Abnormal Psychology 7th Ed By Susan Nolen Hoeksema-Test Bank

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Abnormal Psychology 7th Ed By Susan Nolen Hoeksema-Test Bank

Chapter 02

Theories and Treatment of Abnormality

 

  1. Which of the following best defines a theory?
  2. A theory is a set of ideas that relate only to observed behaviors.
  3. A theory is a treatment, usually based on a phenomenon, which addresses those factors that cause the phenomenon.
  4. A theory is a set of ideas that bridges the gap between normal and abnormal behaviors.
  5. D. A theory is a set of ideas that provides a framework for asking questions about a phenomenon and for gathering and interpreting information about that phenomenon.

Page: 24

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Describe the scientific method

Topic: Scientific Method

 

  1. A _____ is a treatment, usually based on a theory of a phenomenon, that addresses those factors the theory says cause the phenomenon.
  2. practice
  3. modus operandi
  4. C. therapy
  5. hypothesis

Page: 24

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain how treatment is planned.

Topic: Treatment

 

  1. A psychologist who applies a sociocultural approach to anxiety disorders would:
  2. consider genetics as a likely explanation for anxiety.
  3. B. consider the way cultural values or the social environment affect anxiety.
  4. look for the causes of anxiety in people’s beliefs, thought processes, life experiences, and relationships.
  5. explain anxiety by taking into account a person’s unconscious desires.

Page: 24

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APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the sociocultural perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Anxiety Disorders

Topic: Sociocultural Approach

 

  1. Maria and her parents recently moved to a new state because her mother received a job transfer. Maria has had difficulty adjusting to her new school, and has been suffering from loss of appetite, irritability, and lack of interest in her usual activities. Assuming that Maria’s behavior meets the criteria for abnormal behavior, which of the following approaches would best explain Maria’s behavior?
  2. A. Psychological approach
  3. Nature approach
  4. Personal approach
  5. Biological approach

Page: 36

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APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast the perspectiv of abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychological Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following best describes the nature-nurture question of abnormality?
  2. The nature-nurture question relies heavily on biological perspectives to address abnormal behaviors.
  3. The nature-nurture question views abnormal behaviors exclusively from a sociological perspective.
  4. The nature-nurture question integrates biological, psychological, and social approaches to abnormal behaviors.
  5. D. The nature-nurture question supports the idea that psychological problems have must have a single cause

Page: 24

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast the perspectiv of abnormal psychology.

Topic: Nature vs. Nurture

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true about the diathesis-stress model of the development of disorders?
  2. A. A biological, psychological, or social vulnerability combines with a biological, psychological, or social trigger, causing a disorder to manifest.
  3. An individual experiences a minimal amount of psychological and social stress that creates an atmosphere for the emergence of a disorder.
  4. Biological factors and psychological factors interact and create social stressors that influence a disorder.
  5. Psychological and social vulnerability are loosely associated with a specific disorder and biological factors are the main contributors to the disorder.

Page: 25

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Explain the biopsychosocial perspective.

Topic: Diathesis-Stress Model

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true regarding the different approaches to abnormality and the continuum model?
  2. People who favor a sociocultural approach generally embrace the continuum model because they view psychological disorders as vastly different from normal functioning.
  3. People who take a biological approach have traditionally accepted the continuum model of abnormality.
  4. People who adopt a psychological approach have moved away from the continuum model of psychopathology in recent years.
  5. D. Proponents of the sociocultural approach tend to view abnormal behaviors as understandable consequences of social stresses in people’s lives.

Page: 24

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast the perspectiv of abnormal psychology.

Topic: Approaches to Abnormal Psychology

 

  1. The biological approach to abnormality focuses on all of the following causes of abnormality EXCEPT:
  2. brain dysfunction.
  3. genetic abnormalities.
  4. biochemical imbalance.
  5. D. poor physiological responses.

Page: 26

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true about the various structures of the brain?
  2. The pons control arousal and attention to stimuli.
  3. The medulla is important for attentiveness and the timing of sleep.
  4. The cerebellum helps control breathing and reflexes.
  5. D. The superior colliculus and inferior colliculus relay sensory information and control movement.

Page: 27

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. The outer layer of the cerebrum is called the _____.
  2. hippocampus
  3. B. cerebral cortex
  4. thalamus
  5. cerebellum

Page: 27

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. The cerebral cortex is responsible for:
  2. regulating sexual drive.
  3. B. advanced thinking processes.
  4. relaying messages to the brain.
  5. impulse control.

Page: 27

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Abnormality in eating, drinking, and sexual behavior is most likely a result of the dysfunction of the:
  2. right frontal lobe.
  3. cerebrum.
  4. C.
  5. midbrain.

Page: 28

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of subcortical structures in the brain?
  2. A. They contain the thalamus, which directs incoming information from sense receptors to the cerebrum.
  3. They contain the hypothalamus, which is a large structure just above the thalamus that regulates instinctive behaviors.
  4. They contain the hippocampus, a part of the limbic system, which plays a central role in emotions such as fear.
  5. They contain the amygdala, a structure of the limbic system, which plays a role in memory.

Page: 28

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Cindy’s mood has become increasingly unstable since her traffic accident, in which she obtained a serious brain injury. She often experiences bouts of aggression and fits of rage in reaction to the slightest provocation. At other times, she is overly passive and fails to recognize direct threats. In which area of Cindy’s brain has the damage most likely occurred?
  2. The temporal lobe
  3. B. The limbic system
  4. The cerebellum
  5. The medulla

Page: 28

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APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Biochemicals that carry impulses from one neuron to another in the brain and in other parts of the nervous system are called _____.
  2. hormones
  3. B. neurotransmitters
  4. electrical transmissions
  5. synaptic responses

Page: 29

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Neurotransmitters are released into the _____, the gap between synaptic terminals and adjacent neurons, and then bind to special _____, molecules on the membrane of adjacent neurons.
  2. receptor; dendrites
  3. B. synapse; receptors
  4. synapse; axons
  5. receptor; cell bodies

Page: 29

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. When the initial neuron releasing a neurotransmitter into the synapse reabsorbs some of the neurotransmitter and thereby decreases the amount of neurotransmitter left in the synapse, the process is called _____.
  2. A. reuptake
  3. degradation
  4. blocking
  5. carrying

Page: 29

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. In the context of neurotransmitter functioning, degradation refers to the:
  2. release of neurons into the synaptic gap.
  3. reabsorption of the neurotransmitter into the initial neuron.
  4. attachment of the neurotransmitter to a receptor.
  5. D. release of an enzyme by the receiving neuron that breaks down the neurotransmitter into other biochemicals.

Page: 29

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following neurotransmitters plays an important role in regulating emotional well-being and aggressive impulses?
  2. Dopamine
  3. Norepinephrine
  4. Acetylcholine
  5. D. Serotonin

Page: 30

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Dopamine plays an important role in:
  2. regulating sexual drive and emotional responses.
  3. B. regulating the functioning of muscle systems.
  4. regulating pain and moods.
  5. inhibiting aggression.

Page: 30

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. When ingested, which of the following substances slows the reuptake process of norepinephrine?
  2. Cocaine and heroin
  3. Heroin and marijuana
  4. Marijuana and amphetamines
  5. D. Amphetamines and cocaine

Page: 30

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. In the context of emotional responses, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) plays an important role in _____ symptoms.
  2. A. anxiety
  3. depressive
  4. angry
  5. aggressive

Page: 30

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. A _____ is a chemical that carries messages throughout the body, potentially affecting a person’s moods, levels of energy, and reactions to stress.
  2. A. hormone
  3. degradation inhibitor
  4. neuron
  5. synapse

Page: 30

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. The “master” gland is also known as the _____.
  2. pancreatic gland
  3. organ of Corti
  4. adrenal gland
  5. D. pituitary gland

Page: 30

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. The pituitary gland is responsible for:
  2. stabilizing mood and emotions.
  3. controlling brain function and relaying messages.
  4. regulating energy levels and managing aggression.
  5. D. producing a variety of hormones and controlling the secretion of other endocrine glands.

Page: 30

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. When corticotropin-release factor (CRF) travels from the hypothalamus to the pituitary, the pituitary releases the body’s adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH). The bloodstream carries ACTH to the adrenal gland and various other organs. This example illustrates the complex relationship between:
  2. the pituitary gland and hormones.
  3. hormones and the endocrine system.
  4. the endocrine system and the pituitary gland.
  5. D. the central nervous system and the endocrine system.

Page: 30–31

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Mark has difficulty managing his stress. His physician suspects that he has a dysregulated hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA axis). It is likely that Mark may later be diagnosed with a(n):
  2. personality disorder.
  3. B. depressive disorder.
  4. adjustment disorder.
  5. impulse control disorder.

Page: 31

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following is correct regarding chromosomes?
  2. At conception, the fertilized embryo has 48 chromosomes, 24 from the female egg and 24 from the male sperm.
  3. The mother of an embryo always contributes a Y chromosome and the father always contributes an X chromosome.
  4. C. Down syndrome results when chromosome 21 is present in triplicate instead of as the usual pair.
  5. Chromosomes have no relationship to deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA).

Page: 31

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Sandy was born with a flat face, a small nose, protruding lips and tongue, and slanting eyes. These features were a result of chromosome 21 being present in triplicate. Sandy was most likely born with _____.
  2. Klinefelter syndrome
  3. B. Down syndrome
  4. Tay-Sachs disease
  5. Fragile X syndrome

Page: 31

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT true about behavior genetics?
  2. Behavior genetics is the study of the genetics of personality and abnormality.
  3. B. Research in behavior genetics focuses primarily on twin studies
  4. According to behavior genetics, most disorders result from polygenic processes.
  5. Behavior geneticists investigate the heritability of behaviors and behavioral tendencies.

Page: 31–32

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. A polygenic process:
  2. A. refers to the multiple genetic abnormalities that interact in one individual to create a disorder.
  3. results from the interaction between hormones and neurotransmitters.
  4. creates the coded instructions for cells to perform certain functions.
  5. controls the basic genetic transmission that occurs during conception.

Page: 32

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Identical twins have _____ of their genes in common.
  2. 25 percent
  3. 50 percent
  4. 75 percent
  5. D. 100 percent

Page: 32

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT true about the interaction between genes and the environment?
  2. Genetic factors can influence the kinds of environments we choose.
  3. The environment can act as a catalyst for a genetic tendency.
  4. Environmental conditions can affect the expression of genes.
  5. D. Personalities and interests are not reinforced by the environments we choose.

Page: 32

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. _____ is the study of heritable changes in the expression of genes without changes in the gene sequence.
  2. Molecular biology
  3. Genetic engineering
  4. C. Epigenetics
  5. Molecular cloning

Page: 33

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. The research on epigenetic processes carried out by Michael Meany found that:
  2. A. the behavior of mother rats toward their offspring influences the development of the pups’ reactions to stress in adulthood.
  3. the extent to which a mother rat grooms the pup in the first week of life is indirectly related to the release of certain hormones in the pup.
  4. pups that are licked and groomed more tend to grow into adult rats that are more fearful and show less developed responses to stress.
  5. the biological offspring of mothers who typically lick and groom less, when raised by mothers who lick and groom more, have less effective stress responses

Page: 33

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APA Outcome: 2.1 Use scientific reasoning to interpret psychological phenomena.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true about the different drug therapies?
  2. Phenothiazines, also known as atypical antipsychotics, are used to reduce hallucinations and delusions, and do not carry dangerous side effects.
  3. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the most frequently used antidepressants and target both serotonin and norepinephrine.
  4. Tricyclic antidepressants and monoamine oxidase inhibitors are the newer classes of antidepressants.
  5. D. SSRIs produce side effects such as nausea, diarrhea, headaches, daytime sedation, sexual dysfunction, and agitation.

Page: 34

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Name and describe drugs used in the treatment of abnormal behavior, and discuss the problems and controversies surrounding their use.

Topic: Drug Therapy

 

  1. Lithium is:
  2. a rare metallic element found only in natural springs.
  3. a safer treatment than anticonvulsants because it has fewer and milder side effects.
  4. C. commonly used in the treatment of bipolar disorder.
  5. very effective in reducing tardive dyskinesia.

Page: 34

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Name and describe drugs used in the treatment of abnormal behavior, and discuss the problems and controversies surrounding their use.

Topic: Drug Therapy

 

  1. A major class of anxiety-reducing drugs, _____, appears to reduce the symptoms of anxiety without interfering substantially with an individual’s ability to function in daily life. Their most frequent use of these drugs is as sleeping pills.
  2. barbiturates
  3. B. benzodiazepines
  4. azapirones
  5. beta-blockers

Page: 34

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Name and describe drugs used in the treatment of abnormal behavior, and discuss the problems and controversies surrounding their use.

Topic: Drug Therapy

 

  1. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) was originally introduced to treat which mental disorder?
  2. Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  3. Panic disorder without agoraphobia
  4. Generalized anxiety disorder
  5. D. Schizophrenia

Page: 34

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)?
  2. A current of 70 to 150 volts is passed through the brain for five seconds.
  3. Patients are fully conscious when the brain seizure is induced.
  4. Patients typically have a convulsion, which usually lasts three minutes or more.
  5. D. The side effects of ECT involve confusion and memory loss.

Page: 35

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. When treating a patient with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), approximately how many sessions are necessary?
  2. 4 to 6 sessions
  3. 5 to 8 session
  4. 6 to 15 sessions
  5. D. 6 to 12 sessions

Page: 35

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. A procedure known as _____ exposes patients to frequent, high-intensity magnetic pulses that are focused on particular brain structures, whereas in the _____ procedure, electrodes are surgically implanted in specific areas of the brain.
  2. A. repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation; deep brain stimulation
  3. deep brain stimulation; vagus nerve stimulation
  4. vagus nerve stimulation; repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation
  5. deep brain stimulation; repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation

Page: 35

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. The procedure introduced by neurologist Antonio de Egas Moniz in 1935, in which the frontal lobes of the brain are severed from the lower centers of the brain in people with psychosis is called:
  2. partial lobectomy.
  3. B. prefrontal lobotomy.
  4. vagus nerve stimulation.
  5. craniotomy.

Page: 35

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychosurgery

 

  1. Today, psychosurgery:
  2. is outlawed in the United States.
  3. B. is only used for severe disorders that do not respond to other treatments.
  4. is no longer controversial, as it formerly was.
  5. is found to generally lack precision.

Page: 35

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychosurgery

 

  1. Which of the following is a criticism leveled against the biological approach to abnormality?
  2. A. It often ignores the fact that environmental and psychological processes can affect biological functioning.
  3. It argues that people prefer to deal with the issues in their lives that are contributing to their psychological problems rather than turn to drugs.
  4. It seems to increase the blame or responsibility that might be put upon the sufferer of a disorder.
  5. It forces people who suffer from disorders to deny that they have a disease and therefore remedy their disease through cognitive restructuring.

Page: 36

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Behavioral theorists:
  2. accept the idea that unconscious conflicts drive human behavior.
  3. include biological factors as major contributors to abnormal behavior.
  4. view maladaptive thinking patterns as the primary motivators for abnormal behavior.
  5. D. focus on the influence of reinforcement and punishment in producing abnormal behavior.

Page: 36

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Behavioral Perspective

 

  1. What are the core principles of the behavioral approach?
  2. Classical reinforcement and operant conditioning
  3. Operant punishment and vicarious reinforcement
  4. C. Classical conditioning and operant conditioning
  5. Operant conditioning and latent learning

Page: 36

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Behavioral Perspective

 

  1. The Russian physiologist whose discovery of conditioned responses made a tremendous impact on psychology was _____.
  2. B. F. Skinner
  3. John Watson
  4. Edward Thorndike
  5. D. Ivan Pavlov

Page: 36

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APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Classical Conditioning

 

  1. In Pavlov’s experiment, the conditioned stimulus was:
  2. the event that elicited the unlearned response.
  3. B. the previously neutral stimulus.
  4. the reinforcement that elicited the learned response.
  5. the same as the unconditioned stimulus.

Page: 36

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APA Outcome: 2.1 Use scientific reasoning to interpret psychological phenomena.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Classical Conditioning

 

  1. Alexis is a sick child who makes frequent visits to the hospital to get her shots. One day she and her mother drive past the hospital and Alexis begins to cry. She repeatedly says, “Mommy, I don’t want to see the doctor.” In this example, the conditioned stimulus would be _____.
  2. the parking lot
  3. the shot
  4. the nurse
  5. D. the hospital

Page: 36

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APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Classical Conditioning

 

  1. A bee stung Leah while she was playing in the yard a few weeks ago. She now becomes panicky each time she goes out to play. In this example, the conditioned stimulus is _____.
  2. being stung
  3. B. playing outside
  4. seeing the bee
  5. feeling panicky

Page: 36

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APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Classical Conditioning

 

  1. The law of effect suggests that:
  2. the strength of a reward has no bearing on behaviors.
  3. punishment has no impact on undesired behaviors.
  4. C. behaviors followed by a reward are strengthened.
  5. punishments are more effective than rewards.

Page: 36

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Operant Conditioning

 

  1. Shaping behaviors by providing rewards for desired responses and punishments for undesired responses is known as _____.
  2. classical conditioning
  3. B. operant conditioning
  4. respondent conditioning
  5. avoidant conditioning

Page: 37

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Operant Conditioning

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT an example of a behavior learned through operant conditioning?
  2. An adolescent washes his father’s car hoping to get a curfew extension.
  3. B. A person jumps back at the sight of a snake.
  4. A prison inmate receives tokens for good behavior.
  5. An animal stays still to avoid an electric shock.

Page: 37

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Operant Conditioning

 

  1. Tracy always seemed to “forget” to do her weekly chores, despite many reminders by her mom and dad. Her parents decided to pay her $2 for each chore she completed by Sunday night each week. On which type of operant conditioning schedule did Tracy’s parents put her?
  2. A. Continuous reinforcement schedule
  3. Partial reinforcement schedule
  4. Continuous punishment schedule
  5. Partial punishment schedule

Page: 36–37

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Operant Conditioning

 

  1. When a learned behavior is eliminated, the process is called _____.
  2. removal
  3. B. extinction
  4. disappearance
  5. avoidance

Page: 37

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Operant Conditioning

 

  1. In the context of the schedules of reinforcement in operant conditioning, if a behavior is _____ reinforced, it is more difficult to extinguish.
  2. negatively
  3. B. intermittently
  4. continuously
  5. positively

Page: 37

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Operant Conditioning

 

  1. Jessica had a car accident while crossing an icy bridge. She now maps out her routes to avoid traveling over bridges. This avoidance helps to reduce her anxiety. In this example, Jessica has developed a(n) _____.
  2. unconditioned response
  3. B. conditioned avoidance response
  4. continuous reinforcement schedule
  5. unconditioned avoidance response

Page: 37

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Operant Conditioning

 

  1. Social learning theory posits that:
  2. A. people learn behaviors by watching other people.
  3. people learn as a direct result of rewards and punishments.
  4. people learn primarily by observing random people.
  5. people learn when two stimuli are paired together.

Page: 38

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Social Learning Theory

 

  1. Joe’s favorite food is spaghetti. His mom always makes it for him on Friday night, but she does not like the way he slurps the spaghetti into his mouth. One Friday night, she attempts to change Joe’s eating pattern. At dinner, she picks up her spoon and fork and begins to roll the spaghetti. David, Joe’s brother, used his fork and spoon as well. Susan, Joe’s sister, also used her fork and spoon to roll her spaghetti. At first, Joe slurps the spaghetti into his mouth, but after a few minutes, he begins to use his fork and spoon as well.

In this example, Joe is learning behavior through _____.

  1. shaping
  2. B. modeling
  3. reinforcing
  4. acquiring

Page: 37

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Social Learning Theory

 

  1. Jerry, who can’t sit still for a minute, sees his classmate, Mike, getting a sticker for sitting quietly in his seat. Jerry decides to stop fidgeting and begins to sit still in the hope of getting a sticker for his sticker collection. Which behavioral theory is in effect here?
  2. Classical conditioning
  3. B. Observational learning
  4. Systematic desensitization
  5. Causal attribution

Page: 37–38

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Social Learning Theory

 

  1. When Kathryn was visiting her grandmother one summer, a snake crawled onto the front porch and bit her. Since then, Kathryn has been dreadfully afraid of snakes. Which technique would a behavioral therapist most likely use in this situation to help Kathryn get rid of her phobia?
  2. Modeling
  3. B. Systematic desensitization
  4. Operant conditioning
  5. Reinforcement

Page: 38

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the behavioral perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Behavioral Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true about systematic desensitization therapy?
  2. It requires the client to first develop a hierarchy of feared stimuli and then learn appropriate responses to each of these stimuli, starting with the most feared stimulus.
  3. It is an immediate and direct method for extinguishing anxiety responses to stimuli and maladaptive behavior.
  4. C. It generally produces better results when the client is asked to experience the stimuli directly, that is, using the in vivo exposure method.
  5. It is often combined with operant conditioning to develop a conditioned avoidance response.

Page: 39

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the behavioral perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Behavioral Perspective

 

  1. All of the following are limitations of behavioral theories EXCEPT that:
  2. it is unclear how behavioral principles could account for some disorders, such as schizophrenia.
  3. B. the studies done to test these theories are rigorously controlled and exact.
  4. the complexity of human behaviors and the environmental experiences cannot be captured in laboratory studies.
  5. behavioral theories do not recognize free will in people’s behavior.

Page: 39

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the behavioral perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Behavioral Perspective

 

  1. Cognitive theories focus on _____.
  2. measurable behaviors
  3. B. thoughts and beliefs
  4. unconscious conflicts
  5. relationships

Page: 39

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Cognitive Perspective

 

  1. Martha was distraught when she discovered her husband had been involved with another woman and had a child with the other woman. She constantly tries to understand why her husband cheated on her, thinking thoughts such as “I’m so stupid for not realizing what was going on,” and, “I should have been more attentive to his needs.” Which type of cognition is Martha most likely exhibiting?
  2. Degradation
  3. B. Causal attribution
  4. Global assumption
  5. Catharsis

Page: 39

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Cognitive Perspective

 

  1. The broad beliefs we have about ourselves, our relationships, and the world, can be either positive and helpful to us, or negative and destructive. These broad beliefs are called _____.
  2. A. global assumptions
  3. specific assumptions
  4. absolute assumptions
  5. collective assumptions

Page: 39

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Cognitive Perspective

 

  1. Jamie is constantly saying, “I have no control over my emotions, and cannot help feeling certain feelings.” This exemplifies _____.
  2. a causal attribution
  3. B. a dysfunctional global assumption
  4. systematic desensitization
  5. cognitive-behavioral therapy

Page: 39–40

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Cognitive Perspective

 

  1. People who tend to hold dysfunctional assumptions often react to situations with all of the following EXCEPT:
  2. irrational thoughts.
  3. B. rational behaviors.
  4. negative emotions.
  5. irrational behaviors.

Page: 39

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Cognitive Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT a goal of cognitive therapy?
  2. Assist clients in identifying their irrational and maladaptive thoughts.
  3. Teach clients to consider alternative ways of thinking.
  4. C. Discourage clients from challenging their irrational or maladaptive thoughts.
  5. Encourage clients to face their worst fears and recognize ways of coping.

Page: 40

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

 

  1. Cognitive techniques are often combined with behavioral techniques, in what is known as _____.
  2. A. cognitive-behavioral therapy.
  3. systematic desensitization therapy.
  4. behavior modification.
  5. client-centered therapy.

Page: 40

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

 

  1. Which of the following is the greatest limitation of the cognitive theories?
  2. Cognitive theories may seem comfortable or familiar to laypeople.
  3. Cognitive theories seem attractive because they focus on an individual’s thinking processes.
  4. Cognitive theories are least likely to explain unwanted emotions, thoughts, and behaviors.
  5. D. Cognitive theories have had difficulty proving that maladaptive cognitions precede and cause disorders rather than being the symptoms or consequences of the disorders.

Page: 41

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the cognitive perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

 

  1. The psychodynamic perspective views abnormality as being influenced by:
  2. A. unconscious processes.
  3. an external locus of control.
  4. learning and reinforcement.
  5. collective experience.

Page: 41

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic Perspective

 

  1. The psychoanalytic approach to personality and treatment of psychopathology was developed by _____.
  2. Horney
  3. Breuer
  4. Charcot
  5. D. Freud

Page: 41

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. Repression is defined as:
  2. inconsistent memories.
  3. false memories.
  4. C. motivated forgetting.
  5. personal forgetfulness.

Page: 41

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic Perspective

 

  1. Freud believed that _____ is a basic drive that motivates human behavior.
  2. A. the libido
  3. the subconscious
  4. catharsis
  5. repression

Page: 41

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. According to Sigmund Freud, the three systems of the human psyche that regulate the libido are the:
  2. personal unconscious, collective unconscious, and archetypes.
  3. B. id, ego, and superego.
  4. ego, unconscious, and subconscious.
  5. aggressive drive, id, and the superego.

Page: 41

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. According to Freud, the id operates by the:
  2. reality principle.
  3. morality principle.
  4. conscience principle.
  5. D. pleasure principle.

Page: 41

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. According to Freud, which structure seeks to gratify our wishes and needs in ways that are within the rules of society for their appropriate expression?
  2. Id
  3. B. Ego
  4. Superego
  5. Libido

Page: 41

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. Frank attends an evening class at the local community college. His stomach begins to growl when he gets hungry. He wants to leave class early and get dinner, but realizes that leaving would be wrong because it would disrupt the class. Frank’s realization is an example of his _____ at work.
  2. id
  3. instinct
  4. C. superego
  5. ego

Page: 41–42

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. The superego is responsible for:
  2. regulating aggressive responses.
  3. monitoring poor impulse controls.
  4. C. storing rules and regulations of moral behaviors.
  5. observing objects in the environment.

Page: 41–42

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. Most of the interactions among the id, ego, and superego occur in the _____.
  2. collective unconscious
  3. preconscious
  4. C. unconscious
  5. conscious

Page: 42

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. According to Freudian theory, defense mechanisms:
  2. are used by the superego as a reward for moral conduct.
  3. B. are used by the ego to disguise or transform unconscious wishes.
  4. generally lead to the creation of psychological disorders.
  5. protect the preconscious.

Page: 42

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic Perspective

 

  1. Terrence’s father abandoned him and his mother when he was six years old. When asked about his father, he says that his father died. Although his father has tried to contact him, Terrence insists that his father is dead. Which of the following elements of Freudian theory would best explain Terrence’s behavior?
  2. Electra complex
  3. Oedipus complex
  4. C. Defense mechanism
  5. Penis envy

Page: 42

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic Perspective

 

  1. Sarah’s mother, Stephanie, was not at home much when Sarah was very young, so Sarah’s 12-year-old brother took care of her most of the time. Now that Sarah is approaching adulthood, she chain-smokes and drinks alcohol excessively. She has a difficult time forming close relationships since she is very jealous and never believes anyone really loves her. Sarah most likely had difficulty in which psychosexual stage of development according to Freudian theory?
  2. A. Oral
  3. Anal
  4. Latent
  5. Phallic

Page: 43

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. Lena is extremely opinionated and over-controlling. She is often stingy with her money and is obsessed with neatness and order. According to Freudian theory, Lena is most likely fixated at which psychosexual stage of development?
  2. Oral
  3. B. Anal
  4. Phallic
  5. Genital

Page: 43

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. The correct sequential order for Freud’s psychosexual stages is:
  2. oral, anal, latency, genital, and phallic.
  3. anal, oral, latency, phallic, and genital.
  4. C. oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital.
  5. anal, oral, phallic, genital, and latency.

Page: 43

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. According to Freud, girls suffer anxiety when they recognize that they do not have a penis. This frustration causes them to form a connection with their father, in the hope that the relationship will provide a replacement for the missing penis. According to Freudian theory, this is known as _____.
  2. the Oedipus complex
  3. castration anxiety
  4. C. the Electra complex
  5. a defense mechanism

Page: 43

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. According to Freudian theory, boys who experience extreme castration anxiety resolve the conflict by identifying with their fathers, and putting aside their desires for their mothers. This conflict develops during the _____ stage, and the process is called the _____.
  2. anal; Oedipus complex
  3. phallic; Electra complex
  4. anal; Electra complex
  5. D. phallic; Oedipus complex

Page: 43

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. Jeremy and Stacy are siblings who attend the same elementary school. They rarely speak to each other during their free time at school. Jeremy usually hangs out with his male friends, while Stacy and her female friends stick together. Both siblings show minimal interest in the opposite sex. Jeremy and Stacy are most likely in which stage of psychosexual development?
  2. Anal
  3. Phallic
  4. C. Latency
  5. Genital

Page: 43

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. Lance is a shy 13-year-old boy who often goes to his older sister for dating advice. He has recently developed an interest in members of the opposite sex. Lance is most likely in which stage of psychosexual development?
  2. Anal
  3. Phallic
  4. Latency
  5. D. Genital

Page: 43

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. The object relations perspective suggests that:
  2. A. early interpersonal relationships influence an individual’s self-concept and personality development.
  3. self-awareness is impacted by the psychosexual urges present during each stage of development.
  4. thoughts, behavior, and emotions are connected to one’s unconscious state of mind.
  5. environmental stressors coupled with poor parental relationships create mental disorders for less stable individuals.

Page: 44

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic View

 

  1. Carl Jung referred to the wisdom accumulated by a society over hundreds of years of human existence that is stored in the memories of individuals as the _____.
  2. A. collective unconscious
  3. preconscious
  4. subconscious
  5. ego conscious

Page: 44

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic View

 

  1. Whenever Dora visits her therapist, the therapist allows her to talk about any subject without interruptions. This technique is called _____.
  2. resistance
  3. B. free association
  4. denial
  5. transference

Page: 44

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic View

 

  1. When a client is unwilling to or cannot reveal certain material to the clinician, this problem is often referred to as _____.
  2. transference
  3. countertransference
  4. C. resistance
  5. catharsis

Page: 44

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic View

 

  1. Lucy rejects her therapist’s interpretation of her conflict. Her reasoning is that the therapist really has no idea what she is actually going through. According to Lucy, her therapist has only book knowledge and has no idea what goes on in the real world. Lucy is most likely exhibiting _____ the therapeutic process.
  2. A. resistance toward
  3. transference in
  4. repression in
  5. suppression of

Page: 44

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic View

 

  1. Patricia begins to talk to her therapist as if he is her father. She also reacts with extreme fear as she did to her father when she was a child. This is an example of _____.
  2. countertransference
  3. B. transference
  4. an anxiety attack
  5. projection

Page: 44

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic View

 

  1. In classical psychodynamic therapy, clients _____ painful memories and difficult issues to gain a new understanding and provide self-definitions that are acceptable to them.
  2. A. work through
  3. project
  4. reject
  5. repress

Page: 44

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic View

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true about the difference between classical psychoanalysis and more modern psychodynamic therapy?
  2. Both psychoanalysis and modern psychodynamic therapy may go on for a period of many years, but psychoanalysis can be as short-term as 12 weeks.
  3. B. Psychoanalysis typically involves three or four sessions per week over a period of many years, but modern psychodynamic therapy can be as short-term as 12 weeks.
  4. The psychoanalyst, compared with the modern psychodynamic therapist, may focus more on current situations in the client’s life.
  5. The focus of psychoanalysis is on resistance while modern psychodynamic therapy focuses on the interpretation of transference.

Page: 44

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic View

 

  1. _____ emerged out of modern psychodynamic theories of psychopathology and shifted focus from the unconscious conflicts of the individual to the client’s pattern of relationships with important people in his or her life.
  2. A. Interpersonal therapy
  3. Ego psychology
  4. Psychoanalysis
  5. Object relations perspective

Page: 44

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic View

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true about psychodynamic theories?
  2. It is possible to scientifically test their fundamental assumptions.
  3. B. Psychodynamic therapies are unaffordable for many people owing to their long-term, intensive nature.
  4. Most people prefer the unstructured nature of traditional psychodynamic therapy.
  5. Psychodynamic theories explain normal and abnormal behavior with separate, distinct processes.

Page: 45

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic View

 

  1. Which of the following theories of abnormality is based on the assumption that humans have an innate capacity for goodness and for living a full life?
  2. A. Humanistic
  3. Psychodynamic
  4. Cognitive
  5. Behavioral

Page: 45

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APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the humanistic approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Humanistic Perspective

 

  1. Carl Rogers believed that without undue pressure from others, individuals naturally move toward personal growth, self-acceptance, and _____, the fulfillment of their potential for love, creativity, and meaning.
  2. self-transcendence
  3. self-other realization
  4. self-efficacy
  5. D. self-actualization

Page: 45

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the humanistic approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Humanistic Perspective

 

  1. The stated goal of humanistic therapy is to:
  2. provide healing to the client.
  3. help clients uncover repressed painful memories or unconscious conflicts.
  4. C. help clients discover their greatest potential through self-exploration.
  5. challenge maladaptive ways of thinking and interpreting events.

Page: 45

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the humanistic perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Humanistic Perspective

 

  1. _____ was developed by Carl Rogers.
  2. A. Client-centered therapy
  3. Family systems therapy
  4. Rational-emotive behavioral therapy
  5. Thought field therapy

Page: 45

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the humanistic perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Humanistic Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT considered an essential component of client-centered therapy (CCT)?
  2. Genuineness of communication
  3. B. Conditional positive regard
  4. Empathic understanding
  5. Unconditional positive regard

Page: 45

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the humanistic perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Humanistic Perspective

 

  1. In Roger’s client-centered therapy, _____ is a method of response in which the therapist attempts to understand what the client is experiencing by restating those experiences.
  2. interpretation
  3. B. reflection
  4. interjection
  5. projection

Page: 45–46

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the humanistic perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Humanistic Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of the humanistic theories?
  2. A. Some therapists believe that client-centered therapy may be appropriate for people who are moderately distressed but not for those who are seriously distressed.
  3. Self-help groups and peer counseling programs have found humanistic theories to be less effective than the cognitive approach.
  4. Several researchers have been able to replicate the findings of humanistic therapies through scientific testing.
  5. The emphasis given to pathology and external forces in humanistic therapies makes the approach very pessimistic.

Page: 46

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the humanistic perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Humanistic Perspective

 

  1. Lucy is concerned because her family members pay little or no attention to each other. They seem to go their own way, and have little interest in even having a meal together. According to family systems theory, Lucy’s family is a(n) _____ family.
  2. inflexible
  3. enmeshed
  4. C. disengaged
  5. dysfunctional

Page: 46

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Family Therapy

 

  1. In a(n) _____, parents avoid dealing with conflicts with each other by always keeping their children involved in their conversations and activities.
  2. disengaged family
  3. enmeshed family
  4. C. pathological triangular relationship
  5. inflexible family

Page: 46

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Family Therapy

 

  1. Research suggests that many young girls who develop eating disorders are members of _____ families.
  2. disengaged
  3. B. enmeshed
  4. inflexible
  5. invested

Page: 46

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Family Therapy

 

  1. Family systems therapy challenges a family’s:
  2. belief system about the stigma of psychopathology.
  3. cultural definition of family cohesiveness.
  4. C. belief that an individual family member is the source of the problem.
  5. ideas that only workable families have an authority figure.

Page: 47

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Family Therapy

 

  1. _____ therapy targets family communication and problem-solving, beliefs of parents and adolescents that impede communication, and systemic barriers to problem-solving.
  2. Systematic desensitization
  3. B. Behavioral family systems
  4. Client-centered
  5. Interpersonal

Page: 47

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Family Therapy

 

  1. Family systems therapies may be particularly appropriate in the treatment of _____.
  2. geriatric clients
  3. B. children
  4. adults
  5. parents

Page: 47

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Family Therapy

 

  1. Research on family systems approaches and therapies is difficult because:
  2. A. the research involves observing people in the context of their relationships, which is difficult to capture in the laboratory.
  3. these approaches often do not receive adequate funding for research as they are not recognized as a formal therapeutic approach.
  4. these approaches are relatively new and very few professionals have expertise in this area.
  5. families are always in a state of flux and findings may lack validity and reliability.

Page: 47

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Family Therapy

 

  1. Third-wave approaches to the therapy:
  2. are often referred to as the last resort when other therapies fail to work.
  3. are entirely based on practices derived from Western philosophy.
  4. view unconscious conflicts as the core of many types of psychopathology.
  5. D. combine behavioral and cognitive therapy with the mindfulness practices of Zen Buddhism.

Page: 47

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic Perspective

 

  1. _____ therapy focuses on difficulties in managing negative emotions and in controlling impulsive behaviors.
  2. A. Dialectical behavior
  3. Acceptance and commitment
  4. Client-centered
  5. Interpersonal

Page: 47

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic Perspective

 

  1. A key assumption behind acceptance and commitment therapy is that _____, that is, ignoring painful thoughts, memories, and feelings, is/are at the heart of many mental health problems.
  2. repressed emotions
  3. denial
  4. C. experiential avoidance
  5. poor emotional regulation

Page: 47–48

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic Perspective

 

  1. According to the sociocultural approach, which of the following factors increases an individual’s susceptibility to mental health problems?
  2. Inability to attend college to obtain a higher degree due to financial problems
  3. B. Living in a country that has been ravaged by war or struck by natural disaster
  4. Social norms and policies that are liberal in their approach to minority groups
  5. Growing up in neighborhoods where there is strong cohesion among neighbors

Page: 49

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the sociocultural approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Sociocultural Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following statements is indicative of culturally sensitive approaches that therapists may use when treating clients?
  2. Persuading clients from cultures that value respect for authority to generate ideas about what is causing their symptoms
  3. Strengthening the socio-economic and class differences that exist in the client-therapist relationship
  4. Forcing clients from cultures that value emotional restraint to express themselves and disclose all their personal concerns
  5. D. Recognizing that certain cultures focus on the collective and that the identity of the individual is not seen apart from the group

Page: 49

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the sociocultural approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Multicultural Approach

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true about cross-cultural treatment?
  2. Ethnic matching is an important predictor of how long clients remain in therapy.
  3. A therapist must be from the same culture as the client to fully understand the client.
  4. C. Matching the race or ethnicity of the therapist and the client does not necessarily lead to a better outcome.
  5. It has been proven that therapists from the same ethnic or racial group as the client share the same value system.

Page: 52

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the sociocultural approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Multicultural Approach

 

  1. In the context of cross-cultural treatment, which of the following statements is true?
  2. Evidence suggests that women, but not men, do better in therapy with a therapist of the same gender.
  3. B. Both women and men tend to report that they prefer a therapist of the same gender.
  4. Certain treatments are more effective among certain cultural/ethnic groups than others.
  5. People from ethnic minority groups in the United States are less likely than European Americans to drop out of psychosocial therapy.

Page: 52

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the sociocultural approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Multicultural Approach

 

  1. Native American healing processes:
  2. encourage clients to experience the self as separate from the community.
  3. B. focus on the physiology, psychology, and religious practices of the individual.
  4. emphasize the detachment of the individual from the cultural network.
  5. involve immersing the individual in quiet solitude and meditation.

Page: 52

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the sociocultural perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Multicultural Approach

 

  1. Hispanics in the southwestern United States and in Mexico suffering from psychological problems may consult folk healers, known as:
  2. A.
  3. nganga.
  4. quimbanda.
  5. shamans.

Page: 52

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the sociocultural perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Multicultural Approach

 

  1. Which of the following is a valid criticism leveled against the sociocultural approaches of abnormality?
  2. They argue that it is not enough to look only at what is going on within individuals or their immediate surroundings.
  3. They blame the victim and place responsibility for psychopathology within the individual.
  4. They relieve society of its responsibility to change the social conditions that put individuals at risk for psychopathology.
  5. D. They provide only a vague understanding about the exact ways in which social and cultural forces lead to psychological disturbance in individuals.

Page: 52

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the sociocultural perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Multicultural Approach

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of prevention programs?
  2. Primary prevention strategies focus on detecting a disorder in its earliest stages.
  3. Secondary prevention focuses on people who already have a disorder and focus on the prevention of relapse.
  4. Tertiary prevention strategies for preventing drug abuse might include changing neighborhood characteristics that contribute to drug use.
  5. D. Secondary prevention often involves screening for early signs of a disorder and then administering an intervention to prevent the development of a full-blown disorder.

Page: 53

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Describe prevention programs.

Topic: Prevention Programs

 

  1. Which among the following is NOT a common component of successful therapies?
  2. Encouraging clients to confront painful emotions and become less sensitive to them
  3. Providing clients with explanations or interpretations of why they are suffering
  4. Establishing a positive client-therapist relationship
  5. D. Supplementing existing treatment with drug therapy

Page: 53–54

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss treatment outcomes.

Topic: Treatment

 

  1. What are neurotransmitters and how do they function? Using examples, describe the role neurotransmitters play in mental health.

 

Students’ answers may vary. Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Neurotransmitters—biochemicals that act as messengers carrying impulses

▪ Synaptic gap—gap between the synaptic terminals and the adjacent neurons

▪ Receptors—molecules on the membrane of adjacent neurons

▪ Processes of reuptake and degradation of neurotransmitters—malfunctioning of either process results in high or low levels of neurotransmitter in the synapse

▪ Serotonin—plays an important role in emotional well-being and in dysfunctional behaviors

▪ Dopamine—influences our experience of reinforcements or rewards and the functioning of muscle systems

▪ Norepinephrine—cocaine and amphetamine slows its reuptake

▪ Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)—inhibits the action of other neurotransmitters

Page: 29–30

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Describe the learning process of classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Provide examples for these theories based on your experiences.

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Classical conditioning— unconditioned response, unconditioned stimulus, conditioned stimulus, conditioned response

▪ Operant conditioning—rewards, punishments, reinforcement schedules

▪ Examples should clearly demonstrate the processes

Page: 36–37

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Classical Conditioning

Topic: Operant Conditioning

 

  1. Describe the cognitive approach to psychopathology. What are the three main goals in cognitive therapy? What are the limitations of cognitive theories?

 

Students’ answers may vary. Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Cognitions—thoughts or beliefs that shape our behaviors and the emotions we experience

▪ Causal attributions—the reasons we attribute to why events happen that can impact our behaviors

▪ Global assumptions—the positive or negative broad beliefs we have about ourselves, our relationships, and the world

▪ Dysfunctional global assumptions—the reason behind maladaptive behaviors as proposed by Beck and Ellis

▪ Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)—combination of behavioral and cognitive therapies

▪ Goals—help clients identify irrational thoughts, consider alternative ways of thinking, face fears, learn to cope

▪ Limitations—difficulty proving that maladaptive cognitions precede and cause disorders, rather than being the symptoms or consequences of the disorders

Page: 39–41

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the cognitive perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Topic: Cognitive Perspective

 

  1. Describe Freud’s psychosexual stages of development.

 

Students’ answers may vary. Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Oral stage—first 18 months, stimulation of the mouth area; features of oral character

▪ Anal stage—18 months to 3 years, focus of gratification is the anus; features of anal personality

▪ Phallic stage—3 to 6 years, Oedipus/Electra complex, penis envy, absence of castration anxiety in girls leads to lack of motivation to develop a super ego; problems associated with unsuccessful resolution of phallic stage

▪ Latency stage—libidinal drives are quelled, more same-sex interaction

▪ Genital stage—12 and older years, sexual interests turn to heterosexual relationships

Page: 42–43

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. What must therapists bear in mind to ensure that treatment does not clash with the values and norms of their client’s culture? Must a therapist come from the same culture as the client to fully understand the client?

 

Students answers’ may vary. Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Most psychotherapies are focused on the individual, but many cultures focus on the collective or group rather than the individual.

▪ Most psychotherapies value the expression of emotions and the disclosure of personal concerns, but some cultures value emotional restraint.

▪ Many psychotherapies expect clients to take the initiative in communicating their concerns and desires, but some cultural norms dictate deference to people in authority.

▪ Socioeconomic class and cultural differences between the client and therapist can create tensions.

▪ Ethnic matching is not an important predictor of the effectiveness of therapy; cultural sensitivity can probably be acquired through training and experience.

Page: 49-53

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the sociocultural approach to abnormal psychology.

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the sociocultural perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Multicultural Approach

Topic: Sociocultural Perspective

 

Category                                                                                                                                                                           # of Questions

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation                                                                                                                                                              127

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.                                                                  100

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.                                                                               3

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.                                                                                                                            24

APA Outcome: 2.1 Use scientific reasoning to interpret psychological phenomena.                                                                                    2

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.                                                                                                   9

Bloom’s: Apply                                                                                                                                                                                             24

Bloom’s: Remember                                                                                                                                                                                      78

Bloom’s: Understand                                                                                                                                                                                     30

Difficulty: Difficult                                                                                                                                                                                       24

Difficulty: Easy                                                                                                                                                                                             78

Difficulty: Moderate                                                                                                                                                                                      30

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.                                                                                            36

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.                                                                                             9

Learning Objective: Analyze the humanistic approach to abnormal psychology.                                                                                          2

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.                                                                                     56

Learning Objective: Analyze the sociocultural approach to abnormal psychology.                                                                                       5

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the behavioral perspective and identify treatments.                                                                    3

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the cognitive perspective and identify treatments.                                                                      2

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the humanistic perspective and identify treatments.                                                                   5

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the sociocultural perspective and identify treatments.                                                                5

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast the perspectiv of abnormal psychology.                                                                                     3

Learning Objective: Describe prevention programs.                                                                                                                                     1

Learning Objective: Describe the scientific method                                                                                                                                       1

Learning Objective: Discuss treatment outcomes.                                                                                                                                         1

Learning Objective: Explain how treatment is planned.                                                                                                                                 1

Learning Objective: Explain the biopsychosocial perspective.                                                                                                                      1

Learning Objective: Name and describe drugs used in the treatment of abnormal behavior, and discuss the problems and controversies surrounding their use.                                                                                                                                                                                                                      3

Topic: Anxiety Disorders                                                                                                                                                                              1

Topic: Approaches to Abnormal Psychology                                                                                                                                               1

Topic: Behavioral Perspective                                                                                                                                                                       5

Topic: Biological Perspective                                                                                                                                                                        34

Topic: Classical Conditioning                                                                                                                                                                       5

Topic: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy                                                                                                                                                            4

Topic: Cognitive Perspective                                                                                                                                                                         6

Topic: Diathesis-Stress Model                                                                                                                                                                      1

Topic: Drug Therapy                                                                                                                                                                                     3

Topic: Family Therapy                                                                                                                                                                                  7

Topic: Freud                                                                                                                                                                                                  16

Topic: Humanistic Perspective                                                                                                                                                                      7

Topic: Multicultural Approach                                                                                                                                                                      7

Topic: Nature vs. Nurture                                                                                                                                                                             1

Topic: Operant Conditioning                                                                                                                                                                         8

Topic: Prevention Programs                                                                                                                                                                          1

Topic: Psychodynamic Perspective                                                                                                                                                               7

Topic: Psychodynamic View                                                                                                                                                                        10

Topic: Psychological Perspective                                                                                                                                                                  1

Topic: Psychosurgery                                                                                                                                                                                   2

Topic: Scientific Method                                                                                                                                                                               1

Topic: Social Learning Theory                                                                                                                                                                      3

Topic: Sociocultural Approach                                                                                                                                                                      1

Topic: Sociocultural Perspective                                                                                                                                                                   2

Topic: Treatment                                                                                                                                                                                           2

Chapter 06

Somatic Symptom and Dissociative Disorders

 

  1. The _____ disorders are a group of disorders in which people experience significant physical symptoms for which there is no apparent organic cause.
  2. dissociative
  3. psychotic
  4. adjustment
  5. D. somatic symptom

Page: 152

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following represents one of the difficulties in diagnosing somatic symptom disorders?
  2. The person is usually unaware of physical symptoms of an ailment.
  3. The person has difficulty pinpointing the physical discomfort.
  4. C. The person may have a real physical problem that is difficult to detect.
  5. The person does not consciously produce or control the symptoms.

Page: 152

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

 

  1. When a woman believes she is pregnant, but physical examination and laboratory tests show negative results, this syndrome is called _____.
  2. A. pseudocyesis
  3. misconception syndrome
  4. pseudo expectancy
  5. miscarriage

Page: 153

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

 

  1. _____ was formerly known as hypochondriasis (without physical symptoms).
  2. A. Illness anxiety disorder
  3. Conversion disorder
  4. Factitious disorder
  5. Munchhausen’s syndrome

Page: 153

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Illness Anxiety Disorder

 

  1. Bethany is experiencing dizziness, head pain and numbness in her lower limbs, all with no apparent medical reason. Bethany is most likely experiencing a(n) _____ disorder.
  2. pseudocyesis
  3. B. somatic symptom
  4. dissociative
  5. acute stress

Page: 153

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

 

  1. Sherry believes that she has a serious illness. She has had severe headaches and tremors for several days with no relief from traditional over-the-counter medicines. Her visit to the doctor revealed no organic reason for the headaches. Unsatisfied with the results, she goes to several other medical professionals for treatment. Sherry is most likely suffering from a(n) _____ disorder.
  2. illness anxiety
  3. B. somatic symptom
  4. dissociative
  5. acute stress

Page: 153–154

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

 

  1. Marcus spends a lot of time at his physician’s clinic to deal with the pain in his abdomen. He has had several gastrointestinal tests as well as other diagnostic tests taken, but the doctors can find nothing to explain his pain. He spends much time worrying about his mystery pain is something serious. Marcus is most likely experiencing a(n) _____ disorder.
  2. illness anxiety
  3. B. somatic symptom
  4. dissociative
  5. acute stress

Page: 153

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

 

  1. Vickianna’s doctor is trying to diagnose if her condition is an illness anxiety disorder or a somatic symptom disorder. According to the DSM-5, to make the distinction, he should determine if Vickianna _____.
  2. A. has physical symptoms
  3. seeks medical help
  4. has anxious thoughts
  5. experiences acute stress

Page: 154

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Illness Anxiety Disorder

 

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

 

  1. Bertram has spent years being concerned about his health even though he has no symptoms or pain. Several years ago, he read an article on tumors and became preoccupied with thoughts about getting a tumor. He rarely seeks medical help and in fact avoids doctors and hospitals. Bertram is most likely experiencing a(n) _____ disorder.
  2. A. illness anxiety
  3. somatic symptom
  4. dissociative
  5. acute stress

Page: 154

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Illness Anxiety Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following disorders may appear similar in their presentation?
  2. Somatic symptom disorder and dissociative identity disorder
  3. Somatic symptom disorder and conversion disorder
  4. C. Somatic symptom disorder and illness anxiety disorder
  5. Somatic symptom disorder and body dysmorphic disorder

Page: 154

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Illness Anxiety Disorder

 

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

 

  1. People diagnosed with somatic symptom disorder frequently have periods of all of the following EXCEPT _____.
  2. substance abuse
  3. depression
  4. anxiety
  5. D. psychotic disorders

Page: 155

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of the somatic symptom disorder?
  2. Posttraumatic stress disorder is unlikely to lead to somatic symptom disorder.
  3. Somatic symptom disorder is not accompanied by physical symptoms such as aches or pain.
  4. C. Studies have shown that changes in the symptoms of people with somatic symptom disorder mirror their emotional well-being.
  5. A loss of functioning in a part of the body can be the person’s only complaint in somatic symptom disorder.

Page: 155

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of the somatic symptom disorder in the United States?
  2. Children rarely complain of somatic symptoms.
  3. Adolescents are the most common group to be diagnosed with the disorder.
  4. Middle-aged adults are more likely to report somatic symptoms than older adults.
  5. D. Older adults are more likely to report multiple somatic symptoms than middle-aged adults.

Page: 155

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

 

  1. Family studies suggest that somatic symptom disorders run primarily among _____ relatives, and _____ relatives have higher rates of alcoholism.
  2. female; female
  3. B. female; male
  4. male; male
  5. male; female

Page: 156

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

 

  1. Herman has been diagnosed with somatic symptom disorder. He often misinterprets his bodily symptoms, which results in increased heart rate, rapid breathing, and dizziness. He states regularly, “If the pain doesn’t stop soon, it will probably cause damage to the other parts of my body.” Herman is most likely catastrophizing his symptoms. This maladaptive way of thinking is linked with the _____ theoretical perspective.
  2. A. cognitive
  3. behavioral
  4. psychodynamic
  5. existential

Page: 155–156

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

 

  1. Studies of refugees who fled to the United States found that these groups often had:
  2. posttraumatic stress disorder and conversion disorder.
  3. posttraumatic stress disorder and acute stress disorder.
  4. C. posttraumatic stress disorder and somatic symptom disorder
  5. posttraumatic stress disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Page: 156

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

 

  1. Which treatment focuses on helping clients recall events and memories that may have triggered their somatization symptoms?
  2. A. Psychodynamic
  3. Cognitive-behavioral
  4. Behavioral
  5. Existential

Page: 156

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

 

  1. In the treatment of somatic symptom disorder, _____ therapies attempt to determine and eliminate the reinforcements individuals receive for their symptoms, while increasing positive rewards for healthy behavior.
  2. A. behavioral
  3. cognitive
  4. psychodynamic
  5. humanistic

Page: 156

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

 

  1. According to DSM-5, which of the following is a diagnostic criterion for illness anxiety disorder?
  2. Somatic symptoms must be present that are severe in intensity.
  3. Illness preoccupation should have been present for at least one month.
  4. C. The individual must perform excessive health related behaviors.
  5. The individual should show symptoms of altered voluntary motor or sensory function.

Page: 154

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Illness Anxiety Disorder

 

  1. Cognitive therapies for somatic symptom disorder focus on:
  2. A. challenging the client’s maladaptive interpretations of physical symptoms and teaching them techniques for appropriate interpretations.
  3. identifying the behavioral reinforcers that contribute to the manifestation of symptoms.
  4. providing insight into the client’s somatization symptoms and discussing early childhood experiences.
  5. designing a behavior modification plan with punishers to discourage maladaptive ways of thinking.

Page: 156

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

 

  1. People with conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder):
  2. are typically physically challenged from birth.
  3. tend to assume that serious illnesses are uncommon.
  4. C. have symptoms of altered voluntary motor or sensory function.
  5. are not usually prone to chronic depression and anxiety.

Page: 157

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following somatic symptom disorders is considered to be the most dramatic due to symptoms like blindness, seizures, loss of hearing, and mutism?
  2. Social anxiety disorder
  3. B. Conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder)
  4. Somatic symptom disorder
  5. Posttraumatic stress disorder

Page: 157

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder)?
  2. A. The conversion symptom develops after a trauma or psychological stressor.
  3. Conversion disorder is quite common, with a high lifetime prevalence rate.
  4. Loss of bodily functioning in conversion disorder is due to subconscious processes.
  5. Conversion disorder typically involves multiple symptoms during a single episode of conversion.

Page: 157

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

 

  1. Conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder) is usually characterized by:
  2. A. sensory and motor deficits.
  3. loss of memory.
  4. pain in different areas of the body.
  5. multiple personalities.

Page: 157

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

 

  1. Lorna found her husband dead in their bedroom. He had been shot in the chest. After this incident, Lorna has been unable to see. Lorna is most likely exhibiting a symptom of _____ disorder.
  2. dissociative
  3. factitious
  4. C. conversion
  5. malingering

Page: 157

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

 

  1. Jaclyn has been complaining for several weeks that she has lost all feeling in her right hand. A medical examination revealed no nerve damage. However, Jaclyn insists that something is wrong because she feels as though she has on a tight glove. Jaclyn is mostly experiencing _____ anesthesia associated with _____.
  2. local; body dysmorphic disorder
  3. regional; illness anxiety disorder
  4. general; somatic symptom disorder
  5. D. glove; conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder)

Page: 157

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

 

  1. Freud and his contemporaries viewed conversion symptoms as the result of:
  2. the unconscious state of mind attempting to control the conscious state of mind.
  3. the id trying to surpass the functioning of the ego and super ego.
  4. C. the transfer of psychic energy attached to repressed emotions or memories to physical symptoms.
  5. the displacement of unconscious anxiety onto a neutral or symbolic object.

Page: 157

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

 

  1. According to Freud’s explanation of the conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder), which of the following best describes secondary gain?
  2. The reduction in anxiety as a result of repressed emotions being released physically
  3. B. The attention and sympathy received as a result of the symptom complaints
  4. The lack of concern or distress in the wake of a traumatic event
  5. The hysteria that comes with the repression of agonizing memories

Page: 157

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Secondary Gain

 

  1. It was observed during the two world wars that many soldiers would report to have become inexplicably paralyzed or blind and therefore were unable to return to the front. Most of them seemed unconcerned about their paralysis or blindness. This phenomenon is known as _____.
  2. A. la belle indifference
  3. coup d’état
  4. esprit de corps
  5. sang-froid

Page: 158

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder)?
  2. Research studies have shown that people with conversion symptoms are not hypnotizable.
  3. The symptoms of conversion disorder are usually clear-cut, and, hence, there is little room for misdiagnosis.
  4. C. Impaired connectivity between sensory or motor areas of the brain is likely to cause conversion disorder.
  5. Physiological tests often give definitive proof that a person’s symptoms do not have physical causes.

Page: 158

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

 

  1. People with conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder):
  2. usually seek psychological treatment for physical symptoms.
  3. B. can be difficult to treat because they cannot believe the ailment is psychological.
  4. are usually aware of a traumatic experience that could have precipitated the disorder.
  5. identify with more than three personalities within themselves.

Page: 158

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

 

  1. _____ treatments for conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder) focus on relieving the person’s anxiety around the initial trauma that caused the conversion symptoms and on reducing any benefits the person is receiving from the conversion symptoms.
  2. Humanistic
  3. B. Behavioral
  4. Cognitive
  5. Psychoanalytic

Page: 158

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

 

  1. Factitious disorders are also referred to as _____.
  2. Korsakoff’s syndrome
  3. Down syndrome
  4. C. Munchhausen’s syndrome
  5. Tourette’s syndrome

Page: 158

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Factitious Disorder

 

  1. Mary created an illness in her younger daughter to draw attention to herself. This is known as a _____.
  2. psychosomatic disorder imposed on self
  3. factitious disorder imposed on self
  4. C. factitious disorder imposed on another
  5. somatic symptom disorder imposed on another

Page: 159

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Factitious Disorder

 

  1. Candice faked her symptoms to gain medical attention. She exaggerated her symptoms to the point that exploratory surgery was conducted. Candice most likely has a _____.
  2. factitious disorder imposed on another
  3. B. factitious disorder imposed on self
  4. somatic symptom disorder
  5. psychosomatic disorder

Page: 159

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Factitious Disorder

 

  1. Somatic symptom disorders and dissociative disorders are considered by some theorists to be the result of a psychological process known as _____, in which different parts of an individual’s identity, memories, or consciousness split off from one another.
  2. dissolution
  3. disintegration
  4. degeneration
  5. D. dissociation

Page: 159

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

 

  1. The idea that dissociation is a process in which systems of ideas are split off from consciousness but are accessible through dreams and hypnosis was conceptualized by _____.
  2. Jean Piaget
  3. Thomas Simon
  4. C. Pierre Janet
  5. Alfred Binet

Page: 159

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

 

  1. In Hilgard’s study on the “hidden observer” phenomenon, he argued that there are two modes of consciousness: the _____ mode the and _____ mode.
  2. repressive; active
  3. B. active; receptive
  4. receptive; suppressive
  5. suppressive; repressive

Page: 159

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

 

  1. The active mode in Hilgard’s study referred to:
  2. the unconscious state of mind that creates pleasant memories.
  3. the conscious state of mind that registers and stores information without being aware that the information has been processed.
  4. the mind’s short-term or working memory that can only hold information for up to 20 seconds.
  5. D. the conscious state of mind that includes a person’s conscious plans and desires and voluntary actions.

Page: 159

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

 

  1. For most people, the active mode and receptive mode:
  2. act as separate entities.
  3. B. weave experiences together so seamlessly that no division is noticed.
  4. work together to process and store only our most pleasant memories.
  5. hide the true meaning of a person’s dissociative experiences.

Page: 159

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

 

  1. Dissociative identity disorder was formerly known as _____ disorder.
  2. bipolar
  3. multiple disintegration
  4. C. multiple personality
  5. dissociative personality

Page: 159

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

 

  1. Which of the following dissociative disorders is characterized by a person developing one or more distinct personalities?
  2. A. Dissociative identity disorder
  3. Dissociative fugue
  4. Dissociative amnesia
  5. Depersonalization/derealization disorder

Page: 161

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following individuals is most likely to receive a diagnosis of dissociative identity disorder?
  2. Shiloh makes repetitive strange utterances and movements as if in a trance.
  3. Jack often wanders away from his home and returns home when he chooses to.
  4. C. Ellen appears to have alternate personalities that are extremely different from each other.
  5. Ronald often inflicts self-injuries consciously and turns up at hospitals.

Page: 161

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. A person diagnosed with dissociative identity disorder may have several alters. An alter is a(n):
  2. A. alternate personality.
  3. alternate mood.
  4. repressed memory.
  5. out-of-body experience.

Page: 161

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following is the most common alter found in people with dissociative identity disorder?
  2. The helper
  3. The host
  4. The persecutor
  5. D. The child

Page: 161

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. In dissociative identity disorder, an alter that inflicts pain or punishment on the other personalities by engaging in self-injurious behaviors (such as self-cutting or self-burning) and suicide attempts is called _____.
  2. the oppressor
  3. B. the persecutor
  4. the tyrant
  5. the bully

Page: 161

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following is considered to be the most dangerous alter found in dissociative identity disorder?
  2. The helper
  3. The host
  4. C. The persecutor
  5. The child

Page: 161

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following alters found in dissociative identity disorder offers advice to the other personalities or performs behaviors the host is unable to handle?
  2. A. The helper
  3. The host
  4. The persecutor
  5. The child

Page: 161–162

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following is true of dissociative identity disorder (DID)?
  2. The host is always in control of the other alters.
  3. The alters in DID are not aware of each other.
  4. C. People diagnosed with DID claim to have significant periods of amnesia.
  5. Persecutor alters are often responsible for switching between personalities.

Page: 162

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. A disorder that has high comorbidity with DID is _____.
  2. A. post-traumatic stress disorder
  3. obsessive-compulsive personality disorder
  4. somatoform disorder
  5. autism spectrum disorder

Page: 162

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. Lucas reported to his therapist that he hears several voices in his head and that some of his actions or words are being controlled by other people inside him. Lucas’s symptoms are representative of _____ disorder.
  2. somatic symptom
  3. narcissistic personality
  4. C. dissociative identity
  5. histrionic personality

Page: 162

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following explains why dissociative identity disorder was not diagnosed before 1980?
  2. The symptoms were rarely reported prior to 1980.
  3. B. There was no such diagnostic category in the DSM-II.
  4. The disorder lacked empirical evidence until after 1980.
  5. No DSM existed prior to 1980.

Page: 162

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. When people with dissociative identity disorder report hearing voices talking inside their heads, they may be misdiagnosed as having _____.
  2. bipolar disorder with psychotic features
  3. B. schizophrenia
  4. major depressive disorder
  5. brief psychotic disorder

Page: 163

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. In which of the following countries is dissociative identity disorder diagnosed most frequently?
  2. A. United States
  3. Great Britain
  4. Japan
  5. India

Page: 163

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. Some studies suggest that _____ may be more likely than other ethnic groups to experience dissociative symptoms in response to traumas.
  2. African Americans
  3. B. Latinos
  4. Asians
  5. Native Americans

Page: 163

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. DSM-5 has added the words _____ to the DID criterion A. This makes the criteria more applicable to diverse cultural groups and to identify a common presentation of DID in non-Western cultures as well as subgroups in Western cultures.
  2. A. “or an experience of possession”
  3. “communing with god”
  4. “and a spiritual trance”
  5. “or a religious possession”

Page: 163

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. Dissociative symptoms may be part of the syndrome of _____, a culturally accepted reaction to stress among Latinos.
  2. A. ataque de nervios
  3. mal de ojo
  4. susto
  5. amok

Page: 163

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following is the most common contributor to dissociative identity disorder?
  2. Genetic predisposition to the disorder
  3. B. Chronic physical or sexual abuse during childhood
  4. Low socioeconomic family status
  5. Presence of several other mental disorders

Page: 164

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. People who develop dissociative identity disorder tend to be:
  2. less suggestible and hypnotizable.
  3. somewhat suggestible and hypnotizable.
  4. C. highly suggestible and hypnotizable.
  5. suggestible and hypnotizable to a small extent.

Page: 164

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following is a treatment goal for dissociative identity disorder?
  2. Identifying ways to help clients create a hierarchy of traumatic experiences and learning relaxation techniques to handle the stressors
  3. B. Helping the client work through the trauma to integrate all the alternative personalities into one coherent personality
  4. Identifying the traumatic experience and implementing behavior modification to reward or punish the alters
  5. Helping the host concentrate on health-enhancing behaviors using exercise and dietary supplements

Page: 164

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following is a reason an individual may develop dissociative identity disorder?
  2. Inability to control their behavior
  3. B. As a strategy to cope with traumas
  4. In order to gain attention for themselves
  5. Constant preoccupation with illness

Page: 164

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following techniques is heavily used to contact alters in the case of dissociative identity disorder?
  2. Channeling
  3. Dream analysis
  4. C. Hypnosis
  5. Memory exercises

Page: 164

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. In the case of dissociative identity disorder, patients who are able to integrate their personalities are:
  2. more likely to relapse with more serious problems.
  3. B. more likely to remain relatively free from the symptoms and reduce medication.
  4. more likely to develop severe symptoms of other psychological disorders.
  5. encouraged to discontinue psychotherapy to measure the effectiveness of the treatment.

Page: 164

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder

 

  1. Amnesia is categorized as either _____ or _____.
  2. organic; physiological
  3. physiological; neurotic
  4. psychotic; psychogenic
  5. D. psychogenic; organic

Page: 164

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

 

  1. Which of the following is true of organic amnesia?
  2. Organic amnesia is often caused by psychosocial factors.
  3. Organic amnesia typically involves anterograde and retrograde amnesia.
  4. C. Organic amnesia is caused by brain injury.
  5. Organic amnesia results from early childhood conflicts.

Page: 164–165

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

 

  1. Organic amnesia often involves the inability to remember new information, known as _____ amnesia.
  2. A. anterograde
  3. retrograde
  4. retrospective
  5. regressive

Page: 165

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

 

  1. Karen had a hiking accident that resulted in head trauma. She now has difficulty remembering new information. Karen’s amnesia would be categorized as _____.
  2. A. anterograde
  3. infantile
  4. psychogenic
  5. retrograde

Page: 166

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

 

  1. The inability to remember information from the past is known as _____ amnesia.
  2. anterograde
  3. B. retrograde
  4. retrospective
  5. regressive

Page: 165

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

 

  1. Marsha has dementia. It is becoming increasingly difficulty for her to remember her past. Sometimes she forgets her children’s names. Marsha’s amnesia would be categorized as _____.
  2. anterograde
  3. infantile
  4. factitious
  5. D. retrograde

Page: 165

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

 

  1. Robert has an accident when he is out trekking with his friends. He cannot recall anything that happened just before slipping and hitting his head on a boulder. He most likely has _____.
  2. psychogenic amnesia
  3. anterograde amnesia
  4. C. retrograde amnesia
  5. repressive amnesia

Page: 165

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

 

  1. When retrograde amnesia is due to organic causes, people will typically remember:
  2. where they lived.
  3. B. their personal identities.
  4. the names of their children.
  5. major historical events of the period.

Page: 165

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

 

  1. Korsakoff’s syndrome is characterized by:
  2. A. global retrograde amnesia associated with severe alcohol consumption.
  3. anterograde amnesia resulting from structural damage to the brain.
  4. anterograde and retrograde amnesia due to organic and psychological factors.
  5. a fugue state that results in loss of identity and the creation of a new identity.

Page: 166

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

 

  1. Brian has a history of drinking heavily before going to bed. His family accuses him of kicking the dog, breaking several dishes, and being verbally abusive on several occasions. Brown recalls none of these incidents and soon begins to forget personal information as well. Brown’s memory loss is most likely related to _____.
  2. A. Korsakoff’s syndrome
  3. posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  4. general anxiety disorder (GAD)
  5. depersonalization

Page: 166

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

 

  1. Verna has no idea how she ended up in her current surroundings. She feels comfortable and is not bothered by the fact that she cannot remember her past. Verna is most likely to be experiencing a(n) _____.
  2. A. dissociative amnesia with dissociative fugue
  3. anterograde amnesia
  4. Korsakoff’s syndrome
  5. unconscious fugue

Page: 166

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Fugue State

 

  1. Steven left his home abruptly without taking any of his belongings. He relocated to a nearby town. Several months later, he returned to his old home with no memory of his travel. Steven would most likely be diagnosed with _____.
  2. schizophrenia
  3. dissociative identity disorder
  4. C. dissociative amnesia with dissociative fugue
  5. depersonalization/derealization disorder

Page: 166

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Fugue State

 

  1. Janet has been diagnosed with dissociative fugue. She is typically likely to:
  2. A. experience autobiographical memory loss.
  3. exhibit signs of a false pregnancy.
  4. exhibit maladaptive avoidance.
  5. experience a high level of anxiety about personal health.

Page: 166

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Fugue State

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of psychogenic amnesia?
  2. It often involves anterograde amnesia.
  3. It typically involves the inability to remember new information.
  4. It involves a generalized loss of memory for the past.
  5. D. It involves memory loss that is limited to personal information.

Page: 165

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

 

  1. Unlike a person with dissociative identity disorder, a person in a fugue state:
  2. A. will behave quite normally in the new environment.
  3. will maintain his or her original identity in the fugue state.
  4. will remember what happened during the fugue state.
  5. will find it hard to cope in the new environment.

Page: 166

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Fugue State

 

  1. The main difference between dissociative amnesia with versus without the specification of dissociative fugue is that:
  2. people with dissociative amnesia typically leave home and create a new life for themselves in another area, while people with dissociative fugue do not take flight and create new identities.
  3. B. people with dissociative fugue typically leave home and create a new life for themselves in another area, while people with dissociative amnesia do not take flight and create new identities.
  4. people with dissociative amnesia typically create alternative personalities, whereas people with dissociative fugue typically do not create new identities.
  5. people with dissociative fugue typically maintain their original personalities, whereas people with dissociative amnesia create new identities.

Page: 165–166

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

Topic: Fugue State

 

  1. One complication that arises in diagnosing amnesias is the possibility that:
  2. A. amnesias may be faked by people to escape punishment for crimes committed.
  3. amnesias may be the result of using dissociation as a defense against intolerable memories or stressors.
  4. amnesia may occur at a high state of arousal where the person cannot encode and store information.
  5. people may forget some, but not all, events that may therefore lead to an inconclusive diagnosis.

Page: 166

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

 

  1. Many courts deny the use of hypnosis in the case of dissociative amnesia because of the possibility that:
  2. the individual may not be able to come out of the hypnotic state.
  3. B. hypnosis will “create” memories through the power of suggestion.
  4. hypnosis can lead to permanent memory loss.
  5. some individuals are not suggestible and cannot be hypnotized.

Page: 167

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

 

  1. Amnesia is frequently seen in murder cases with _____ percent of people arrested for homicide claiming to have amnesia.
  2. 0–15
  3. 15–30
  4. C. 25–45
  5. 50–75

Page: 166

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

 

  1. Depersonalization/derealization disorder is characterized by:
  2. the person suddenly taking flight, moving to another area, and creating a new identity.
  3. the presence of one or more distinct personalities vying for control of the individual.
  4. C. experiences in which the person feels detached from his/her mental processes, body, or surroundings.
  5. the person’s inability to remember specific events, time periods, or personal information.

Page: 167

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Depersonalization/Derealization Disorder

 

  1. To receive a diagnosis of depersonalization/derealization disorder, the person must:
  2. A. have frequent and distressing episodes of detachment from self or surroundings that disrupt functioning.
  3. have been under the influence of an illicit drug or be chronically sleep deprived.
  4. have alternating personalities trying to gain control.
  5. have been exposed to a traumatic event such as sexual assault.

Page: 167

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Depersonalization/Derealization Disorder

 

  1. Repressed memories represent a form of _____.
  2. somatization
  3. factitious disorders.
  4. depersonalization
  5. D. dissociative amnesia

Page: 167

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

 

  1. Experiences of unreality or detachment with respect to surroundings are typical of individuals diagnosed with:
  2. dissociative fugue.
  3. factitious disorder imposed on another.
  4. illness anxiety disorder.
  5. D. depersonalization/derealization disorder.

Page: 167

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Depersonalization/Derealization Disorder

 

  1. Memories formed before the age of _____ tend to be sketchy.
  2. A. 3
  3. 5
  4. 7
  5. 10

Page: 168

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

 

  1. To test how easy it is to create a false memory, Elizabeth Loftus designed a series of studies around _____.
  2. being sexually abused
  3. B. being lost at the mall
  4. seeing a bus exploding
  5. seeing satanic ritual abuse

Page: 168

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

 

  1. Elizabeth Loftus’s “lost at the mall” studies showed how easy it is to _____.
  2. A. create a false memory
  3. reveal repressed memories
  4. use hypnotism to uncover memories
  5. use sodium amatol to uncover lost memories

Page: 168

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

 

  1. Freyd and colleagues (2007) suggest that individuals who dissociate from, and forget, their abusive experiences are most likely to perform differently from other individuals in _____.
  2. identifying emotions
  3. motor skills tests
  4. C. cognitive tasks
  5. routine activities

Page: 169

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

 

  1. What is somatic symptom disorder? How is it different from illness anxiety disorders, factitious disorders imposed on self, factitious disorders imposed on another, and conversion disorders (functional neurological symptom disorders)?

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Somatic symptom disorders—people experience physical symptoms, no apparent organic cause, psychological factors are involved, symptoms not consciously produced or controlled

▪ Illness anxiety disorder—anxiety about getting or having a disorder, do not always experience physical symptoms

▪ Factitious disorders imposed on self-faking an illness to gain medical attention

▪ Factitious disorder imposed on another—parents fake or create illnesses in their children to gain attention for themselves

▪ Conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder)—People with this disorder lose neurological functioning in parts of their bodies, apparently not due to medical causes.

Page: 152–155

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder

 

  1. What is conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder)? What are some of the common types of conversion symptoms?

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder)—loss of functioning in a particular body part, person can have repeated episodes of conversion involving different parts of the body

▪ Symptoms—paralysis, blindness, mutism, seizures, loss of hearing, severe loss of coordination, anesthesia in a limb, symptoms develop after an extreme psychological stressor.

Page: 157–158

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

 

  1. How did the psychoanalytic theory interpret conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder)?

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Psychoanalytic theory—glove anesthesia, hypnosis, transfer of psychic energy attached to repressed emotions or memories into physical symptoms

Page: 157–158

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Conversion Disorder

 

  1. What is factitious disorder imposed on self? What is factitious disorder imposed on another? What are some of the costs to a child whose mother has Munchhausen’s or factitious syndrome?

 

▪ Factitious disorders imposed on self-faking an illness to gain medical attention

▪ Factitious disorder by imposed on another—parents fake or create illnesses in their children to gain attention for themselves

▪ The text covers the case of a child that went through 200 hospitalizations and 40 operations due to her mother’s syndrome.

Page: 158–159

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.

Topic: Factitious Disorder

 

  1. What is dissociative identity disorder (DID)? What are its symptoms?

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ DID—more than one distinct identity or personality (alter) takes control over individual’s behavior on a regular basis.

▪ There are recurrent gaps in everyday events, important personal information, and/or traumatic events that are inconsistent with ordinary forgetting.

▪ Symptoms—alters (child, persecutor, helper), amnesia, self-destructive behavior, hearing voices inside their heads; children show behavioral and emotional problems such as poor school performance, antisocial behavior, sexual relations, alcohol/drug abuse, PTSD, outbursts of anger, deep depression, and severe anxiety

Page: 162-163

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

 

  1. What are some of the issues in diagnosing dissociative identity disorder (DID)? What are some of the reasons for cross-national differences in the diagnosis rates of DID?

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Issues—DID was first included in the third edition of the DSM and was often misdiagnosed as schizophrenia; people with DID often are also diagnosed with at least three other disorders, other disorders diagnosed may be the result of DID

▪ Cross-national differences in rates of diagnosis—diagnosed more frequently in the United States, Latinos more likely to experience symptoms; some researchers argue that psychiatrists in the United States are too quick to diagnose DID, while others argue that psychiatrists in other countries misdiagnose it as another disorder

Page: 162–163

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

 

  1. What is dissociative amnesia? What is meant by organic and psychogenic amnesia?

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Dissociative amnesia—people have significant periods of amnesia but do not assume new personalities or identities, cannot remember important facts about their lives and their personal identities, are aware that there are large gaps in their memory of themselves

▪ Organic amnesia—brain injury resulting from disease, drugs, or surgery; may involve anterograde amnesia

▪ Psychogenic amnesia—psychological causes (no brain injury), rarely involves anterograde amnesia, may involve retrograde amnesia

▪ Specify with dissociative fugue if there is apparently purposeful travel or bewildered wandering that is associated with amnesia for identity or other autobiographical information.

Page: 164–165

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

 

  1. Briefly discuss the differences between psychogenic and organic amnesia.

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Psychogenic amnesia—Caused by psychological factors, seldom involves anterograde amnesia (inability to learn new information acquired since onset of amnesia), can involve retrograde amnesia (inability to remember events from the past), retrograde amnesia often only for personal, not for general, information

▪ Organic amnesia—Caused by biological factors (such as disease, drugs, and blows to the head), often involves anterograde amnesia, can involve retrograde amnesia, retrograde amnesia usually for both personal and general information

Page: 165

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia

 

  1. Describe dissociative fugue and some of its key characteristics.

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Dissociative fugue—person will suddenly move to a new place, assume a new identity, no memory of previous identity, will behave normally in new environment, cannot remember anything from the past, may return to previous identity and home, resumes life as if nothing happened, no memory for what happened during the fugue

▪ Characteristics—fugue may last for days or years, person may experience repeated fugue states or a single episode, often is a response to chronic stress or a traumatic event, common in people who are highly hypnotizable and have histories of amnesia, low prevalence

Page: 166

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Fugue State

 

  1. Imagine yourself as a juror in the following murder case (from Loftus, 1993). The defendant is George Franklin, Sr., 51 years old, standing trial for a murder that occurred more than 20 years earlier. The victim was eightyear-old Susan Kay Nason. Franklin’s daughter, Eileen, only eight years old herself at the time of the murder, provided the major evidence against her father. Eileen’s memory of the murder, however, had re-emerged only recently, after 20 years of being repressed.

 

Eileen’s memory first began to come back when she was playing with her two-year-old son and her five-year-old daughter. At one moment, her daughter looked up and asked a question like “Isn’t that right, Mommy?” A memory of Susan Nason suddenly came to Eileen. She recalled the look of betrayal in Susie’s eyes just before the murder. Later, more fragments would return, until Eileen had a rich and detailed memory. She remembered her father sexually assaulting Susie in the back of a van. She remembered that Susie was struggling as she said “No, don’t!” and “Stop!” She remembered her father saying “Now, Susie,” and she even mimicked his precise intonation. Next, her memory took the three of them outside the van, where she saw her father raise a rock above his head. She remembered screaming and walking back to where Susie lay, covered with blood, the silver ring on her finger smashed.

When questioned by prosecutors, Eileen was highly confident in her memory. Based on what we have learned in class, and what was covered in your text, would you convict George Franklin of the murder of Susan Nason? Why or why not? (Discussion appears on p. 482 at the back of this book.)

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

  • Many theorists who study dissociative identity disorder view it as the result of coping strategies used by persons faced with intolerable trauma—most often childhood sexual and/or physical abuse
  • Numerous studies from the literature on eyewitness identification and testimony indicating that people can be made to believe certain events occurred that in fact never happened and that these beliefs can persist for months or years
  • Loftus’s “lost at the mall” studies
  • Ost et al., London bus explosion study
  • McNally et al., alien abduction studies

 

Page: 167–169

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.

Topic: Dissociative Disorders

 

Category                                                                                                                                                                   # of Questions

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation                                                                                                                                                      90

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.                                                          62

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.                                                                       13

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.                                                                                                                    19

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.                                                                                                      2

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.                                                                                           4

Bloom’s: Apply                                                                                                                                                                                     19

Bloom’s: Remember                                                                                                                                                                              48

Bloom’s: Understand                                                                                                                                                                             33

Difficulty: Difficult                                                                                                                                                                               9

Difficulty: Easy                                                                                                                                                                                     47

Difficulty: Moderate                                                                                                                                                                              44

Learning Objective: Identify symptoms and treatments of somatic symptom disorders.                                                                       39

Learning Objective: Specify the symptoms and treatments of dissociative disorders.                                                                           61

Topic: Conversion Disorder                                                                                                                                                                  13

Topic: Depersonalization/Derealization Disorder                                                                                                                                  3

Topic: Dissociative Amnesia                                                                                                                                                                 17

Topic: Dissociative Disorders                                                                                                                                                               14

Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder                                                                                                                                                    22

Topic: Factitious Disorder                                                                                                                                                                     4

Topic: Fugue State                                                                                                                                                                                6

Topic: Illness Anxiety Disorder                                                                                                                                                            5

Topic: Secondary Gain                                                                                                                                                                          1

Topic: Somatic Symptom Disorder                                                                                                                                                       18

Chapter 12

Eating Disorders

 

  1. Which of the following is one of the strongest predictors of risk for the development of eating disorders in young women?
  2. The desire to meet a mate
  3. B. The desire to reduce body dissatisfaction
  4. The desire to live a longer life
  5. The desire to be more healthy

Page: 347

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Eating Disorders

 

  1. People with _____ starve themselves, subsisting on little or no food for very long periods of time, yet they remain convinced that they need to lose more weight.
  2. binge-eating disorder
  3. obesity
  4. bulimia nervosa
  5. D. anorexia nervosa

Page: 335

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Anorexia Nervosa

 

  1. Fergus has lost one hundred pounds this past year through extreme exercise and dieting. His weight is 15 percent below what his physician says is a healthy for him, yet Fergus refuses to acknowledge his thinness or the serious risks of self-starvation. Fergus is afraid that if he gains weight, no woman will date him. Fergus is best exhibiting signs of _____.
  2. body dysmorphic disorder
  3. obsessive-compulsive disorder
  4. bulimia nervosa
  5. D. anorexia nervosa

Page: 335

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Anorexia Nervosa

 

  1. Amenorrhea refers to:
  2. a female’s inability to ovulate.
  3. excessive bleeding during menstruation.
  4. C. the absence of menstrual periods.
  5. irregular menstrual cycles.

Page: 335

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Anorexia Nervosa

 

  1. People with anorexia nervosa:
  2. A. often develop elaborate rituals around food.
  3. tend to feel energetic even when they have not eaten.
  4. feel unworthy even when they are losing weight.
  5. are not afraid of gaining weight.

Page: 335

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Anorexia Nervosa

 

  1. Which of the following requirements did DSM-5 eliminate from the anorexia nervosa diagnostic criteria?
  2. Calorie restriction
  3. B. Amenorrhea
  4. Fear of weight gain
  5. Discomfort with self-evaluation of one’s body

Page: 335

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Anorexia Nervosa

 

  1. Engaging in excessive exercise in addition to limiting calorie intake falls under the _____ type of anorexia nervosa.
  2. A. restricting
  3. binge/purge
  4. self-evaluation
  5. bulimic

Page: 336

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Anorexia Nervosa

 

  1. Periodically engaging in binge eating or purging behavior while continuing to be substantially below a healthy body weight is known as the_____ type of anorexia nervosa in the DSM-5.
  2. restricting
  3. B. binge/purge
  4. self-evaluation
  5. bulimic

Page: 337

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Anorexia Nervosa

 

  1. Which type of anorexia nervosa involves eating very small amounts of food each day, in part simply to stay alive and in part because of pressure from others to eat?
  2. The constricting type
  3. The binge/purge type
  4. C. The restricting type
  5. The self-imposed type

Page: 336

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Anorexia Nervosa

 

  1. What are the two types of anorexia nervosa recognized by the DSM-5?
  2. The simple type and the constricting type
  3. The binge type and the purge type
  4. C. The restricting type and the binge/purge type
  5. The self-imposed type and the induced type

Page: 337

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Anorexia Nervosa

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of the difference between the binge/purge type of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa?
  2. Women with bulimia nervosa have amenorrhea, whereas women with binge/purge anorexia usually do not.
  3. People with the binge/purge type of anorexia nervosa engage in binges in which large amounts of food are eaten, whereas binges in bulimia nervosa consist of smaller amounts of food.
  4. Anorexia nervosa affects both men and women, whereas bulimia nervosa is prevalent among men only.
  5. D. People with the binge/purge type of anorexia nervosa continue to be substantially below a healthy body weight, whereas people with bulimia nervosa typically are at normal weight or somewhat overweight.

Page: 339

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Eating Disorders

 

  1. Amile is underweight and uncomfortable with her body. She has no sense of lack of control over eating, and she exercises excessively. According to the DSM-5 criteria for anorexia nervosa, Amile would most likely be diagnosed with the _____ type of anorexia nervosa.
  2. A. restricting
  3. binge/purge
  4. self-evaluation
  5. body dysmorphic

Page: 336

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Anorexia Nervosa

 

  1. Thea is significantly underweight and disturbed by her body image. She tends to use diuretics and laxatives to keep her weight low. She experiences a sense of lack of control over eating, but only when she eats large amounts of food at a time. According to the DSM-5 criteria for feeding and eating disorders, she would most likely be diagnosed with the _____ type of anorexia nervosa.
  2. restricting
  3. B. binge/purge
  4. self-evaluation
  5. body dysmorphic

Page: 336

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Anorexia Nervosa

 

  1. The DSM-5 suggests using a body mass index (BMI) of _____ kg/m2 as the lower limit of normal body weight.
  2. A. 5
  3. 23.5
  4. 15—15.99
  5. <15.5

Page: 337

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Anorexia Nervosa

 

  1. For several months, Reba has kept her weight 10 to 15 pounds below what would be considered normal for her age and height. She uses laxatives after her meals as a purging behavior. She has become concerned because she has recently stopped menstruating. According to the DSM-5, with which of the following feeding and eating disorders will Reba most likely be diagnosed?
  2. Binge-eating disorder
  3. Bulimia nervosa, purging type
  4. C. Anorexia nervosa, binge/purge type
  5. Anorexia nervosa, restricting type

Page: 336

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Anorexia Nervosa

 

  1. Which of the following individuals in the United States is most likely to develop anorexia nervosa?
  2. Bertha, 22, an Asian-American businessperson
  3. Lena, 15, a Latino high school student
  4. Janet, 16, an African-American high school student
  5. D. Abigail, 18, a Caucasian college student

Page: 338

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Anorexia Nervosa

 

  1. All of the following are considered serious physical consequences of anorexia nervosa EXCEPT:
  2. A. hiatal hernias.
  3. cardiovascular complications.
  4. lower bone strength.
  5. kidney damage.

Page: 338-339

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Anorexia Nervosa

 

  1. The core characteristic of bulimia nervosa is:
  2. A. uncontrolled eating.
  3. a gross distortion in body image.
  4. the absence of physical exercise.
  5. controlled purging.

Page: 339

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Bulimia Nervosa

 

  1. Which of the following behaviors is typically associated with bulimia nervosa?
  2. Intense fear of gaining weight
  3. B. Self-induced vomiting
  4. Absence of purging behaviors
  5. Significantly low body weight

Page: 339

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Bulimia Nervosa

 

  1. Laurell is of normal weight but is over-concerned with her weight and figure. She often eats meals containing hundreds of calories and then feels guilty about her lack of control over eating. She subsequently uses laxatives to purge herself and get rid of the unwanted calories. According to the DSM-5, Laurell best meets the diagnostic criteria for _____.
  2. binge-eating disorder
  3. B. bulimia nervosa
  4. anorexia nervosa; binge/purge type
  5. anorexia nervosa; restricting type

Page: 339

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Bulimia Nervosa

 

  1. Fred is of normal weight but is over-concerned with his body image. He often eats at the all-you-can-eat buffet and is guilty about not being able to control his eating. He then exercises excessively to control his weight. According to the DSM-5, he will most likely meet the diagnostic criteria for _____.
  2. binge-eating disorder
  3. B. bulimia nervosa
  4. anorexia nervosa; binge/purge type
  5. anorexia nervosa; restricting type

Page: 339

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Bulimia Nervosa

 

  1. Which of the following individuals is most likely to develop bulimia nervosa?
  2. Bertha, 22, an Asian-American businessperson
  3. Lena, 15, a Latino high school student
  4. Janet, 16, an African-American high school student
  5. D. Abigail, 18, a European American college student

Page: 339

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Bulimia Nervosa

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of bulimia nervosa?
  2. The lifetime prevalence of bulimia nervosa in the general population is estimated to be between five and eight percent.
  3. B. It is much more common in women than in men, and more common in Caucasians than in African Americans.
  4. The death rate among people with bulimia nervosa is much higher than it is among people with anorexia nervosa.
  5. It is a disorder mostly associated with adolescence, and usually disappears once the person enters adulthood.

Page: 340

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Bulimia Nervosa

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of the cultural differences in feeding and eating disorders?
  2. A. A meta-analysis found that bulimia nervosa is considerably more common in Westernized cultures than in non-Westernized cultures.
  3. The prevalence of bulimia nervosa has decreased significantly in the second half of the twentieth century.
  4. Since 1990, the prevalence of bulimia nervosa has increased dramatically in the United States, Europe, and Australia.
  5. The incidence of anorexia nervosa was stable between 1930 and 1970, but has risen significantly since then.

Page: 340

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Bulimia Nervosa

 

  1. Doctors can recognize people with bulimia nervosa because of the fact that:
  2. A. they tend to have an electrolyte imbalance.
  3. the regular use of laxatives causes mouth ulcers.
  4. self-induced vomiting reduces calcium, which affects the teeth.
  5. frequent vomiting can affect the tonsils.

Page: 340

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Bulimia Nervosa

 

  1. Which of the following feeding and eating disorders involves an imbalance in the body’s electrolytes?
  2. Binge-eating disorder
  3. B. Bulimia nervosa
  4. Partial eating disorder syndrome
  5. Anorexia nervosa

Page: 340

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Bulimia Nervosa

 

  1. Binge-eating disorder differs from bulimia nervosa in that the person with binge-eating disorder:
  2. limits the number of times bingeing occurs.
  3. is better able to control food consumption.
  4. C. does not regularly engage in purging or excessive exercise.
  5. experiences less anxiety about bingeing.

Page: 341

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Eating Disorders

 

  1. Dennis tends to eat excessive amounts of food several times a day. As a result of overeating, Dennis is 30 pounds overweight. Dennis is most likely exhibiting:
  2. the non-purging type of bulimia nervosa.
  3. the purging type of bulimia nervosa.
  4. the binge-purge type of anorexia nervosa.
  5. D. binge-eating disorder.

Page: 341

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Binge Eating Disorder

 

  1. Enrique is significantly overweight and distressed with his body image. He often eats at the all-you-can-eat buffet and then feels a lack of control when he can’t do anything to make himself feel better. According to the DSM-5, he will most likely meet the criteria for _____.
  2. A. binge-eating disorder
  3. bulimia nervosa
  4. anorexia nervosa; binge/purge type
  5. anorexia nervosa; restricting type

Page: 341

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Binge Eating Disorder

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of binge-eating disorder?
  2. Due to a lack of substantial evidence supporting its existence, the DSM-5 will most likely drop binge-eating disorder as an official diagnosis.
  3. B. People with binge-eating disorder typically have a history of frequent dieting, membership in weight-control programs, and family obesity.
  4. Unlike anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, binge-eating disorder is more common in men than in women.
  5. Binge-eating disorder is most common among African Americans, compared to other groups in the general population.

Page: 342

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Binge Eating Disorder

 

  1. Researchers conducting a longitudinal study in Oregon, which followed a large group of adolescents, coined the label _____ for syndromes on the less severe end of the continuum of feeding and eating disorders that don’t meet the full criteria for anorexia or bulimia nervosa.
  2. marginal eating disorders
  3. borderline eating disorders
  4. C. partial-syndrome eating disorders
  5. pica disorders

Page: 342

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Binge Eating Disorder

 

  1. A longitudinal study in Oregon, which focused on adolescents with less severe feeding and eating disorders known as partial-syndrome eating disorders, found that these adolescents:
  2. may binge multiple times per week.
  3. may be a severely underweight.
  4. C. tend to judge themselves on the basis of their weight.
  5. are not excessively concerned about their weight.

Page: 342

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Binge Eating Disorder

 

  1. Madeline is highly concerned with her weight and has been engaging in a binge/purge cycle twice a month for the past two months. According to the DSM-5 criteria, she will most likely meet the criteria for _____.
  2. pica eating disorder
  3. B. bulimia nervosa of low frequency
  4. atypical anorexia nervosa
  5. night eating syndrome

Page: 342

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Binge Eating Disorder

 

  1. Shanee is overweight and highly concerned with her weight. Because she has insomnia, she has a tendency to regularly stay up late watching TV and overeating. She is distressed that she can’t control her eating behaviors. According to the DSM-5, she will most likely meet the criteria for _____.
  2. pica eating disorder
  3. bulimia nervosa of low frequency
  4. atypical anorexia nervosa
  5. D. night eating syndrome

Page: 342-343

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Eating Disorders

 

  1. Simone meets all the criteria for anorexia nervosa EXCEPT that she falls within the normal weight range.

According to the DSM-5, she will most likely be diagnosed with _____.

  1. pica syndrome eating disorder
  2. bulimia nervosa of low frequency
  3. C. atypical anorexia nervosa
  4. night eating syndrome

Page: 342

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Eating Disorders

 

  1. Which of the following was a finding of a longitudinal study in Oregon that focused on adolescents with partialsyndrome eating disorders?
  2. Adolescents with partial-syndrome eating disorders were more likely to be boys than girls.
  3. Adolescents with partial-syndrome eating disorders were more likely to have earned a bachelor’s degree but were also more likely to be unemployed.
  4. Adolescents with partial-syndrome eating disorders were less likely than those with full-blown eating disorders to have psychological problems.
  5. D. Adolescents with partial-syndrome eating disorders had lower self-esteem and lower levels of life satisfaction than those with no signs of a feeding and eating disorder.

Page: 342

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Eating Disorders

 

  1. A longitudinal study in Oregon, which focused on adolescents with partial-syndrome eating disorders, found that almost _____ percent of these adolescents had a diagnosable psychiatric disorder when they were in their early 20s.
  2. 60
  3. 75
  4. 80
  5. D. 90

Page: 346

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Eating Disorders

 

  1. The DSM-5 allows the diagnosis of _____ for individuals who have some symptoms of a feeding and eating disorder that cause clinically significant impairment, but they do not meet full criteria for anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa.
  2. restricting anorexia nervosa
  3. B. other specified feeding or eating disorder
  4. binge-eating disorder
  5. undifferentiated eating disorder syndrome

Page: 342

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Eating Disorders

 

  1. Unspecified feeding or eating disorder a prevalence of approximately _____ percent in the general population.
  2. 1
  3. 3
  4. C. 5
  5. 9

Page: 343

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Eating Disorders

 

  1. Obesity is defined as a body mass index (BMI) of _____ or above.
  2. 20
  3. 25
  4. C. 30
  5. 50

Page: 343

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Obesity

 

  1. In 2012, Ogden et al. estimated that _____ of American adults are obese.
  2. almost one-fourth
  3. B. over one-third
  4. under one-quarter
  5. about two-thirds

Page: 343

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Obesity

 

  1. Which of the following groups has the highest rate of obesity?
  2. A. African Americans
  3. Asian Americans
  4. Caucasians
  5. Latinos

Page: 343

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Obesity

 

  1. _____ is not designated as an eating disorder in DSM-5.
  2. A. Obesity
  3. Anorexia nervosa
  4. Bulimia nervosa
  5. Eating disorders not otherwise specified

Page: 343

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Obesity

 

  1. Obesity is linked to increased risk for all of the following EXCEPT:
  2. coronary heart disease.
  3. type 2 diabetes.
  4. some kinds of cancer.
  5. D. caesarian sections.

Page: 343

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Obesity

 

  1. _____ percent of all Americans do not get any exercise at all.
  2. 10
  3. B. 25
  4. 50
  5. 75

Page: 344

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Obesity

 

  1. Weight-loss drugs, such as _____, suppress appetite and can help people lose weight.
  2. A. sibutramine and orlistat
  3. sibutramine and fluoxetine
  4. rimonabant and risperidone
  5. risperidone and fluoxetine

Page: 345

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Obesity

 

  1. Which of the following weight-loss medications results in increased blood pressure and heart rate?
  2. Orlistat
  3. Rimonabant
  4. Xenical
  5. D. Sibutramine

Page: 345

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Obesity

 

  1. _____ involves creating a small pouch at the base of the esophagus, which severely limits food intake. The stomach may be stapled, banded, or bypassed.
  2. Nonadjustable gastric banding
  3. B. Bariatric surgery
  4. StomaphyX
  5. Horizontal banded gastroplasty

Page: 345

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Obesity

 

  1. Which of the following is a proven method for preventing weight gain and reducing weight?
  2. Eat fewer nutrient-dense foods and more empty calories from food and beverages.
  3. Obtain bariatric surgery to reduce caloric need.
  4. Consume junk food in moderation daily to prevent sudden binges.
  5. D. Increase physical activity throughout the day.

Page: 346

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Obesity

 

  1. The _____ plays a central role in regulating eating.
  2. thalamus
  3. B. hypothalamus
  4. hippocampus
  5. amygdala

Page: 346

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Eating Disorders

 

  1. A biological abnormality found in people with anorexia nervosa is:
  2. increased functioning in the caudate nucleus.
  3. improper functioning of the neurotransmitter norepinephrine.
  4. decreased metabolism in the frontal cerebrum.
  5. D. lowered functioning of the hypothalamus.

Page: 347

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Anorexia Nervosa

 

  1. Many people with bulimia nervosa show abnormalities in systems regulating the neurotransmitter _____.
  2. A. serotonin
  3. epinephrine
  4. acetylcholine
  5. norepinephrine

Page: 347

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Bulimia Nervosa

 

  1. Deficiencies in serotonin might lead the body to crave _____.
  2. potassium
  3. B. carbohydrates
  4. proteins
  5. sodium

Page: 347

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Eating Disorders

 

  1. Psychologists have linked the historical and cross-cultural differences in the prevalence of feeding and eating disorders to:
  2. A. the standards of beauty for women.
  3. how affluent or poor a society is.
  4. low self-esteem.
  5. levels of education.

Page: 347

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Eating Disorders

 

  1. Longitudinal studies have shown that women who:
  2. A. internalize the thin ideal are more likely to develop bulimic symptoms.
  3. understand all the implications of the thin ideal are more likely to develop bulimic symptoms.
  4. argue against the thin ideal are more likely to develop bulimic symptoms.
  5. recognize pressures from the media to subscribe to the thin ideal are more likely to develop bulimic symptoms.

Page: 347

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Eating Disorders

 

  1. Paula has been participating in sports since she was five. She is now at the elite level in her sport, and is under pressure to be slim and fit. Due to this pressure, she has lost significant amounts of weight and has been diagnosed with anorexia nervosa. According to research on the rates of eating disorders in elite women athletes, Paula is least likely to be participating in _____.
  2. gymnastics
  3. judo
  4. figure skating
  5. D. soccer

Page: 349

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Eating Disorders

 

  1. In which of the following categories of sports are athletes most likely to have a feeding and eating disorder?
  2. A. Aesthetic sports
  3. Endurance sports
  4. Ball game sports
  5. Technical sports

Page: 353

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Eating Disorders

 

  1. Which of the following high school students is most likely to develop a feeding and eating disorder?
  2. A. Susan, who is a gymnast
  3. Anna, who plays basketball
  4. Martha, who plays softball
  5. Trina, who plays golf

Page: 349

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Eating Disorders

 

  1. Which of the following high school students is most likely to develop a feeding and eating disorder?
  2. Austin, who plays soccer
  3. Jared, who plays football
  4. KJ, who plays baseball
  5. D. Randy, who is a wrestler

Page: 349

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Eating Disorders

 

  1. Which of the following is true about athletes and feeding and eating disorders?
  2. A. May, who is an elite athlete, is more likely develop a feeding and eating disorder than June, who is a non-elite athlete.
  3. May, who is an elite athlete, is less likely to develop a feeding and eating disorder than June, who is a non-elite athlete.
  4. May, who is an elite athlete, and June, who is a non-elite athlete, are equally likely to develop a feeding and eating disorder.
  5. Neither May nor June will develop a feeding and eating disorder because there is no empirical evidence correlating eating disorders and athletes.

Page: 350

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Eating Disorders

 

  1. Kathleen Vohs and colleagues suggested that disordered eating is especially likely to result when body dissatisfaction is combined with:
  2. A. perfectionism and low self-esteem.
  3. poor self-image and internalization of the thin ideal.
  4. internalization of the thin ideal and a desire for social acceptance.
  5. a desire for social acceptance and a perfectionist nature.

Page: 350

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Eating Disorders

 

  1. According to research, people with feeding and eating disorders:
  2. are not bothered by others’ opinions.
  3. are flexible in their self-evaluations.
  4. C. have a dichotomous thinking style.
  5. rarely conform to others’ wishes.

Page: 350

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Eating Disorders

 

  1. Which of the following binge-eating subtypes did Stice et al. (2002, 2008) identify?
  2. Dieting subtype and anxiety subtype
  3. Anxiety subtype and panic subtype
  4. Panic subtype and depressive subtype
  5. D. Depressive subtype and dieting subtype

Page: 350

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Eating

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Eating Disorders

 

  1. According to Stice et al. (2002, 2008), women with the _____ of binge eating try their best to maintain a strict low-calorie diet, but they frequently fall off the wagon and engage in binge eating.
  2. A. dieting subtype
  3. anxiety subtype
  4. panic subtype
  5. depressive subtype

Page: 350

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Eating Disorders

 

  1. According to Stice et al. (2002, 2008), women with the _____ subtype of binge eating are plagued by feelings of low self-esteem and often eat to quell these feelings.
  2. dieting
  3. anxiety
  4. panic
  5. D. depressive

Page: 350

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Eating Disorders

 

  1. According to the study conducted by Stice et al. (2002, 2008), women with the depressive subtype:
  2. A. are less likely to respond well to treatment.
  3. face fewer difficulties in their relationships with family and friends.
  4. are less likely to continue to engage in severe binge eating.
  5. are less likely to be diagnosed with major depression or an anxiety disorder.

Page: 350

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Eating Disorders

 

  1. What percentage of women with the depressive subtype of binge-eating developed major depression over the eight-year period after the study conducted by Stice et al. (2002, 2008)?
  2. 60 percent
  3. 65 percent
  4. 75 percent
  5. D. 80 percent

Page: 351

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Eating Disorders

 

  1. According to Hilde Bruch (1972, 1983), anorexia nervosa often occurs in girls who:
  2. are underachievers with high anxiety.
  3. do not conform to social norms and have low anxiety.
  4. C. have been high achievers, and are dutiful and compliant daughters.
  5. have low self-esteem combined with a rebellious nature.

Page: 351

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Anorexia Nervosa

 

  1. According to Hilde Bruch (1972, 1983), which of the following is NOT true of the parents of girls who develop anorexia nervosa?
  2. They tend to be over-controlling.
  3. They tend to be overinvested in their daughters’ compliance and achievements.
  4. C. They allow their daughters to express negative feelings.
  5. They discourage the expression of all feelings.

Page: 351

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Anorexia Nervosa

 

  1. Hilde Bruch (1972, 1983) argues that girls from over-controlling families:
  2. have a strong desire for peer relationships.
  3. tend to show higher levels of sexual activity.
  4. C. deeply fear separation from their families.
  5. are in tune with their feelings and trust their own judgment.

Page: 351

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Anorexia Nervosa

 

  1. Marianne has controlling, overprotective, fault-finding parents. In response to their behavior, she refuses to maintain the minimal body weight she needs for her age and height. Aside from her feeding and eating disorder, Marianne will most likely exhibit all of the following behaviors EXCEPT _____.
  2. A. conformity
  3. defiance
  4. distrust
  5. anger

Page: 351

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Anorexia Nervosa

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of psychotherapy for anorexia?
  2. A. People with anorexia nervosa highly value their thinness and can be resistant to therapists’ attempts to change their behaviors or attitudes.
  3. Hospitalization and forced feeding are hardly ever used for treating patients with anorexia nervosa.
  4. Most people with anorexia nervosa proactively seek treatment for themselves, as they realize the dangers associated with their behaviors.
  5. Psychotherapy for patients with anorexia nervosa tends to be short-term, as the relapse rate is usually low.

Page: 352

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Anorexia Nervosa

 

  1. _____ therapies are the most researched treatment for anorexia nervosa.
  2. A. Cognitive-behavioral
  3. Psychodynamic
  4. Behavioral
  5. Rational-emotive

Page: 353

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Anorexia Nervosa

 

  1. Gwendolyn weighs 85 pounds and has been diagnosed with anorexia nervosa. Which of the following factors is most likely to present a major difficulty with respect to treating her in therapy?
  2. A. Control
  3. Delusions
  4. Transference
  5. Ethics

Page: 353

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Anorexia Nervosa

 

  1. A therapist who treats a client with anorexia nervosa should:
  2. get the client to give up all control.
  3. B. earn and maintain the client’s trust and encourage participation.
  4. convince the client’s family to develop more clear-cut boundaries.
  5. earn and maintain the family’s trust and participation.

Page: 352

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Anorexia Nervosa

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of cognitive-behavioral therapy for anorexia nervosa?
  2. The client’s family members discuss their opinions about the client’s disorder.
  3. The clients are encouraged to discuss their repressed feelings and anxieties.
  4. C. The client’s overvaluation of thinness is confronted, and rewards are based on the client gaining weight.
  5. The therapist uses projective tests to identify and interpret the client’s feelings.

Page: 353

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Anorexia Nervosa

 

  1. April is receiving individual therapy from Dr. Gruber for anorexia nervosa. Dr. Gruber will most likely:
  2. define April’s feelings for her.
  3. B. help April reevaluate her thoughts about being thin.
  4. have April hospitalized.
  5. convince April to ask her parents to intervene.

Page: 357

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Anorexia Nervosa

 

  1. The best-studied family therapy for persons with anorexia nervosa is known as the:
  2. systemic coaching model.
  3. Maslow model.
  4. C. Maudsley model.
  5. constructivist model.

Page: 357

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Anorexia Nervosa

 

  1. The Maudsley model of family therapy involves:
  2. 6 sessions over 2 months.
  3. 4 to 8 sessions over 2 months.
  4. 5 to 10 session over 3 months.
  5. D. 10 to 20 sessions over 6 to 12 months.

Page: 353

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Anorexia Nervosa

 

  1. In the Maudsley model of family therapy, parents are:
  2. made to model healthy eating habits for their children.
  3. guided on how to provide support to children with feeding and eating disorders.
  4. taught to gradually relinquish their control over the child.
  5. D. coached to take control over their child’s eating and weight.

Page: 353

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Anorexia Nervosa

 

  1. The behavioral component of cognitive-behavioral therapy in treating bulimia nervosa involves:
  2. identifying and analyzing the client’s childhood experiences with food.
  3. B. introducing forbidden foods back into the client’s diet.
  4. providing negative reinforcements every time the client purges.
  5. prescribing selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) to the client.

Page: 354

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Bulimia Nervosa

 

  1. The behavioral component of cognitive-behavioral therapy in treating anorexia involves:
  2. identifying and analyzing the client’s childhood experiences with food.
  3. B. giving rewards that are contingent on weight gain.
  4. providing negative reinforcements every time the client purges.
  5. prescribing selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) to the client.

Page: 353

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Anorexia Nervosa

 

  1. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for bulimia nervosa usually lasts about _____ months and involves _____ sessions.
  2. 3 to 6; 3 to 6
  3. 2 to 4; 5 to 10
  4. C. 3 to 6; 10 to 20
  5. 2 to 4; 10 to 20

Page: 354

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Bulimia Nervosa

 

  1. Controlled studies of the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy for bulimia nervosa find that _____ the clients completely stop the binge/purge cycle.
  2. only 10 percent of
  3. 25 percent of
  4. C. about half
  5. three-fourths of

Page: 354

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.1 Use scientific reasoning to interpret psychological phenomena.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Bulimia Nervosa

 

  1. _____ therapy is more effective than _____ in producing complete cessation of binge eating and purging and in preventing relapse over the long term.
  2. A. Cognitive-behavioral; drug therapy
  3. Drug; behavioral therapy
  4. Behavioral; psychodynamic therapy
  5. Psychodynamic; cognitive-behavioral therapy

Page: 354

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Eating Disorders

 

  1. In _____ therapy, the client and the therapist discuss interpersonal problems related to the client’s feeding and eating disorder, and the therapist works actively with the client to develop strategies to solve these problems.
  2. cognitive-behavioral
  3. B. interpersonal
  4. behavioral
  5. rational-emotive

Page: 354

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Eating Disorders

 

  1. In _____ therapy, the therapist encourages the client to talk about problems related to the feeding and eating disorder—especially interpersonal problems—but in a highly nondirective manner.
  2. interpersonal
  3. behavioral
  4. cognitive-behavioral
  5. D. supportive-expressive psychodynamic

Page: 354

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Eating Disorders

 

  1. In _____ therapy, the client is taught how to monitor her food intake, is reinforced for introducing avoided foods into her diet, and is taught coping techniques for avoiding bingeing.
  2. A. behavioral
  3. interpersonal
  4. psychodynamic
  5. supportive-expressive psychodynamic

Page: 354

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Eating Disorders

 

  1. Dominic has been seeing Dr. Provine for help with his feeding and eating disorder. In a highly nondirective manner, Dr. Provine helps Dominic talk about problems related to his feeding and eating disorder, including those related to his interpersonal relationships. This is an example of _____ therapy.
  2. behavioral
  3. interpersonal
  4. C. supportive-expressive psychodynamic
  5. cognitive

Page: 354

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Eating Disorders

 

  1. Comparisons of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and interpersonal therapy (IPT) suggest that:
  2. CBT appears to be more effective in preventing relapse in patients with bulimia nervosa.
  3. B. CBT is significantly more effective than IPT in treating bulimia nervosa.
  4. IPT works more quickly, with substantial improvement being shown by three to six weeks.
  5. IPT appears to be less effective in preventing relapse in patients with bulimia nervosa.

Page: 354

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Eating Disorders

 

  1. _____, such as fluoxetine (Prozac), have been the focus of much research on biological treatments for bulimia nervosa.
  2. A. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
  3. Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs)
  4. Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)
  5. Tricyclic antidepressants

Page: 359

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Bulimia Nervosa

 

  1. Which of the following is the most accurate statement about drug treatments and psychotherapies in treating bulimia nervosa?
  2. Stopping any kind of psychotherapy increases the rate of recovery from the disorder.
  3. Stopping cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) increases the rate of recovery from the disorder.
  4. C. Adding CBT to antidepressant treatment increases the rate of recovery from the disorder.
  5. Adding interpersonal therapy to antidepressant treatment increases the rate of recovery from the disorder.

Page: 354

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Bulimia Nervosa

 

  1. What is anorexia nervosa? Describe the diagnostic criteria for this disorder.

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

Anorexia nervosa—people starve themselves, subsisting on little or no food for very long periods of time

Diagnostic criteria—Restriction of energy intake relative to requirements, leading to a significantly low body weight in the context of age, sex, developmental trajectory, and physical health. Significantly low weight is defined as a weight that is less than minimally normal or, for children and adolescents, less than that minimally expected; Intense fear of gaining weight or of becoming fat, or of persistent behavior that interferes with weight gain, even though at a significantly low weight; Disturbance in the way in which one’s body weight or shape is experienced, undue influence of body weight or shape on self-evaluation, or persistent lack of recognition of the seriousness of the current low body weight.

Page: 335-33

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Anorexia Nervosa

 

  1. What are the subtypes of anorexia nervosa?

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

Anorexia nervosa subtypes—restricting type (individual refuses to eat), binge/purge type (individual periodically engages in bingeing or purging behaviors)

Page: 336-337

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Anorexia Nervosa

 

  1. What is bulimia nervosa? Describe the diagnostic criteria for this disorder.

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

Bulimia nervosa—uncontrolled eating (bingeing), followed by behaviors designed to prevent weight gain from the binges

Diagnostic criteria—recurrent episodes of binge eating; eating in a discrete period of time an amount of food that is definitely larger than most people would eat during a similar period of time and under similar circumstances; a sense of lack of control over eating during the episode; recurrent inappropriate compensatory behaviors to prevent weight gain, such as self-induced vomiting, misuse of laxatives, diuretics, enemas, or other medications, fasting, excessive exercise; the binge eating and inappropriate purging behaviors both occur, on average, at least once per week for three months; self-evaluation is unduly influenced by body shape and weight; the disturbance does not occur exclusively during episodes of anorexia nervosa.

Page: 339

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Bulimia Nervosa

 

  1. What is binge-eating disorder? Describe the diagnostic criteria for this disorder.

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

Binge-eating disorder—resembles bulimia nervosa, except that the person does not regularly engage in purging, fasting, or excessive exercise to compensate for binges

Diagnostic criteria—recurrent episodes of binge eating that occur in a discrete period of time (within two hours) and a sense of loss of control during the eating; binge episodes are associated with three or more of the following: eating more rapidly than normal; eating until feeling uncomfortably full; eating large amounts of food when not hungry; eating alone due to embarrassment or guilt; eating amounts that lead to feeling disgusted,

depressed, and very guilty; marked distress of binge eating is present; binge eating occurs at least once a week for a three-month period; the binge eating is not associated with the regular use of inappropriate compensatory behaviors, such as purging, fasting, or excessive exercise, and does not occur exclusively during the course of anorexia or bulimia nervosa.

Page: 341

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Binge Eating Disorder

 

  1. The DSM-5 created a new diagnostic category called other specified feeding or eating disorder. What are some of the types of this disorder?

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

The DSM-5 created a new diagnostic category called other specified feeding or eating disorder to capture presentations of an eating disorder that cause clinically significant distress or impairment but do not meet the full diagnostic criteria for any of the eating disorders previously discussed. The partial syndrome eating disorders would fit into this new category.

The DSM-5‘s other specified feeding or eating disorder category includes disorders like atypical anorexia nervosa wherein all the criteria for anorexia nervosa are met, except that despite significant weight loss, the individual’s weight is within or above the normal range. Another example is bulimia nervosa of low frequency and/or limited duration, which involves meeting all of the criteria for bulimia nervosa, except that the binge eating and inappropriate compensatory behaviors occur, an average, less than once a week and/or for less than three months. One last example is night eating syndrome, a new disorder introduced in DSM-5.

Page: 343-343

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Eating Disorders

 

  1. What is obesity? What are the risks associated with obesity and what are the trends that have been observed about this disorder?

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

Obesity—a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or over, where BMI is calculated as your weight in pounds multiplied by 703, then divided by the square of your height in inches Risks—increased risk of coronary heart disease, hypertension and stroke, type 2 diabetes, and some kinds of cancer; a BMI of 30 or more increases the risk of death by approximately 30 percent, and a BMI of 40 or more increases the risk of death by 100 percent; quality of life for obese people can suffer, both because of health effects and because obesity is highly stigmatized Trends—between 1980 and 2002, the prevalence of obesity doubled in adults and tripled in children and adolescents; in 2010, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimated that over one-third of Americans were obese; African Americans have the highest rate of obesity, followed by Latinos and Caucasians; rates of obesity also are climbing around the world, particularly in countries where the standard of living is increasing

Page: 343-344

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Obesity

 

  1. Briefly describe the biological factors that have been implicated in feeding and eating disorders.

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

Genetic factors—twin studies of anorexia nervosa have found that from 33 to 84 percent of the variability in the disorder is due to genetic factors; twin studies of bulimia nervosa put its heritability at 50 to 83 percent

Brain abnormalities—people with anorexia nervosa show lowered functioning of the hypothalamus and abnormalities in the levels of several hormones important to the functioning of the hypothalamus or in their regulation, including serotonin and dopamine; many people with bulimia show abnormalities in the neurotransmitter serotonin (deficiencies in serotonin might lead the body to crave carbohydrates, and people with bulimia often binge on high-carbohydrate foods)

Page: 346-347

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Eating Disorders

 

  1. One group at increased risk for unhealthy and disordered eating habits is athletes. Elaborate on this statement.

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

One group at increased risk for unhealthy and disordered eating habits is athletes, especially those participating in sports in which weight is considered an important factor in competitiveness.

Female athletes participating in sports classified as “aesthetic” or “weight-dependent,” including diving, figure skating, gymnastics, dance, judo, karate, and wrestling, are most likely to have anorexia or bulimia nervosa.

Among men, bodybuilders routinely have substantial weight fluctuations as they shape their bodies for competition and then binge in the off-season.

Page: 348-350

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Eating Disorders

 

  1. Briefly describe the thinking patterns of individuals with feeding and eating disorders.

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

Cognitive models—overvaluation of appearance: people consider their body shape to be one of the most important aspects of their self-evaluation and believe that achieving thinness will bring social and psychological benefits; body dissatisfaction combined with perfectionism and low self-esteem can lead to disordered eating patterns; people are more concerned with the opinions of others, are more conforming to others’ wishes, and are more perfectionist and rigid in their evaluations of themselves; dichotomous thinking

Page: 354-355

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Eating Disorders

 

  1. What family characteristics may be involved in feeding and eating disorders?

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

Family characteristics—Anorexia nervosa often seems to occur in girls who have been unusually “good girls”—high achievers, dutiful and compliant daughters who are always trying to please their parents and others by being “perfect;” parents are overinvested in their daughters’ compliance and achievements, are over-controlling, and do not allow the expression of feelings; families have high levels of conflict, discourage the expression of negative emotions, and emphasize control and perfectionism; mothers in these families believe their daughters should lose more weight, criticize their daughters’ weight, and are themselves more likely to show disordered eating patterns

Page: 351-352

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.

Topic: Eating Disorders

 

Category                                                                                                                                                                             # of Questions

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation                                                                                                                                                              92

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.                                                                  54

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.                                                                                                                            20

APA Outcome: 2.1 Use scientific reasoning to interpret psychological phenomena.                                                                                    1

APA Outcome: 2.2 Demonstrate psychology information literacy.                                                                                                              27

Bloom’s: Apply                                                                                                                                                                                             20

Bloom’s: Remember                                                                                                                                                                                      73

Bloom’s: Understand                                                                                                                                                                                     9

Difficulty: Difficult                                                                                                                                                                                       15

Difficulty: Easy                                                                                                                                                                                             59

Difficulty: Eating                                                                                                                                                                                           1

Difficulty: Moderate                                                                                                                                                                                      27

Learning Objective: Identify characteristics, theories, and treatments of eating disorders.                                                                            102

Topic: Anorexia Nervosa                                                                                                                                                                              32

Topic: Binge Eating Disorder                                                                                                                                                                        7

Topic: Bulimia Nervosa                                                                                                                                                                                16

Topic: Eating Disorders                                                                                                                                                                                36

Topic: Obesity                                                                                                                                                                                               11

Chapter 16

Mental Health and the Law

 

  1. Prior to the mid-twentieth century, in the United States, _____ was sufficient cause to hospitalize people against their will and force them to undergo treatment.
  2. dangerousness to self
  3. B. the need for treatment
  4. dangerousness to others
  5. grave disability

Page: 459

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. A person being considered for involuntary commitment:
  2. has no right to court-appointed counsel.
  3. has the right to be placed in the most restrictive setting.
  4. C. has the right to call and confront witnesses.
  5. has no right to a public hearing or an appeal.

Page: 459

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. The term for involuntary hospitalization is _____.
  2. forced institutionalization
  3. B. civil commitment
  4. civil confinement
  5. conservatorship

Page: 459

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. Morris was held in a mental health facility against his will. Such an action is called _____.
  2. unjust imprisonment
  3. criminal incarceration
  4. civil incarceration
  5. D. civil commitment

Page: 459

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. The need for treatment alone is no longer sufficient legal cause for civil commitment in most states in the United

States. This change came about as part of the _____ of the 1960s.

  1. civil rights movement
  2. civil liberties movement
  3. C. patients’ rights movement
  4. patients’ liberties movement

Page: 459

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. Judges typically defer to the judgment of _____ about a person’s mental illness and whether the criteria for commitment are met.
  2. former patients
  3. B. mental health professionals
  4. family members
  5. legal counsel

Page: 459

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. When committing an individual to a psychiatric facility against his or her will, most states require that the danger the individual poses to themselves or others be _____, in other words, if they are not immediately incarcerated,

they or someone else will likely be harmed in the very near future.

  1. uncertain
  2. indirect
  3. C. imminent
  4. specific

Page: 459

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. The criterion that requires people to be so incapacitated by a mental disorder that they can’t care for their basic needs for food, clothing, and shelter is the _____ criterion.
  2. imminent danger to self
  3. self-neglect
  4. C. grave disability
  5. imminent danger to others

Page: 459

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. Which scenario is the most appropriate application of the grave disability criterion of mental illness?
  2. Hospitalizing a physically disabled person
  3. Refusal to pursue treatment
  4. C. The inability to feed oneself
  5. Threats of suicide

Page: 459

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. Larry is severely intellectually disabled. His parents were recently killed in a car accident. Larry is unable to care for himself. In the context of civil commitment, which of the following criteria does Larry satisfy?
  2. Imminent danger to self
  3. Self-neglect
  4. C. Grave disability
  5. Imminent danger to others

Page: 459

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. In 1988, New York City Mayor Ed Koch applied the _____ criterion to the homeless residents of New York to justify their involuntary hospitalization.
  2. A. grave disability
  3. need for treatment
  4. danger to self
  5. danger to others

Page: 459

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. In the case of Joyce Brown, who was involuntarily hospitalized by Mayor Koch of New York City, Joyce was able to win release based primarily on the grounds that she:
  2. was not guilty of any crime.
  3. was not mentally ill.
  4. was able to take care of herself and self-administer her medication.
  5. D. had no intention of being treated.

Page: 459

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. In which of the following cases was it ruled that, “a State can’t constitutionally confine…a non-dangerous individual, who is capable of surviving safely in freedom by himself or with the help of willing and responsible family and friends”?
  2. Durham v. United States (1954)
  3. Tarasoff v. Regents of the University of California (1974)
  4. C. O’Connor v. Donaldson (1975)
  5. Wyatt v. Stickney (1971)

Page: 460

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. Which of the following individuals is most likely to be involuntarily hospitalized?
  2. A. Ruthie, who attempts to inflict serious bodily harm on herself
  3. Jonathan, who can tend to his basic needs without care or supervision
  4. Patrick, who is charged with a hate crime but shows no mental disturbance
  5. Li Na, who usually smokes marijuana at her sorority parties

Page: 460

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. O’Connor v. Donaldson (1975) established:
  2. the right to treatment.
  3. B. the unconstitutionality of confining a non-dangerous individual.
  4. the clinician’s duty to protect others from harm.
  5. the need to refine the irresistible impulse rule.

Page: 460

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. The criterion of “dangerousness to self” is most often invoked:
  2. when a person is so incapable of caring for his or her personal needs that it may endanger the person’s life.
  3. B. when it is believed that a person is imminently suicidal.
  4. when a mentally ill person refuses to take required medication to control aggression.
  5. when it is believed that a mentally ill person is non-responsive to all forms of treatment.

Page: 460

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. Teresa has been severely depressed and has demonstrated suicidal tendencies. Based on the criteria for involuntary or civil commitment, Teresa:
  2. will be medicated and placed in isolation in a traditional hospital.
  3. does not meet the criteria currently used in the United States.
  4. C. is imminently suicidal and will most likely be held in a psychiatric facility.
  5. is gravely disabled and needs someone to meet her basic needs.

Page: 460

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of the “dangerousness to self” criterion for civil commitment?
  2. The person is held in an outpatient psychiatric facility and receives treatment only in the form of counseling to ward off suicidal tendencies.
  3. Few states allow short-term commitments without a court hearing in situations such as these.
  4. C. The individual is often admitted to an inpatient psychiatric facility for a few days while undergoing further evaluation and possibly treatment.
  5. If a person does not voluntarily agree to treatment, mental health professionals can’t request the court to commit the person for a longer period of time.

Page: 460

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. Which of the following cases established a clinician’s duty to protect people who might be in danger because of their client?
  2. Durham v. United States (1954)
  3. B. Tarasoff v. Regents of the University of California (1974)
  4. O’Connor v. Donaldson (1975)
  5. Wyatt v. Stickney (1971)

Page: 461

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Violence

 

  1. Lincoln was referred to Dr. Hughes by Student Health Services as they felt he needed more intensive treatment. Lincoln reported having been in love with a woman who broke up with him after a two-year relationship. At his most recent session, Lincoln told Dr. Hughes that he can’t stand to see the woman on campus and plans to kill her. Which of the following cases is most relevant to how Dr. Hughes should proceed?
  2. Durham v. United States (1954)
  3. B. Tarasoff v. Regents of the University of California (1974)
  4. O’Connor v. Donaldson (1975)
  5. Wyatt v. Stickney (1971)

Page: 461

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Violence

 

  1. According to research, youth with _____ were perceived as somewhat likely or very likely to be dangerous to themselves or others.
  2. A. major depression or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
  3. “daily troubles” and asthma
  4. attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and “daily troubles”
  5. major depression and asthma

Page: 461

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Violence

 

  1. Some research suggests that _____ problems could be strong predictors of violent behavior.
  2. avoidant behavior
  3. B. substance use
  4. depersonalization
  5. anxiety disorder

Page: 462

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Violence

 

  1. According to a major study on violent activity among former psychiatric patients, which of the following groups had the lowest rate of violent activity?
  2. Former patients with a major mental disorder and a history of substance abuse.
  3. B. Former patients with a major mental disorder without a history of substance abuse.
  4. Former patients with a diagnosis of “other” mental disorders and a co-occurring substance abuse problem.
  5. Former patients with a diagnosis of adjustment disorder and a co-occurring substance abuse problem.

Page: 462

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Violence

 

  1. According to a major study on violent activity among former psychiatric patients, it was found that by the end of the year:
  2. former patients were significantly more likely to commit a violent act than people in the community comparison group.
  3. former patients were less likely to commit a violent act than people in the community comparison group.
  4. C. former patients were no more likely to commit a violent act than were people in the community comparison group.
  5. former patients were highly unlikely to commit a violent act as social support systems had begun to affect their behavior.

Page: 462

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Violence

 

  1. Joshua, who was admitted and treated for major depression, is discharged from his psychiatric hospital. Joshua discontinues medications and begins to consume alcohol. He becomes increasingly violent. According to research, who is most likely to be the target of his violence?
  2. A. Family members
  3. Medical doctors
  4. Acquaintances
  5. Strangers

Page: 462

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Violence

 

  1. According to research on violent activity among former psychiatric patients, _____ may account for the relatively high rates of violence among former psychiatric patients and the community comparison group.
  2. random variables
  3. individual differences
  4. reporting biases
  5. D. contextual factors

Page: 462

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Violence

 

  1. Some research suggests that violent behavior among mentally ill women:
  2. tends to be overestimated by clinicians.
  3. tends to be overrated by psychiatrists.
  4. C. tends to be underestimated by clinicians.
  5. tends to be underreported by psychiatrists.

Page: 463

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Violence

 

  1. Mentally ill women are _____ mentally ill men to commit violent acts toward others.
  2. A. as likely as
  3. more likely than
  4. less likely than
  5. significantly more likely than

Page: 463

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Violence

 

  1. Mentally ill men who commit violence are more likely to have been _____ before the violence than are mentally ill women who commit violence.
  2. off their medication
  3. previously incarcerated
  4. unemployed
  5. D. drinking

Page: 463

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Violence

 

  1. Available studies suggest that about _____ percent of admissions to inpatient psychiatric facilities in the United

States are involuntary.

  1. 10
  2. B. 25
  3. 50
  4. 2

Page: 463

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of involuntary commitment?
  2. According to research, about 45 percent of all inpatient admissions in European countries are involuntary.
  3. B. Admissions to state and county mental hospitals are much more likely to be involuntary than admissions to other types of hospitals.
  4. Court orders for outpatient care are less common among individuals who have lived in residential psychiatric facilities.
  5. All voluntary patients believe they would have been involuntarily committed if they had not agreed to be hospitalized.

Page: 463

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. Which of the following research observations is true of violence by mentally ill people?
  2. Research has suggested that violence by mentally ill women tends to be overestimated by clinicians.
  3. Mentally ill women commit violent acts against strangers more often than do mentally ill men.
  4. Mentally ill women who commit violence are more likely to have been drinking before the violence and to be arrested following it than mentally ill men.
  5. D. Clinicians do not probe mentally ill women for evidence of a tendency toward violence as much as they do mentally ill men.

Page: 463

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Violence

 

  1. Which of the following cases established a patient’s right to treatment?
  2. Durham v. United States (1954)
  3. Tarasoff v. Regents of the University of California (1974)
  4. C. Wyatt v. Stickney (1971)
  5. O’Connor v. Donaldson (1975)

Page: 464

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Define patients’ rights.

Topic: Right to Treatment

 

  1. Which of the following cases established a patient’s right to a humane environment?
  2. Durham v. United States (1954)
  3. Tarasoff v. Regents of the University of California (1974)
  4. C. Wyatt v. Stickney (1971)
  5. O’Connor v. Donaldson (1975)

Page: 464

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Define patients’ rights.

Topic: Right to Treatment

 

  1. Which of the following is one of the “Wyatt Standards”?
  2. Psychiatric patients’ freedoms must be kept to a minimum.
  3. Psychiatric patients must receive group therapy and treatment plans.
  4. Psychiatric patients must have the right to a public hearing and the right to counsel.
  5. D. Psychiatric patients must have a humane psychological and physical environment.

Page: 464

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Define patients’ rights.

Topic: Right to Treatment

 

  1. _____ means that a patient accepts treatment after receiving a full and understandable explanation of the treatment being offered and makes a decision based on his or her own judgment of the risks and benefits of the treatment.
  2. Disclosure
  3. Beneficence
  4. Counseling
  5. D. Informed consent

Page: 464

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Define patients’ rights.

Topic: Informed Consent

 

  1. In which of the following cases can a state ignore a person’s right to refuse treatment?
  2. When the person who has been arrested shows symptoms of mild depression
  3. B. When the person is manic or psychotic
  4. When the person has been arrested for negligent behavior
  5. When the person is guilty in moral terms

Page: 464–465

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Define patients’ rights.

Topic: Informed Consent

 

  1. Which of the following rights is not recognized in some states, however, in most states can be overruled in many circumstances?
  2. The right to treatment
  3. The right to a public hearing
  4. C. The right to refuse treatment
  5. The right to be placed in the least restrictive treatment setting

Page: 464

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Define patients’ rights.

Topic: Legal Issues

 

  1. In the event that a defendant, Carson, is judged incompetent to stand trial, _____.
  2. A. the trial may be postponed as long as there is reason to believe he will become competent
  3. he can actively involve himself in preparing his defense along with his attorneys
  4. he can be acquitted and released into the care of his family or friends
  5. the trial will go on, but he will not be allowed to testify

Page: 465

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss competence to stand trial.

Topic: Competence

 

  1. Which of the following is true about disputes over a patient’s right to refuse treatment?
  2. A. Most often clinicians pressure patients who initially refused treatment, to accept it.
  3. Judges tend to be particularly sympathetic in their rulings on patients’ rights to refuse treatment.
  4. It is most often the families that refuse treatment for the patients.
  5. Due to the patients’ rights movement, refusals are respected.

Page: 465

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Define patients’ rights.

Topic: Legal Issues

 

  1. Incompetency to stand trial differs from insanity in legal terms in that it:
  2. refers to the social context within which the crime was committed.
  3. B. refers to the inability of the defendant to understand the charges against him.
  4. refers to the mental state of the defendant when the crime was committed.
  5. refers to the impulse to commit a crime due to mental disease.

Page: 465

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss competence to stand trial.

Topic: Competence

 

  1. An individual who lacks the capacity to understand information, to think rationally about alternative courses of action, to make good choices, and to appreciate one’s situation as a criminal defendant:
  2. is capable of giving informed consent.
  3. B. is likely to be judged incompetent to stand trial.
  4. will be allowed his or her right to refuse to treatment.
  5. is not likely to be committed under the grave disability criterion.

Page: 465

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss competence to stand trial.

Topic: Competence

 

  1. The police have charged Tracy with first-degree murder. At the time of trial that takes place six months after the murder, she suffers from posttraumatic stress disorder because of which she is unable to understand the charges against her and to participate in her defense. Tracy is most likely:
  2. competent to stand trial.
  3. B. incompetent to stand trial.
  4. not guilty by reason of insanity.
  5. not guilty due to mental illness.

Page: 465

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Discuss competence to stand trial.

Topic: Competence

 

  1. Defense attorneys suspect impaired competence in their clients in up to _____ percent of cases.
  2. 1
  3. B. 10
  4. 25
  5. 35

Page: 465

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss competence to stand trial.

Topic: Competence

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of competence to stand trial?
  2. A. Defendants with a long history of psychiatric problems are more likely to be referred for competence evaluations.
  3. Those with schizophrenia are exempt from being referred for competence evaluation.
  4. European Americans are more likely than members of ethnic minority groups to be judged incompetent.
  5. Defendants referred for competence evaluations tend to be educated, employed, and married.

Page: 465

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss competence to stand trial.

Topic: Competence

 

  1. The term “insanity” is a:
  2. psychological term as opposed to a legal term.
  3. B. legal term as opposed to a psychological term.
  4. medical term as opposed to a legal term.
  5. psychiatric term as opposed to a medical term.

Page: 466

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Harvey was found to be so mentally incapacitated at the time he murdered his wife that it was determined he could not conform to the rules of society. Consequently, he is likely to be:
  2. referred for competence evaluation.
  3. mentally competent for trial.
  4. C. not guilty by reason of insanity.
  5. guilty by reason of insanity.

Page: 466

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. The insanity defense:
  2. upholds the right of people with mental illnesses to informed consent.
  3. requires the client to be chronically insane in order for the insanity defense to apply.
  4. C. only requires that the client be judged insane at the time of committing the illegal act.
  5. promotes equal punishment for individuals with mental illnesses.

Page: 466

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. The plea “not guilty by reason of insanity” is successful in approximately _____ felony cases in the United

States.

  1. A. 1 out of 400
  2. 5 out of 100
  3. 1 out of 4
  4. 1 out of 3

Page: 466

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. If Winslow, a defense attorney, uses an insanity defense, Tallulah, the defendant will be affirmed insane by the

M’Naghten rule if:

  1. her crime was not a result of a mental illness or disorder.
  2. B. she did not know that what she was doing was wrong at the time of the crime.
  3. she lacked substantial capacity to appreciate the wrongfulness of her crime at the time of the crime.
  4. her crime was an act of defense to protect her children.

Page: 467

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Almost 90 percent of the people who are acquitted after pleading the insanity defense are _____, and two-thirds are _____.
  2. male; African-American
  3. female; African-American
  4. C. male; European American
  5. female; European American

Page: 466

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. The insanity defense:
  2. is often supported by the general public.
  3. is one of the most accepted applications of psychology to the law.
  4. C. has increasingly become the defense for female survivors of domestic violence.
  5. is commonly used, with more than 50 percent of all defendants in felony cases pleading insanity.

Page: 466–467

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Ivor, who was charged for theft, was sent to a mental institution after he was found “not guilty by reason of insanity.” If his stay there is the average length of stay at a mental hospital, Ivor will be institutionalized for

_____.

  1. 6 months
  2. 1 year
  3. C. 3 years
  4. 20 years

Page: 467

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Rhonda takes her three daughters to the bridge and pushes them over the railing into the cold water below. She tells her lawyer that God told her to do it if she wanted her children to escape from the bad mother that she was. Which of the following is her court-appointed lawyer most likely to use in court to justify her actions?
  2. Mistaken identity
  3. Self-defense
  4. C. Insanity
  5. Duress

Page: 467

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Athena was found “not guilty by reason of insanity” after murdering her husband. If her stay there is the average length of institutionalization, Athena will be most likely be institutionalized for _____.
  2. 1 year
  3. 3 years
  4. C. 6 years
  5. 10 years

Page: 467

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Which of following is true about the “not guilty by reason of insanity” verdict?
  2. Studies indicate that a large percentage of the individuals who receive this verdict receive hard time in a maximum-security prison.
  3. Approximately 60 percent of those who receive the verdict are African Americans and Hispanic women who are battered and abused.
  4. C. Some states require that people who receive the verdict should only be institutionalized for the same length of time they would have served if they had received prison sentences.
  5. Evidence suggests that the insanity defense is widely used to help people avoid incarceration for their crimes.

Page: 467

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. The court determined that Godfrey could not be held responsible for his crime because he did not know that his actions were wrong. The governing rule in such a case is the _____.
  2. A. M’Naghten rule
  3. uncontrollable impulse rule
  4. Durham rule
  5. American Law Institute (ALI) rule

Page: 46

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. The doctrine that a person must have a “guilty mind” is known as _____ in Latin.
  2. A. mens rea
  3. ad hominem
  4. certiorari
  5. corpus juris

Page: 467

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Which of the following did Dan White’s lawyers claim influenced his act of passion that resulted in the death of his victims?
  2. Temporary insanity
  3. B. Large amounts of junk food
  4. Guilty but mentally ill
  5. Obsession with an actress

Page: 468

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. A major problem in applying the M’Naghten rule to the insanity defense is determining:
  2. the definition of innocence.
  3. the definition of a guilty mind.
  4. the definition of the state of mind.
  5. D. the definition of a disease of the mind.

Page: 468

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Under which of the following conditions would it be difficult for the courts to apply the M’Naghten rule?
  2. When a person is suffering from hallucinations
  3. When a person is diagnosed with schizophrenia
  4. When a person has delusional experiences
  5. D. When a person has posttraumatic stress disorder

Page: 468

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. A problem associated with the M’Naghten rule is that:
  2. A. it requires that a person not know right from wrong at the time of the crime in order to be judged not guilty by reason of insanity.
  3. it ignores the issue of whether the person has a “guilty mind” or the intention to commit the illegal act in order to be held responsible for the act.
  4. it recognizes both psychoses and other minor disorders, such as depression and posttraumatic stress disorder,

equally as diseases of the mind that could influence a crime.

  1. it acts as a means by which guilty people “get off,” thereby promoting antisocial behaviors among members of society.

Page: 468

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. The rule that broadened the insanity defense to include “acts of passion” is the _____.
  2. Durham rule
  3. American Law Institute (ALI) rule
  4. C. irresistible impulse rule
  5. M’Naghten rule

Page: 468

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. The notion of “diminished capacity” is most closely aligned with the _____ rule.
  2. M’Naghten
  3. Durham
  4. C. irresistible impulse
  5. American Law Institute (ALI)

Page: 468

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. The notion of diminished capacity to abstain from performing an act refers to being:
  2. mentally ill, or legally insane, at the time the crime was committed.
  3. intellectually disabled or otherwise incapable of understanding the law.
  4. under the influence of alcohol or other drugs.
  5. D. incapable of resisting the impulse to commit the crime.

Page: 468

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. One of the most celebrated applications of the notion of diminished capacity was _____.
  2. A. the Twinkie Defense
  3. Wyatt v. Stickney
  4. Durham v. United States
  5. the Matrix Defense

Page: 468

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. The ruling in Durham v. United States (1954) established:
  2. that a murder committed as an act of self-defense will not be considered a crime.
  3. the duty of clinicians to warn the police or others of a harmful act that their clients expressed to commit.
  4. that temporary insanity created by the voluntary use of alcohol or drugs did not qualify a defendant for acquittal by reason of insanity.
  5. D. that the insanity defense could be used for any crimes that were the product of a mental disease or mental defect.

Page: 468

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Under which of the following insanity defense rules can a person still be found not guilty by reason of insanity even if he or she knows the act being performed is wrong (i.e., criminal)?
  2. American Law Institute (ALI) rule
  3. M’Naghten rule
  4. American Psychiatric Association definition of insanity
  5. D. Durham rule

Page: 469

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Jeffrey suffered from psychosis with symptoms of hallucination. He heard voices commanding him to “cleanse the wicked of their sins.” Obeying the commands, he killed several prostitutes and known drug dealers. Jeffrey was found not guilty by reason of mental disease or mental defect. His verdict was most likely the result of the

_____.

  1. American Law Institute (ALI) rule
  2. M’Naghten rule
  3. American Psychiatric Association definition of insanity
  4. D. Durham rule

Page: 468–469

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. The rule that holds that a person is not responsible for a crime if that crime is the result of mental defect, or if,

during commission of the crime, the person lacked the capacity to understand that the act was criminally wrong or to conform his or her conduct “to the requirements of the law,” is the _____ rule.

  1. A. American Law Institute (ALI)
  2. Durham
  3. irresistible impulse
  4. M’Naghten

Page: 469

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Which of the following types of insanity defense was dropped by all jurisdictions by the early 1970s?
  2. ALI rule
  3. Irresistible impulse rule
  4. C. Durham rule
  5. Insanity Defense Reform Act

Page: 469

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Which of the following is true about the American Law Institute (ALI) rule?
  2. The ALI rule is narrower than the M’Naghten rule since it requires the defendant to have an appreciation of the criminality of the act.
  3. B. The ALI rule is more restrictive than the Durham rule because it requires some lack of appreciation of the criminality of one’s act.
  4. The ALI rule is broader than the Durham rule because it requires only the presence of a mental disorder.
  5. The ALI rule allowed defense attorneys to argue that a defendant’s history of antisocial conduct was itself evidence of the presence of a mental disease or defect.

Page: 469

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Ralph is a repeat offender and has been arrested several times for armed robbery. Other than his repetitive criminal acts, he does not have a mental illness. Which of the following rules will not allow him to plead not guilty by reason of mental disease or mental defect?
  2. The M’Naghten rule
  3. The Durham rule
  4. C. The American Law Institute (ALI) rule
  5. The Insanity Defense Reform Act

Page: 469

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. The ruling in Barrett v. United States (1977) established:
  2. the irresistible impulse rule.
  3. that the insanity defense could be used for any crimes that were the product of mental disease or mental defect.
  4. that a person could be absolved of responsibility for performing a criminal act if he or she was unaware of the wrongfulness of the act.
  5. D. that temporary insanity created by the voluntary use of alcohol or drugs did not qualify a defendant for acquittal by reason of insanity.

Page: 469

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Claude was high on cocaine when he viciously assaulted a stranger. Because he was not completely aware of his actions at the time, Claude pled insanity. Based on which ruling is his plea likely to be dismissed?
  2. Durham v. United States
  3. Wyatt v. Stickney
  4. C. Barrett v. United States
  5. O’Connor v. Donaldson

Page: 469

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. The Insanity Defense Reform Act of 1984 adopted the _____ definition of insanity.
  2. A. American Psychiatric Association’s
  3. American Law Institute’s
  4. American Psychological Association’s
  5. American Bar Association’s

Page: 469

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. _____ requires the defense to prove that the defendant was insane at the time of the crime, as opposed to requiring the prosecution to prove that the defendant was sane at the time the crime was committed.
  2. The Guilty but Mentally Ill Act
  3. B. The Insanity Defense Reform Act
  4. Mental Illness Act
  5. The Mental Disease or Defect Act

Page: 469

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. A verdict of guilty but mentally ill (GBMI) implies that the person should:
  2. not be held responsible for the crime.
  3. B. receive treatment.
  4. not be eligible for treatment.
  5. be barred from mental institutions.

Page: 470–471

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. In a sixth and most recent reform of the insanity defense, some states have adopted as an alternative to the verdict “not guilty by reason of insanity” the verdict of _____.
  2. A. guilty but mentally ill
  3. intention to commit a crime
  4. irresistible impulse rule
  5. diminished capacity

Page: 470

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Which of the following is true about the verdict of “guilty but mentally ill”?
  2. A. It has been adopted by some states as an alternative to the verdict of “not guilty by reason of insanity.”
  3. Defendants convicted under this standard serve their entire sentence in mental institutions.
  4. Defendants convicted under this standard serve their sentence in a mental institution until it is determined that they are no longer mentally ill; then they finish their sentence in prison.
  5. Defendants convicted under this standard are given the option of either going to jail, or receiving treatment for their mental illness.

Page: 470

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Which of the following is true about the verdict “guilty but mentally ill”?
  2. Critics argue that while it maintains the insanity defense, the defendant does not get the treatment he or she needs to become a fully functioning member of society.
  3. B. Proponents argue that it recognizes defendants’ mental illness while still holding them responsible for their actions.
  4. This verdict does not ensure that defendants be held accountable for their actions or get treated for their mental illness.
  5. It is left to state authorities to determine whether the defendant goes to jail or to a mental institution, but in either case the defendant is required to receive therapy.

Page: 470

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Which of the following is a concern raised by mental health professionals about the insanity defense?
  2. A. It requires after-the-fact judgments of a defendant’s state of mind at the time of the crime.
  3. The rules governing the insanity defense do not presume that people have free will and usually can control their actions.
  4. Defendants convicted as guilty but mentally ill are incarcerated for the normal term designated for their crimes.
  5. The burden of proof always lies with the defendant to prove insanity with irrefutable evidence.

Page: 474

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

 

  1. Men with mental disorders are _____ times more likely to be incarcerated than men without a mental disorder, and women with a mental disorder are _____ times more likely to be incarcerated than women without a mental disorder.
  2. two; four
  3. three; six
  4. C. four; eight
  5. two; three

Page: 471

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Describe mental health issues in the justice system.

Topic: Mental Illness

 

  1. Studies of male prison inmates have shown that the most common mental disorders in this population are _____.
  2. antisocial personality disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
  3. B. substance use disorders and antisocial personality disorder
  4. anxiety disorders and substance use disorders
  5. paranoid personality disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder

Page: 471

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Describe mental health issues in the justice system.

Topic: Mental Illness

 

  1. Rachel has recently been sentenced to prison. She has a history of substance abuse and other psychopathologies. According to research, which of the following symptoms is most likely to go unnoticed in

Rachel?

  1. A. Depression
  2. Substance abuse
  3. Borderline behaviors
  4. Hallucinations

Page: 471

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Describe mental health issues in the justice system.

Topic: Mental Illness

 

  1. Which form of mental health care is most likely to be provided for prison inmates?
  2. Psychoanalytic therapy and hypnosis
  3. B. Alcoholics Anonymous or Narcotics Anonymous meetings for substance abusers
  4. Behavior modification therapy with charts and monitoring of token economies
  5. Cognitive psychotherapy

Page: 471

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Describe mental health issues in the justice system.

Topic: Mental Illness

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of mental health care in the justice system?
  2. A. Many of these treatment programs focus on male inmates.
  3. The female inmate population has declined considerably in the past decade.
  4. Female inmates are less likely than male inmates to be suffering from depression or anxiety.
  5. Male inmates are more likely than female inmates to have suffered a history of sexual and physical abuse.

Page: 471

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Describe mental health issues in the justice system.

Topic: Mental Illness

 

  1. Diversion from jail into community-based treatment programs is especially likely to be a goal when the offender is _____.
  2. elderly
  3. a woman
  4. a minority
  5. D. a youth

Page: 472

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Describe mental health issues in the justice system.

Topic: Mental Illness

 

  1. Some states have developed _____, in which judges who specialize in working with mental health and social service professionals review the cases of offenders with mental disorders and divert offenders into treatment and rehabilitation.
  2. youth courts
  3. B. mental health courts
  4. juvenile courts
  5. community courts

Page: 472

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Describe mental health issues in the justice system.

Topic: Mental Illness

 

  1. Courts that focus specifically on drug offenders often are called _____.
  2. community courts
  3. mental health courts
  4. C. drug courts
  5. juvenile courts

Page: 472

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Describe mental health issues in the justice system.

Topic: Mental Illness

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of mental health courts and drug courts?
  2. A. These courts tend to be controversial as they may coerce offenders into treatment.
  3. These courts are helpless in the event that offenders are uncooperative.
  4. These courts use milder sanctions instead of threatening incarceration.
  5. These courts rely on high-quality community services that are readily available.

Page: 472

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Describe mental health issues in the justice system.

Topic: Mental Illness

 

  1. Jake, a middle-aged man, was arrested with a small amount of cocaine and sent to a court that focuses specifically on such offenders. He is most likely to have been sent to a _____.
  2. community court
  3. mental health court
  4. C. drug court
  5. juvenile court

Page: 472

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Describe mental health issues in the justice system.

Topic: Mental Illness

 

  1. The rules governing the insanity defense suggest that the law takes a _____ perspective on psychological disorders.
  2. A. biological
  3. behavioral
  4. social
  5. psychological

Page: 472

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

 

  1. Discuss the criteria for involuntary commitment.

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Grave disability—the individual is so incapacitated by a mental disorder that he/she can’t care for basic needs of food, clothing, and shelter

▪ Dangerousness to self—the individual is imminently suicidal

▪ Dangerousness to others—the individual is likely to hurt other people if set free

Page: 459–461

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. Discuss the prevalence of involuntary commitment.

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Available studies suggest that about one in four admissions to inpatient psychiatric facilities in the United

States is involuntary.

▪ 15 to 20 percent of inpatient admissions in European countries are involuntary.

▪ Admissions to state and county mental hospitals are much more likely to be involuntary than admissions to other types of hospitals.

▪ One study indicated that nearly half of the adults admitted voluntarily to inpatient psychiatric facilities said that someone other than themselves had initiated their going to the hospital.

▪ 40 percent of voluntary patients believe they would have been involuntarily committed if they had not volunteered to be hospitalized.

Page: 469–470

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.

Topic: Commitment

 

  1. Discuss the rights of individuals who are committed to mental health institutions.

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Right to treatment—in the past, patients seeking voluntary treatment were warehoused, living in appalling conditions; Wyatt v. Stickney, “Wyatt Standards”

▪ Right to refuse treatment—people fear medical treatments will rob them of their consciousness,

personality, and free will; the right to refuse treatment is not recognized in some states and can be overruled; judges most often agree with psychiatrists’ or families’ requests to force treatment on patients

Page: 464–465

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Define patients’ rights.

Topic: Right to Treatment

 

  1. What is meant by incompetence to stand trial? What are the consequences of competence judgments for defendants?

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Incompetent to stand trial—people who do not have an understanding of what is happening to them in a courtroom and who can’t participate in their own defense

▪ Consequences—if defendants are judged incompetent, trials are postponed and defendants may be forced to receive treatment; incompetent defendants who are wrongly judged competent may not contribute adequately to their defense and may be wrongly convicted and incarcerated; defendants who are suspected of being incompetent are described by their attorneys as much less helpful in establishing the facts of their case and much less actively involved in making decisions about their defense

Page: 465

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss competence to stand trial.

Topic: Competence

 

  1. The insanity defense has been one of the most controversial applications of psychology to law. Many people believe the defense is a way for criminals to get away with their crimes. Compare public perceptions with the actual use of this defense.

 

Key terms and confidence that may be included in student responses:

▪ Fewer than 1 in 100 defendants in felony cases files an insanity plea, and only 26 percent result in acquittal

▪ Only about 1 in 400 people charged with a felony is judged not guilty by reason of insanity, and about

265 of these people have diagnoses of schizophrenia, and most have a history of psychiatric hospitalizations and previous crimes

▪ Of those people acquitted because of insanity, about 85 percent are sent to mental hospitals, and all but 1 percent are put under some type of supervision and care

▪ Of those who are sent to mental hospitals, the average length of stay in the hospital is almost 3 years when all types of crimes are considered, and over 6 years for those who have been accused of murder

Page: 466–467

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Identify and define the insanity defense rules.

 

Key terms and concepts that maybe included in student responses:

▪ M’Naghten rule—at the time of the crime, the individual was so affected by a disease of the mind that he or she did not know the nature of the act he or she was committing or did not know it was wrong

▪ Irresistible impulse rule—at a time of the crime, the individual was driven by an irresistible impulse to perform the act or had a diminished capacity to resist performing the act

▪ Durham rule—the crime was a product of a mental disease or mental defect

▪ American Law Institute (ALI) rule—at the time of the crime, as a result of mental disease or defect, the person lacked capacity either to appreciate the criminality of the act or to conform his or her conduct to the law

▪ Insanity Defense Reform Act—at the time of the crime, as a result of mental disease or mental retardation, the person was unable to appreciate the wrongfulness of his or her conduct

Page: 467–469

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

  1. Describe the verdict of guilty but mentally ill (GBMI).

 

Key terms and concepts that may be included in student responses:

▪ Defendants convicted as guilty but mentally ill are incarcerated for the normal term designated for their crimes, with the expectation that they also will receive treatment for their mental illness.

▪ Proponents argue that it recognizes the mental illness of defendants while still holding them responsible for their actions.

▪ Critics argue that the GBMI verdict is essentially a guilty verdict and a means of eliminating the insanity defense.

▪ There is no guarantee that a person convicted under GBMI will receive treatment.

Page: 470–471

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.

Topic: Insanity Defense

 

Category                                                                                                                                                                         # of Questions

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation                                                                                                                                                          93

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.                                                              63

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains.                                                                            19

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.                                                                                                                        16

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.                                                                                               1

Bloom’s: Apply                                                                                                                                                                                         17

Bloom’s: Remember                                                                                                                                                                                  48

Bloom’s: Understand                                                                                                                                                                                 35

Difficulty: Difficult                                                                                                                                                                                   17

Difficulty: Easy                                                                                                                                                                                         48

Difficulty: Moderate                                                                                                                                                                                  35

Learning Objective: Define patients’ rights.                                                                                                                                               8

Learning Objective: Describe mental health issues in the justice system.                                                                                                  10

Learning Objective: Discuss competence to stand trial.                                                                                                                             7

Learning Objective: Discuss the insanity defense.                                                                                                                                    41

Learning Objective: Explain civil commitment.                                                                                                                                         34

Topic: Commitment                                                                                                                                                                                   22

Topic: Competence                                                                                                                                                                                    7

Topic: Informed Consent                                                                                                                                                                          2

Topic: Insanity Defense                                                                                                                                                                            39

Topic: Legal Issues                                                                                                                                                                                   2

Topic: Mental Illness                                                                                                                                                                                 10

Topic: Right to Treatment                                                                                                                                                                          4

Topic: Violence                                                                                                                                                                                         12

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