are attracted to young boys

Page: 379

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast paraphilic disorders, theories of their development, and treatments.

Topic: Pedophilic Disorder

 

  1. Which form of pedophilic disorder is the rarest?
  2. A. Heterosexual women who are attracted to young children
  3. Homosexual men who are attracted to young boys
  4. Heterosexual men who are attracted to young girls
  5. Heterosexual men who are attracted to young boys

Page: 379

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast paraphilic disorders, theories of their development, and treatments.

Topic: Pedophilic Disorder

 

  1. _____ is when people have sexual fantasies, urges, and behaviors focused on prepubescent children.
  2. Ephebophilia
  3. Hemophilia
  4. C. Pedophilic disorder
  5. Frotteuristic disorder

Page: 379

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast paraphilic disorders, theories of their development, and treatments.

Topic: Pedophilic Disorder

 

  1. _____ theories of paraphilia explain them as resulting from initial associations of intense early sexual arousal with a particular stimulus.
  2. Cognitive
  3. B. Behavioral
  4. Psychodynamic
  5. Biological

Page: 380

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast paraphilic disorders, theories of their development, and treatments.

Topic: Paraphilic Disorders

 

  1. Men with pedophilic disorder are more likely to have:
  2. higher intelligence.
  3. good interpersonal skills.
  4. a history of forgotten childhood memories.
  5. D. a history of being sexually abused.

Page: 380

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast paraphilic disorders, theories of their development, and treatments.

Topic: Pedophilic Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT a biological intervention that has been used to treat pedophilic disorder?
  2. Surgical removal of the testes or ovaries
  3. B. Surgery on areas of the brain thought to control sexual behavior
  4. Use of antiandrogen drugs that reduce testosterone production
  5. Use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) to reduce sexual drive and paraphilic behavior

Page: 381

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast paraphilic disorders, theories of their development, and treatments.

Topic: Paraphilic Disorders

 

  1. _____ is used to extinguish sexual responses to objects or situations a person with a paraphilia finds arousing, by exposing them to painful but harmless electric shocks or loud bursts of noise while viewing photographs of what arouses them.
  2. Transcranial magnetic stimulation
  3. B. Aversion therapy
  4. Electroconvulsive therapy
  5. Vagus nerve stimulation

Page: 381

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast paraphilic disorders, theories of their development, and treatments.

Topic: Paraphilic Disorders

 

  1. _____ may be used to reduce a paraphiliac’s anxiety about engaging in normal sexual encounters with other adults.
  2. Electroconvulsive therapy
  3. B. Desensitization procedures
  4. Aversion therapy
  5. Psychodynamic interventions

Page: 381

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast paraphilic disorders, theories of their development, and treatments.

Topic: Paraphilic Disorders

 

  1. Which of the following was replaced by gender dysphoria as a new diagnostic category in the DSM-5?
  2. A. Gender identity disorder
  3. Sexual identity disorder
  4. Gender role disorder
  5. Sex role disorientation

Page: 381

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Comprehend theories, symptoms, and treatments of gender dysphoria.

Topic: Gender Dysphoria

Topic: Gender Identity

 

  1. Nicholas believes that, despite his male genitalia, he is a woman. Nicholas is likely to be diagnosed with _____.
  2. A. gender dysphoria
  3. sexual identity disorder
  4. gender role disorder
  5. sex role disorientation

Page: 382

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Comprehend theories, symptoms, and treatments of gender dysphoria.

Topic: Gender Dysphoria

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of gender dysphoria?
  2. A. Adults who might be diagnosed with gender dysphoria sometimes are called transsexuals.
  3. People with gender dysphoria who cross-dress are sexually aroused by this practice.
  4. Gender dysphoria is quite common and is more prevalent among men than women.
  5. Individuals with gender dysphoria are more often asexual than they are homosexual or heterosexual.

Page: 383

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Comprehend theories, symptoms, and treatments of gender dysphoria.

Topic: Transsexualism

 

  1. Most psychosocial theories of gender dysphoria focus on the role parents play in:
  2. allowing children to experience autonomy.
  3. modeling sex-stereotypical behaviors.
  4. C. shaping their children’s gender identity.
  5. showing bias between siblings of different gender.

Page: 384

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Comprehend theories, symptoms, and treatments of gender dysphoria.

Topic: Gender Dysphoria

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of the factors contributing to gender dysphoria?
  2. Most biological theories of gender dysphoria have proven that the disorder is caused almost entirely by defective genes.
  3. B. A cluster of cells in the hypothalamus, called the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, has been implicated in gender dysphoria in multiple studies.
  4. Researchers have found no link between hormonal disorders related to androgens and gender dysphoria.
  5. The evidence in support of psychological contributors to gender dysphoria is significant.

Page: 384

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Comprehend theories, symptoms, and treatments of gender dysphoria.

Topic: Gender Dysphoria

 

  1. Therapists who work with people with gender dysphoria typically:
  2. focus on ridding the individual of any repressed childhood conflicts.
  3. cure them of their identity conflicts by reinforcing sex-stereotyped behaviors.
  4. C. try to help them clarify their gender identity and desire for treatment.
  5. offer medical treatment in the form of hormone therapy but not surgery.

Page: 384

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Comprehend theories, symptoms, and treatments of gender dysphoria.

Topic: Gender Dysphoria

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of hormone therapy for gender dysphoria?
  2. A. Cross-sex hormone therapy stimulates the development of secondary sex characteristics of the preferred sex and suppresses those of the birth sex.
  3. Hormone therapy is given to only to individuals who wish to undergo sex reassignment surgery.
  4. Testosterone causes fatty deposits to develop in the breasts and hips and softens the skin.
  5. Estrogen causes the voice to deepen, hair to become distributed in a male pattern, fatty tissue in the breasts to recede, and muscles to enlarge.

Page: 390

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Comprehend theories, symptoms, and treatments of gender dysphoria.

Topic: Gender Dysphoria

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of sex reassignment surgery for individuals with gender dysphoria?
  2. Sex reassignment requires a series of surgeries and hormone treatments which can usually be completed in a period of one year.
  3. The construction of female genitals for a male-to-female reassignment is technically more difficult.
  4. C. Before undergoing sex reassignment surgery, individuals spend up to a year or more living fulltime in the gender role they seek.
  5. Most physicians these days recommend hormone therapy and surgery for children diagnosed with gender dysphoria.

Page: 385

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Comprehend theories, symptoms, and treatments of gender dysphoria.

Topic: Gender Dysphoria

 

  1. Describe the different phases of the sexual response cycle identified by Masters and Johnson.

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Sexual desire—urge to engage in any type of sexual activity

▪ Arousal/excitement phase—psychological experience of pleasure and physiological changes (vasocongestion, myotonia)

▪ Plateau phase—excitement remains at a high but stable level

▪ Orgasm—the discharge of neuromuscular tension built up during the excitement and plateau phases, refractory period in males, multiple orgasms in women

▪ Resolution phase—state of deep relaxation

Page: 361

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.

Topic: Masters and Johnson

 

Topic: Sexual Response Pattern

 

  1. Describe the varieties of genito-pelvic pain/penetration disorder.

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses include:

▪ Genital pain associated with intercourse; in women pain may be during intromission, penile thrusting, or while inserting tampons, having a gynecological exam, riding a bike; can be the result of dryness of the vagina caused by antihistamines, infection of the clitoris or vulva area, injury or irritation to the vagina, or tumors of the internal reproductive organs

▪ Involuntary contraction of the muscles surrounding the outer third of the vagina when penetration with a penis, finger, tampon, or speculum is attempted; women may experience sexual arousal and have an orgasm when their clitoris is stimulated; even the anticipation of vaginal insertion may result in this muscle spasm

Page: 365–366

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Recognize symptoms of sexual dysfunction and understand treatment methods for these dysfunctions.

Topic: Sexual Disorders

 

  1. Describe the major biological treatments for sexual dysfunctions.

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses include:

▪ Treatments for erectile disorder—Viagra, Cialis, Levitra; certain drugs can be inserted directly into the penis to induce erections

▪ Antidepressants—selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), bupropion

▪ Mechanical interventions—implanted prosthetic devices, hydraulic inflatable devices

▪ Treatment for premature (early) ejaculation—fluoxetine, clomipramine, sertraline

▪ Hormone therapy—not effective for men whose low sexual desire is not linked to low levels of testosterone; side effects for women

Page: 370-371

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Recognize symptoms of sexual dysfunction and understand treatment methods for these dysfunctions.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. Describe the phases of sensate focus therapy.

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses include:

▪ First phase—partners spend time gently touching each other but not around the genitals, focus on sensations, communicate with each other about what does and does not feel good; phase may continue for several weeks until the partners feel comfortable; intercourse is forbidden

▪ Second phase—partners spend time directly stimulating each other’s breasts and genitals; intercourse is forbidden until the partner with the dysfunction learns to get aroused fully; partner with the problem is instructed to be selfish; touching should proceed in a relaxed and non-demanding atmosphere

▪ Once the partner with the problem regularly experiences arousal with genital stimulation, the partners may begin having intercourse, but focus remains on pleasure rather than on orgasm or performance

Page: 373–374

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Recognize symptoms of sexual dysfunction and understand treatment methods for these dysfunctions.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. Describe the therapeutic techniques for treating early ejaculation.

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses include:

▪ The stop-start technique—This can be carried out either through masturbation or with a partner. In the first phase, the man is told to stop stimulating himself or to tell his partner to stop stimulating him just before he is about to ejaculate. He then relaxes and concentrates on the sensations in his body until his level of arousal declines. At that point, he or his partner can resume stimulation, again stopping before the point of ejaculatory inevitability.

▪ The squeeze technique—This is used somewhat less often because it is harder to teach to partners. The man’s partner stimulates him to an erection, and then, when he signals that ejaculation is imminent, his partner applies a firm but gentle squeeze to his penis, either at the head or at the base, for 3 or 4 seconds. This results in a partial loss of erection. The partner then can stimulate him again to the point of ejaculation and use the squeeze technique to stop the ejaculation. The goal of this technique, as with the stop-start technique, is for the man with a premature (early) ejaculation disorder to learn to identify the point of ejaculatory inevitability and control his arousal level at that point.

Page: 374–375

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Recognize symptoms of sexual dysfunction and understand treatment methods for these dysfunctions.

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction

 

  1. Explain fetishistic and transvestic disorders.

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses include:

▪ Fetishistic disorder—involves the use of nonliving objects or nongenital body parts for sexual arousal or gratification. The diagnosis requires that it cause the individual significant distress or impairment.

▪ Transvestic disorder—a variation on fetishism where dressing in the clothes of the opposite sex as a means of becoming sexually aroused. The diagnosis requires that the cross-dressing behavior cause the individual significant distress or impairment.

Page: 376–377

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast paraphilic disorders, theories of their development, and treatments.

Topic: Paraphilic Disorders

 

  1. Briefly describe voyeuristic disorder, exhibitionistic disorder, and frotteuristic disorder.

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses include:

▪ Voyeuristic disorder—sexual arousal by watching another person undress, do things in the nude, or have sex; the voyeuristic behavior must be repeated over six months and must be compulsive; the urges must cause the person significant distress or impairment in functioning or the voyeur must have acted on these urges with a nonconsenting person; more likely to be men; voyeur may masturbate during or immediately after the act of watching

▪ Exhibitionistic disorder—sexual gratification by exposing his or her genitals to involuntary observers; most likely to be men; arousal comes from observing the victim’s surprise, fear, or disgust or from a fantasy that victim is becoming sexually aroused; behavior often is compulsive and impulsive; more likely to get caught; individuals must have acted on their urges to engage in the behavior, or the behavior must cause significant distress or impairment.

▪ Frotteuristic disorder—sexual gratification from rubbing against and fondling parts of the body of a nonconsenting person, happens in crowded places, most likely to be men, onset is in early adulthood; individuals must have acted on their urges to engage in the behavior, or the urges must be causing significant distress or impairment.

Page: 378–379

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast paraphilic disorders, theories of their development, and treatments.

Topic: Exhibitionistic Disorder

Topic: Frotteurism

Topic: Voyeuristic Disorder

 

  1. Explain the causes of paraphilias outlined in behavioral and cognitive theories.

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses include:

▪ Behavioral theories of the paraphilias explain them as being due to an initial classical pairing of intense early sexual arousal with a particular stimulus. This may be followed by intensive operant conditioning in which the stimulus is present during masturbation.

▪ Cognitive theorists have also identified a number of distortions and assumptions that people with a paraphilia have about their behaviors and the behaviors of their victims. These distortions may have been learned from parents’ deviant messages about sexual behavior.

Page: 380–381

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast paraphilic disorders, theories of their development, and treatments.

Topic: Paraphilic Disorders

 

  1. Summarize the major treatments for paraphilias.

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses include:

▪ Biological interventions include surgical castration, antiandrogen drugs, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs).

▪ Behavior modification therapies include aversion therapy and desensitization procedures.

▪ Cognitive interventions may be combined with behavioral interventions—include role playing and group therapy.

▪ Cognitive-behavioral therapy identifies and challenges thoughts and situations that trigger behaviors and serve as justifications for them.

Page: 381

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast paraphilic disorders, theories of their development, and treatments.

Topic: Paraphilic Disorders

 

  1. Summarize the major theories contributing to gender dysphoria.

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses include:

▪ Biological theories of gender dysphoria have focused on the effects of prenatal hormones (on brain development). Also, a cluster of cells in the hypothalamus called the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, which plays a role in sexual behavior, has been implicated in gender dysphoria. Hormonal disorders contributing to gender dysphoria may be tied to genetic abnormalities. Family and twin studies suggest that gender dysphoria may have genetic causes.

▪ Most psychosocial theories of gender dysphoria focus on the role parents play in shaping their children’s gender identity.

Page: 390

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Comprehend theories, symptoms, and treatments of gender dysphoria.

Topic: Gender Dysphoria

 

Category                                                                                                                                                                             # of Questions

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation                                                                                                                                                              102

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.                                                                  83

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.                                                                                8

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.                                                                                                                            17

APA Outcome: 2.1 Use scientific reasoning to interpret psychological phenomena.                                                                                    2

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.                                                                                                              1

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors inscientific inquiry.                                                                                                    1

Bloom’s: Apply                                                                                                                                                                                             18

Bloom’s: Remember                                                                                                                                                                                      59

Bloom’s: Understand                                                                                                                                                                                     35

Difficulty: Difficult                                                                                                                                                                                       6

Difficulty: Easy                                                                                                                                                                                             62

Difficulty: Moderate                                                                                                                                                                                      44

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast paraphilic disorders, theories of their development, and treatments.                                          27

Learning Objective: Comprehend theories, symptoms, and treatments of gender dysphoria.                                                                        9

Learning Objective: Identify the patterns of sexual behaviors that represent psychological disorders.                                                          48

Learning Objective: Recognize symptoms of sexual dysfunction and understand treatment methods for these dysfunctions.                      28

Topic: Exhibitionistic Disorder                                                                                                                                                                     3

Topic: Frotteurism                                                                                                                                                                                         2

Topic: Gender Dysphoria                                                                                                                                                                              8

Topic: Gender Identity                                                                                                                                                                                  1

Topic: Masters and Johnson                                                                                                                                                                         1

Topic: Paraphilic Disorders                                                                                                                                                                           14

Topic: Pedophilic Disorder                                                                                                                                                                           4

Topic: Sexual Disorders                                                                                                                                                                                22

Topic: Sexual Dysfunction                                                                                                                                                                            50

Topic: Sexual Masochism                                                                                                                                                                             1

Topic: Sexual Response Pattern                                                                                                                                                                    4

Topic: Sexual Sadism                                                                                                                                                                                    2

Topic: Transsexualism                                                                                                                                                                                  1

Topic: Transvestic Disorder                                                                                                                                                                          2

Topic: Voyeuristic Disorder                                                                                                                                                                          2

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